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Jandullah
Jondallah
Jondullah
Jondollah
Jundallah
Jundollah
Jundullah
Former Jundallah of Iran

Army of God (God's Army)
Army of Justice
Baloch Peoples Resistance Movement (BPRM)
Fedayeen-e-Islam
Jaish ul-Adl
Jaish al-Adl
Jaish Aladl
Jaysh al-Adl
Jeish al-Adl
Jeysh al-adl
Jonbesh-i Moqavemat-i-Mardom-i Iran
People's Resistance Movement of Iran (PMRI)
Popular Resistance Movement of Iran
Soldiers of God

Jaish al-Adl is a Sunni militant group, which is fighting against what it says is discrimination against Sunni Muslims and ethnic Baluch in the Iranian province of Sistan and Baluchestan. The region is known as home to drug smugglers, as well as Sunni militants, both of whom regularly clash with Iranian security forces. Iran shares a 1,000-kilometer-long border with Pakistan. Ties between the two countries have been tense over Islamabad's alleged support to anti-Shiite militant groups operating from its soil and its closeness to Iran's regional rival Saudi Arabia.

Jandullah [ie, jund Allah] is an anti-Shia militant group which mostly operates in Baluchistan but has ties with LeJ, ASWJ, and TTP. Its militants were accused of killing 40 Shias in a bomb blast at Karachi in 2009. Jandullah has also been involved in attacks against states security forces. Jandullah, headed by Abdul Malik Ragi, emerged with the stated goal of establishing an Islamic state encompassing Iranian, Afghan and Pakistani Balochs.

Jundullah is composed of Sunni Muslims primarily from the Baluchistan region bordering Pakistan. The region is inhabited by members of the Baluch minority and is far less developed than other parts of Iran. On the grounds that Jundullah has attacked civilians in the course of violent attacks in Iran, the State Department formally named it an FTO on November 4, 2010. Some saw the designation as an overture toward the Iranian government, while others saw it as a sign that the United States supported only opposition groups that are committed to peaceful methods. Jundullah has conducted several attacks on Iranian security and civilian officials, including a May 2009 bombing of a mosque in Zahedan and the October 2009 killing of five IRGC commanders in Sistan va Baluchistan Province.

The regime claimed a victory against the group in February 2010 with the capture of its top leader, Abdolmalek Rigi. The regime hanged him in June 2010, but the group retaliated in July 2010 with a Zahedan bombing that killed 28 persons, including some IRGC personnel. The group was responsible for a December 15, 2010, bombing at a mosque in Chahbahar, also in Baluchistan, that killed 38.

Since its inception in 2003, Jundallah, a violent extremist organization that operates primarily in the province of Sistan va Balochistan of Iran, has engaged in numerous attacks resulting in the death and maiming of scores of Iranian civilians and government officials. Jundallahs stated goals are to secure recognition of Balochi cultural, economic, and political rights from the government of Iran and to spread awareness of the plight of the Baloch situation through violent and nonviolent means. In October 2007, Amnesty International reported that Jundallah has by its own admission, carried out gross abuses such as hostage-taking, the killing of hostages, and attacks against non-military targets.

In March 2006, Jundallah attacked a motorcade in eastern Iran, which included the deputy head of the Iranian Red Crescent Security Department, who was taken hostage. More than 20 people were killed in the attack. The governor of Zahedan, his deputy, and five other officials were wounded, and seven others were kidnapped in the attack. In May 2006, Jundallah barricaded a road in Kerman province and killed 11 civilians and burned four vehicles. The assailants then killed another civilian and wounded a child by firing at a passing vehicle. In 2007, Jundallah killed 18 border guards on the Iranian-Afghan border. Jundallah seized 16 Iranian police officers near the border with Pakistan in 2008. When the Iranian government refused to release 200 Jundallah prisoners in exchange for the hostages, Jundallah killed them.

In May 2009, Jundallah attacked the crowded Shiite Amir al-Momenin mosque in Zahedan, destroying the mosque and killing and wounding numerous worshipers. An October 2009 suicide bomb attack in a marketplace in the city of Pishin in the Sistan va Balochistan province, which killed more than 40 people, was reportedly the deadliest terrorist attack in Iran since the 1980s. In a statement on its website, Jundallah claimed responsibility for the December 15, 2010 suicide bomb attack inside the Iman Hussein Mosque in Chabahar, which killed an estimated 35 to 40 civilians with 60-100 wounded. In July 2010, Jundallah attacked the Grand Mosque in Zahedan, killing approximately 30 and injuring an estimated 300.

In January and February 2015 the TTP splinter group Jundullah claimed responsibility for a string of deadly bombings at Shia religious centers in Shikarpur, Peshawar, and Rawalpindi, which killed a total of 86 Shia worshippers. On May 13, armed gunmen stopped a bus carrying members of the Ismaili Shia community in the Safoora Goth neighborhood of Karachi and killed 45 people on board. Jundullah also claimed responsibility for this attack. Seven days later, police arrested four individuals accused of planning the attack. Subsequently, two senior government prosecutors resigned from the Safoora Goth case, stating the provincial government was not providing them with adequate security and compensation to continue the prosecution.

Jundallah did not publicly claim any attacks in 2016.

Pakistan-based militant group Jaish al-Adl, or the Army of Justice, has been involved in a number of deadly attacks on Iranian soldiers and installations in the past few years, including the February 2019 suicide attack that killed 27 Iranian security forces along the Iran-Pakistan border.

A Notice by the State Department published in the Federal Registar on 02 July 2019 concluded that there is a sufficient factual basis to find that Jundallah, also known as People's Resistances Movement of Iran (PMRI), also known as Jonbesh-i Moqavemat-i-Mardom-i Iran, also known as The Popular Resistance Movement of Iran, also known as Soldiers of God, also known as Fedayeen-e-Islam, also known as Former Jundallah of Iran, also known as Jundullah, also known as Jondullah, also known as Jundollah, also known as Jondollah, also known as Jondallah, also known as Army of God (God's Army), also known as the Baloch Peoples Resistance Movement (BPRM), uses the additional alias Jaysh al-Adl, also known as Jeysh al-adl, also known as Army of Justice, also known as Jaish ul-Adl, also known as Jaish al-Adl, also known as Jaish Aladl, also known as Jeish al-Adl, as its primary name.

It amended the designation of Jundallah as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist to include the following new aliases: Jaysh al-Adl, Jeysh al-adl, Army of Justice, Jaish ul-Adl, Jaish al-Adl, Jaish Aladl, Jeish al-Adl,

Based on a review of the Administrative Record assembled pursuant to Section 219 of the Immigration and National Act, as amended (8 U.S.C. 1189) (INA), and in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of the Treasury, US Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo concluded 27 June 2019 that the circumstances that were the basis for the designation of Jundallah (and other aliases) as a Foreign Terrorist Organization have not changed in such a manner as to warrant revocation of the designation and that the national security of the United States does not warrant a revocation of the designation. He also concluded there was a sufficient factual basis to find that Jundallah (and other aliases) uses the additional alias Jaysh al-Adl, also known as Jeysh al-adl, also known as Army of Justice, also known as Jaish ul-Adl, also known as Jaish al-Adl, also known as Jaish Aladl, also known as Jeish al-Adl, as its primary name.

Therefore, he determined that the designation of the aforementioned organization (and other aliases) as a Foreign Terrorist Organization, pursuant to Section 219 of the INA, as amended (8 U.S.C. 1189), shall be maintained. Additionally, pursuant to Section 219(b) of the INA, as amended (8 U.S.C. 1189(b)), Pompeo amended the designation of the aforementioned organization as a Foreign Terrorist Organization to include the following new aliases: Jaysh al-Adl, Jeysh al-adl, Army of Justice, Jaish ul-Adl, Jaish al-Adl, Jaish Aladl, Jeish al-Adl.

Strength

Reports of Jundallah membership vary widely from 500 to 2000.

Location/Area of Operation

Throughout Sistan va Balochistan province in southeastern Iran and the greater Balochistan area of Afghanistan and Pakistan

External Aid

Unknown

In February 2007, then vice president, Dick Cheney, made a trip to Pakistan to meet with President General Pervez Musharraf. According to PBS, the secret US-backed campaign against Iran by the terror group known as Jundullah was high on Cheneys agenda. A few months later, ABC News reported that Jundallah, which is responsible for a series of deadly guerrilla raids inside Iran has been secretly encouraged and advised by American officials since 2005. The report explained that US relationship with Jundullah is arranged so that the US provides no funding to the group, which would require an official presidential order or finding as well as congressional oversight. Not to mention that former Pakistani army chief, retired General Mirza Aslam Baig, further explained that the U.S. supports the Jundullah terrorist group and uses it to destabilize Iran.



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