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Kuki Insurgent Groups

Kuki Insurgent Groups

The genesis of Kuki groups lie in the aspirations of the community to protect itself from other militant groups and aftermath of Kuki -Naga and Kuki  - Zomi ethnic clashes in  1997-98. However most of the groups have lost their perceived aim of creating a homeland of Kukis and have been reduced to extortion groups sans any ideology. Further Kuki groups are notorious for their hydra like ability to sub divide into factions at alarming regularity.

 Kuki National Army (KNA)

 Genesis.     The organization come in existence seeking a Kuki state within Myanmar between the Chindwin River and the Indian border. It made no claims whatever on Indian Territories.  The  KNA  has  an estimated strength  of  350  cadres  and 300 assorted weapons. The activities restricted to extortion gun running drug trafficking in Chandel district in areas of Tigneoupal and pockets in Churachandpur, Chandel and Ukhrul districts.  KNA has a nexus with NSCN (K) and Valley Based Insurgent Groups (VBIGs).  It has been active in extortion on National Highway (NH) -39 between Pallel and Moreh. The group is signatory to Suspension of Operations.

Kuki National Front (KNF)

KNF was established on 18 May 1988 by Mr Nahlum Kipgen who was trained by the Kachin   Independent Army (KIA) in Myanmar.  The KNF seeks a separate Kukiland. Later, the leadership shifted to Mr Thangboi Kipgen, Self Style Chairman.  It joined battle with NSCN (IM) over control of Moreh and levied Kukiland tax  in  the   areas  of  its  influence.  Due to differences in 1996 it split into two factions; KNF (Military Council) and KNF (President). Subsequently over the period due to infighting it has subdivided itself into a number of factions which stand as under :-

  Kuki National Front {KNF (P)}.  

Self Style Chairman Semtinthang Kipgen @ Thangboi  heads this group.  The group has emerged as the strongest Kuki group. The group is active in the Kuki inhabited area to the East of National Highway (NH) - 39 in the Sadar Hill and Churachandpur.  The group is signatory to Suspension of Operations.

Kuki National Front (Military Council) {KNF}(MC)}

German heads this faction.  He was apprehended on 10 April 2000 and subsequently released on bail on medical  grounds.  At  the  time  of split  this  faction  had  110 cadres. Presently it has influence in Kangpokpi,  Saikul  and  Tegnoupal  Sub-divisions. The group has nexus with KNA and KNF(Z). The group is signatory to Suspension of Operations.

Kuki National Front (Zougam) {KNF}(Z)}

The groupis led by Zougam and consist of approximately. It has partial influence in Churachandpur district. The group is signatory to Suspension of Operations.

Kuki National Front {KNF(T Samuel)}

The group is led by T Samuel and assisted by United National Liberation Front, has influence in Churachandpur district.  The group is signatory to Suspension of Operations.   

Kuki Revolutionary Army (KRA).     

KRA was formed on 29 December 2000 in Saikul.  The KRA came into existence as a result of the 7th State Assembly Elections in 2000. It is led by Khublang Hansing and has a strong nexus with NSCN(IM). Approx strength of KRA is 250 with 150 assorted weapons and located in Saikul and Kangpokpi Sub Division of Senapti district and Chalwa area in Tamenglong . KRA has nexus with NSCN (IM) and are trained, and equipped by NSCN (IM). Their activities are restricted to extortion, recruit and transshipment of arms, ammunitions and equipment. The group is signatory to Suspension of Operations.

Kuki Liberation Army (KLA).    

 KLA was formed in 1992 after some Kuki inhabited villages located on the boundary between  Senapati and  Ukhrul  districts  were  burnt  by  NSCN (IM).  The aim of the organization was to protect Kukis from the clutches of NSCN (IM). Subsequently the organization maintained low ebb unable to face the dominance of NSCN (IM). Subsequently understanding took place between KLA and NSCN (IM). NSCN (IM) started assisting   KLA to prevent Valley Based Insurgent Groups (VBIGs) from making use of Kuki villages for the shelter. Their activities restricted to extortion from the Kuki villages. Kuki Liberation Army (KLA) had abducted important pers for heavy ransom. It is a small group and operates in SW part of Ukhrul district and East of Saikul in Senapati  district. The group is signatory to Suspension of Operations.

United Kuki Liberation Front (UKLF).     

The group was formed during 7th assembly election as its leaders Thangkhalian Haokip and Saikhulen split from Kuki National Front (KNF) over differences on assembly seat.  The organization was formed in league with NSCN (IM). The estimated strength of the group is 150 and possess 100 weapons.  The group partially dominates Palel and Chapikarong areas in Chandel district. The group is signatory to Suspension of Operations.




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