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International Disputes

  • Uganda is subject to armed fighting among hostile ethnic groups, rebels, armed gangs, militias, and various government forces that extend across its borders
  • Uganda hosts 209,860 Sudanese, 27,560 Congolese, and 19,710 Rwandan refugees, while Ugandan refugees as well as members of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) seek shelter in southern Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo's Garamba National Park
  • LRA forces have also attacked Kenyan villages across the border
  • Ukraine
  • 1997 boundary delimitation treaty with Belarus remains un-ratified due to unresolved financial claims, stalling demarcation and reducing border security; delimitation of land boundary with Russia is complete with preparations for demarcation underway
  • Kerch / Sea of Azov Dispute over the boundary between Russia and Ukraine through the Kerch Strait and Sea of Azov remains unresolved despite a December 2003 framework agreement and expert-level discussions
  • Moldova and Ukraine operate joint customs posts to monitor transit of people and commodities through Moldova's break-away Transnistria Region, which remains under OSCE supervision
  • the ICJ gave Ukraine until December 2006 to reply, and Romania until June 2007 to rejoin, in their dispute submitted in 2004 over Ukrainian-administered Zmiyinyy/Serpilor (Snake) Island and Black Sea maritime boundary
  • Romania opposes Ukraine's reopening of a navigation canal from the Danube border through Ukraine to the Black Sea
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Boundary agreement was signed and ratified with Oman in 2003 for entire border, including Oman's Musandam Peninsula and Al Madhah enclaves, but contents of the agreement and detailed maps showing the alignment have not been published
  • Iran and UAE dispute Tunb Islands and Abu Musa Island, which Iran occupies
  • United Kingdom
  • In 2002, Gibraltar residents voted overwhelmingly by referendum to reject any "shared sovereignty" arrangement between the UK and Spain; the Government of Gibraltar insists on equal participation in talks between the two countries; Spain disapproves of UK plans to grant Gibraltar greater autonomy
  • Mauritius and Seychelles claim the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory); in 2001, the former inhabitants of the archipelago, evicted 1967 - 1973, were granted U.K. citizenship and the right of return, followed by Orders in Council in 2004 that banned rehabitation, a High Court ruling reversing the ban, a Court of Appeal refusal to hear the case, and a Law Lords' decision in 2008 denying the right of return
  • the United Kingdom created the world's largest marine protection area around the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory) prohibiting the extraction of any natural resources therein
  • UK rejects sovereignty talks requested by Argentina, which still claims the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
  • territorial claim in Antarctica (British Antarctic Territory) overlaps Argentine claim and partially overlaps Chilean claim
  • Iceland, the UK, and Ireland dispute Denmark's claim that the Faroe Islands' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm
  • Graham Island volcanic island, appeared briefly in 1831, disputed with Italy
  • United States
  • The US rejects the U-shaped, nine-dash line that China uses to assert sovereignty over nearly the whole South China Sea. Washington had always said that it takes no position on competing territorial claims in the South China Sea among China, the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Brunei and opposes any use of force to resolve such issues.
  • The US has intensified domestic security measures and is collaborating closely with its neighbors, Canada and Mexico, to monitor and control legal and illegal personnel, transport, and commodities across the international borders
  • abundant rainfall in recent years along much of the Mexico-US border region has ameliorated periodically strained water-sharing arrangements
  • 1990 Maritime Boundary Agreement in the Bering Sea still awaits Russian Duma ratification
  • Canada and the United States dispute how to divide the Beaufort Sea and the status of the Northwest Passage but continue to work cooperatively to survey the Arctic continental shelf
  • The Bahamas and US have not been able to agree on a maritime boundary
  • US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay is leased from Cuba and only mutual agreement or US abandonment of the area can terminate the lease
  • Haiti claims US-administered Navassa Island
  • US has made no territorial claim in Antarctica (but has reserved the right to do so) and does not recognize the claims of any other states
  • Marshall Islands claims Wake Island
  • Tokelau included American Samoa's Swains Island among the islands listed in its 2006 draft constitution
  • Uruguay
  • In 2010, the ICJ ruled in favor of Uruguay's operation of two paper mills on the Uruguay River, which forms the border with Argentina; the two countries formed a joint pollution monitoring regime
  • uncontested boundary dispute between Brazil and Uruguay over Braziliera/Brasiliera Island in the Quarai/Cuareim River leaves the tripoint with Argentina in question
  • smuggling of firearms and narcotics continues to be an issue along the Uruguay-Brazil border
  • Uzbekistan
  • Prolonged drought and cotton monoculture in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan creates water-sharing difficulties for Amu Darya river states
  • field demarcation of the boundaries with Kazakhstan commenced in 2004
  • Kyrgyzstan-Uzbekistan Border delimitation is underway with Uzbekistan but serious disputes around enclaves and elsewhere continue to mar progress for some 130 km of border

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    Page last modified: 27-11-2018 16:30:39 ZULU