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Sipah-e-Mohamadi Pakistan (SMP)
Sipah-e-Mohammadi

Sipah-e-Mohammadi [SMP] was founded in 1993 to protect the Shia community from extremist Sunni militant groups. The Sipah-e-Mohammadi Pakistan (SMP), created in 1993, and led today by Gulam Raza Naqvi, is the most important of them.

Whereas the Ordinance issued in early 2002, banning several militant groups in the country, had specifically stated these would not be allowed to operate under new names, the law has not been implemented. While the federal government has stated extremist parties who have re-named themselves will again be banned, it has been pointed out that "this could lead to a cycle of naming and re-naming" with the groups likely to stay ahead of a slow legislative process, while implementation is even slower.

By 2003, the Sipah-e-Mohammadi Pakistan (SMP), which like the TJP was banned, was now calling itself the 'Hezbollah'. The name is clearly borrowed from groups in the Middle East. In 20082009, the group resurfaced in the urban centers of Karachi and Lahore. SMP has been recently accused of killing prominent Sunni doctors. Allegedly, the group receives support and funding from Iran. Four SMP militants were arrested in 2011 for involvement in a grenade attack against the Saudi Arabian consulate in Karachi.



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