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GAGEThe Gage system is described as an acquisition radar used with the Yo-Yo missile control radar for the early surface-to-air missile system SA-1 Guild. The radar operated in the 3 GHz range with a 2 MW power output.

During the development period of the prototype Topol-2 radar, VNIIRT received a Government assignment to create the Kama radar complex (RLK) for fixed radar hubs in order to ensure the protection of large industrial administrative centers of the country at the near borders. ( This is about the Moscow anti-aircraft missile defense system S-25). Extremely short development times were set based on the international situation. RLK "Kama" consisted of rangefinders and altimeters operating in the centimeter wavelength range, measuring all three coordinates of the target, capable of creating a non-detection zone around the protected area.

Development of the RLK and its testing at the locations of deployment were carried out in just three years. Already in 1953, the executive terminal complexes received from the RLK all the necessary radar information, and the whole system successfully operated for many years before replacing them with more advanced radar. The development of the Kama RLC was carried out under the direction of Chief Designer L.V.Leonov and his deputies B.P.Lebedev, S.N.Garnov, P.P.Petrov, V.F.Shumsky, L.V. R. Volpert, L.V. Kraus and V.G.Kononov. Extremely short development time is the merit of a large team of developers with high professional skills gained in the development of the Observatory radar.

It is worth remembering that during the field tests of the Kama RLC as part of the final radar site, we first encountered the phenomenon of electromagnetic compatibility of the Kama RLC with the Observatory radar, located 12 km from the site. The "Kama" radiation damaged the input elements (mixers) of the receiving devices of this radar. At the entrance of the receiving devices of the Observatory Radar, traveling-wave tubes (TWTs) were installed, whose properties, by damping a strong signal, successfully eliminated this phenomenon.

Subsequently, the installation of the TWT at the entrance to the radar became a mandatory requirement for all ground-based radar until the appearance of semiconductor protection in the next-generation radar. All the work related to the use of the TWT in the Kama RLC and subsequently in other radars was done under the direction of A.Vaisblat and he is rightly considered the organizer and performer of these works.

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Page last modified: 24-07-2019 19:13:54 ZULU