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Jagrata Muslim Janata, Bangladesh (JMJB)
(Awake the Muslim People of Bangladesh)

Some sources claim that Jagrata Muslim Janata Bangladesh (JMJB) and JMB are same organisation. Jagrata Muslim Janata Bangladesh organisation came into limelight in 2004. It is said that the leader Bangla Bhai was also the leader of JMB who was executed on March 2007. The organisation was active in North Western Bangladesh. JMJB was banned in 2004. Since then not much had been hard about this organisation.

The Bangladesh police allege that Saudi and Kuwaiti non-governmental and charity organisations funded the activities of the Ahle Hadith Andolon (Movement) Bangladesh [AHAB] through an Indian Muslim leader named Moulana Abdul Matin Salafi who had taken shelter in Bangladesh in the 1980s. Disturbed by his activities, the Ershad Government expelled him from Bangladesh in 1988.

The AHAB's madrasas, which are allegedly funded by a Saudi organisation called the Hayatul Igachha and a Kuwaiti organisation called Jomiyatul Eh-ya-e turaj (the Revival of Islamic Heritage Society), provide military training with the help of Pakistani and Bangladeshi ex-servicemen under the pretext of training people in self-defence. Many of the teachers in the AHAB's madrasas had been trained in Saudi Arabia.

The AHAB's youth organisation called the Ahle Hadith Jubo Shangha is reported to have more than 50,000 activists across the country, all of them active in the Jama'atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) since 1994. By then, the Revival of Islamic Heritage Society got funds from Saudi Arabia and Kuwait for starting 700 madrasas all over nothern Bangladesh and these became the recruiting and training centers of the JMB and the AHAB.

The organisation, which used to train recruits from Bangladesh, the Arakan area of Myanmar, southern Thailand, Malaysia,Indonesia and Southern Philippines, was initially known as the Jama'atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB). It was renamed as the Jagrata Muslim Janata Bangladesh (JMJB) (Awake the Muslim People of Bangladesh) after a clash between its cadres and the police at a secret training camp of the JMB at Joypurhat in August 2003. After the clash, the police arrested his brother Ataur Rahman Ibne Abdullah and 18 others, but they were mysteriously released a few days later and no further action was taken against them.

The JMJB is led by a triumvirate consisting of Moulana Abdur Rahman, a former activist of the Jamaat-e-Islami (JEI), which is a member of Khaleda Zia's ruling coalition, Siddiqur Rahman also known as Bangla Bhai (Bangla brother) and Asadullah Al Galib, who is an Arabic language Lecturer at the Rajshahi University.Of these, while Moulana Rahman is projected as the Amir or the spiritual leader of the organisation, Siddiqur Rahman alias Bangla Bhai is reportedly its operational chief.

Moulana Abdur Rahman was in charge of a madrasa at Jamalpur in Northern Bangladesh from where he was co-ordinating the Taliban-like activities of his organisation, with the tacit support of large sections of the Police and security agencies of the Government. Rahman ran the Al-Madina Islamic Cadet Madrasa and a mosque in Jamalpur, both reportedly funded by a Saudi non-governmental organisation called the Rabita-e-Islam and a local NGO named Islami Oitijjho Sangstha, which had allegedly been in receipt of large funds from Saudi Arabia as well as Pakistan.

Given that the JMB could organize nearly 500 explosions targeting 63 of the country's 64 Districts on August 17, 2005, and had also managed to execute four suicide attacks targeting the judiciary thereafter, the sudden demise or significant neutralization of the JMB-JMJB combine is certainly mysterious. Much had been written about their extensive network of cadres, sympathizers and a group of ?2000 suicide bombers?, as well as a nexus with international terror networks such as the al Qaeda. The collapse of the groups within eight months of the August 15 blasts (the last of the Shura member, Khaled Saifullah was arrested on April 26, 2006) suggests an efficiency of intelligence and operation that militates against the groups? free operation over the two preceding years.

The collapse of the JMB and the JMJB, at least, may have much to do with their basic character and their failure to construct grass-root and institutional support structures within a wide population base. At least in the case of the JMB, the group was dominated by a single, with three out of seven Shura members drawn from one family. Absent the support of formations within the ruling alliance which appeared to have evaporated after the August attacks and ensuing suicide bombings - JMB-JMJB simply disintegrated.

By 15 June 2016 police had arrested nearly 150 suspected militants and more than 11,000 others as part of a crackdown after a wave of brutal killings. Police said that most of the suspected militants were members of the banned Islamist group Jama'atul Mujahedin Bangladesh [JMB]. The opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party [BNP] said the raids were designed to detain its leaders and workers. It said some 2,100 party leaders and activists were arrested.



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