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Military


Artillery

Self-Propelled Artillery, Tracked
CaliberUSAEuropeRussiaChinaOther
203 mm
  • M55 SP How
  • M110 SP How
  • ..
  • 2S7 SP Gun
  • SPH [W90]
  • ..
    175 mm
  • M107 SP Gun
  • .. .. .. ..
    175 mm
  • M107 SP Gun
  • .. .. ..
  • DPRK : KOKSAN
  • 155mm
  • M109 SP How
  • SP70 SP How
  • ..
  • PLZ 45
  • Type 88
  • PLZ 04
  • PLZ 05
  • PLZ 52
  • PLZ-91
  • WS-250
  • IN : Bhim T-6 SPH
  • IN : K9 VAJRA-T
  • IN : OFB MGS
  • IN : Tata/Denel-MGS
  • JP : Type 99 HSP
  • ROK : K-9 155 SPH
  • ROK : K-55 155 SPH
  • RSA : T6 155mm SP
  • 152mm ..
  • 2S3 SP How
  • 2S5 SP Gun
  • 2S19 SP How
  • Type 83 SPH
  • ..
    130mm .. ..
  • 130mm SPG
  • IN : M-46 Catapult
  • 122mm ..
  • Model 89 SP How
  • 2S1 SP How
  • SPH [WZ-551]
  • PLZ 89
  • Type 85 SPH
  • Type 89
  • PLZ 07
  • ..
    120mm .. ..
  • 2S9 SP How
  • SPM [YW-381]
  • SPM [WZ-551]
  • PLL 05 SPM
  • ..
    105mm
  • M52 SP How
  • M108 SP How
  • Abbot SP Gun
  • ..
  • SPH [WZ-551]
  • IN : Garuda
  • IN : OFB MGS
  • ROK : EVO-105 SPH
  • Self-Propelled Artillery, Wheeled [turret]
    CaliberUSAEuropeRussiaChinaOther
    155mm .. .. ..
  • SH8
  • SH11
  • SH15
  • RSA : T5-52 155mm SP
  • RSA : G6 155mm SP
  • RSA : G6-52 155mm SP
  • 152mm ..
  • Dana SP M77
  • .. .. ..
    122mm .. .. ..
  • SH2
  • PLC-09
  • ..
    105mm .. .. ..
  • SH5
  • ST-1
  • ..
    Mounted Artillery, Wheeled [no turret]
    155mm ..
  • Archer
  • CAESAR
  • NORA B-52
  • ..
  • SH1
  • IS : ATMOS
  • 152mm .. .. .. ..
    105mm .. .. .. .. ..
    Towed Artillery
    CaliberUSAEuropeRussiaChinaOther
    203 mm
  • M115 How
  • ..
  • B4 How
  • FGT-203
  • ..
    155mm
  • M114 How
  • M114/39 (M139)
  • M44 SP How
  • M59 Gun
  • M777A2 Lightweight
  • FH-70 How
  • M198 How
  • 155 TRF1 Gun
  • 155 AUF1 Gun
  • 155 AMF3 Gun
  • 155 BF50 Gun
  • ..
  • PLL01
  • W1988
  • WAC-021
  • AH1 GC45
  • AH2 WA021
  • AH4
  • IN : ATAGS
  • IN : Bharat 52
  • IN : Dhanush
  • JP : Type 75
  • ROK : KH-179 155mm
  • RSA : G5 155mm
  • RSA : G5-52 155mm
  • 152mm .. ..
  • 2A36 Gun
  • 2A65 How
  • D1 How
  • D20 Gun-How
  • ML20 How-Gun
  • Gun 81
  • Gun-How 85
  • How 81
  • How Model 1938
  • Type 54
  • Type 83
  • ..
    ..
    150mm ..
  • 150 Skoda Gun
  • Skoda (M1934)
  • Ceh (M1937)
  • .. .. ..
    140mm
  • 5.5” (139.7 mm)
  • .. .. ..
    130mm ..
  • Gun 82
  • M-46 Gun
  • .. ..
    122mm .. ..
  • 122/46 Field Gun
  • A19 Gun (Model 31/37)
  • D30 How
  • D74 How
  • M-30 How
  • R58/M26 How
  • Type 60 D-74
  • Type 54
  • Type 83
  • Type 86
  • Type 89
  • ..
    120mm .. ..
  • 2B16 How
  • .. ..
    105mm
  • M 56 Pack How
  • M 101 How
  • M102 How
  • 105 AU 50 How
  • 105 Light Gun
  • 105 R Metal Gun
  • M18
  • 105 Pack How
  • Schneider (1936)
  • 105 HM-2
  • M-38 (Skoda)
  • .. ..
  • IN : IFG
  • IN : LFG
  • ROK : KH-178 105mm
  • RSA : G7 105mm LEO
  • 100mm ..
  • BS-3 Field Gun
  • Model 53 Field Gun
  • 105 Krupp Gun
  • Skoda (1914/1934)
  • Skoda (1939)
  • .. .. ..
    85mm ......
  • Type 56 ATG
  • ..

    Napoleon called the cannon "the god of war" [as did Stalin] and Bismarck is said to have once proclaimed that "the truth is only within the range of the cannon." Especially in modern warfare, artillery became the number one killer in the war. According to some statistics, during the Second World War, the casualties caused by artillery exceeded 60% of all casualties in the battlefield.

    The term “artillery” means large calibre systems capable of engaging ground targets by delivering primarily indirect fire. Such artillery systems provide the essential indirect fire support to combined arms formations. Large calibre artillery systems are guns, howitzers, artillery pieces combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers, mortars and multiple launch rocket systems with a calibre of 100 millimetres and above.

    The mission of the Field Artillery is to destroy, neutralize, or suppress the enemy by cannon, rocket, and missile fires and to help integrate all fire support assets into combined arms operations. Field artillery weapons are normally employed in masked or defilade positions to conceal them from the enemy.

    A basic trend in the devalopment of modern field tube artillary is a rise in maneuvarability — the development of self-propalled artillery to raplace pieces towed by mechanical traction. It is thought that only salf-propallad artillary is eapable of providing highar speed of travel and better cross-country ability over broken terrain. Self-propelled guns differ advantageously from towed guns in yet another respect. They require vastly less tine to be put into firing position with a smaller number of servicing personnel. Depending on the situation, thay can be speedily concentrated or dispersed.

    Artillery generally refers to large-caliber weaponry that are operated by a crew, as opposed to small arms or weaponry carried and fired by individual troops. The term “cannon” is a general term used when referring to artillery. It refers to an artillery gun or a howitzer.

    Types of artillery include:

    • Guns – Which fires at a high muzzle velocity through relatively long barrels and with a flat trajectory. Examples would be antiaircraft or antitank guns. Guns serve for the annihilation of open vertical targets as well as for long-range fire. The characteristic features of guns are long barrels, high muzzle veloeities of projectiles, flat trajectory, high rate of fire. They surpass all weapons of other types in maximum effective range and penetration effect of shells. However, givan their caliber, guns are the heaviest weapons since their long and heavy barrel and the great recoil on firing necessitate strong and massive carriages.

    • Howitzers – Artillery weapons that have relatively short barrels, lower muzzle velocities, and more parabolic trajectories. Howitzers are Intended for the destruction of defensive installations and for hitting targets under cover. Therefore, the flight path of howitzer shells is steep and plunging; muzzle velocity is low (400-600 m/sec or less). Howitzer barrels are short: calibers large; shells heavy; maximum angles of elevation 65-75°. Howitzers have a multisection charge, the magnitude of which can be varied imediately before loading. The nunber of charges for howitzers runs as high as 10-13. Variation in the curvature of the trajectory and range of fire is thus achieved with a constant angle of elevation. The fact that the charge is multisection makes a howitzer round more economical. Given the same caliber, the weight of a howitzer is a half or a third the weight of a gun, and given the sane weight as a gun, a howitzer can have a considerably larger caliber.

    • Gun-howitzers (howitzer-guns) are pieces of an intermediate type, capable of performing fire missions of both a howitzer and gun character.

    • Mortars – Generally small tactical munitions fired from short tubes. Mortars are fired with a high trajectory and have a relatively short range. Heavy mortars are artillery pieces with howitzer characteristics developed to the maximum. They are intended for the destruction of especially strong defensive installations. They have large calibers, short barrels and a very steep trajectory. Fire from heavy mortars is usually delivered at angles of elevation greater than 45° — hence the term "mortar fire". Mortars are smoothbore weapons firing unrotative finned projectiles — mortar shells. They differ from rifled pieces (guns and howitzers) in the simplicity of their construction, light weight, and steep trajectory (angles of elevation from 45 to 85°). Mortars are employed to hit enemy personnel and fire weapons in open country and under artificial and natural cover; in foxholes, trenches, dugouts and ravines, behind reverse slopes, in woods. The great curvature of trajectory makes it easy to select and camouflage firing positions for mortars, and makes it possible to deliver fire from deep cover (ditches, ravines, woods) and over the head of friendly forces. The nost valuable characteristic of the mortar (minomet) is its light weight despite the great power of mortar shell effect.

    • Recoilless rifles are employed in the nain to fire on tanks with shaped-charge shells. The distinctive feature of the construction is that there are nozzles in the breech of the barrel for the escape of gases to the outside, i.e. in the direction opposite to that of the shell's notion. In the process, dynamic equilibration takes place — the barrel remains motionless despite the shot. The principal nerit of recoilless rifles is their light weight.

    • The rocket systems of field rocket artillery are intended, as a rule, for the delivery of Salvo fire on comparatively large targets and areas with powerful shells of fragmentation, high-explosive and other effect. Such systems have a rocket shell equipped with a tail unit, which is unrotative in flight, or a spin-stabilised missile which spins in flight. Both types of projectile ara of the powder type and are unguided. The rocket engine makes it possible, in principle, to eliminate the effect of recoil and therefore to get rid of cumbersome carriages and barrels made of heavy steel.

    The function and capabilities of the separate field gun and howitzer units has merged to a single system having the capabilities of both. Along with the merger of function, system weight has drastically decreased while weapon impulse has settled toward the upper end of the range. With the decrease in overall weight, both the non-recoiling and the recoiling masses are affected. While the merger of function and weight reduction complicates recoil management, the adoption of a single system to be supported significantly simplifies training and both support and logistics requirements.





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    Page last modified: 31-10-2019 16:50:54 ZULU