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Type 54 122mm gun

The Type 54 122mm howitzer is based on the former Soviet M-30 122mm howitzer imitation made in 1954, stereotypes, its improved design finalized 54-1 type 1966, 1981 production models, the gun is now 83 type 122 mm howitzer instead. Gun with manual screw breech; recoil machine into the machine guns were arranged in the body, the lower part; aiming device consists of 58 type sight, 58 weeks depending on type sight components. The gun is equipped with anti-burst grenades, incendiary bombs, smoke bombs, flares.

The 54-122 mm howitzer belonged to the division-level artillery, a Soviet-like backbone of fire. The design dated from 1938, designed by the Soviet Union, playing a role in World War II, widely equipped with Soviet units. China bought a number of them from the Soviet Union for the Korean war. By the year 1954, after the war, China had success at a factory in Northeast China in developing a copy, known as the Type 54. At that time, the Cannon factory in Taiyuan also succeeded with a 76.2 mm field artillery imitation of a Soviet desing. Both guns were reported to Chairman Mao, who personally issued two exactly the same letter of commendation, awards two gun imitation was successful. In the weapons industry, rewarded by Chairman Mao autographed letter received only these two plants.

At the gun factory of Taiyuan, improvements wre made in the Type 54 howitzer, such as the stabilization hoe. The Soviet Union's original design for the winter and summer hoe featured a summer hoe that could be folded, and a winter hoe for fixing at the large end. Because of frozen ground in winter, especially in the Soviet Union, the winter hoe was very, very narrow. During the summer, soft, its reaction would be out, in that case the gun was too easy to move. But in China, especially in southern areas, the summer resident hoe is too big, and not suited to China's conditions. In that case, the military Commission called for artillery refinement.

A big improvement came from not stereotyping poor technology from the Soviet Union. At that time, the Soviets used riveting of box-shaped components, which was very heavy. Later China replaced these by welded components, two grooved steel welded together. After soldering, good technology, weight was also reduced. An improvement was made to recoil, at that time considered to be a good improvement, but others thought that was a mistake. Liquid regulator from the Soviet Union was spring-loaded, with force reflecting the spring which rusted and was easy to jam. This was changed to a liquid-pressure device, with pneumatic spring components, gas is on the liquid sealing. This structure is readily accessible, especially in high-angle, and more likely to fail. It was finally decided the original structure unchanged.

The Type 54 howitzer was in use a long time, as it was well received in the army. Although heavy, it was very sturdy and had good accuracy. Developing a new cannon to replace it would not only have far greater range, but also it would have to be sturdy and reliable, so that the force would welcome it.

Caliber 122 mm
march Total weight 2500 kg
Combatant Status Total weight 2450 kg
march Length 5900 mm
march Width 1975 mm
march Height 1600 mm
FireWire Height 1200 mm
Barrel length 2670 mm
Velocity 515 m / s
Maximum range 11,800 m
minimum range 3400 meters
direct distance 600 m
maximum rate of fire 5-6 rounds / min
level of fire -3 -63.5
direction of fire about 49 degrees
Crew 8 people




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Page last modified: 05-07-2013 19:00:57 ZULU