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PRV-17 / Azimut - ODD GROUP

In connection with the beginning of the deployment of American Pershing-2 medium-range ballistic missiles in Western Europe in the early 1980s, it became necessary to detect their launch in time. Traditional early warning systems detected the launch of missiles only at 7-8 minutes of flight, when the entire Pershing flight time was 12 minutes.

The task of detecting the starts of “Pershing” was solved in two ways. According to the first, it was supposed to use the station of the sector review "Ginger" from the S-300V air defense system. On the other hand, it was proposed to use altimeter grouping to detect launches. The project with "Ginger", in which the employees of MNIIP actively participated, was rather theoretical, since this station was not yet at that time.

The project of using the PRV-17 altimeter grouping, put forward by the TsNIIRES staff and called Azimuth was quite real. Altimeters were produced long ago, were in service, there were personnel who could work on them. A group of 4 altimeters could block the azimuth sector of the areas of proposed Pershing launches and continuously monitor this sector by scanning in elevation. The launch of the BR was determined against the background of a large number of diverse air targets from the continuously increasing elevation angle of the mark from the target. It was necessary, however, to accompany this goal, i.e. build its trajectory. In altimeters, which were intended to work in conjunction with 2 coordinate stations of a circular view, trajectories were not built (secondary processing).

As early as the spring of 1984, tests were conducted at the Kapustin Yar test site, which gave positive results. It only remained to place the grouping in the GDR and the problem with the detection of Perishing would have been resolved, but apparently by that time the interest in detecting BRs from the top management had already cooled down, and without this the project could not be brought to realization. It was rejected because of the “unreliability of the human factor,” and to detect the launches of the Pershing BR, a draft revision of the EWS detection equipment, which was proposed by the military, was adopted.

For the development of the project "Azimuth" developers received an award, on which the work on the project was closed. It was later reported that the military had implemented the idea of altimetering in some country, and even shot down missiles according to the group.

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Page last modified: 24-07-2019 19:13:53 ZULU