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South and Central Asian Para-Military Groups

Anti-Soviet Mujahideen

India Seven Sisters Militant Outfits

  1. Achik National Volunteer Council (ANVC)
  2. Ahl-e-Hadees
  3. Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (ASWJ)
  4. Al-Badr
  5. Allar Dal
  6. All Tripura/Tiger Force
  7. Al Markajul al Islami
  8. Al Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent
  9. Al Umar Mujahideen
  10. Ansar al Islam (AAI) Bangladesh
  11. Ansarullah Bangla Team (ABT)
  12. Arakan Mujahid Party
  13. Arakan Peoples Army
  14. Arakan Rohingya Force
  15. Arakan Rohingya National Organisation (ARNO)
  16. Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA)
  17. ADF Arunachal Dragon Force
  18. [Sikh Terrorists] Babbar Khalsa
  19. Chin National Front
  20. Committee for Eastern Turkistan
  21. Communist Party of India (Maoist) [Naxalite]
  22. Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) [Naxalite]
  23. Dhamat Houmet Daawa Salafia (DHDS)
  24. Dima Halong Dauga (DHD)
  25. EILF East India Liberation Front
  26. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
  27. Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA)
  28. God's Army
  29. Karen National Union (KNU)
  30. Haqqani Faction
  31. Harakat ul-Mujahedin
  32. Harakat ul-Jihad-I-Islami
  33. Harkatul Jihadi Islami (HUJI)-Bangladesh
  34. High Council of Afghanistan Islamic Emirate
  35. Hizb-i-Islami
  36. Hizb-i-Islami Khalis (HIK)
  37. Hizb-i-Wahdat
  38. Hizb-ul-Mujahideen
  39. Hizb-ut-Tawhid / Hizbut Touhid
  40. Hizb ut-Tahir al-Islami
  41. Hizb ut-Tahir al-Islami Bangladesh
  42. Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC)
  43. Ikhwan-ul-Mussalmin
  44. Islami Samaj
  45. Islamic Democratic Party
  46. Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
  47. Islamic Solidarity Front [Myanmar]
  48. Jagrata Muslim Janata, Bangladesh (JMJB)
  49. Jaish-e-Mohammed
  50. Jama'atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB)
  51. Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JUD)
  52. Jamaat ul-Fuqra
  53. Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front
  54. Jandullah
  55. Kamatapur Liberation Organisation
  56. Kangleipak Communist Party
  57. Kangleipak Yawal Kanna Lub
  58. Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup (KYKL)
  59. Karbi Longri North Cachar People's Resistance (KNPR)
  60. Karbi Longri NC Hill Liberation Front
  61. Komala
  62. Kuki Groups
  63. Lashkar-e-Islami
  64. Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ)
  65. Lashkar-e-Tayyiba
  66. Lakshar Jihad
  67. Liberation Myanmar Force
  68. Maoist Communist Centre [Naxalite]
  69. Moro National Liberation Front
  70. Movement for the Enforcement of Islamic Sharia
  71. Muttahida Quami Movement (MQM)
  72. National Democratic Front for Bodoland
  73. National Liberation Front of Arunachal (NLFA)
  74. National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT)
  75. National Socialist Council of Nagalim
  76. National United Front of Arakan (NUFA)
  77. Northern Alliance
  78. Pakistan Sunni Tehreek (PST)
  79. People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak
  80. People's Liberation Army
  81. Peoples United Liberation Front
  82. Peoples War Group [Naxalite]
  83. RPF Revolutionary People's Front
  84. Revolutionary People's Front - Manipur [RPF-M]
  85. Rohingya Independents Force
  86. Rohingya Independence Army
  87. Rohingya Islamic Front
  88. Rohingya Patriotic Front
  89. Rohingya Solidarity Organisation (RSO)
  90. Salwa Judum
  91. Shahdat al Hiqma / Shahadat-e-al Haqima (SAH)
  92. Shahadat-e-Nobuwat
  93. Shan Democratic Union
  94. Shora-e-Jehad
  95. Sipah-e-Mohamadi Pakistan (SMP)
  96. Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP)
  97. Sunni Tehrik (ST)
  98. Tamir ud-Deen
  99. Tawhid Trust / Touhid Trust
  100. Tehrik-e-Jafria Pakistan (TJP)
  101. Tehreek Nifaz-e-Shariat-e-Muhammadi ( TNSM )
  102. Tehrik-e-Jihad
  103. Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan
  104. Taliban
  105. Tripura People's Democratic Front [TPDF]
  106. All Tripura Tribal/Tiger Force
  107. Ulema Anjuman al Baiyinaat
  108. United Front for the Independence of Pattani [Bersatu]
  109. United Jihad Council
  110. United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA)
  111. UNLF United National Liberation Front
  112. United People's Democratic Solidarity (UPDS)
  113. United People's Front
  114. United Students Association of Arakan Movement [USM]
  115. Vigorous Burmese Student Warriors



  • AIS Afghan Islamic Society (Religious Fundamentalists)
  • ANLF Afghan National Liberation Front
  • IALA Islamic Allegiance for Liberation of Afghanistan


  • JSD Jatyo Samajtantrik Dal (Nationalist Socialist Party) (Right Wing)
  • KIO Kachin Independence Organization
  • NUP National Unity Party Burma
  • NDF National Democratic Front (Right Wing)
  • Campuchea (Cambodia)
  • KPNLF Khmer People's National Liberation Front


  • AM Anand Marg (Path of Bliss)
  • KLF Kasmirir Liberation Front
  • UPRF Universal Proutist Liberation Front


  • AZ Al Zulfikar
  • NAP National Awami Party (Maoist)
  • PPP Pakistani People's Party

Sri Lanka:

  • JVP People's Liberation Front

Unlawful Associations

An association is declared unlawful by the Central Government, in accordance with Section 3 to Section 6 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (UAPA). The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Tribunals have confirmed the declaration of these associations as unlawful associations. As of 23 November, 2016, these were:

    1. Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI)
    2. United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA)
    3. National Democratic Front of Boroland (NDFB)
    4. Meitei Extremist Organisation of Manipur, namely

      (a) Peoples Liberation Army (PLA)
      (b) United National Liberation Front (UNLF)
      (c) Peoples Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK)
      (d) Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP)
      (e) Kanglei Yaol Kanba Lup (KYKL)
      (f) Manipur Peoples Liberation Front (MPLF)
      (g) Revolutionary Peoples Front (RPF)
      (h) CorCom (Conglomerate of six valley based UG outfits)

    5. All Tripura Tiger Force (ATTF)
    6. National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT)
    7. Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC)
    8. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.
    9. National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang)
    10. Islamic Research Foundation (IRF)

The most successful counter insurgency campaigns in India have been led by the state governments with the Central Government supplementing their efforts. The three specific examples of Tripura, which conducted systematic counter insurgency campaign resulting in appreciable improvement in its law and order situation; Punjab, which defeated militancy through stateled campaign; and Andhra Pradesh, which tamed the Maoist insurgency, highlights this fact. Hence, only when the state government comes up with a concrete action plan to improve law and order, with the full backing of political leadership, there can be significant improvement in law and order situation in a particular state.

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