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Achik National Volunteer Council (ANVC)

The ANVC was formed in December 1995 with the goal of attaining a homeland for the Garo tribe in the Garo Hills area of Meghalaya and Kamrup and Goalpara districts of Assam. Led by Dilash R. Marak, the ANVC was active in the Garo Hills and the West Khasi Hills of the state. It resorted largely to extortion and worked with the ULFA. The ANVC was said to have some camps in Bangladesh. Incidents of abduction are frequent and the trading community is often compelled to provide funds.

In July 2004, a cease-fire agreement was signed between the GOI and the ANVC. A seven member ANVC team signed the agreement in New Delhi. A ceasefire-monitoring cell and two designated camps for housing the surrendered militants were set up in the Garo Hills region. However, the government accused the ANVC of violating the ceasefire ground rules while the rebels questioned the government's sincerity in starting -- or not starting - the peace talks.

A Tripartite Suspension of Operations Agreement (SoO) with Achik National Volunteers’ (ANVC), Meghalaya had been in force since 23.7.2004. Discussions on the demands of ANVC are continuing at the level of Shri P.C. Halder, Government of India Representative for Peace Talks. It has been agreed that SoO with ANVC would be extended for a further period of nine months w.e.f. 1.1.2011.

The Memorandum of Settlement between GoI, the State and the ANVC has led to the group’s dissolution in 2014. Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) was signed between, the Government of India, the Government of Meghalaya and the ANVC and its breakaway group ANVC (B) on 24 September 2014. The tripartite Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) among the Government of India, Government of Meghalaya and Achik National Volunteers’ Council (ANVC) in the presence of the Union Home Minister, Shri Rajnath Singh, was signed here today.

This MoS provides for enhanced autonomy for the Garo Hills Autonomous District Council in Meghalaya and also a special package for speedier socio-economic and educational development of the area for which the Council had been set up. The Home Minister said that in the years to come, this will change the face of the Garo Hills Autonomous District Council area in all spheres.

The Home Minister said that in the past, violence marked the agitation of the ANVC that was intended to attract the attention of the Union Government towards the backwardness of the Garo Hills Autonomous District Council Area in Meghalaya. After realizing the futility of violence, ANVC came forward and expressed its willingness to give up violence and seek solutions to its problems peacefully within the framework of the Constitution. After several rounds of discussion, the negotiating teams representing the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Government of Meghalaya and ANVC finalized the tripartite agreement.

Shri Rajnath Singh congratulated the Chief Minister of Meghalaya, Dr. Mukul Sangma, the officials of Meghalaya and the leaders of ANVC for the cooperation extended to the negotiating team headed by Shri P.C.Haldar, Interlocutor from Government of India. The Home Minister wished that Meghalaya becomes a peaceful and developed State. He also congratulated the people of Meghalaya, including the people of Garo Hills Autonomous Council Area for showing maturity and wisdom, and recognizing the importance of peace for overall socio-economic development.

Shri Rajnath Singh further said that the Union Government has always shown its willingness to enter into a dialogue with any group that is willing to abjure the path of violence and place its demands within the framework of the Constitution of India. He urged all groups in the country to give up violence and come forward to find a peaceful solution to all their perceived problems.

The Minister of State for Home, Shri Kiren Rijiju, the Chief Minister of Meghalaya, Dr. Mukul Sangma, the Home Minister of Meghalaya, Ms. Roshan Warjri, the Home Secretary, Shri Anil Goswami and other senior officials of MHA and the Government of Meghalaya were also present on the occasion.

By 23 December 2014 a total of 397 cadre of ANVC {161 UG cadre and 236 Over Ground Workers (OGWs)} and 277 cadre of ANVC/B had surrendered. Designated camps were set up at Upper Chandmari area (PS Tura, West Garo Hills District/WGHD), Meghalaya. SoO agreement with Achik National Volunteers Council (ANVC) was extended upto 31st March, 2015 Government has approved Agreed Text for Settlement (ATFS) to be signed between Government of India, Government of Meghalaya and ANVC.

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