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59N6 Protivnik-GE / "Enemy-GE"

By around 2010, the army began to enter the development of the same Nizhny Novgorod NNIIRT — mobile three-coordinate radar 59N6 "Enemy-GE". This radar is designed to detect, determine the coordinates and escort strategic and tactical aircraft, ASALM missiles, small, low-speed aircraft, recognize target classes, determine the state of aerial objects, direction finding directors of active noise interference, provide radar information for guiding fighter aircraft and target designation of anti-aircraft missile systems when operating as part of an automated and non-automated subsection air defense, display of individual and flight information at the workplaces of the operators of the radar station and remote devices received in the systems "Sentinel" ("Password") to ensure the safety of flights of their aircraft,

This works in the UHF band, therefore, having about the same ability to detect stealth targets, to more accurately determine their coordinates. This accuracy is sufficient not only to issue an "informational" data to the command post, but for target designation for air defense fighters and SAM missiles.

Volume of equipment is greater than the "Niobium-SV". The station will be located on two wheel chassis.

The multimode 3D-radar “Protivnik-GE” (russian designator: 59N6-E cyrillic: 59H6-E) designed to provide long-range accurate aircraft position data (range, bearing and height) for air defence, tactical control and navigational assistance for both close air support and counter air operations. This radar has been developed by Nizhny Novgorod Science Research Institute Of Radio Engineering (NNIIRT) in Russia. The whole system is mounted on two semi-trailers and has an operating range of about 600 km. The fifth-generation universal, mobile, three - coordinate radar station “Opponent-GE” (59N6-E) is designed to detect and provide coordinates (range, azimuth, altitude) of air targets when operating as part of air defense control systems and air traffic control (ATC) systems. The station was developed at the Nizhny Novgorod Research Institute of Radio Engineering (NNIIRT). All the equipment "Opponent-GE" fits in two vehicles. The high mobility of the locator was confirmed by a march of 600 km, which was carried out from Nizhny Novgorod to Zhukovsky on MAKS-97.

The radar is capable of providing intense information without the need for further clarification to simultaneously provide information for guiding fighters and targeting anti-aircraft missile divisions. Altitude viewing airspace - up to 200 km, i.e. The station is capable of detecting low-orbit satellites in near space. The phased antenna array of the station formulates the radiation pattern in the sector 0-45 °, and due to the supernova level of the side lobes, it automatically provides high protection of the locator from actively noise interference.

It was possible to achieve the advantages of high accuracy of coordinate measurement by creating a unique headlamp with digital spatio-temporal signal processing. “Opponent-GE”, in addition to three coordinates, determines the fourth parameter - the radial speed. This allows cuttig off false targets. In total, the locator accompanies up to 150 air objects. The radar provides everything to successfully detect the fifth-generation aircraft being created.

The radar antenna largely determines the effectiveness of the radar and allows putting it in one transport unit. The size of the antenna is 5.5x8.5 m, rotation speed is 6 or 12 revolutions per minute. This corresponds to the data output time after 10 and 5 seconds, respectively, which is enough to work on high-speed and highly maneuverable targets. Aircraft made using stealth technology with EPR less than 0.1 sq. m., the station discovers at a range of up to 200 km.

The antenna of the station forms 20 identical beams in 10 blocks. The radar provides automatic adaptation to the state of the station: if one unit fails, the coefficients change - the rays expand slightly and 45° of airspace is viewed not by 20, but by 18 rays. The entire field of view is preserved, but the accuracy of measuring the coordinates of the target is slightly reduced, and the side lobes increase within the acceptable range. The unified construction of the radar in two ranges reduces the cost of spare parts and fuel and lubricants.

The principles of building the locator allows upgrading the base radar in other wavelengths, improve performance. Opponent-GE was conceived as a massive high-potential station. It uses the international frequency range of 23 cm. A secondary locator is built into the radar, which can provide air traffic control with great information acquisition capabilities. This is not only a friend-or-foe identification system for air defense, the secondary locator will also report on the fuel supply, receive a distress signal and other messages.

The radar has a high degree of measurement process automatization and a high-resolution under intensive countermeasures. There are air route data processing, secondary air traffic control radar and suitable interface to any automatic control systems. Automatic diagnostics, monitoring and fault finding system are the features of this radar. The automatic mode of operation is also possible. Air search coverage of the radar extends to 200 km in height, i.e. this radar can discover satellites into the near orbit. All necessary information is read out in digital shape from a tricolor plan position high-aspect ratio display. Radar maping is possible.

The phased-array antenna forms 20 Pencil beams covering an elevation of total 45 degrees. The radar uses pulse compression to increase range accuracy and resolution and give a effective protection against noise jamming. The radar uses an adaptive beam scheduling processing by 10 redundant receiverchannels The application of standardised sub-assemblies provide an easy maintenance with help of a stock of spare parts.

High accuracy of determining the target coordinates provided by UHF, digital phased array antenna and processing extracted from the antenna signals on a high-performance processor using efficient algorithms. "Enemy-GE" capable of detecting targets with RCS less than 0.1 sq. m. (as in cruise missiles and, in fact, have the same stealth aircraft) at a distance of 200 km, with ESR of 1.5 sq. m. (fighter with reduced visibility) at the distance of 340 km.

The station has a high degree of protection from interference influence of the enemy. The target detection range in altitude: 100 m — 40 km 1000 m 100 km, 5000 m — 240 km, 12 km — 340 km. At the same time tracked back to 150 targets. Deployment time station is 40 min.

“Protivnik-GE” is in production since 1990. It raise the effectiveness of the air defense network of the air force and the air raid defences of the army. In 1999, it was supposed to release the first production station. It will be able to be effectively used in the Air Force, Air Defense and missile defense in the Ground Forces, the Rapid Reaction Forces and in the Federal Aviation Service.

The Ministry of Defense of Belarus signed a number of contracts at the Army-2019 international military-technical forum, the ministry said. So, a contract was signed in June 2019 for the supply of additional components for the Opponent-G radar stations, which are on alert to guard the state border of Belarus in the airspace.

The three-axis radar was seen in the desert area of El Ghiza - in the area of the settlement "Names on October 6". It is known that the Opponent-GE radar of the decimeter wave range has a digital antenna array. In Egypt, from October 26 to November 7, the first joint Russian-Egyptian air defense exercises Strela Druzhby-2019 was held. The Russian army was represented by anti-aircraft gunners of the Southern Military District. A total of 300 troops. The Buk and Tor missile systems, as well as Igla MANPADS and Shilka anti-aircraft self-propelled guns, were involved in the technology.

Radar Station "Opponent-GE"
Suppporting
  • SA-20 S-300 Gargoyle
  • SA-21 S-400 Triumf
  • Developer FSUE "Nizhny Novgorod Research Institute of Radio Engineering"
    Manufacturer Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern OJSC
    Country Russia
    Wave rangedecimeter
    upper limit of the detection zone:
    in height, km80
    by elevation, deg.up to 45
    Detection range of aerodynamic targets with an image intensifier of 1.5 m., Km:
    at a height of 100 m.40
    at an altitude of 1000 m.100
    at an altitude of more than 12,000 m.340
    Coordinate measurement accuracy:
    range, mnot worse than 100
    azimuth, minnot worse than 12
    elevation, minnot worse than 10
    Number of simultaneously tracked targetsnot less than 150
    The pace of updating information, with5 and 10
    Mean time between failures, hnot less than 600
    Average recovery time, h0.5
    Attendants14
    Number of transport unitsfour
    Deployment time, min40
    Power consumption, kW100


    59N6 Protivnik-GE / 59N6 Protivnik-GE / 59N6 Protivnik-GE / 59N6 Protivnik-GE / 59N6 Protivnik-GE / 59N6 Protivnik-GE / 59N6 Protivnik-GE / 59N6 Protivnik-GE / 59N6 Protivnik-GE / 59N6 Protivnik-GE / 59N6 Protivnik-GE /

    In May 2020 JSC Rosoboronexport (part of Rostec State Corporation) started marketing work to bring on the world market of armaments the 59N6-TE mobile three-dimensional radar, developed and produced by the JSC “Federal Research and Production Center “Nizhniy Novgorod Research Institute of Radio Engineering” (NNIIRT).

    “Thanks to the work of thousands of Russian researchers, designers and engineers, Rosoboronexport may offer to its foreign partners unique defence solutions, which often do not have countertypes all over the world and are in line with the newest trends in modern warfare. Today Rosoboronexport is introducing to the market a cutting edge radar, capable of detecting effectively a wide range of existing and future aerial targets, to include hypersonic targets. While developing the export version of the radar, the growing role of air defence assets for the provision of security of states was taken into account, as well as the needs of foreign customers in the expansion of the reconnaissance capabilities of their air defence units,” said Rosoboronexport’s Director General Alexander Mikheev.

    The 59N6-TE mobile three-dimensional station is an exclusively Russian-made product, which implies present-day Russian hardware components with digital processing and signal generation. It is fully solid-state and has high potential together with enhanced jamming resistance. The 59N6-?? is a radar of medium and high altitude, having a decimeter wavelength range. Apart from hypersonic targets, it also effectively detects aerodynamic and ballistic objects.

    The 59N6-?? radar provides for the measurement of the range, azimuth and altitude of aerial targets. It is capable of detecting objects, flying at a speed of up to 8 000 km/h at a range of up to 450 kilometers and at an altitude of up to 200 kilometers. After detection, it exchanges radar information with C4I complexes. It operates in conditions of jamming and carries out direction finding of active noise jammers.

    The station has an automatic and a semi-automatic mode of aerial targets’ acquisition and tracking. In a real time mode it may simultaneously track no less than 1 000 objects and recognize 8 classes of targets, which includes selection of anti-radar missiles and warning its own combat crew of the danger of elimination, inter alia, by high precision munitions and homing missiles. The 59N6-?? radar also includes equipment for the recognition of detected aerial targets in international radar recognition systems Mk-XA and ATC RBS.

    The 59N6-?? radar set includes an antenna-hardware complex and an indicator post, placed on a standard vehicle chassis of the “KAMAZ-6560” type. There are also options to place the item on a single vehicle chassis, deploy it in a stationary version or to place the radar antenna system on a high tower support and other installations. Besides, the station is equipped with remote operator’s work stations, which may stay at a distance of up to one kilometer from the indicator post if connected via glass fiber links, and up to 15 kilometers in case of using a radio link.

    “In am confident that in present-day conditions and with obvious prospects of hypersonic technologies, the 59N6-?? radar will take top positions in its market segment and will become an important asset for countries, which are building their own air defence systems with the account of the world trends of air attack weapons development. We rely on high demand for the new station in the countries of the Asia-Pacific region, the Middle East and North Africa,” added Alexander Mikheev.



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    Page last modified: 13-09-2021 17:21:45 ZULU