"Strengthening everything that connects us"Bundespräsident 28 Oct 2022 -- "Russia's brutal war of aggression in Ukraine has reduced the European security order to ashes. In his imperial obsession, the Russian President has broken international law, committed land grabs, called borders into question. The Russian attack is an attack on all of the lessons that the world had learned from two World Wars."
Russian Forces Conducting Detentions and Forced Deportations Through Systematic Filtration OperationsNational Intelligence Council 06 Jun 2022, Released 22 Jul 2022 -- "We assess that Russia with the help of proxy groups almost certainly is using so-called filtration operations to conduct the detention and forced deportation of Ukrainian civilians to Russia. These operations have expanded during the course of the conflict to involve the screening of possibly thousands of individual Ukrainians. The filtration process includes temporary detention, data collection, interrogation, and in some cases abuse of detainees, and takes place in a variety of temporary processing centers—often in parallel with internally displaced persons (IDP) and refugee processing."
Ensuring accountability for the downing of flight MH17European Union - Parliamentary Assembly - Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights 03 Jun 2022 -- "Based on the evidence made available to the rapporteur, the committee considers as the most convincing scenario by far that flight MH17 was shot down by a Buk missile made available to the pro-Russian militias by the Russian military."
Report on Finland's Accession to the North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationFinnish Government 15 May 2022 -- "The Government proposes that the President of the Republic of Finland decide, pursuant to section 93, paragraph 1 of the Constitution of Finland, that Finland will apply for membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) after Parliament has been heard."
Deterioration of the security environment – implications for SwedenGovernment of Sweden - Ministry of Foreign Affairs 13 May 2022 -- "Russia's actions give rise to a structural, long-term and significant deterioration of the security environment in Europe and globally, and raise questions about how Sweden can best guarantee its national security. (...) It is not politically, financially or militarily realistic to develop bilateral defence alliances involving mutual defence guarantees outside existing European and Euro-Atlantic structures. It is clear that there is a lack of political will among EU Member States to develop collective defence within the EU. Russia's aggression against NATO partner Ukraine has also highlighted the boundaries of NATO's commitments to non-Allies and made it clear that Article 5 applies to the defence of Allies only. NATO's collective defence does not include a partner dimension.""
Government report on changes in the security environmentFinnish Government 12 Apr 2022 -- "Following Russia's invasion of Ukraine, a fundamental change has taken place in the security and operating environment of Finland and Europe. This Government report to Parliament assesses changes in the operating and security environment and the effects of the changed security situation on the economy, resilience, security of supply, internal security, cyber security, hybrid influence activities and critical infrastructure. (...) The report examines the development of national defence capability, the European Union as a security policy actor and closer bilateral cooperation with Sweden, Norway, other Nordic countries, the United States and the United Kingdom, and multilateral defence cooperation initiatives. Closer cooperation with NATO and the effects of Finland's possible NATO membership are also assessed."
Challenges to Security in Space - Space Reliance in an Era of Competition and ExpansionDefense Intelligence Agency Released 12 Apr 2022 -- Challenges to Security in Space was first published in early 2019 to address the main threats to the array of U.S. space capabilities, and examine space and counterspace strategies and systems pursued primarily by China and Russia and, to a lesser extent, by North Korea and Iran. This second edition builds on that work and provides an updated, unclassi?ed overview of the threats to U.S. space capabilities, particularly from China and Russia, as those threats continue to expand.
Defeating the Battalion Tactical Group by CPT Nic Fiore ARMOR Spring 2017 -- "The Russian battalion tactical group (BTG) is a modular tactical organization created from a garrisoned Russian Army brigade to deploy combat power to conflict zones. (...) This article researches the weaknesses that allowed Ukrainian Army units to defeat Russian BTGs and describes tactics that an American brigade combat team (BCT) can employ to create similar opportunities to tactically defeat a BTG if required in a future conflict."
A Strategic Compass for Security and Defence - For a European Union that protects its citizens, values and interests and contributes to international peace and securityCouncil of Europe 21 Mar 2022 -- "With this Strategic Compass, we set out a common strategic vision for EU security and defence policy over the next 5-10 years and will immediately start its implementation. This will help us build a common strategic culture, strengthen our unity and solidarity and, above all, enhance our capacity and willingness to act together, to protect our interests and defend our values. In an uncertain world, full of fast-changing threats and geopolitical dynamics, this Strategic Compass guides and enhances our action to make the EU a stronger and more capable security provider. To that end, it identifies clear goals in the area of EU security and defence, the means to achieve them and specific timelines along which we can measure progress."
The Defence Equipment Plan 2021 - 2031UK MOD 21 Feb 2022 -- "The Department has an equipment plan which balances cost and budget. Over the ten years from 21/22 we plan to spend £238 billion on equipment procurement and support, an increase of £48 billion from last year's report. At April 2021, we assessed the equipment plan to have £4.3 billion of headroom over ten-years, compared to a shortfall of £7.3 billion in the previous report."
2021 Report To Congress Of The U.S.-China Economic And Security Review CommissionU.S.-China Economic And Security Review Commission 17 Nov 2021 -- Topics this year include the CCP's ambitions and challenges at its centennial, China’s influence in Latin America and the Caribbean, the CCP's economic and technological ambitions, the Chinese government’s evolving control of the corporate sector, U.S.-China financial connectivity and risks to U.S. national security, China’s nuclear forces, Chinese military capabilities and decision-making for a war over Taiwan, Hong Kong’s government embracing authoritarianism, and a review of economics, trade, security, political, and foreign affairs developments in 2021.
Joint Chiefs of Staff Message to the Joint ForceJoint Chiefs of Staff 12 Jan 2021 -- "As Service Members, we must embody the values and ideals of the Nation. We support and defend the Constitution. Any act to disrupt the Constitutional process is not only against our traditions, values, and oath; it is against the law. On January 20,202 1, in accordance with the Constitution, confirmed by the states and the courts, and certified by Congress, President-elect Biden will be inaugurated and will become our 46th Commander in Chief."
Advantage at Sea: Prevailing with Integrated All-Domain Naval PowerUSMC/USN/USCG 17 Dec 2020 -- "Advantage at Sea is a Tri-Service Maritime Strategy that focuses on China and Russia, the two most significant threats to this era of global peace and prosperity. (...) Other rivals, including Iran, North Korea, violent extremist organizations, and transnational criminal organizations, also continue to subvert the international rules-based order."
2020 Report To Congress Of The U.S.-China Economic And Security Review CommissionU.S.-China Economic And Security Review Commission Dec 2020 -- Topics this year include China's view of strategic competition with the United States; China's promotion of alternative global norms and standards; China's strategic aims in Africa; vulnerabilities in China's financial system and risks for the United States; U.S.-China links in healthcare and biotechnology; China's growing power projection and expeditionary capabilities; Taiwan; Hong Kong; and a review of economics, trade, security, political, and foreign affairs developments in 2020.
RussiaUK House of Commons Intelligence and Security Committee of Parliament 21 Jul 2020 -- "The Report covers aspects of the Russian threat to the UK (Cyber; Disinformation and Influence; and Russian Expatriates) followed by an examination of how the UK Government – in particular the Agencies and Defence Intelligence – has responded (Allocation of Effort; Strategy, Co-ordination and Tasking; A Hard Target; Legislation; International Partnerships; and Engagement with Russia)."
United States Strategic Approach to The People’s Republic of ChinaThe White House 20 May 2020 -- "Since the United States and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) established diplomatic relations in 1979, United States policy toward the PRC was largely premised on a hope that deepening engagement would spur fundamental economic and political opening in the PRC and lead to its emergence as a constructive and responsible global stakeholder, with a more open society. More than 40 years later, it has become evident that this approach underestimated the will of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) to constrain the scope of economic and political reform in China."
The Trump-Ukraine Impeachment Inquiry ReportHouse Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence 03 Dec 2019 [PDF Version] -- "As described in this executive summary and the report that follows, President Trump’s scheme subverted U.S. foreign policy toward Ukraine and undermined our national security in favor of two politically motivated investigations that would help his presidential reelection campaign. The President demanded that the newly-elected Ukrainian president, Volodymyr Zelensky, publicly announce investigations into a political rival that he apparently feared the most, former Vice President Joe Biden, and into a discredited theory that it was Ukraine, not Russia, that interfered in the 2016 presidential election. To compel the Ukrainian President to do his political bidding, President Trump conditioned two official acts on the public announcement of the investigations: a coveted White House visit and critical U.S. military assistance Ukraine needed to fight its Russian adversary."
A cautious embrace: defending democracy in an age of autocraciesHouse of Commons - Foreign Affairs Committee 04 Nov 2019 -- "This report focuses on three policy areas: autocracies’ influence on academic freedom; the use of sanctions against autocracies; and the UK’s cooperation with other democracies in responding to autocracies. It is necessary for the Government to engage with autocracies, for reasons of security, trade and tackling issues such as climate change and modern slavery. We concentrate in particular on Russia and China. Our evidence suggests that both have engaged in overt and covert interference in the affairs of the UK and its partners."
Proposal for a U.S. Permanent Presence in PolandMinistry of National Defence, Republic of Poland May 2018 -- "This proposal outlines the clear and present need for a permanent U.S. armored division deployed in Poland, Poland’s commitment to provide significant support that may reach – 1.5 – 2 billion USD – by establishing joint military installations and provide for more flexible movement of U.S. forces. Together, the United States and Poland can build an even stronger bond – one which guarantees the safety, security and freedom of its people for generations to come."
Prime Minister's letter to Donald Tusk triggering Article 50UK Prime Minister's Office, 10 Downing Street 29 Mar 2017 -- "On 23 June last year, the people of the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union. (...) Today, therefore, I am writing to give effect to the democratic decision of the people of the United Kingdom. I hereby notify the European Council in accordance with Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union of the United Kingdom’s intention to withdraw from the European Union."
Restoring American Power - Recommendations for the FY 2018-FY 2022 Defense Budget By Senator John McCain, Chairman, Senate Armed Services Committee Senate Armed Services Committee 16 Jan 2017 -- "This paper offers a general blueprint to begin rebuilding and reshaping our military. It is not cheap-roughly $430 billion of new money above the Obama administration's defense budget for the next five years, which is already more than $100 billion above the budget caps in law. The cost of further inaction, however, is worse: We will irreparably damage our military's ability to deter aggression and conflict. Indeed, as General Mark Milley, Chief of Staff of the Army, has said: 'The only thing more expensive than deterrence is actually fighting a war, and the only thing more expensive than fighting a war is fighting one and losing one.'"
High-Risk List Jan 2017 -- "In 2014, the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) developed a High-Risk List to call attention to program areas and elements of the U.S.-funded reconstruction effort in Afghanistan that are especially vulnerable to significant waste, fraud, and abuse. This High-Risk List has been updated to identify and address systemic problems facing U.S.-funded reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan. The report highlights program areas where SIGAR believes implementing agencies need to focus. It also discusses how specific agencies are failing to mitigate risks in areas that involve their operations."
Report on Human Rights Abuses and Censorship in North KoreaUS Dept. of State 11 Jan 2017 -- Section 304 (a) of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016, Public Law 114-122 , enacted on February 18, 2016, requires the Secretary of State to provide a report to Congress that (1) identifies each person the Secretary determines to be responsible for serious human rights abuses or censorship in North Korea and describes the conduct of that person; and (2) describes serious human rights abuses or censorship undertaken by the Government of North Korea or any person acting for or on behalf of that Government in the most recent year ending before the submission of the report.
Principles for Middle East PeaceUS Dept. of State 29 Dec 2016 -- In his December 28, 2016 Remarks on Middle East Peace, Secretary of State John Kerry presented the Administration's view on the broad consensus that has emerged regarding principles for a final status agreement that could meet the needs of both sides, reflecting the Secretary's efforts and discussions with the parties and key stakeholders over the past four years.
'Parker Review': An Independent Report to inform the UK National Shipbuilding StrategyUK Ministry of Defence Released 29 Nov 2016 -- The National Shipbuilding Strategy is intended to be a radical, fundamental re-appraisal of how we undertake the shipbuilding enterprise in the UK, intending to place UK naval shipbuilding on a sustainable long term footing. The first step is Sir John Parker’s independent report. The government will give Sir John’s work the full consideration that it deserves and will provide a full and detailed response in the spring 2017. This response will be the National Shipbuilding Strategy. [Annexes to the report]
Restoring the Fleet: Naval Procurement and the National Shipbuilding StrategyUK House of Commons Defence Committee 21 Nov 2016 -- "The Ministry of Defence (MoD) is embarking on a major modernisation of the Royal Navy’s escort fleet. It has undertaken to replace the thirteen existing Type 23 frigates with eight new Type 26 Global Combat Ships and at least five new General Purpose Frigates, provisionally referred to as the Type 31. At the same time, the Royal Navy’s six Type 45 destroyers are about to undergo a major refit of their engines, after serious and repeated power failures."
Executive Summary of the Independent Special Investigation into the violence which occurred in Juba in 2016 and UNMISS responseUnited Nations 01 Nov 2016 -- "On 23 August 2016, the Secretary-General established an Independent Special Investigation led by Major General (ret) Patrick Cammaert, mandated to examine two aspects of the crisis in Juba, South Sudan, in July 2016: violence against civilians, including sexual violence, within or in the vicinity of the UNMISS Headquarters, known as “UN House” and its two adjacent “protection of civilians” (POC) sites, which house more than 27,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs), and the attack on Terrain camp, a private compound where UN personnel, aid workers and local staff were robbed, beaten, raped and killed by armed soldiers."
Libya: Examination of intervention and collapse and the UK’s future policy optionsHouse of Commons - Foreign Affairs Committee 14 Sep 2016 -- "In March 2011, the United Kingdom and France, with the support of the United States, led the international community to support an intervention in Libya to protect civilians from attacks by forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi. This policy was not informed by accurate intelligence. In particular, the Government failed to identify that the threat to civilians was overstated and that the rebels included a significant Islamist element."
Report on Human Rights Abuses and Censorship in North KoreaUS Dept. of State 06 Jul 2016 -- Section 304 (a) of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016, Public Law 114-122 , enacted on February 18, 2016, requires the Secretary of State to provide a report to Congress that (1) identifies each person the Secretary determines to be responsible for serious human rights abuses or censorship in North Korea and describes the conduct of that person; and (2) describes serious human rights abuses or censorship undertaken by the Government of North Korea or any person acting for or on behalf of that Government in the most recent year ending before the submission of the report.
Enhancing Security and Stability in Afghanistan - June 2016 Released 17 Jun 2016 -- "This report is submitted in accordance with section 1225 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. “Buck” McKeon National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2015 (P.L. 113-291) as amended by sections 1213 and 1531 of the NDAA for FY 2016 (P.L. 114-92). It includes a description of the strategy of the United States for enhancing security and stability in Afghanistan, a current and anticipated threat assessment, as well as a description and assessment of the size, structure, strategy, budget, and financing of the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces. This report is the third in a series of reports required semi-annually through calendar year 2017, and it was prepared in coordination with the Secretary of State. This report describes efforts to enhance security and stability in Afghanistan from December 1, 2015, through May 31, 2016."
Position Paper on ROC South China Sea PolicyRepublic of China (Taiwan) 21 Mar 2016 -- "The Nansha (Spratly) Islands, Shisha Paracel) Chungsha (Macclesfield Bank) Islands, and Tungsha Pratas) Islands together known as the South China Sea Islands) were first discovered, named, and used by the ancient Chinese, and incorporated into national territory and administered by imperial Chinese governments. Whether from the perspective of history, geography, or international law, the South China Sea Islands and their surrounding waters are an inherent part of ROC territory and waters. The ROC enjoys all rights over them in accordance with international law. This is indisputable. Any claim to sovereignty over, or occupation of, these areas by other countries is illegal, irrespective of the reasons put forward or methods used, and the ROC government recognizes no such claim or occupation."
Protecting Peace and Security in Southeast AsiaUnited Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Feb 2016 -- Rapid integration in Southeast Asia both internal to the ASEAN group and with near neighbours - is creating new economic and development opportunities but also some significant security challenges. Worryingly, data point to the fact organised crime and associated problems are expanding and diversifying as the region integrates.
NINTH SIX-MONTH REPORT (July 1, 2015 - December 31, 2015)Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee (MEC) February 2016 - Despite campaign promises by both leaders to prioritize the fight against corruption, there are significant and increasing concerns about the ability of the Afghanistan National Unity Government (NUG) – after more than one year in power – to effectively address issues related to corruption, let alone other critical areas, such as security or employment.
Plan for Closing the Guantanamo Bay Detention FacilityDoD 23 Feb 2016 -- "As the President has made clear, closing the Guantanamo Bay detention facility is a national security imperative. Its continued operation weakens our national security by furthering the recruiting propaganda of violent extremists, hindering relations with key allies and partners, and draining Department of Defense resources."
Operation Freedom’s Sentinel - Quarterly Report and Biannual Report to the United States Congress - September 30, 2015Lead Inspector General for Overseas Contingency Operations Released 03 Dec 2015 -- This report presents selected high-visibility counterterrorism operations, and battles against the Taliban insurgency, conducted by the Afghan Special Security Forces (ASSF) with the support of U.S. Special Forces. This includes one of the largest raids in Afghanistan against al-Qaeda networks as well as the recent Kunduz operation. Multiple investigations into the U.S. bombing of a hospital during the Kunduz campaign remain ongoing
Report on National Security Implications of Climate-Related Risks and a Changing ClimateDoD 24 Jul 2015 -- This report responds to the Congressional request to the Department of Defense to identify the most serious and likely climate-related security risks for each Combatant Command, the ways in which the Combatant Commands are integrating mitigation of these risks into their planning processes, and a description of the resources required for an effective response.
The National Military Strategy of the United States of America 2015 - The United States Military’s Contribution To National Security June 2015 Released 01 Jul 2015 -- "This 2015 National Military Strategy addresses the need to counter revisionist states that are challenging international norms as well as violent extremist organizations (VEOs) that are undermining transregional security. We are working with allies and partners to deter, deny, and – when necessary – defeat potential state adversaries. Concurrently, we are leading multiple coalition efforts to disrupt, degrade, and defeat VEOs. Central to these efforts is strengthening our global network of allies and partners."
Global Trends: World at War - Forced Displacement in 2014UNHCR Released 18 Jun 2015 -- "Global forced displacement has seen accelerated growth in 2014, once again reaching unprecedented levels. The year saw the highest displacement on record. By end-2014, 59.5 million individuals were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, generalized violence, or human rights violations. This is 8.3 million persons more than the year before (51.2 million) and the highest annual increase in a single year."
Report on Enhancing Security and Stability in Afghanistan - June 2015 Released 16 Jun 2015 -- "This report is submitted consistent with section 1225 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. “Buck” McKeon National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2015 (P.L. 113-291), which replaces the previous reporting requirement for reports on “Progress toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan.” It includes a description of the strategy of the United States for security and stability in Afghanistan, a current and anticipated threat assessment, as well as a description and assessment of the size, structure, strategy, budget, and financing of the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces. This inaugural report is the first in a series of reports required every 180 days through fiscal year 2017 and was prepared in coordination with the Secretary of State. (...) This report covers efforts to enhance security and stability in Afghanistan from December 1, 2014, through May 31, 2015."
The 2014 Gaza Conflict: Factual and Legal AspectsState of Israel 14 Jun 2015 -- "The following Report - The 2014 Gaza Conflict (7 July – 26 August 2014): Factual and Legal Aspects - presents detailed factual and legal information regarding the intensive hostilities that took place from July 7 to August 26, 2014 between the State of Israel and Hamas and other terrorist organisations operating in the Gaza Strip (“the 2014 Gaza Conflict”, also known as Operation “Protective Edge”)".
Women in ground close combat (GCC) review paperUK Ministry of Defence 19 Dec 2014 -- The aim of the review was to assess the current exclusion of women from ground close combat roles, to identify the benefits and risks of changing this policy and to make recommendations.
Limits in the Seas No. 143 - China: Maritime Claims in the South China SeaUS Department of State - Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs 05 Dec 2014 -- This study analyzes the maritime claims of the People’s Republic of China in the South China Sea, specifically its “dashed-line” claim encircling islands and waters of the South China Sea.
Joint Communiqué: The 46th ROK-U.S. Security Consultative Meeting 23 Oct 2014 -- The 46th United States-Republic of Korea (U.S.-ROK) Security Consultative Meeting (SCM) was held in Washington D.C. on October 23, 2014. U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel and ROK Minster of National Defense Han Min-koo led their respective delegations, which included senior defense and foreign affairs officials. Before the SCM, the U.S. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Martin E. Dempsey, and the ROK Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral Choi Yoon-hee, presided over the 39th U.S.-ROK Military Committee Meeting (MCM) on October 22, 2014.
The Interim Report on the Revision of the Guidelines for U.S.-Japan Defense Cooperation Released 08 Oct 2014 -- "The revision of the Guidelines fully accords with both countries’ strategic goals and interests, and will benefit the region and beyond. For the United States, the Guidelines revision aligns with the U.S. whole-of-government rebalance to the Asia-Pacific region. For Japan, the Guidelines revision corresponds to its efforts for the defense of its territory and people and the policy of 'Proactive Contribution to Peace' based on the principle of international cooperation."
Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine - 16 September 2014UN OHCHR 08 Oct 2014 -- "This is the sixth monthly report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Ukraine, based on the work of the United Nations Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine (HRMMU). It covers the period from 18 August to 16 September 2014."
Report on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict in Iraq: 6 July – 10 September 2014UNAMI / OHCHR Released 02 Oct 2014 -- "This report is published jointly by the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). It covers the period from 6 July to 10 September 2014 (“the reporting period”) (...) The conflict between the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) and affiliated forces, on the one hand, and the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and associated armed groups, on the other, continues to take a heavy toll on civilians"
Report: Towards the Next Defence and Security Review: Part Two - NATOHouse of Commons Defence Committee July 2014 -- "Our conclusion is that NATO is currently not well-prepared for a Russian threat against a NATO Member State. A Russian unconventional attack, using asymmetric tactics (the latest term for this is “ambiguous warfare”), designed to slip below NATO’s response threshold, would be particularly difficult to counter. And the challenges, which NATO faces in deterring, or mounting an adequate response to, such an attack poses a fundamental risk to NATO’s credibility."
Report on the Protection of Civilians in the Non International Armed Conflict in Iraq: 5 June – 5 July 2014UNAMI / OHCHR Released 18 Jul Oct 2014 -- "The non-international armed conflict that commenced in Iraq in Anbar governorate in January 2014 and has since spread to other areas of the country since the beginning of June has inflicted untold hardship and suffering on the civilian population with large-scale killings, injuries, and destruction and damage of livelihoods and property. The minimum number of civilians killed in the first six months of 2014 is 5,576, with at least 11,665 wounded. Since the beginning of June 2014, a minimum of 1,531 civilians have been killed and 1,763 have been wounded, and some 1.2 million s people have been internally displaced as a result of the violence – including over 600,000 since the beginning of June alone."
Russia's accusations - setting the record straight (July 2014)NATO 16 Jul 2014 -- Russia's aggression against Ukraine has led to Russia's international isolation, including NATO's suspension of all practical cooperation with Russia. To divert attention away from its actions, Russia has levelled a series of accusations against NATO which are based on misrepresentations of the facts and ignore the sustained effort that NATO has put into building a partnership with Russia. Russia has also made baseless attacks on the legitimacy of the Ukrainian authorities and has used force to seize part of Ukraine's territory. This document sets the record straight.
Air Force Announces Changes to Headquarters OrganizationDoD 14 Jul 2014 -- Air Force leaders announced changes to headquarters staff manning and organization. The Air Force will create efficiencies by deactivating and realigning organizations at headquarters Air Force, major commands (MAJCOMs), numbered air forces and field operating agencies, resulting in savings of $1.6 billion across the Air Force in the next five years.
Department of the Navy Transformation Plan - FY2014-2016US Dept. of the Navy Jul 2014 -- "The FY14-16 DON Transformation Plan, similar to the DoD’s Strategic Management Plan (SMP) for FY14-15, identifies the most pressing management issues and provides the strategic blueprint to become more effective and better prepared to counter any challenge in the future."
Global Strategic Trends - Out to 2045UK Ministry of Defence 01 Jul 2014 -- "Global Strategic Trends (GST) describes a strategic context for those in the Ministry of Defence (MOD) and wider Government who are involved in developing long-term plans, policies and capabilities. Without a strategic context there is a risk that planners, policy-makers and capability developers may assume a future that adheres to preconceived thoughts and assumptions. As well as providing a strategic context, this fifth edition of GST (GST 5) identifies long-term threats and opportunities, out to 2045. GST does not attempt to predict the future – it cannot. Rather, it describes those phenomena that could have a significant impact on the future and combines these differing perspectives to produce a multifaceted picture of possible outcomes."
The JRTN Movement and Iraq's Next Insurgency by Michael Knights Combating Terrorism Center at West Point 01 Jul 2011 -- The stabilization of Iraq has become wedged on a plateau, beyond which further improvement will be a slow process. This article argues that one driver for the ongoing resilience, or even revival, of Sunni militancy is the growing influence of the Jaysh Rijal al-Tariq al-Naqshabandi (JRTN) movement, which has successfully tapped into Sunni Arab fear of Iraq’s Shi`a-led government and the country’s Kurdish population, while offering an authentic Iraqi alternate to al-Qa`ida in Iraq (AQI). The features of JRTN are becoming clearer, providing an interesting case study of an insurgent movement that learned from the mistakes of other militants and has successfully created a hybrid of Islamist themes and nationalist military expertise.
Remarks by the President on the Situation in IraqThe White House 19 Jun 2014 -- "I just met with my national security team to discuss the situation in Iraq. We’ve been meeting regularly to review the situation since ISIL, a terrorist organization that operates in Iraq and Syria, made advances inside of Iraq. As I said last week, ISIL poses a threat to the Iraqi people, to the region, and to U.S. interests. So today I wanted to provide you an update on how we’re responding to the situation."
The Operation of the HYSY 981 Drilling Rig: Vietnam's Provocation and China's Position 09 Jun 2014 -- On 2 May 2014, a Chinese company's HYSY 981 drilling rig started its drilling operation inside the contiguous zone of China's Xisha Islands (see Annex 1/5 for the locations of operation) for the purpose of oil and gas exploration. With the first phase of the operation completed, the second phase began on 27 May. The two locations of operation are 17 nautical miles from both the Zhongjian Island of China's Xisha Islands and the baseline of the territorial waters of Xisha Islands, yet approximately 133 to 156 nautical miles away from the coast of the Vietnamese mainland.
The UK National Strategy for Maritime Security May 2014 -- "This strategy places the maritime domain in context and explains why it matters to the UK. It sets out our approach and the objectives we wish to achieve, as well as explaining how we intend to improve our efforts in future. Finall
y, it outlines the governance structure which will allow us to deliver effective and efficient maritime security."
America – The Arsenal of Sovereignty By Professors Mike Marra and Dr. James Gordon Department of Military Strategy, Planning and Operations, US Army War College May 2014 -- “Arms sales of American products worldwide are breaking new records in terms of total dollars and equipment and training deployed….does this make the world more dangerous, or perhaps more secure and stable? The authors of this essay take the minority position and posit the sale of military articles, if executed under the well-designed oversight of the various agencies and departments in our government, actually help free and sovereign nations defend themselves while providing a comparative advantage to US industry.”
White Book on Violations of Human Rights and the Rule of Law in Ukraine (November 2013 - March 2014)Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation April 2014, Released 05 May 2014 -- "This study covers the period from the end of November 2013 to the end of March 2014 and deals with the situation with human rights and the rule of law that emerged in Ukraine as a result of a violent seizure of power and unconstitutional coup.(..) We do not claim to report exhaustively in this White Book all tragic events that took place in Ukraine. Nonetheless, the present list of the most flagrant violations of fundamental international norms of human rights and the rule of law committed in this country, by ultranationalist, neo-Nazi, and extremist forces which have monopolized the Euromaidan protests, far from being exhaustive, gives enough grounds to claim that such violations were widespread. The essential task of this White Book is to focus on facts to which the international community and key international human rights bodies, as well as relevant nongovernmental organizations have not shown proper and impartial attention."
April 2014 Report on Progress Toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan April 2014 -- "This report is submitted consistent with sections 1230 and 1231 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181), as amended. It includes a description of the comprehensive strategy of the United States for security and stability in Afghanistan This report is the thirteenth in a series of reports required every 180 days through fiscal year 2014 (...) The information contained in this report reflects information through March 31, 2014. This is a historical document that covers progress in Afghanistan from October 1, 2013, to March 31, 2014, although some more recent updates of key events are included.
Russian Fiction the Sequel: 10 More False Claims About UkraineUS Dept. of State 13 Apr 2014 -- Russia continues to spin a false and dangerous narrative to justify its illegal actions in Ukraine. The Russian propaganda machine continues to promote hate speech and incite violence by creating a false threat in Ukraine that does not exist.
USAF RPA Vector: Vision and Enabling Concepts 2013–2038United States Air Force 17 Feb 2014, Released 4 Apr 2014 -- This document refines the Air Force strategic vision for the future of remotely piloted aircraft (RPA) and reemphasizes the inherent potential and emerging capabilities of small unmanned aircraft systems (SUAS). The RPA Vector outlines concepts and capabilities needed over the next 25 years. It can inform the capabilities planning and requirements development process as well as inform the CFLIs as they execute their responsibilities for implementation planning in the plans, programming, budgeting and execution process.
Statement of the NATO-Ukraine CommissionNATO 01 Apr 2014 -- "We, the Foreign Ministers of the NATO-Ukraine Commission, are united in our condemnation of Russia's illegal military intervention in Ukraine, and Russia's violation of Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity."
U.S. Navy Arctic Roadmap 2014-2030 Feb 2014 -- This update of the 2009 Navy Arctic Roadmap provides guidance necessary to prepare the Navy to respond effectively to future Arctic Region contingencies, delineates the Navy's leadership role, and articulates the Navy’s support to achieve national priorities in the Region. (...) This Roadmap outlines the Navy’s strategic approach for the Arctic Region and the ways and means to achieve the desired national end state. (...) This Roadmap provides direction to the Navy for the near-term (present-2020), mid-term (2020-2030), and far-term (beyond 2030), placing particular emphasis on near-term actions necessary to enhance Navy’s ability to operate in the Arctic Region in the future.
Presidential Policy Directive 27: United States Conventional Arms Transfer PolicyThe White House 15 Jan 2014 -- "United States conventional arms transfer policy supports transfers that meet legitimate security requirements of our allies and partners in support of our national security and foreign policy interests. At the same time, the policy promotes restraint, both by the United States and other suppliers, in transfers of weapons systems that may be destabilizing or dangerous to international peace and security."
Libya: military actors and militias By Francesco Finucci, Dec 2013 -- "After Qaddafi's fall, about 200000 militiamen took to the streets. It was the end of a 40 years lasting regime. But it was also the first step towards the chaos: a country dominated by militias, fulfilled with weapons and characterized by harsh territories, where paratroops could hide themselves for months. Moreover, evidences suggest the use of this chaos in order to cover conflicts between rival tribes. Actions already blamed as war crimes."
November 2013 Report on Progress Toward Security and Stability in AfghanistanDOD Nov 2013 -- "Afghan security forces are now successfully providing security for their own people, fighting their own battles, and holding the gains made by the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in the last decade. This is a fundamental shift in the course of the conflict. (...) The ANSF now conduct 95 percent of conventional operations and 98 percent of special operations in Afghanistan. (...) ANSF casualties have increased by 79 percent this reporting period compared to the same period last year, while ISAF casualties have dropped by 59 percent. The insurgency has also consolidated gains in some of the rural areas in which it has traditionally held power. (...) However, military progress alone will not lead to success in Afghanistan. In addition to uncertainties about ANSF sustainability and challenges to security outside of urban areas, challenges with the economy and governance continue to foster uncertainty about long-term prospects for stability. This causes hedging behavior by actors in many sectors, which exacerbates existing instability."
July 2013 - Report on Progress Toward Security and Stability in AfghanistanDOD July 2013 -- "The conflict in Afghanistan has shifted into a fundamentally new phase. For the past 11 years, the United States and our coalition partners have led the fight against the Taliban, but now Afghan forces are conducting almost all combat operations. The progress made by the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)-led surge over the past three years has put the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) firmly in control of all of Afghanistan’s major cities and 34 provincial capitals and driven the insurgency into the countryside. ISAF’s primary focus has largely transitioned from directly fighting the insurgency to training, advising and assisting the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) in their efforts to hold and build upon these gains, enabling a U.S. force reduction of roughly 34,000 personnel—half the current force in Afghanistan—by February 2014."
Learning From Iraq: A Final Report from the Special Inspector General for Iraq ReconstructionSpecial Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction March 2013 [PDF] -- "Learning From Iraq describes at length the challenges encountered by the soldiers, diplomats, and other civilians who served in Iraq. The nine-year rebuilding program, the second largest SRO in U.S. history (after Afghanistan), expended about $60 billion in U.S. taxpayer dollars and billions more in Iraqi funds. Over $25 billion of that was committed to the training and equipping of the Iraqi Security Forces, with the balance funding everything from major infrastructure construction in the electricity and water sectors to local governance programs and small Provincial Reconstruction Team projects."
ENERGY INVESTMENTS FOR MILITARY OPERATIONS: FOR FISCAL YEAR 2013 June 2012, Released Aug 2012 -- "This is the second Operational Energy Budget Certification. It differs significantly from the inaugural effort and sets the tone for subsequent efforts. (...) The strategy identifies redirecting the demand for fuel, expanding and/or diversifying the supplies of fuel, and incorporating energy security into the future force as the principal ways to reach that goal." [PDF}
Report on Progress Toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan October 2011 -- "Since the last Report on Progress Toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan was released in April 2011, the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) and its Afghan partners have made important security gains, reversing violence trends in much of the country (except along the border with Pakistan), and beginning transition to Afghan security lead in seven areas."
Department of the Army Inspector General Inspection of the Army National Cemeteries Program and Arlington National CemeteryDepartment of the Army Inspector General Released 16 September 2011 [PDF] -- "From 2 May to 5 August 2011, the Department of the Army Inspector General (DAIG) conducted a re-inspection of the Army National Cemeteries Program (ANCP) and Arlington National Cemetery (ANC). The re-inspection and this report served to assess and document compliance with, and the implementation and effect of, the approved recommendations of the DAIG's inspection report conducted on 9 June 2010. With a view to enabling the Secretary of the Army's report to Congress, as mandated by Public Law 111-339, dated 22 December 2010, the report also reflects findings and recommendations regarding the implementation of Army Directive (AD) 2010-04, dated 10 June 2010, and the review of ANC practices to provide information, outreach and support to families of individuals buried at ANC regarding procedures to detect and correct burial errors. The inspection team identified 31 observations, 2 other matters and made 53 recommendations."
Transforming Wartime Contracting: Controlling costs, reducing risksCommission on Wartime Contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan Released 31 Aug 2011 -- "At least $31 billion, and possibly as much as $60 billion, has been lost to contract waste and fraud in America’s contingency operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Much more will turn into waste as attention to continuing operations wanes, as U.S. support for projects and programs in Iraq and Afghanistan declines, and as those efforts are revealed as unsustainable."
ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS: Military and Security Developments Involving the People's Republic of China 2011 Released 24 Aug 2011 -- "China's rise as a major international actor is likely to stand out as a defining feature of the strategic landscape of the early 21st century. Sustained economic development has raised the standard of living for China's citizens and elevated China's international profile. This development, coupled with an expanding science and technology base, has also facilitated a comprehensive and ongoing military modernization program. The United States welcomes a strong, prosperous, and successful China that reinforces international rules and norms and enhances security and peace both regionally and globally."
Humanitarian Operation - Factual Analysis (July 2006–May 2009)Sri Lanka MoD 01 Aug 2011 -- "The Government of Sri Lanka made every effort to protect civilians in the conflict zone through the creation of Safe Corridors and No Fire Zones, and by adhering to a “Zero Civilian casualty” policy that had been conveyed to all troops through repeated training and operational orders. Sri Lanka also took a proactive and extensive role in delivering humanitarian assistance to these civilians before, during and after the fighting. Despite the clear intent of the Government of Sri Lanka and the numerous precautions taken, it was impossible in a battle of this magnitude, against a ruthless opponent actively endangering civilians, for civilian casualties to be avoided."
Report of the Secretary-General’s Panel of Inquiry on the 31 May 2010 Flotilla IncidentUN Secretary-General’s Panel of Inquiry on the 31 May 2010 Flotilla Incident July 2011 -- "On 31 May 2010 at 4.26 a.m. a flotilla of six vessels was boarded and taken over by Israeli Defense Forces 72 nautical miles from land. The vessels were carrying people and humanitarian supplies. The flotilla had been directed to change course by the Israeli forces who stated that the coast of Gaza was under a naval blockade. Nine passengers lost their lives and many others were wounded as a result of the use of force during the take-over operation by Israeli forces."
Letter from the President on the War Powers ResolutionThe White House 15 Jun 2011 -- "I am providing this supplemental consolidated report, prepared by my Administration and consistent with the War Powers Resolution (Public Law 93 148), as part of my efforts to keep the Congress informed about deployments of U.S. Armed Forces equipped for combat."
Energy for the Warfighter: Operational Energy StrategyUS Department of Defense Released 14 Jun 2011 -- For the first time, the Department of Defense (DoD) is publishing a strategy to transform the way the Department consumes energy in military operations, consistent with 10 U.S.C. § 138c. (...) The DoD Operational Energy Strategy sets the overall direction for operational energy security for the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), Combatant Commands, Defense Agencies, and Military Departments/Services (hereinafter "DoD Components").
S. Prt. 112-21: Evaluating U.S. Foreign Assistance To AfghanistanU.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations 8 Jun 2011 -- "This report takes a close look at how the United States is spending civilian aid dollars in Afghanistan to make sure we are pursuing the most effective strategy in support of our national security objectives. We spend more on aid to Afghanistan than any other country and the environment in which the State Department and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) operate is difficult and dangerous. With the upcoming transition to an Afghan security lead in 2014 and the increased responsibilities our civilians will absorb from the military, we have a critical planning window right now to make any necessary changes to support a successful transition."
Statement of the Attorney General on the Prosecution of the 9/11 ConspiratorsUS Dept. of Justice 04 Apr 2011 -- "(...)So today I am referring the cases of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, Walid Muhammad Bin Attash, Ramzi Bin Al Shibh, Ali Abdul-Aziz Ali, and Mustafa Ahmed Al Hawsawi to the Department of Defense to proceed in military commissions. Furthermore, I have directed prosecutors to move to dismiss the indictment that was handed down under seal in the Southern District of New York in December, 2009, and a judge has granted that motion."
Transcript: Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates Speech - United States Military Academy (West Point, NY)DoD 25 Feb 2011 -- "The strategic rationale for swift-moving expeditionary forces, be they Army or Marines, airborne infantry or special operations, is self-evident given the likelihood of counterterrorism, rapid reaction, disaster response, or stability or security force assistance missions. >But in my opinion, any future defense secretary who advises the president to again send a big American land army into Asia or into the Middle East or Africa should “have his head examined,” as General MacArthur so delicately put it."
The 2011 Army Tactical Wheeled Vehicle StrategyUS Army Jan 2011 -- The Under Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff of the Army have approved the following Army 2010 Tactical Wheeled Vehicle (TWV) Strategy. This strategy charts our way ahead to manage the modernization and sustainment of the Army wheeled vehicle fleets. It is an affordable plan to achieve and sustain the capabilities the Army will need for the next 30 years.
ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS: Military and Security Developments Involving the People's Republic of China 2010 Released 16 Aug 2010 -- "Over the past 30 years, China has made great progress in its pursuit of economic growth and development, which has allowed China to achieve higher living standards for the Chinese people and has increased China's international profile. These economic achievements, combined with progress in science and technology, have also enabled China to embark on a comprehensive transformation of its military. The pace and scope of China's military modernization have increased over the past decade, enabling China's armed forces to develop capabilities to contribute to the delivery of international public goods, as well as increase China's options for using military force to gain diplomatic advantage or resolve disputes in its favor."
The QDR in Perspective: Meeting America's National Security Needs in the 21st CenturyQuadrennial Defense Review Independent Panel 29 Jul 2010 -- "Congress has required by law that every four years the Department of Defense conduct what would outside of government simply be called a "strategic review" of its existing plans and programs. The Department calls this process the "Quadrennial Defense Review" or the "QDR" for short. (...) Congress constituted our Independent Panel to review the QDR, assess the long term threats facing America, and produce recommendations regarding the capabilities which will be necessary to meet those threats. We have deliberated for over five months, in the process reviewing a mass of documents (both classified and unclassified), interviewing dozens of witnesses from the Department, and consulting a number of outside experts."
Taiwan Air Defense AssessmentDefense Intelligence Agency 21 Jan 2010 -- "The paper responds to OSD's request for information on the status of Taiwan's Air Defenses in preparation for a response to Congress"
Tora Bora Revisited: How We Failed To Get Bin Laden And Why It Matters TodayCommittee On Foreign Relations - United States Senate 30 Nov 2009 -- "This report by the Committee majority staff is part of our continuing examination of the conflict in Afghanistan. When we went to war less than a month after the attacks of September 11, the objective was to destroy Al Qaeda and kill or capture its leader, Osama bin Laden, and other senior figures in the terrorist group and the Taliban, which had hosted them. Today, more than eight years later, we find ourselves fighting an increasingly lethal insurgency in Afghanistan and neighboring Pakistan that is led by many of those same extremists. Our inability to finish the job in late 2001 has contributed to a conflict today that endangers not just our troops and those of our allies, but the stability of a volatile and vital region. This report relies on new and existing information to explore the consequences of the failure to eliminate bin Laden and other extremist leaders in the hope that we can learn from the mistakes of the past"
Islamic Republic, more profound than US thinksIRI Embassy, Islamabad, Pakistan 04 Nov 2009 -- Islamic Revolution Leader Ayatollah Sayyed Ali Khamenei Tuesday called the American government a truly arrogant government in the world.
The significance of the F-22 voteCouncil for a Livable World 21 Jul 2009 -- The Senate voted to approve an amendment to eliminate the $1.75 billion the Senate Armed Services Committee added for the F-22 aircraft.
Army Partially Terminates Future Combat Systems Manned Ground VehicleDoD 20 Jul 2009 -- The Department of the Army announced today that it will partially terminate the Manned Ground Vehicle (MGV) development effort under the Future Combat Systems (FCS) Brigade Combat Team (BCT) System Development and Demonstration (SDD) contract with the Boeing Company
MEMORANDUM FOR THE FILES - Re: Status of Certain OLC Opinions Issued in the Aftermath of the Terrorist Attacks of September 11, 2001 15 Jan 2009 -- The purpose of this memorandum is to confirm that certain propositions stated in several opinions issued by the Office of Legal Counsel in 2001-2003 respecting the allocation of authorities between the President and Congress in matters of war and national security do not reflect the current views of this Office. We have previously withdrawn or superseded a number of opinions that depended upon one or more of these propositions. For reasons discussed herein, today we explain why these propositions are not consistent with the current views of OLC, and we advise that caution should be exercised before relying in other respects on the remaining opinions identified below [PDF Version]
Report of the Secretary of Defense Task Force on DoD Nuclear Weapons Management - Phase II: Review of the DoD Nuclear Mission December 2008 -- "Incidents related to the Air Force's mishandling of nuclear weapons and components led to the creation of the Task Force in June 2008 to provide advice on nuclear matters for the Secretary of Defense. (...) In Phase II, the Task Force found that the lack of interest in and attention to the nuclear mission and nuclear deterrence, as discussed in our Phase I report, go well beyond the Air Force. This lack of interest and attention have been widespread throughout DoD and contributed to the decline of attention in the Air Force. This report details policy, organizational, and procedural issues that must be addressed across DoD in order to retain disciplined and effective nuclear forces."
Senate Armed Services Committee Inquiry Into The Treatment Of Detainees In U.S. CustodyUS Senate Armed Services Committee Released 11 Dec 2008 -- "The abuse of detainees in U.S. custody cannot simply be attributed to the actions of "a few bad apples" acting on their own. The fact is that senior officials in the United States government solicited information on how to use aggressive techniques, redefined the law to create the appearance of their legality, and authorized their use against detainees. Those efforts damaged our ability to collect accurate intelligence that could save lives, strengthened the hand of our enemies, and compromised our moral authority. This report is a product of the Committee's inquiry into how those unfortunate results came about."
Report of the Secretary of Defense Task Force on DoD Nuclear Weapons Management: Phase I: The Air Force's Nuclear Mission 10 Sep 2008 -- "Serious incidents in 2006 (a misshipment to Taiwan of intercontinental ballistic missile [ICBM] components) and 2007 (an unauthorized weapons transfer) alerted the Department of Defense (DoD) to the Air Force's mishandling of nuclear weapons and nuclear weapons-related materiel. (...) In June 2008, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates appointed this Task Force on Nuclear Weapons Management to recommend necessary improvements and measures to enhance deterrence and international confidence in the U.S. nuclear deterrent. (...) Secretary Gates asked the Task Force to report on needed Air Force measures in 60 days and Department of Defense measures in 120 days. This report is the first of those two"
Russia won`t accept unipolar world - MedvedevTelevision Channels Channel One, Rossia, NTV 31 Aug 2008 -- Russia's President Dmitry Medvedev has outlined five principles guiding his foreign policy in the wake of the recognition of South Ossetia and Abkhazia as independent states. He said Russia recognises international law but won't accept decisions 'made by one country solely
43 Retired Generals and Admirals to U.S. Senate: Require Single Standard for Interrogations 12 Feb 2008 -- "As retired military leaders of the U.S. Armed Forces, we write to express our strong support for Section 327 of the Conference Report on the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008, H.R. 2082. Section 327 would require intelligence agents of the U.S. government to adhere to the standards of prisoner treatment and interrogation contained in the U.S. Army Field Manual on Human Collector Operations (the Army Field Manual)."
A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower Released Oct. 2007 -- "This strategy stresses an approach that integrates seapower with other elements of national power, as well as those of our friends and allies. It describes how seapower will be applied around the world to protect our way of life, as we join with other like-minded nations to protect and sustain the global, inter-connected system through which we prosper."
ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS: Military Power of the People's Republic of China - 2007 Released 25 May 2007 -- "China’s rapid rise as a regional political and economic power with global aspirations is an important element of today’s strategic environment – one that has significant implications for the region and the world. The United States welcomes the rise of a peaceful and prosperous China, and it encourages China to participate as a responsible international stakeholder by taking on a greater share of responsibility for the health and success of the global system. However, much uncertainty surrounds the future course China’s leaders will set for their country, including in the area of China’s expanding military power and how that power might be used."
Commanding General David H. Petraeus' Letter about ValuesMulti-National Forces - Iraq 10 May 2007 -- "Our values and the laws governing warfare teach us to respect human dignity, maintain our integrity, and do what is right. Adherence to our values distinguishes us from our enemy. This fight depends on securing the population, which must understand that we - not our enemies - occupy the moral high ground." [PDF Version]
Press Conference by the PresidentThe White House 08 Nov 2006 -- "The election has changed many things in Washington, but it has not changed my fundamental responsibility, and that is to protect the American people from attack. As the Commander-in-Chief, I take these responsibilities seriously. And so does the man who served this nation honorably for almost six years as our Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld. Now, after a series of thoughtful conversations, Secretary Rumsfeld and I agreed that the timing is right for new leadership at the Pentagon"
United States Army Military ReadinessOfffices of Reps. Murtha and Obey 13 Sep 2006 -- "The U.S. Army's preparedness for war has eroded to levels not witnessed by our country in decades. As deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan continue unabated, there is a very real prospect that Army readiness will continue to erode, undermining its ability to meet the theater commanders' needs and foreclosing any option for the U.S. to respond to conflicts elsewhere around the globe"
Press Conference by the PresidentThe White House 08 Nov 2006 -- "The election has changed many things in Washington, but it has not changed my fundamental responsibility, and that is to protect the American people from attack. As the Commander-in-Chief, I take these responsibilities seriously. And so does the man who served this nation honorably for almost six years as our Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld. Now, after a series of thoughtful conversations, Secretary Rumsfeld and I agreed that the timing is right for new leadership at the Pentagon"
Situation of detainees at Guantánamo BayUnited Nations Comission on Human Rights 16 Feb 2006 -- The present joint report is submitted by five holders of mandates of special procedures of the Commission on Human Rights who have been jointly following the situation of detainees held at theUnited States Naval Base at Guantánamo Bay since June 2004.
Quadrennial Defense Review Report Released 06 Feb 2006 -- The Report of the 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review represents a snapshot in time of the Department's strategy for defense of the Nation and the capabilities needed to effectively execute that defense. In the pages that follow, the Department's senior leadership sets out where the Department is and where it needs to go in fulfilling our responsibilities to the American people.
The US Military: Under Strain and at RiskThe Leaders' National Security Advisory Group January 2006 -- In the current debate over Iraq, there is an elephant in the room that few are willing to acknowledge. While the U.S. military has performed superbly in Afghanistan, Iraq and elsewhere, our ground forces are under enormous strain. This strain, if not soon relieved, will have highly corrosive and potentially long-term effects on the force.
The 37th Security Consultative Meeting Joint Communiqué 21 Oct 2005 -- "The 37th Republic of Korea-United States Security Consultative Meeting (SCM) was held in Seoul on October 21, 2005. ROK Minister of National Defense Yoon Kwang Ung and U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld led their respective delegations, which included senior defense and foreign affairs officials." [PDF]
Report of the International Independent Investigation Commission Established Pursuant to Security Council Resolution 1595 (2005) Detlev Mehlis, Commissioner UNIIIC, UN International Independent Investigation Commission 19 Oct 2005 -- "The Security Council, by its resolution 1595 of 7 April 2005, decided to establish an international independent investigation Commission based in Lebanon to assist the Lebanese authorities in their investigation of all aspects of the terrorist attack which took place on 14 February 2005 in Beirut that killed former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri and others, including to help identify its perpetrators, sponsors, organizers and accomplices"
CNO Guidance for 2006: Meeting the Challenge of a New Era Released 14 Oct 2005 -- "It is with my firm belief in our ability to meet these challenges that I have crafted my Guidance for 2006. Rooted in the framework of Sea Power 21, this document articulates our vision, reiterates our mission, establishes the guiding principles that will underpin our actions and restates my top three priorities (supporting each with specific objectives, desired effects and tasking)"
Letter by Retired Military Leaders to Senator John McCain 03 Oct 2005 -- "We strongly support your proposed amendments to the Defense Department Authorization bill concerning detainee policy, including requiring all interrogations of detainees in DOD custody to conform to the U.S. Army's Field Manual on Intelligence Interrogation (FM 34-52), and prohibiting the use of torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment by any U.S. government agency."
Report to Congress: Measuring Stability and Security in IraqUS Department of Defense 21 Jul 2005 -- "The report is divided into two sections (...) The initial section of the report focuses on Stability and Security in Iraq and enumerates goals and progress regarding Iraq's political stability, security environment, and economic progress. The second section of the report, on Security Force Training and Performance, provides indicators of the training and development of the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF), including the forces of the Ministry of Defense (MOD) and the police and other paramilitary forces of the Ministry of Interior (MOI)." [PDF]
The Military Power of the People's Republic of China 2005Office of the Secretary of Defense 19 Jul 2005 -- "The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is modernizing its forces, emphasizing preparations to fight and win short-duration, high-intensity conflicts along China's periphery. (...) We assess that China's ability to project conventional military power beyond its periphery remains limited. This report outlines what we know of China's national and military strategies, progress and trends in its military modernization, and their implications for regional security and stability." [PDF 1.31 MB]
Final Report: Assessment of Detainee Medical Operations for OEF, GTMO, AND OIFOffice of the Surgeon General of the Army 13 Apr 2005 -- "On 12 November 2004, The Army Surgeon General, LTG Kevin C. Kiley, directed the Commander of the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, MG Lester Martinez-Lopez, to lead a multidisciplinary Functional Assessment Team (the Team) to assess detainee medical operations in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (GTMO) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF)." [PDF 7.85 MB]
Management Accountability Review of the Boeing KC-767A Tanker Program Report No. OIG-2004-171 May 13, 2005 OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE - Senior officials of the Air Force acquisition community and the Office of the Secretary of Defense were focused on supporting a decision to lease tanker aircraft from Boeing rather than developing objective acquisition information that would have questioned, as a matter of procedure, whether such a decision was appropriate. [PDF 4.34MB]
HOOD COMPLETES KORAN INQUIRYSOUTHCOM 03 Jun 2005 -- Brigadier General Jay Hood, commander of Joint Task Force Guantanamo, completed his inquiry into the validity of allegations of Koran mishandling by U.S. personnel at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, yesterday.
Transcript: Announces BRAC Recommendations 13 May 2005 -- Presenter: Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics Michael Wynne; Deputy Undersecretary of Defense Philip Grone; Air Force Surgeon General Lt. Gen. George Taylor ; Army Vice Chief of Staff Gen. Richard Cody ; Vice Admiral Evan Chanik, Joint Chiefs of Staff; Director, National Guard Bureau Gen. Steven Blum; and Vice Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Robert F. Willard
DoD Provides Details on Interrogation Process 23 Jun 2004 -- The Department of Defense today released documents related to the development of interrogation procedures at Guantanamo. These documents are made available to demonstrate that the actions of the U. S. Defense Department are bound by law and guided by American values.
On Point: The United States Army in Operation Iraqi FreedomCenter for Army Lessons Learned 26 May 2004 -- "On Point is a study of Operation IRAQI FREEDOM (OIF) as soon after the fact as feasible. The Army leadership chartered this effort in a message to the major commands on 30 April 2003. In his guidance, Army Chief of Staff General Eric K. Shinseki directed "a quick, thorough review that looks at the US Army's performance, assesses the role it played in the joint and coalition team, and captures the strategic, operational, and tactical lessons that should be disseminated and applied in future fights.""
BG Karpinski Rebuttal to AR 15-6 Investigation of the 800s' Military Police Brigade 1 April 2004 -- "Request that the findings and recommendations of the subject investigation relating to BG Janis L. Karpinski be set aside and no additional adverse action taken. The 800th Military Police (MP) Brigade (Bde) under the command of BG Karpinski successfully accomplished every mission assigned despite being under-strength and under-resourced."
Army's Mental Health Advisory Team (MHAT) ReportDepartment of the Army March 2004 -- The Department of the Army announced today the results of the Army's Mental Health Advisory Team (MHAT). At the request of the commanding general, Combined Joint Task Force-7, U.S. Central Command, the Army surgeon general established and dispatched the Mental Health Advisory Team to assess and provide recommendations on Operation Iraqi Freedom-related mental health services, soldier access to those services in theater and after evacuation, and effective suicide prevention measures for Soldiers in active combat.
Transcript: "Protecting Our Military Families in Times of War"Kerry for President Campaign 17 Mar 2004 -- "We are still bogged down in Iraq - and the Administration stubbornly holds to failed policies that drive potential allies away. (...) We were misled about weapons of mass destruction. We are misled now when the costs of Iraq are not even counted in the President's budget. But having gone to war, we have a responsibility to keep and a national interest to achieve in a stable and peaceful Iraq. (...) At the heart of that force must be a fully prepared, fully equipped, fully staffed, state-of-the-art military ready to face any adversary, anywhere. Four "
Transcript: Remarks by the Vice President at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library and MuseumThe White House 17 Mar 2004 -- " We must build and maintain military strength capable of operating in different theaters of action with decisive force. We must not only have that power, but be willing to use it when required to defend our freedom and our security. (...) Against this kind of determined, organized, ruthless enemy, America requires a new strategy - not merely to prosecute a series of crimes, but to fight and win a global campaign against the terror network. (...) The United States will never seek a permission slip to defend the security of our country."
Bounding the Global War on Terrorism by Jeffrey Record US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute December 2003 - Dr. Jeffrey Record examines three features of the war on terrorism as currently defi ned and conducted: (1) the administration's postulation of the terrorist threat, (2) the scope and feasibility of U.S. war aims, and (3) the war's political, fi scal, and military sustainability. He fi nds that the war on terrorism-as opposed to the campaign against al-Qaeda-lacks strategic clarity, embraces unrealistic objectives, and may not be sustainable over the long haul. He calls for down-sizing the scope of the war on terrorism to reflect concrete U.S. security interests and the limits of American military power [PDF 372 Kb]
Fort Irwin National Training Center Trip ReportUnited States Marine Corps, Marine Wing Communications Squadron 38 December 2003 - To collect U.S. Army lessons learned from Iraq and obtain tactics, techniques, and procedures for organizing and protecting convoys, detecting and neutralizing IEDs, organizing and defending Forward Operating Bases (FOB)/Forward Arming & Refueling Points (FARP), and defending against mortar, rocket, and suicide bombers (human and VBIED). A by-product of the visit was an opportunity to observe an Army unit (1st BCT, 1st Cavalry Div) training to deploy to Iraq. Training observed; foot patrols in simulated urban terrain, convoys, cordon and search operations, a Special Ops Task Force raid on a suspected WMD site and a Quick Reaction Force (QRF) rescue of a compromised Special Ops Task Force, crowd control, political rally security, and election registration oversight and security. [MSWord 146 Kb]
1st Infantry Division Soldier's Handbook To Iraq1st Infantry Division November 2003 -- "During your deployment to Iraq as a member of the Big Red One team, you should be aware of the unique customs and courtesies of the Iraqi people. This guide provides the basic information on Iraq's culture by offering you an overview of the country, its people and their language, as well as their lifestyle and beliefs." [PDF 3.66 Mb]
Operation Iraqi Freedom PEO Soldier Lessons LearnedUS Army1.6 MB DOC 15 May 2003 -- The following is a gathering of lessons learned on items of equipment either within the PEO Soldier domain or closely related to current or planned PEO programs. I gathered these lessons while serving as the PEO Soldier Liaison to the ASA(ALT)-SWA Operations Cell. I accompanied a team from the Science and Technology community conducting a similar mission for GEN Kern, Commander, AMC, and MG Doesburg, Commander, RDECOM, consisting of Mr. Bill Andrews, MAJ Rob Johnston and SFC Sam Newland.
Operations Iraqi Freedom Engineer Lessons Learned [Initial Draft]US Army Engineer School 15 Nov 2003 -- "The enclosed report is the culmination of the US Army Engineer School's effort to collect observations from Operations Iraqi Freedom and provide them to the Total Engineer Force-active, reserve, and civilian. This report is published to provide the reader with observations related to engineer issues that arose during Operation Iraqi Freedom from deployment through the end of Phase III. (..) This report covers four of the five engineer battlefield functions performed by Engineers: Mobility, Survivability, Geospatial, and General Engineering. Also covered are the Battlefield Operating Systems of Command, Control, Communication, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C4ISR), as well as Engineer Equipment." [MSWord 161 Kb]
Final Draft: The Constitution of Afghanistan 03 Nov 2003 -- "We the people of Afghanistan (...) Have adopted this constitution in compliance with historical, cultural, and social requirements of the era, through our elected representatives in the Loya Jirga dated / /1382 in the city of Kabul." [MSWord 201 Kb]
CALL Newsletter: Operation OUTREACHCenter for Army Lessons Learned OCT 03, No. 03-27 -- "This newsletter represents the efforts of two teams from the Joint Readiness Training Center (JRTC) that deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan as part of Operation OUTREACH. (...) The team found many items to cover, but mainly focused on intelligence- and fire support-related issues: Intelligence (General), Human Intelligence (HUMINT) Operations, Targeting (aspects from both intelligence and fire support), Fire Support, and Random Observations. Following is a compilation of their observations." [PDF 592 Kb]
STRYKER BRIGADES Versus THE REALITY OF WAR Written by Victor O'Reilly for Congressman Jim Saxton, Aug 22, 2003 - The issue raised in this report is whether the US Army should be allowed to field the Stryker, a family of vehicles whose extensive deficiencies are comprehensively laid out in the following pages, but which, for technical, bureaucratic and political reasons, has managed to elude the Department of Defense's Operational Test and Evaluation.
An Army Update by General Jack Keane US Army July 23, 2003 [699 kb PPT]-- Slides on Army deployments
Report to the Congressional Defense Committees on KC-767A Air Refueling Aircraft Multi-Year Lease Pilot ProgramUS Air Force July 10, 2003 -- "This report begins with the operationsl requirement for air refueling and the challenges/risks faced today by our nation's aging air refueling fleet, showing the urgent need to begin recapitalization. Next it discusses a number of alternatives that were analyzed as possible solutions to meet that need. This report then compares the merits of leasing versus buying as acquisition strategies to accelerate the recapitalization effort with the selected platform, the KC-767A. Finally, it details the proposed lease agreement that fields 100 tankers five years faster than the current planned purchase." [PDF 85 Kb]
Statement from the Prime Minister's BureauIsrael Prime Minister's Bureau 25 May 2003 -- "Based on the 23 May 2003 statement of the United States Government, in which the United States committed to fully and seriously address Israel's comments to the Roadmap during the implementation phase, the Prime Minister announced on 23 May 2003 that Israel has agreed to accept the steps set out in the Roadmap"
A Performance-Based Roadmap to a Permanent Two-State Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian ConflictUS Department of State 30 Apr 2003 -- The following is a performance-based and goal-driven roadmap, with clear phases, timelines, target dates, and benchmarks aiming at progress through reciprocal steps by the two parties in the political, security, economic, humanitarian, and institution-building fields, under the auspices of the Quartet [the United States, European Union, United Nations, and Russia]. The destination is a final and comprehensive settlement of the Israel-Palestinian conflict by 2005, as presented in President Bush's speech of 24 June, and welcomed by the EU, Russia and the UN in the 16 July and 17 September Quartet Ministerial statements.
Shock and Awe: Achieving Rapid Dominance By Harlan K. Ullman and James P. Wade, with L.A. "Bud" Edney, Fred M. Franks, Charles A. Horner, Jonathan T. Howe, and Keith Brendley NDU Press Book December 1996 -- The purpose of this paper is to explore alternative concepts for structuring mission capability packages (MCPs) around which future U. S. military forces might be configured. (...) The goal of Rapid Dominance will be to destroy or so confound the will to resist that an adversary will have no alternative except to accept our strategic aims and military objectives. To achieve this outcome, Rapid Dominance must control the operational environment and through that dominance, control what the adversary perceives, understands, and knows, as well as control or regulate what is not perceived, understood, or known.
Beyond the Axis of EvilWashington File 06 May 2002-- In addition to North Korea, Iraq and Iran -- President Bush's "axis of evil," Libya, Syria and Cuba are states that also must be scrutinized for programs of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), the State Department's top arms control and nonproliferation official says.
Bush's West Point Speech 01 June 2002 -- Bush: For much of the last century, America's defense relied on the Cold War doctrines of deterrence and containment. In some cases, those strategies still apply. But new threats also require new thinking. Deterrence -- the promise of massive retaliation against nations -- means nothing against shadowy terrorist networks with no nation or citizens to defend. Containment is not possible when unbalanced dictators with weapons of mass destruction can deliver those weapons on missiles or secretly provide them to terrorist allies.
President Bush's State of the Union Address 29 Jan. 2002 States like these, and their terrorist allies, constitute an axis of evil, arming to threaten the peace of the world. By seeking weapons of mass destruction, these regimes pose a grave and growing danger. America will do what is necessary to ensure our nation's security. We'll be deliberate, yet time is not on our side. I will not wait on events, while dangers gather. I will not stand by, as peril draws closer and closer. The United States of America will not permit the world's most dangerous regimes to threaten us with the world's most destructive weapons.
Annual Report on the Military Power of the People's Republic of China[PDF] This annual report addresses (1) gaps in knowledge of China's military power; (2) China's grand strategy, security strategy, and military strategy; (3) developments in China's military doctrine and force structure, to include developments in advanced technologies that would enhance China's military capabilities; (4) China's relations with the former Soviet Union; and, (5) the security situation in the Taiwan Strait.
PERFORMANCE MAINTENANCE During Continuous Flight Operations A GUIDE FOR FLIGHT SURGEONS - NAVMED P-6410 - 1 JAN 2000 -- Intermittently since Vietnam up through Desert Storm the Air Force has used both amphetamines and sedatives in selected aircraft for specific missions. USAF pilots during Desert Storm stated that 5 mgs of dextro-amphetamine (Dexedrine) helped maintain alertness without causing other changes in mood or perception.
A Concept Framework For RAPID DECISIVE OPERATIONS USJFCOM J9 Concepts Division (J92) 22 October 1999 - A joint force commander (JFC) can employ air, land, sea, space, and information-based capabilities in an intense, focused, non-linear campaign to defeat an adversary's strategic and operational centers of gravity.
Director, Operational Test & Evaluation FY2001 Annual Report DOT&E activity for FY01 involved oversight of 219 programs, including 18 major automated information systems. Oversight activity begins with the early acquisition milestones, continues through approval for full-rate production and, in some instances, during full production until deleted from the DOT&E oversight list