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International Disputes

CountryDisputes
East Timor
  • Timor Sea Dispute involves the 1999 maritime delimitation which established partial maritime boundaries with East Timor over part of the Timor Gap but temporary resource-sharing agreements over an unreconciled area grant Australia 90% share of exploited gas reserves and hamper creation of a southern maritime boundary with Indonesia
  • East Timor-Indonesia Boundary Committee continues to meet, survey, and delimit the land boundary, but several sections of the boundary especially around the Oekussi enclave remain unresolved
  • Indonesia and East Timor contest the sovereignty of the uninhabited coral island of Palau Batek/Fatu Sinai, which may delay decision on the northern maritime boundaries
  • numerous East Timor refugees in Indonesia refuse repatriation
  • Ecuador
  • the continuing civil disorder in Colombia has created a serious refugee crisis in neighboring states, especially Ecuador
  • Ecuador-Peru Border Dispute By October 1995, Guarantor military observers (MOMEP) had organized the withdrawal of some 5,000 troops from the disputed Cenepa Valley and supervised demobilization of 140,000 troops on both sides. On 18 January 1999, Peruvian President Fujimori and Ecuadorian President Mahuad presided over a ceremony to celebrate completion of the demarcation of the Lagartococha-Guepi region.
  • Egypt
  • Egypt and Sudan retain claims to administer the triangular areas that extend north and south of the 1899 Treaty boundary along the 22nd Parallel, but have withdrawn their military presence; Egypt is economically developing and effectively administers the "Hala'ib Triangle" north of the Treaty line
  • Tiran and Sanafir islands transferred from Egypt to Saudi Arabia in April 2016, ending dispute
  • El Salvador
  • in 1992, the ICJ ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" (disputed areas) along the El Salvador-Honduras boundary, and the OAS is assisting with a technical resolution of undemarcated bolsones; in 2003, the ICJ rejected El Salvador's request to revise its decision on one part of the bolsones
  • the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca with consideration of Honduran access to the Pacific
  • El Salvador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not mentioned by the ICJ, off Honduras in the Gulf de Fonseca
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • in 2002, ICJ ruled on an equidistance settlement of Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea-Nigeria maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea, but a dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River, imprecisely defined coordinates in the ICJ decision, and the unresolved Bakasi allocation contribute to the delay in implementation
  • creation of a maritime boundary in hydrocarbon-rich Corisco Bay with Gabon is hampered by dispute over Mbane Island, administered and occupied by Gabon since the 1970s
  • Eritrea
  • Eritrea and Ethiopia agreed to abide by 2002 Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Commission's (EEBC) delimitation decision, but demarcation has been delayed, despite intense international intervention, by Ethiopian insistence that the decision ignored "human geography," made technical errors in the delimitation, and incorrectly awarded Badme, the focus of the 1998-2000 war, and other areas to Eritrea and Eritrea's insistence on not deviating from the commission's decision; UN Peacekeeping Mission to Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) continues to monitor a 25km-wide Temporary Security Zone in Eritrea until the demarcation
  • Sudan accuses Eritrea of supporting Sudanese rebel groups
  • Eritrea protests Yemeni fishing around the Hanish Islands awarded to Eritrea by the ICJ in 1999
  • in 2008 Eritrean troops move across the border on Ras Doumera peninsula and occupy Doumera Island with undefined sovereignty in the Red Sea
  • Estonia
  • Russia-Estonia Border treaty, signed on May 18th 2005, in Moscow, prescribed the borderline in details, but has not been ratified. Russia continues to reject signing and ratifying the joint December 1996 technical border agreement with Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Eritrea and Ethiopia agreed to abide by the 2002 independent boundary commission's delimitation decision, but demarcation has been delayed, despite intense international intervention, by Ethiopian insistence that the decision ignored "human geography," made technical errors in the delimitation, and incorrectly awarded Badme - the focus of the 1998-2000 war - and other areas to Eritrea and Eritrea's insistence on not deviating from the commission's decision
  • Oromo region of southern Somalia - Ethiopia maintains only an administrative line and no international border and maintains alliances with local clans in opposition to the Transitional National Government, which lost its mandate in August 2003, in Mogadishu.
  • "Somaliland" secessionists provide port facilities and trade ties to landlocked Ethiopia
  • efforts to demarcate the porous boundary with Sudan have been delayed by civil war
  • Europa Islandclaimed by Madagascar



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