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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

Iraq Survey Group Final Report

Delivery Systems

Delivery Systems Key Findings1
Evolution of Iraq's Delivery Systems3
The Regime Strategy and WMD Timeline3
Ambition (1980-91)3
Decline (1991-96)4
Recovery (1996-98)5
Miscalculation (2002-2003)7
Resolving the Retained Scud-Variant Missile Question9
Liquid-Propellant Missile Developments9
Al Samud II10
Al Samud Warhead14
Al Samud II Warhead16
Solid-Propellant Missile Developments17
Al Fat'h Missile Program17
Background17
General Characteristics18
Propulsion18
Guidance and Control19
Warhead21
Testing25
Material Balance25
Conclusions28
Al 'Ubur Missile Program28
Background28
Propulsion29
Guidance and Control29
Warhead30
Testing30
Conclusions30
Other Composite Solid-Propellant Systems30
Long-Range Ballistic Missile Projects31
Clustering SA-2/Volga Engines Designs31
SA-2 Conversions to Surface-to-Surface Missiles35
Large-Diameter Solid-Propellant Missile Project35
Program Development35
New Cruise Missile Projects37
HY-2 Range Extension37
Propulsion System39
Warhead39
Guidance and Control39
Conclusions39
The Jinin [Jenin] Project39
Propulsion System40
Warhead41
Guidance and Control41
Conclusions41
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and Remotely Piloted Vehicles (RPVs)41
Brief History42
MiG-21 RPV42
Background42
Roles and Missions44
L-29 RPV (Al Bay'ah)44
Background44
Roles and Missions44
Huwaysh's Accounting of the L-29 RPV Program45
Conclusions46
Al Yamamah Project46
Background46
Ibn-Firnas UAVs47
Background47
Characteristics47
Missions48
Foreign Assistance48
Conclusions51
Al Quds UAV Program52
Background52
Characteristics55
Missions55
Conclusions56
Procurement Supporting Iraq's Delivery Systems56
Infrastructure Improvements and Technology Developments67
Static Test-Firing Facilities67
Solid-Propellant Rocket Motor Case Manufacture67
Propellant Production67
Solid-Propellant Motor Casting Chambers68
Production of Solid-Propellant Ingredients68
Propellant Research68
Graphite Technology69
Carbon Fiber Filament Winding69
Ceramic Warhead Effort?70
Proscribed Activities70
Violations of United Nations Sanctions and Resolutions71
Equipment Restoration.71
Undeclared Activities72
Role of the MTCR74
Annexes
A. Resolving the Retained Scud-Variant Missile Question77
B. Liquid-Propellant Missile Developments95
C. Solid-Propellant Missile Developments115
D. People123

 

 



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