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Military


Russian Air Defense Radars

Introduction

Defense Electronics Industry

RUSSIAN
NAME
GRAU NATO
Code Name 
Designer IOC Freq
Band 
Type /
Function 
Range (km)  Associated
Air Defense
Weapon 
  BACK NET E
low S-Band
Early Warning/GCI 300km SA-5 GAMMON
  BACK TRAP E Early Warning/ACQ 410 SA-5 GAMMON
P-35 / P-35M / P-37 1RL139 BAR LOCK E/F modification of TOKEN
Early Warning
Target indication
tracking guidance
200km SA-5 GAMMON
ST-67 "Salute" 5N69 BIG BACK L Early Warning/GCI 600 SA-5 GAMMON
P-30M..BIG BARmodification of TOKEN
  64N6
91N6E
BIG BIRD S Early Warning/ACQ
Double-sided search phased array
300 SA-10 GRUMBLE
SA-20 GARGOYLE
SA-21 Triumf
P-30 "Khrustal"..BIG MESHmodification of TOKEN
..9S15/9S15M
1RL140
Bill Board......Early warning..SA-12
SA-23
Nebo-SV / P-18M
Nebo-M 55ZH6M
55ZH6M / 1L13BOX SPRINGNNIIRT..VHF, L, XSurveillance....
  96L6E CHEESE BOARD phased array SA-21 Triumf
.. 5N66
5N66M
76N6
CLAM SHELL ....Continuous wave low-altitude .. SA-10
SA-20
....CROSS LEGSChiCom L-Band EW radar
....CROSS OUTmodification of TOKEN
....CROSS SLOTChiCom design from Soviet TOKEN
  DOG EAR G Target Acquisition 50km
35km
SA-9 / SA-13
ZSU-23-4 gun
P-3 Pegmatite-3DUMBO70-75mcEarly Warning radar
PWS-75/SNR-75 FAN SONG E/F/G *** Fire Control 60-145*** SA-2 GUIDELINE
....FIRE CANAAA Fire Control
.. 9S35
9S35M
9S35M1
Fire Dome....Tracking.. SA-11
SA-17
....FIRE WHEELFire Control with AAA and missile
.. 5N63
5N63S
Flap Lid....Phased array.. SA-10
  FLAP WHEEL I Fire Control 35 (est.) S-60 gun
P-15
Trail
1RL13 / 1RL12 FLAT FACE* NNIIRT 1955 C (UHF)
805-914mc
Target Acquisition 250 SA-3 GOA
SA-6
SA-8
AAA

Not in use
39N6E
Kasta
2E2 Flat Face X
....Flat Screen............
.. 3R90Front roof....Tracking..SA-11
Kama RLK..GAGEEarly Warning
  GIN SLING E/F
I/J
D
Fire Control / Tracking
(Range Measurement)
(Msl Guidance)
100+km HQ-2 [PRC SA-2]
.. 92N2E
92N6E
96N6E
Grave Stone....Phased array..SA-21
.. 9S32
9S32M
Grill Pan....Fire control..SA-12
SA-23
  GUN DISH J Fire Control 20 ZSU-23-4 gun
.. 9S19
9S19M
High Screen....Anti-missile search..SA-12
SA-23
  1RL144
1RL144M
HOT SHOT E/J acquisition / tracking 18-20 SA-19 GRISSOM
P-8/10 KNIFE REST A (VHF)
71-93mc
Early Warning 70-75km SA-2 GUIDELINE
  LAND ROLL J Fire Control** INA SA-8 GECKO
PRV-9..Little Pie....HF....SA-1
P-40 1S12 / 1RL128 LONG TRACK* E Target Acquisition 150+ (30 alt) SA-4
SA-6 GAINFUL
SA-8
SNR-125 LOW BLOW I Fire Control 40-85 SA-3 GOA
....MOON CONEChiCom variant of the SCR-270
....MOON FACEChiCom variant of the SCR-270
PRV-17
Ruler 1984
Azimut
1RL141 ODD GROUP LEMZ altimeter in service
PRV-13 1RL130 ODD PAIR LEMZ 1965 E Height ??? SA-5 GAMMON
Scan: 3-6rpm
  1S32 PAT HAND H Fire Control INA SA-4 GANEF
PRV-9/10/10M1RL19PATTY CAKEEheight finder
....PEEL GROUPnaval LOW BLOW Track-while-scan radar
....RICE CAKEX-Band ChiCom Height Finder
....ROCK CAKEHeight Finder - first single dish, nodding S-Band
.. ..Score Board....Enemy and identity ..SA-6
....Scrum Half......PESA..SA-15
PRV-11
Vertex
1RL119 SIDE NET LEMZ 1961 E Height Finder 28km SA-2 GUIDELINE
SA-3 GOA
SA-4
SA-5 GAMMON
Not in use
....Sky Watch............
....SLANT MESHmodification of TOKEN
.. 9S86 Snap Shot......Fire control..SA-13
.. 9S18M1 / 1RL135 Snow Drift......Fire control..SA-11/SA-17
RamonaSoft Ball passive ELINT system
....SPONGE CAKEHeight Finder - modification of ROCK CAKE
P-12 Yenisei
P-12NP Irtysh
1RL14
1RL114
SPOON REST NNIIRT 1956
1971
A(VHF)
81-86mc &
146-163mc
2-axis Target Acquisition INA SA-2 GUIDELINE
SA-6
P-18 Terek 1RL131 SPOON REST D NNIIRT A(VHF)
81-86mc &
146-163mc
2-axis Target Acquisition INA SA-2 GUIDELINE
SA-6
  5N62 SQUARE PAIR H Fire Control 255km
(160-270)
SA-5 GAMMON
P-15 / P-15M SQUAT EYE C   128km SA-3
SA-5 GAMMON
....STONE CAKEHeight Finder - modification of ROCK CAKE
  1S91 STRAIGHT FLUSH I Fire Control **
Target indication
tracking guidance
60-90 (10 alt) SA-6 GAINFUL 
....STRIKE OUTmodification of TOKEN
....Strut Curve /
Strut Pair
............
P-14
Druzhba
44z6, 5H84 /
1RL113 / 5N84A
TALL KING NNIIRT 1959 A
169-175mc
Early Warning 600km SA-1 / SA-5 GAMMON
Nebo
Nebo-M
55ZH6MTALL RACKNNIIRT..VHF, L, XSurveillance....
PRV-16
Reliability
PRV-9
Tilt-2
1RL19
1RL132
THIN SKIN LEMZ 1960
1970
H
C-Band
first Soviet C-Band Height Finder 240 SA-4 GANEF
SA-6 GAINFUL
SA-8
ST-68UM 19Zh6, 35D6 (36D6)
5N59
TIN SHIELD ??? Three-coordinate Early Warning / GCI 200km SA-2 GUIDELINE
SA-3 GOA
SA-5 GAMMON
SA-10 GRUMBLE
P-20 Peryskop..TOKENS-Band EW/GCI "V" beam type
  30N6
30N6E
30N6E1
30N6E2
64N6
91N6E
Tomb Stone S Phased array Early Warning/ACQ 300 SA-10 GRUMBLE
SA-20 GARGOYLE
SA-21 Triumf
Volna3R41TOP DOME.... I/Jtarget tracking/missile guidanceSA-300F Naval
MR-800..TOP PAIR.... C/D/E/FSurveillanceSA-300F Naval
MR-750 ..Top Plate/Top Mesh......Fire control..SA-11
....Top Sail............
MR-75..Top Steer....D/ESurveillance..SA-300F Naval
TamaraTrash Can passive ELINT system
.. 9S18Tube Arm......Fire control..SA-11/SA-17
....WHIFFAAA Fire Control
....YO-YO......fire control..SA-1
Barrier-E..........Remote low altitude warning....
Delta29N6........Automatic surveillance system....
Gamma-DE67N6E........phased array Search.. SA-21
“Garmon” /
"Harmonium"
1L122........Surveillance....
"Jessna River-M"
(Desna M)
22Zh6........Surveillance....
Niobium-SV......UHFSurveillance....
P-19 1RL134..............
Phazotron ..........PESA.. SA-22
Podsolnukh-E..........HF ground wave coast surveillance....
Protivnik GE59N6E........Early warning..SA-20 GARGOYLE
SA-21 Triumf
R-113..........Fire control..SA-1
Rezonans - N/NE..........Surveillance....
RUS-1Reven..............
RUS-2Redut-40/42..............
RUS-2S Pegmatite-2..............
5H87..............
..SCR-270ChiCom produced from U.S. SCR-270
  SJ-202 ??? Fire Control / Acquisition 115 km HQ-2 [PRC SA-2]
..................
..................

INA: Information not available

* It is likely that these are also employed with the SA-8 GECKO .

** LAND ROLL and STRAIGHT FLUSH also have short-range target acqusition capabilities. LAND ROLL uses frequency band H for acquisition; STRAIGHT FLUSH uses both G and H.

*** Depending on model.

P-70 Radar P-95 Radar P-96 Radar

Carlo Kopp noted in 2010 that the NNIIRT 52E6MU Struna-1MU/Barrier E is a multistatic, low-power tripwire system, using a passive coherent location (PCL) technology similar to the U.S. LM Silent Sentry design. Like the Silent Sentry, the Barrier E is limited in effect to low- and medium-altitude targets. What is often unstated about PCL systems is that the “transmitters of opportunity” such designs rely upon (for example, VHF- and UHF-band television and radio stations) use antenna designs specifically built to transmit almost all of their power near the ground— power transmitted upward is considered wasted in such applications. The result is that the effectiveness of such systems is very limited at high altitudes.

Carlo Kopp noted in 2010 that while VHF-band is the focal area for Russian counterstealth development, highpower L-band radars at 24 to 30 centimeters are an area of active development because stealth designs strongly optimized for the centimeter bands suffer appreciable radar signature increases in the L-band, even if not as pronounced as in the VHF-band. The VNIIRT 67N6E Gamma DE is a good example of such, as it is a high-power mobile L-band AESA design intended for air defense and ballistic missile defense applications. Like the Nebo SVU and Nebo M RLM–D radars, it can be mechanically rotated, or locked to a sector to perform Aegis-like electronic beam steering sector searches. Similar advanced digital processing is employed. VNIIRT claims the ability to acquire and track a 0.01-square-meter target at 70 nautical miles range.




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Page last modified: 31-10-2019 16:40:13 ZULU