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South and Central Asian Para-Military Groups

Anti-Soviet Mujahideen

India Seven Sisters Militant Outfits

  1. Achik National Volunteer Council (ANVC)
  2. Ahl-e-Hadees
  3. Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (ASWJ)
  4. Al-Badr
  5. Allar Dal
  6. All Tripura/Tiger Force
  7. Al Markajul al Islami
  8. Al Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent
  9. Al Umar Mujahideen
  10. Ansar al Islam (AAI) Bangladesh
  11. Ansarullah Bangla Team (ABT)
  12. Arakan Army (AA)
  13. Arakan Mujahid Party
  14. Arakan Peoples Army
  15. Arakan Rohingya Force
  16. Arakan Rohingya National Organisation (ARNO)
  17. Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA)
  18. ADF Arunachal Dragon Force
  19. [Sikh Terrorists] Babbar Khalsa
  20. Badakhshan Autonomous Republic
  21. Brotherhood Alliance
  22. Chin National Front
  23. Committee for Eastern Turkistan
  24. Communist Party of India (Maoist) [Naxalite]
  25. Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) [Naxalite]
  26. Dhamat Houmet Daawa Salafia (DHDS)
  27. Dima Halong Dauga (DHD)
  28. EILF East India Liberation Front
  29. Fatemiyoun Brigade
  30. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
  31. Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA)
  32. God's Army
  33. Karen National Union (KNU)
  34. Haqqani Faction
  35. Harakat ul-Mujahedin
  36. Harakat ul-Jihad-I-Islami
  37. Harkatul Jihadi Islami (HUJI)-Bangladesh
  38. High Council of Afghanistan Islamic Emirate
  39. Hizb-i-Islami
  40. Hizb-i-Islami Khalis (HIK)
  41. Hizb-i-Wahdat
  42. Hizb-ul-Mujahideen
  43. Hizb-ut-Tawhid / Hizbut Touhid
  44. Hizb ut-Tahir al-Islami
  45. Hizb ut-Tahir al-Islami Bangladesh
  46. Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC)
  47. Ikhwan-ul-Mussalmin
  48. Islami Samaj
  49. Islamic Democratic Party
  50. Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
  51. Islamic Solidarity Front [Myanmar]
  52. Islamic State in Afghanistan
  53. Jagrata Muslim Janata, Bangladesh (JMJB)
  54. Jaish-e-Mohammed
  55. Jama'atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB)
  56. Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JUD)
  57. Jamaat ul-Fuqra
  58. Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front
  59. Jandullah
  60. Kamatapur Liberation Organisation
  61. Kangleipak Communist Party
  62. Kangleipak Yawal Kanna Lub
  63. Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup (KYKL)
  64. Karbi Longri North Cachar People's Resistance (KNPR)
  65. Karbi Longri NC Hill Liberation Front
  66. Komala
  67. Kuki Groups
  68. Lashkar-e-Islami
  69. Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ)
  70. Lashkar-e-Tayyiba
  71. Lakshar Jihad
  72. Liberation Myanmar Force
  73. Maoist Communist Centre [Naxalite]
  74. Moro National Liberation Front
  75. Movement for the Enforcement of Islamic Sharia
  76. Muttahida Quami Movement (MQM)
  77. National Democratic Front for Bodoland
  78. National Thowheed Jamath (NTJ)
  79. National Liberation Front of Arunachal (NLFA)
  80. National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT)
  81. National Socialist Council of Nagalim
  82. National United Front of Arakan (NUFA)
  83. Northern Alliance Afghanistan
  84. Northern Alliance Myanmar
  85. Pakistan Sunni Tehreek (PST)
  86. People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak
  87. People's Liberation Army
  88. Peoples United Liberation Front
  89. Peoples War Group [Naxalite]
  90. RPF Revolutionary People's Front
  91. Revolutionary People's Front - Manipur [RPF-M]
  92. Rohingya Independents Force
  93. Rohingya Independence Army
  94. Rohingya Islamic Front
  95. Rohingya Patriotic Front
  96. Rohingya Solidarity Organisation (RSO)
  97. Salwa Judum
  98. Shahdat al Hiqma / Shahadat-e-al Haqima (SAH)
  99. Shahadat-e-Nobuwat
  100. Shan Democratic Union
  101. Shora-e-Jehad
  102. Sipah-e-Mohamadi Pakistan (SMP)
  103. Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP)
  104. Sunni Tehrik (ST)
  105. Tamir ud-Deen
  106. Tawhid Trust / Touhid Trust
  107. Tehrik-e-Jafria Pakistan (TJP)
  108. Tehreek Nifaz-e-Shariat-e-Muhammadi ( TNSM )
  109. Tehrik-e-Jihad
  110. Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan
  111. Taliban
  112. Tripura People's Democratic Front [TPDF]
  113. All Tripura Tribal/Tiger Force
  114. Ulema Anjuman al Baiyinaat
  115. United Front for the Independence of Pattani [Bersatu]
  116. United Jihad Council
  117. United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA)
  118. UNLF United National Liberation Front
  119. United People's Democratic Solidarity (UPDS)
  120. United People's Front
  121. United Students Association of Arakan Movement [USM]
  122. United Tajik Opposition (UTO)
  123. Vigorous Burmese Student Warriors
  124. Zainabiyoun Brigade



  • AIS Afghan Islamic Society (Religious Fundamentalists)
  • ANLF Afghan National Liberation Front
  • IALA Islamic Allegiance for Liberation of Afghanistan


  • JSD Jatyo Samajtantrik Dal (Nationalist Socialist Party) (Right Wing)
  • KIO Kachin Independence Organization
  • NUP National Unity Party Burma
  • NDF National Democratic Front (Right Wing)
  • Campuchea (Cambodia)
  • KPNLF Khmer People's National Liberation Front


  • AM Anand Marg (Path of Bliss)
  • KLF Kasmirir Liberation Front
  • UPRF Universal Proutist Liberation Front


  • AZ Al Zulfikar
  • NAP National Awami Party (Maoist)
  • PPP Pakistani People's Party

Sri Lanka:

  • JVP People's Liberation Front

Unlawful Associations

An association is declared unlawful by the Central Government, in accordance with Section 3 to Section 6 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (UAPA). The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Tribunals have confirmed the declaration of these associations as unlawful associations. As of 23 November, 2016, these were:

    1. Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI)
    2. United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA)
    3. National Democratic Front of Boroland (NDFB)
    4. Meitei Extremist Organisation of Manipur, namely

      (a) Peoples Liberation Army (PLA)
      (b) United National Liberation Front (UNLF)
      (c) Peoples Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK)
      (d) Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP)
      (e) Kanglei Yaol Kanba Lup (KYKL)
      (f) Manipur Peoples Liberation Front (MPLF)
      (g) Revolutionary Peoples Front (RPF)
      (h) CorCom (Conglomerate of six valley based UG outfits)

    5. All Tripura Tiger Force (ATTF)
    6. National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT)
    7. Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC)
    8. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.
    9. National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang)
    10. Islamic Research Foundation (IRF)

The most successful counter insurgency campaigns in India have been led by the state governments with the Central Government supplementing their efforts. The three specific examples of Tripura, which conducted systematic counter insurgency campaign resulting in appreciable improvement in its law and order situation; Punjab, which defeated militancy through stateled campaign; and Andhra Pradesh, which tamed the Maoist insurgency, highlights this fact. Hence, only when the state government comes up with a concrete action plan to improve law and order, with the full backing of political leadership, there can be significant improvement in law and order situation in a particular state.

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Page last modified: 05-08-2020 18:41:54 ZULU