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Jundallah
Jundullah
Jondullah
Jundollah
Jondollah
Jondallah
Jandullah
Former Jundallah of Iran
People's Resistance Movement of Iran (PMRI)
Jonbesh-i Moqavemat-i-Mardom-i Iran
Popular Resistance Movement of Iran
Soldiers of God
Fedayeen-e-Islam
Army of God (God's Army)
Baloch Peoples Resistance Movement (BPRM)

Jandullah [ie, jund Allah] is an anti-Shia militant group, which mostly operates in Baluchistan but has ties with LeJ, ASWJ, and TTP. Its militants were accused of killing 40 Shias in a bomb blast at Karachi in 2009. Jandullah has also been involved in attacks against states security forces. Jandullah, headed by Abdul Malik Ragi, emerged with the stated goal of establishing an Islamic state encompassing Iranian, Afghan and Pakistani Balochs.

Jundullah is composed of Sunni Muslims primarily from the Baluchistan region bordering Pakistan. The region is inhabited by members of the Baluch minority and is far less developed than other parts of Iran. On the grounds that Jundullah has attacked civilians in the course of violent attacks in Iran, the State Department formally named it an FTO on November 4, 2010. Some saw the designation as an overture toward the Iranian government, while others saw it as a sign that the United States supports only opposition groups that are committed to peaceful methods. Jundullah has conducted several attacks on Iranian security and civilian officials, including a May 2009 bombing of a mosque in Zahedan and the October 2009 killing of five IRGC commanders in Sistan va Baluchistan Province.

The regime claimed a victory against the group in February 2010 with the capture of its top leader, Abdolmalek Rigi. The regime hanged him in June 2010, but the group retaliated in July 2010 with a Zahedan bombing that killed 28 persons, including some IRGC personnel. The group was responsible for a December 15, 2010, bombing at a mosque in Chahbahar, also in Baluchistan, that killed 38.

Since its inception in 2003, Jundallah, a violent extremist organization that operates primarily in the province of Sistan va Balochistan of Iran, has engaged in numerous attacks resulting in the death and maiming of scores of Iranian civilians and government officials. Jundallahs stated goals are to secure recognition of Balochi cultural, economic, and political rights from the government of Iran and to spread awareness of the plight of the Baloch situation through violent and nonviolent means. In October 2007, Amnesty International reported that Jundallah has by its own admission, carried out gross abuses such as hostage-taking, the killing of hostages, and attacks against non-military targets.

In March 2006, Jundallah attacked a motorcade in eastern Iran, which included the deputy head of the Iranian Red Crescent Security Department, who was taken hostage. More than 20 people were killed in the attack. The governor of Zahedan, his deputy, and five other officials were wounded, and seven others were kidnapped in the attack. In May 2006, Jundallah barricaded a road in Kerman province and killed 11 civilians and burned four vehicles. The assailants then killed another civilian and wounded a child by firing at a passing vehicle. In 2007, Jundallah killed 18 border guards on the Iranian-Afghan border. Jundallah seized 16 Iranian police officers near the border with Pakistan in 2008. When the Iranian government refused to release 200 Jundallah prisoners in exchange for the hostages, Jundallah killed them.

In May 2009, Jundallah attacked the crowded Shiite Amir al-Momenin mosque in Zahedan, destroying the mosque and killing and wounding numerous worshipers. An October 2009 suicide bomb attack in a marketplace in the city of Pishin in the Sistan va Balochistan province, which killed more than 40 people, was reportedly the deadliest terrorist attack in Iran since the 1980s. In a statement on its website, Jundallah claimed responsibility for the December 15, 2010 suicide bomb attack inside the Iman Hussein Mosque in Chabahar, which killed an estimated 35 to 40 civilians with 60-100 wounded. In July 2010, Jundallah attacked the Grand Mosque in Zahedan, killing approximately 30 and injuring an estimated 300.

In January and February 2015 the TTP splinter group Jundullah claimed responsibility for a string of deadly bombings at Shia religious centers in Shikarpur, Peshawar, and Rawalpindi, which killed a total of 86 Shia worshippers. On May 13, armed gunmen stopped a bus carrying members of the Ismaili Shia community in the Safoora Goth neighborhood of Karachi and killed 45 people on board. Jundullah also claimed responsibility for this attack. Seven days later, police arrested four individuals accused of planning the attack. Subsequently, two senior government prosecutors resigned from the Safoora Goth case, stating the provincial government was not providing them with adequate security and compensation to continue the prosecution.

Jundallah did not publicly claim any attacks in 2016.

Strength

Reports of Jundallah membership vary widely from 500 to 2000.

Location/Area of Operation

Throughout Sistan va Balochistan province in southeastern Iran and the greater Balochistan area of Afghanistan and Pakistan

External Aid

Unknown

In February 2007, then vice president, Dick Cheney, made a trip to Pakistan to meet with President General Pervez Musharraf. According to PBS, the secret US-backed campaign against Iran by the terror group known as Jundullah was high on Cheneys agenda. A few months later, ABC News reported that Jundallah, which is responsible for a series of deadly guerrilla raids inside Iran has been secretly encouraged and advised by American officials since 2005. The report explained that US relationship with Jundullah is arranged so that the US provides no funding to the group, which would require an official presidential order or finding as well as congressional oversight. Not to mention that former Pakistani army chief, retired General Mirza Aslam Baig, further explained that the U.S. supports the Jundullah terrorist group and uses it to destabilize Iran.



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