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National Liberation Front of Arunachal (NLFA)

Due to its strategic location bordering China (Tibet), Myanmar and Indias North-East States of Nagaland and Assam, Aruchanal Pradesh has been used by neighbouring armed non-State actors (NSAs)most specifically the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB), the National Socialist Council of Nagaland Khaplan (NSCN-K), the National Socialist Council of Nagalim Isak/Muivah (NSCN-IM) and the United Liberation Front of Assom (ULFA) as a site for bases and training camps, and as a conduit for ferrying arms from Myanmar and other Southeast Asian nations into the North-East. NSAs are also alleged to extort funds from Arunachal Pradesh politicians and inhabitants. The most affected areas are Tirap and Changlang districts. In response, Indias Home Ministry declared these districts as disturbed areas under the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act.

The plight of the Chakmas and Hajongs, who had been residing in Arunachal Pradesh since 1964, did not see any improvement. On 30 January 2005, the All Arunachal Pradesh Students Union (AAPSU) issued a one-month ultimatum to the State Government to deport the Chakma-Hajong migrants from the State. On 08 February 2005, the National Liberation Front of Arunachal reiterated its demand for immediate deportation of Chakma and Hajong migrants from the state, and cautioned the Centre not to wait for chaos and bloodshed.

In 2005, the National Liberation Front of Arunachal (NLFA) boycotted the Republic Day celebrations in the State. Counter-insurgency operations in Arunachal Pradesh achieved success with the arrest of several top leaders of militant groups active in the hill state. According to a press release issued 28 August 2005 by the Arunachal Pradesh government, top leaders of as many as three outfits active in the border state - the National Liberation Front of Arunachal (NLFA), the United Socialist Council of Arunachal (USCA) and the Taniland Democratic Solidarity (TDS) - have been arrested. Two of the arrested leaders have been identified as Gangte Tugung and Bamang Bake, who were heading the USCA and the TDS. Another militant leader, Koj Tara, self-styled chairman of the NLFA, was apprehended in Dimapurr, Nagaland.

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