Al Umar Mujahideen (AuM)
Mushtaq Ahmad Zargar formed the Al Umar Mujahideen in December 1989, with a membership primarily drawn from recruits in Srinagar, capital city of the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). The formation of Al Umar Mujahideen is traced to the differences that had emerged within the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF). Zargar floated the AuM with the tacit endorsement of Srinagar-based cleric Maulvi Umar Farooq, after whom the outfit was named.
Mushtaq Ahmed Zargar alias Latram was one of the three terrorists released on December 31, 1999, by the Indian Government in exchange for the passengers of the hijacked aircraft IC 814 at Kandahar in Afghanistan. Zargar has since then been based in Pakistan.
The AuM aims to liberate the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir through an armed struggle and merge it with Pakistan.
Mushtaq Ahmad Zargar was the 'chief commander' of Al Umar Mujahideen. He received training at camps organized by the JKLF in the late 1980s.Zargar, who is responsible for over 40 murders and was a key figure in the terrorist ascendancy in Srinagar, was arrested on May 15, 1992.
Manzoor Ahmad Ganai is reportedly the 'chief commander and organiser of training'. Latif-ul-Haq who is the 'acting chief commander' and Jamshed Khan, the 'deputy chief commander' are among the other important leaders of the outfit.
Shabir Ahmad Zargar, who was reportedly chief of the Al Umar Commando Force, a striking wing of the AuM and a close confidant of Mushtaq Ahmad Zargar, was arrested by the Border Security Force in Srinagar on October 2, 2002.
The AuM has a two-tier structure: The supreme command and field formations. The former consists of a 'chief commander', two 'deputy chief commanders', 'military adviser', 'publicity chief', and 'intelligence chief' and the latter consists of 'district commanders' and 'regimental commanders'.
The group reportedly has a strength of 700 and is located at the Narul locality in Muzaffarabad, Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK). It is primarily active in the Srinagar, Baramulla, Kupwara and Pulwama districts of the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir and at Muzaffarabad in Pakistan occupied Kashmir.
AuM has been funded and supported by the ISI. It also secures substantial assistance from the PoK government based in Muzaffarabad.
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