Find a Security Clearance Job!

Military


Tehrik-e-Jafria Pakistan (TJP)
Tehrik-e-Nifaz-e-Fiqh-e-Jafaria (TNFJ)
Tehrik-e-JafariaPakistan (TJP)

Tehrik-e-Jafria Pakistan (TJP) is an offshoot of the Tehrik-e-Nifaz-e-Fiqah Jafria, a Shia political party founded in 1979 [other sources report founded 1987]. Shia extremist; leader Allama Sajid Ali Naqvi. Also known as Tehrik-e-Islami, Tehrik-Nifaz-i-Fiqah Jafaria is a Shia political partyformed in 1979 following the Islamic revolution in Shia Iran. It aims to introduce Fiqa-i-Jaffriah (the Shia legal system) for Pakistani Shias to prevent imposition of the Sunni school of thought. This prominent Shia terrorist group was involved in anti-SSP campaigns, violence, and killings.

Tehrik-e-Nifaz-e-Fiqh-e-Jafaria (TNFJ) was formed in 1979 and was initiallyunder the leadership of Allama Jaffer Hussein. When Allama Jaffer Hussein died in 1983, the TNFJ split into two factions; a more religiously inclined faction led by Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi, and a more politically inclined faction led by Arif AlHusseini. The politically inclined faction of Husseini eventually received the backing of Ayatolla Khomeini in Iran, and took precedence, changing its name to Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan (TJP) in the late 1980s.

TNFJ later split into two groups with the second group (Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan) headed by Allama Arif Hussaini, who was assassinated in 1988 during Gen Zia ul-Haq's regime. After Al Husseini was assassinated in 1988, Allama Sajid Naqvi became the leader of this group, and was reported to continue in this role, as at January 2011.

TJP was banned two times by President Pervez Musharraf's government and its leaders were arrested. However, they continued to operate under new names. One of five extremist groups banned by President Musharraf in January 2002. Musharraf banned six extremist Islamic groups under the 1997 Anti-Terrorist Act in November 2003. Three groups were banned who had flouted an earlier prohibition order by changing their names. These were the Shia group Islami Tehrik-I-Pakistan (formerly Tehrik-I-Jafria Pakistan) and the Sunni groups Millat-I-islamia Pakistan (formerly Sipah-I-Sahaba Pakistan SSP) and Khudam-ul-Islam (formerly Jaish-e-Mohammed-JEM) Jamaatud-Dawa (thought to be a new identity for the Kashmiri armed separatist group Lashkar-I-Toiba)

The TJP has been banned twice, but continues to operate under different names. Its members claim that the organization is essentially a Shia resistance to Sunni extremism, but TJP has also been involved in sectarian violence.

the various Shia sectarian groups currently operating in Pakistan have a complexhistory, with factional splits in organisations, and the formation of militant factionscreating a range of different actors. The names under which different Shia groupshave operated have varied over time, in response to factional splits and governmentbans. It is in this context that there is a degree of variance and inconsistency in thetitles by which the Tehrik-e-Nifaz-e-Fiqh-e-Jafaria (TNFJ) and the Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan (TJP) are referred to in news media, and political discourse; names tend to be used interchangeably.

Prominent Shia scholar Allama Nasir Abbas was gunned down near the FC Collegehere on 15 December 2013. He belonged to the Tehreek-i-Nifaz-i-Fiqh Jafaria (TNFJ). Hewas attacked when he was returning home after addressing a Majlis at QaumiMarkaz, Shah Jamal, in Shadman at around 11pm. He was taken to the ShaikhZayed Hospital where he was pronounced dead. Lahore police chief Chaudhry Shafeeq said "It is a targeted attack. The gunmen shothim from close range when he was driving home along with his driver and a friend," adding "Abbas attained martyrdom on the way to hospital. His driver and friend were unhurt".



NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list