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APPENDICES A - D

Appendix A - Known Terrorist Organizations

Appendix B - Individual Protective Measures for U.S. Military Personnel

Appendix C - Terrorism Specific Terminology

Appendix D - Acronyms and Abbreviations

Use the above publication extracts to take this subcourse. At the time this subcourse was written, these were the most current publications. In your own work situation, always refer to the latest publications.

APPENDIX A - KNOWN TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS

NOTE TO THE STUDENT:

The organizations listed below have been identified as known terrorist organizations in the past. Many of these groups are still active and pose a threat. Additional information for each organization can be obtained through the Defense Intelligence Agency publication, Terrorist Groups Profiles.

LATIN AMERICA

Argentina:

AAA Alianza Anticommunista Argentina (Anti-Communist Alliance

DP Montoneros ERP Ejercito Revolucionario del Pueblo (People's Revolutionary Army) (August 22 Movement)

ERP Ejercito Revolucionario del Pueblo (People's Revolutionary Army) (Communist)

MANO Argentina National Organization Movement TC Tacuara (Fascist)

Bolivia:

EDM Death Squads

ELN Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional (National Liberation Army)

FSB Bolivian Socialist Phalange (Fascist)

MIR Revolutionary Movement of Bolivia

Brazil:

AAB Anti-Communist Alliance of Brazil

EDM Death Squads

ELN Action for National Liberation

MR-8 Revolutionary Movement of the 8th

VAR Vanguardia Armada Revolucionario (Armed Revolutionary Vanguard) Marighella)

VPR Popular Revolutionary Vanguard

Chile:

EDM Death Squads

LP Patria Libertad (Right Wing)

MIR Movimiento de la Izquierda Revolucionaria (Revolutionary Movement of the Left)

NASAC Chilean National Socialist Alliance (Neo-Nazi)

PAG Proletarian Action Group

Columbia:

ELN Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional (National Liberation Army)

EPL Ejercito Popular de Liberacion (Popular Liberation Army)

FARC Fuerzas Armadas Revoluaionarias de Columbia (Armed Revolutionary Forces of Columbia)

M-19 Movimiento 19 April (April 19 Movement)

MAS Vigilante Group (Organized Crime)

MLFC Military Liberation Front of Columbia

Costa Rica:

MRP People's Revolutionary Movement

RSC Revolutionary Solidarity Commands

RSRG Roberto Santucho Revolutionary Group

Dominican Republic:

LB La Banda (Vigilante)

MPD Movimiento Popular Dominico (Dominican Popular Movement)

El Salvador:

ERP Ejercito

Revolucionario del Pueblo (People's Revolutionary Army)

FAPU Frente de Accion Popular Unificado (United Popular Action Front)

FARN Fuerzas Armadas de Resistencia Nacional (Armed Forces of National Resistance)

FDER Democratic Revolutionary Front

FPL Fuerzas Populares de Liberacion Farabunda Marti (Farabundi Marti Popular Forces of Liberation)

UGB Union Guerrera Blanca (White Fighting Union) (Right Wing Extremist)

WWU White Warrior Union (Right Wing)

Guatemala:

EGP Ejercito Guerrillero de los Pobres (Guerrilla Army of the Poor)

FAA Armed Action Army (Right Wing)

MLN National Liberation Movement

MPR People's Revolutionary Movement

MR-13 Movimiento Revolucionario Alejandro de Leon 13 Noviembre (Revolutionary Movement Alejandro de Leon November 13)

NCG Guatemala National Commando

OPO WG Eye for Eye White Brotherhood (Right Wing)

Z Group Z (Fascist)

Haiti:

CNLB Coalition of national Liberation Brigades

Honduras:

MAR Armed Revolutionary Movement

MPL Movimiento de Liberacion Popular (Popular Liberation Movement)

MPLC Movimiento de Liberacio Popular Cinchonero (Cinchonero Popular Liberation Movement)

VEN Venceremos Organization (Terrorist Support)

Mexico:

ACNR Associacion Civica Nacional Revolucionaria (National Revolutionary Civic Association)

BB Brigade Blanca (Right Wing)

ELP People's Revolutionary Army

ERPM Mexican People's Revolutionary Army

FRAP Fuerzas Revolucionarias Armadas del Pueblo (People's Revolutionary Armed Forces)

LCA Liga Comunista Armada (Armed Commnist League)

LCS-23 Liga Comunista 23 Septiembre (23rd September Communist League)

OLC Lucio Cabanas Organization

Nicaragua:

ARD Democratic Revolutionary Alliance

SC Sandinistas (Contras)

Panama:

IU Indio Uno

Paraguay:

Movement Popular Colorado Movement (Armed Faction)

DEP Military Political Organization (Right Wing)

Peru:

AAP Peruvian Anti-Communist Alliance

CO Condor

MANO Armed Nationalist Movement Organization

MIR Movimiento de la Izquierda Revolucionaria (Movement of the Revolutionary Left)

SL Sendero Luminosa (Shining Path)

Uruguay:

AMS Militant Socialist Group

GAU United Action Group

MLN Movimiento de Liberacion Nacional (National Liberation Movement) (Tupamaros)

OPR-23 Popular Revolutionary Organization 23

Venezuela:

GAS American Silva Group

GL Red Flag Group

EUROPE

Belgium:

CCC Communist Combatant Cells

JLB Julian Lahout Brigade

Federal Republic of Germany:

RAF Rote Armee Fraktion (Red Army Faction) (Formerly known as the Bader/Meinhoff Group)

RZ Revolutionare Zallon (Revolutionary Cells)

Wehrspotgruppe Hoffman (Defense Sports Group Hoffman) (Neo-Nazi)

France:

AD Action Directe (Direct Action Group)

LARF Lebanese Armed Revolutionary Faction

NO New Order (Extreme Right Wing)

RSB Raul Sandic Brigade

Greece:

ELA Epanastatikos Laikos Agonas (People's Revolutionary Struggle)

RA Revolutionary Action

N-17 November 17th Revolutionary Organization (Left-wing)

DEV-SOL (Left-Wing)

Italy:

ACN Armed Communist Nuclei

AO Autonomous Workers

BR Brigate Rosse (Red Brigades)

NAR Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari (Armed Revolutionary Nuclei) (Neo-Fascist)

ON Ordine Nero (Black Order) (Fascist)

Netherlands:

RH Rode Hulp (Red Help)

RMS South Moluccan Freedom Federation

Portugal:

CDEC Commando for the Defense of Civilians (Neo-Fascist)

ELP Exercito de Liberacao Portugues (Portuguese Liberation Army)

FP-25 Forcas Populares do 25 Abril (Popular Forces 25 April) (Trotskyite)

PACM Portuguese Anticommunist Movement (Counterterror)

Spain:

ETA Euskadi ta Askatasuna (Freedom for he Basque Homeland)

FN Fuerza Nueva (New Force) (Neo-Fascist)

FRAP Frente Revolucionario Antifascista y Patriotico (Anti-Fascist and Patriotic Revolutionary Front)

GRAPO Grupo de Resistencia Anifascista de Primero de Octubre (lst of October Anti-Fascist Resistance Group)

NIG Nationalist Intervention Group (Right Wing)

Switzerland:

JCAG Justice Commando of the Armenian Genocide LBJ Les Beliers De Jura (Marxist)

PKC Petra Klaus Commando (International)

Turkey:

BKT Bozkurtler (Grey Wolves) (Right Wing)

DEV GENC Revolutionary Youth Federation

DEV SOL Revolutionary Left

DEV YOL Revolutionary Army

MLAPU Marksist Leninist Propaganda Silahli Birligi (Marxist-Leninist Armed Propaganda unit)

TIC Turkish Idealist Club (Right Wing)

TLPA Turk Halk Kurtulus Ordusu (Turkish People's Liberation Army)

United Kingdom:

AB The Angry Brigade

AG Army of the Gael (Right Wing)

C88 Column 88 (Neo-Fascist)

INLA Irish National Liberation Army (Marxist)

IRA Irish Republican Army

IRA(P) Provisional Irish Republican Army

UDA Ulster Defense Association (Right Wing)

UDR Ulster Defense Regiment (Right Wing)

MIDDLE EAST/AFRICA

Afghanistan:

AIS Afghan Islamic Society (Religious Fundamentalists)

ANLF Afghan National Liberation Front

IALA Islamic Allegiance for Liberation of Afghanistan

Algeria:

OPR Organization of Popular Resistance (Right Wing)

ULFNA United Liberation Front of the New Algeria

Angola:

NUTLA National Union for Total Liberation of Angola

MPLA Movimento Popular para a L'bertacao de Angola (Popular Movement for Liberation of Angola)

Egypt:

AJ-AJ AI Jiahd-AI Jiahd (Radical Islamic)

ATWH Altakfir Waal Hijra (Moslem Brotherhood Faction)

Ethiopia:

ELF Eritrean Liberation Front (Separatist)

KLF Kurdish Liberation Front

MEK Mujahdin El Khalk (People's Strugglers)

OLF Oromo Liberation Front (Somali backed)

PLF Popular Liberation Forces (Monarchist)

TPLF Tigre People's Liberation Front Iraq

Iraq:

IMIA Iraqi Movement for Islamic Action

KRP Kirdish Revolutionary Organization

ALF Arab Liberation Front

Israel:

PLO Palestine Liberation Organization (Arab)

WOG Wrath of God (Counterterrorist terrorist)

Jordan:

JNLM Jordanian National Liberation Movement

Lebanon:

AJM Al Jihad Mugadis AMAL Shiite Movement

PH Phalange

Libya:

NFSL National Front for the Salvation of Libya

PCLS People's Committee for Libyan Students

Mozambique:

COREMO Comite Revolucionario de Mocambique (Revolutionary Commitee of Mozambique)

FRELIMO Frente de Libertacao de Mocambique (Mozambique Liberation Front)

Palestinians:

AF Al Fatah (Palestinian National Liberation Movement)

AS Al Sa'iga (Syrian Sponsored)

BSO Black September Organization

EPR Eagles of Palestinian Revolution

MBC Muhammed Boudia Commando (AKA Carlos Group)

OANY Organization of Arab Nationalist Youth

PFPL Popular Front for Liberation of Palestine (Jabhat al-Shaabiya li Tahrir Falistin)

PFLP-GC Popular Front for Liberation of Palestine General Command (Jabhat al-Shaabiya li Tahrir Falistin al-Quiyadat al-Ama)

PDFLP Popular Democratic Front for Liberation of Palestine

PLA Palestine Liberation Army

PLO Palestine Liberation Organization

RCF Revolutionary Council of Fatah (Abu Nidal Faction)

Somalia:

SDSF Somali Democratic Salvation Front

SLF Somali Liberation Front

South Africa:

ANC African National Congress (Marxist)

PAC Pan African Congress (Marxist)

SWAPO Southwest African People's Organization

Sudan:

NFS National Front of Sudan (Right Wing)

SPF Sudanese Progressive Front

SSLF Southern Sudan Liberation Front

Tunisia:

TARF Tunsian Armed Resistance Front

Yemen (North):

ENU Eagles of National Unity

FLOSY Front for the Liberation of Occupied South Yemen (Jabhat al-tahrir al-Janubu al-Yemen)

ASIA

Bangladesh:

JSD Jatyo Samajtantrik Dal (Nationalist Socialist Party) (Right Wing)

KIO Kachin Independence Organization

NUP National Unity Party Burma

NDF National Democratic Front (Right Wing)

Campuchea (Cambodia)

KPNLF Khmer People's National Liberation Front

India:

AM Anand Marg (Path of Bliss)

KLF Kasmirir Liberation Front

UPRF Universal Proutist Liberation Front

Indonesia:

DIHWC Darul Islam Holy War Command

PKI Partal Komunis Indonesia (Communist Party of Indonesia) (Maoist)

RMS Free Molucan Movement

Japan:

CH Nucleous Faction

Chukaku-Ha - (Extreme Left-Wing)

Middle Core

Nucleous Faction

Zenchin (Group's Periodical)

GT

Gijin To (Martyr's Party)

JRA/UJRA Japanese Red Army, Untied JRA

MAR Maruseido (Marxist Youth)

MCRA Middle Core Revolutionary Army

SGK Sokagakkai

URLG Unified Revolutionary Liberty Group (New Left)

Zengakuren (National Union of Autonomous Committees of Japanese Students)

Korea (ROK):

MD Masked Dance (Marxist Youth)

RPRK Revolutionary Party for Reunification of Korea

Malaysia:

MNLA Malaysian National Liberation Army

PGRS Sarawak People's Guerrilla Force

SK Communist Party Organization

Pakistan:

AZ Al Zulfikar

NAP National Awami Party (Maoist)

PPP Pakistani People's Party

Phillipines:

BMA Bangsa Moro Army ILF Islamic Liberation Front (PLO connected)

MNLF Moro National Liberation Front

NPA New People's Army

PRF People's Revolutionary Front

TNPLA The New People's Liberation Army

TPLA The Phillipines Liberation Army

Sri Lanka:

JVP People's Liberation Front

Taiwan:

PLF People's Liberation Front

Thailand:

PLF Pattani Liberation Front TPLF Thai People's Liberation Front

ANTI-CASTRO CUBAN ORGANIZATIONS:

ABDALA April 17th Movement

Anti-Castro Commando B2506 Brigade

Bay of Pigs Veteran's Association

CAC Cuban Action Commando

CORU Coordination of the United Revolutionary Organization

CRD Cuban Revolutionary Directoate

EC El Condor

EPC El Poder Cubano (Cuban Power 76)

F-14 Organization

FIN National Integration Front/AKA Cuban National Front

FLNC Cuban National Liberation Front

ISRUC International Secret Revolutionary United Cells

JCN Joint Cuban Coordination Group M-7

Movement of the 7th

Omega 7

PLBC Pedro Luis Boitel Commando

PR Pragmatistas

SCG Secret Cuban Government

SFE Second Front of Escambray

SHO Secret Hand Organization (Crime connected)

JFACC United Front of Anti-Castro Cubans

YOS Youth of the Star

PUERTO RICO

Puerto Rican Separatist Terrorist Organization

CAL Armed Liberation Commandos

COPAAN Anti-Annexation Patriotic Committee

CRIA Independent Armed Revolutionary Commandos

CRP People's Revolutionary Commandos

FALN Fuerzas Armadas de Liberacion (Armed Forces of National Liberation)

FARP Armed Forces of Popular Resistance

MAR Movimiento de Accion Revolucionaria (Revolutionary Action Movement)

MIRA Armed Revolutionary Independence Movement

NLN National Liberation Movement (Puerto Rican and Chicano)

MPR People's Revolutionary Movement--Machateros

OVPR Organization of Volunteers of the Puerto Rican Revolution

SSDAC Student Self-Defense Armed Commando (Cuban connections)

TRANSNATIONAL TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS:

APRM Armenian Popular Revolutionary Movement

ARF Armenian Revolutionary Federation

ASLA Armenian Secret Liberation Army

AYF Armenian Youth Federation

CGIB Che Guevera International Brigade

CIS Croation Intelligence Service

EANJAF East Asia NATO-Japanese Armed Front

HRB Croation revolutionary Brotherhood

IASF Iranian and Arab Student Federation

IIG Islamic International Guerrillas

ILO Islamic Liberation Organizations (Shiite)

IRF International Revolutionary Front

JCAG Justice Commando of the Armenian Genocide

JDL Jewish Defense League

JRA/UJRA Japanese Red Army/United Japanese Red Army

MB Moslem Brotherhood

MRC Mohammed Boudia Commando (Carlos)

CANADA/UNITED STATES

CANADA:

FLQ- Front de Liberation du Canada

United States:

AIM - American Indian Movement

Alpha 66

A.M.E.R.I.C.A.N. Army

Army of God

Aryan Nations

Black Guerrilla Family

BLA - Black Liberation Army

Black Panthers

Croation Revolutionary Army

Cuban Nationalist Movement

FALN - Fuerzas Armadas de Liberacion (Armed Forces of National Liberation)

JDL - Jewish Defense League

JDA - Jewish Direct Action

KKK - Ku Klux Klan

M-19 Communist Organizations:

Armed Resistance Unit

Guerrilla Resistance Movement

Red Guerrilla Resistance

Revolutionary Armed Task Force

United Freedom Front

Macheteros

NIRCA - Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association

NORIAD - Irish Northern Aid Committee (Money collected goes to IRA)

Republic of New Africa

Revolutionary Communist Party

SLA - Symbionese Liberation Army

TT - Tribal Thumb/Wells Spring Commune

Wolverines

WUO - Weather Underground Organization

PFOC - Prairie Fire Organizing Committee (Front Organization for WUO).

EZU - Emiliano Zapata Unit

INTERNATIONAL GROUPS OPERATING IN THE UNITED STATES

ASALA - Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia

FMLN - El Salvador Intelligence and Support Cells

FSLN - Nicaraguan Intelligence and Support Cells

IRA - Intelligence and Logistics Cells

Iranian bombing/Assassination Teams

JCAG - Justice Commandos of the Armenian Genocide

Libyan Assassination Teams

M-19 - Columbia Support Cells

PFLP - Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine Intelligence Cells

PLO - Popular Liberation Front Support Groups