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Artillery is the god of war

Rocket and Artillery Troops

Towed Artillery Self-Propelled Artillery Artillery Rockets

In Russia, the artillery is often called 'the God of War' [Bog Voyny]. It was not without reason that Stalin called artillery "the God of War." Many analysts considered the old Soviet Army an "artillery army with a lot of tanks". The Soviet and Russian Armies have long given special emphasis to the "God of War" - the artillery.

Stalin paid close attention to all sectors of the defense industry. For example, the aviation industry, he worked on a daily basis. The industry was led by AI Shakhurin, who visited him more than any other commissars, one might say, almost every day. Stalin studied the issue daily summaries of aircraft and aircraft engines, demanding explanations and action in each case of deviation from the schedule, examined in detail the issues related to the development of new aircraft and the development of the aviation industry. The same can be said about his involvement in addressing the work the tank and military shipbuilding industries.

In the introduction to his book, The Red God of War, British military analyst Chris Bellamy vividly describes some of the effects of massive artillery barrages. Basing his description on eyewitness reports from several wars, he recounts the "sheer horror" and the "sense of hopelessness" artillery barrages create among those on the receiving end. For soldiers subjected to massive artillery barrages, artillery is a "monstrous, apparently unstoppable machine, slicing mechanically through earth, rock, flesh, bone and spirit." The "psychological effect multiplies its cold lethality many times." Bellamy continues: "Artillery oppresses, jars, stuns and disorientates the enemy and lifts the morale of its own troops. Artillery and rockets provide the greatest firepower and sear a path for infantry, mechanized forces and armour both physically and spiritually. Throughout the centuries, no army has understood this better than the Russian."

Since its introduction into Moscow in the fourteenth century, artillery has arguably been the centerpiece of Russian combat power. According to medieval records, the Russians first used guns to defend Moscow against the Mongols in the late summer of 1382. Based on this chronicled date, in 1982 the Soviet Army celebrated the 600th anniversary of Russian artillery with great fanfare.

The Tsar-Cannon in the Moscow Kremlin is a memorial of ancient Russian artillery and founding art, a piece of ordnance of the biggest caliber in the world. Master of the Cannon-yard Andrey Chokhov cast it of bronze in 1586. The length of the cannon is 5,34 m, the caliber is 890 mm, the thickness of the barrel is 15 cm, and it weighs 40 tons. In the XVI-XVIl centuries the cannon was placed in Kitay-Gorod for defense of the Kremlin and the passage across the Moskva-river. However, the Tsar-Cannon has never shot. The decorative gun-carriage and empty-bodied cast-iron cannon-balls lying at the foot of the cannon were cast in 1835.

Generally, tactical Soviet field artillery weapons may be classified as cannon, small and large free-flight rockets, and guided missiles. Cannon includes all tube weapons such as mortars, guns, gun/howitzers, and howitzers. Rockets are either the smaller varieties fired from multiple launchers or the larger versions similar to the Honest John. Tactical guided missiles are classified as those with maximum ranges up to 700 nautical miles.

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