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South and Central Asian Para-Military Groups

Anti-Soviet Mujahideen

India Seven Sisters Militant Outfits

  1. Achik National Volunteer Council (ANVC)
  2. Ahl-e-Hadees
  3. Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (ASWJ)
  4. Al-Badr
  5. Allar Dal
  6. All Tripura/Tiger Force
  7. Al Markajul al Islami
  8. Al Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent
  9. Al Umar Mujahideen
  10. Ansar al Islam (AAI) Bangladesh
  11. Ansarullah Bangla Team (ABT)
  12. Arakan Mujahid Party
  13. Arakan Peoples Army
  14. Arakan Rohingya Force
  15. Arakan Rohingya National Organisation (ARNO)
  16. Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA)
  17. ADF Arunachal Dragon Force
  18. [Sikh Terrorists] Babbar Khalsa
  19. Chin National Front
  20. Committee for Eastern Turkistan
  21. Communist Party of India (Maoist) [Naxalite]
  22. Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) [Naxalite]
  23. Dhamat Houmet Daawa Salafia (DHDS)
  24. Dima Halong Dauga (DHD)
  25. EILF East India Liberation Front
  26. Fatemiyoun Brigade
  27. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
  28. Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA)
  29. God's Army
  30. Karen National Union (KNU)
  31. Haqqani Faction
  32. Harakat ul-Mujahedin
  33. Harakat ul-Jihad-I-Islami
  34. Harkatul Jihadi Islami (HUJI)-Bangladesh
  35. High Council of Afghanistan Islamic Emirate
  36. Hizb-i-Islami
  37. Hizb-i-Islami Khalis (HIK)
  38. Hizb-i-Wahdat
  39. Hizb-ul-Mujahideen
  40. Hizb-ut-Tawhid / Hizbut Touhid
  41. Hizb ut-Tahir al-Islami
  42. Hizb ut-Tahir al-Islami Bangladesh
  43. Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC)
  44. Ikhwan-ul-Mussalmin
  45. Islami Samaj
  46. Islamic Democratic Party
  47. Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
  48. Islamic Solidarity Front [Myanmar]
  49. Jagrata Muslim Janata, Bangladesh (JMJB)
  50. Jaish-e-Mohammed
  51. Jama'atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB)
  52. Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JUD)
  53. Jamaat ul-Fuqra
  54. Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front
  55. Jandullah
  56. Kamatapur Liberation Organisation
  57. Kangleipak Communist Party
  58. Kangleipak Yawal Kanna Lub
  59. Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup (KYKL)
  60. Karbi Longri North Cachar People's Resistance (KNPR)
  61. Karbi Longri NC Hill Liberation Front
  62. Komala
  63. Kuki Groups
  64. Lashkar-e-Islami
  65. Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ)
  66. Lashkar-e-Tayyiba
  67. Lakshar Jihad
  68. Liberation Myanmar Force
  69. Maoist Communist Centre [Naxalite]
  70. Moro National Liberation Front
  71. Movement for the Enforcement of Islamic Sharia
  72. Muttahida Quami Movement (MQM)
  73. National Democratic Front for Bodoland
  74. National Thowheed Jamath (NTJ)
  75. National Liberation Front of Arunachal (NLFA)
  76. National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT)
  77. National Socialist Council of Nagalim
  78. National United Front of Arakan (NUFA)
  79. Northern Alliance
  80. Pakistan Sunni Tehreek (PST)
  81. People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak
  82. People's Liberation Army
  83. Peoples United Liberation Front
  84. Peoples War Group [Naxalite]
  85. RPF Revolutionary People's Front
  86. Revolutionary People's Front - Manipur [RPF-M]
  87. Rohingya Independents Force
  88. Rohingya Independence Army
  89. Rohingya Islamic Front
  90. Rohingya Patriotic Front
  91. Rohingya Solidarity Organisation (RSO)
  92. Salwa Judum
  93. Shahdat al Hiqma / Shahadat-e-al Haqima (SAH)
  94. Shahadat-e-Nobuwat
  95. Shan Democratic Union
  96. Shora-e-Jehad
  97. Sipah-e-Mohamadi Pakistan (SMP)
  98. Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP)
  99. Sunni Tehrik (ST)
  100. Tamir ud-Deen
  101. Tawhid Trust / Touhid Trust
  102. Tehrik-e-Jafria Pakistan (TJP)
  103. Tehreek Nifaz-e-Shariat-e-Muhammadi ( TNSM )
  104. Tehrik-e-Jihad
  105. Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan
  106. Taliban
  107. Tripura People's Democratic Front [TPDF]
  108. All Tripura Tribal/Tiger Force
  109. Ulema Anjuman al Baiyinaat
  110. United Front for the Independence of Pattani [Bersatu]
  111. United Jihad Council
  112. United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA)
  113. UNLF United National Liberation Front
  114. United People's Democratic Solidarity (UPDS)
  115. United People's Front
  116. United Students Association of Arakan Movement [USM]
  117. Vigorous Burmese Student Warriors
  118. Zainabiyoun Brigade



  • AIS Afghan Islamic Society (Religious Fundamentalists)
  • ANLF Afghan National Liberation Front
  • IALA Islamic Allegiance for Liberation of Afghanistan


  • JSD Jatyo Samajtantrik Dal (Nationalist Socialist Party) (Right Wing)
  • KIO Kachin Independence Organization
  • NUP National Unity Party Burma
  • NDF National Democratic Front (Right Wing)
  • Campuchea (Cambodia)
  • KPNLF Khmer People's National Liberation Front


  • AM Anand Marg (Path of Bliss)
  • KLF Kasmirir Liberation Front
  • UPRF Universal Proutist Liberation Front


  • AZ Al Zulfikar
  • NAP National Awami Party (Maoist)
  • PPP Pakistani People's Party

Sri Lanka:

  • JVP People's Liberation Front

Unlawful Associations

An association is declared unlawful by the Central Government, in accordance with Section 3 to Section 6 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (UAPA). The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Tribunals have confirmed the declaration of these associations as unlawful associations. As of 23 November, 2016, these were:

    1. Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI)
    2. United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA)
    3. National Democratic Front of Boroland (NDFB)
    4. Meitei Extremist Organisation of Manipur, namely

      (a) Peoples Liberation Army (PLA)
      (b) United National Liberation Front (UNLF)
      (c) Peoples Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK)
      (d) Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP)
      (e) Kanglei Yaol Kanba Lup (KYKL)
      (f) Manipur Peoples Liberation Front (MPLF)
      (g) Revolutionary Peoples Front (RPF)
      (h) CorCom (Conglomerate of six valley based UG outfits)

    5. All Tripura Tiger Force (ATTF)
    6. National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT)
    7. Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC)
    8. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.
    9. National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang)
    10. Islamic Research Foundation (IRF)

The most successful counter insurgency campaigns in India have been led by the state governments with the Central Government supplementing their efforts. The three specific examples of Tripura, which conducted systematic counter insurgency campaign resulting in appreciable improvement in its law and order situation; Punjab, which defeated militancy through stateled campaign; and Andhra Pradesh, which tamed the Maoist insurgency, highlights this fact. Hence, only when the state government comes up with a concrete action plan to improve law and order, with the full backing of political leadership, there can be significant improvement in law and order situation in a particular state.

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