Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)
1994 North Korea Special Weapons News
- U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE DAILY PRESS BRIEFING DECEMBER 9, 1994 -- The North Koreans have been here this week for expert talks on the issues involved in establishing Liaison Offices between our two countries.
- BOND - UNITED STATES-NORTH KOREA NUCLEAR DEAL (Senate - December 01, 1994) The problems with this agreement are many. Most important, it grants major concessions to the North Koreans while not requiring significant reciprocal actions for a decade.
- U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE DAILY PRESS BRIEFING OCTOBER 25, 1994 - Those large reactors -- the 50-megawatt reactor, the 200-megawatt reactor - - construction on both of these reactors that would have produced hundreds of kilograms per year -- that is to say, over
a five-year period -- then hundreds of nuclear weapons worth of material would have been produced by these reactors. These reactors will be frozen now. Construction will cease on these reactors.
- Agreed Framework between the United States of America and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (October 21, 1994) Delegations of the Governments of the United States of America and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea held talks in Geneva from September 23 to October 21, 1994, to negotiate an overall resolution of the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula.
- McCAIN - THE NUCLEAR AMBITIONS OF NORTH KOREA (Senate - October 07, 1994) While the talks drag on, the North Koreans will be granted sufficient time to reach a point when they can convert the fuel into weapons grade plutonium. During this time, they will not be constrained by economic sanctions or the build-up of U.S. military forces on the Korean peninsula. Short of persuading North Korea that they have reached the limit of our willingness to be played for fools, I am not sure there is anything else we can do to avert disaster.
- A TOUGH, SMART DEAL TIME Domestic October 31, 1994
- BRIEFING ON KOREA ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE FOR POLITICAL-MILITARY AFFAIRS ROBERT L. GALLUCCI OCTOBER 25, 1994
- U.S.-North Korea Deal "Better than War," but Limitations in Agreement Warrant Close Watching 19 October 1994 Nuclear Control Institute
- IAEA HEAD ENDORSES NUCLEAR PACT WITH NORTH KOREA By Russell E. Dybvik
USIA Diplomatic Correspondent - 19 October 1994
- U.S., CHINA HAVE "CONGRUENT POSITIONS" ON NORTH KOREA By Russell E. Dybvik
USIA Diplomatic Correspondent - 03 October 1994
- RUSSIAN POLICY AND THE KOREAN CRISIS Stephen J. Blank US Army Strategic Studies Institute September 30, 1994 -- Russia's policy is a function of the broader domestic debate in Russia over security policy, in general, and Asian policy, in particular -- and must be understood in that context.
- North Korea Is Operating Mirim College for Electronic Warfare Research, Seoul CHUNGANG ILBO, 22 Sep 94
- NORTH KOREA COOLING-OFF PERIOD The U.S. agrees in principle to a nuclear buyout but faces still more negotiations with a slippery partner TIME Domestic August 22, 1994
- BROADER TALKS EXPECTED WHEN N. KOREA NUCLEAR ISSUE RESOLVED STATE DEPARTMENT REPORT 17 August 1994
- The Korean Nuclear Crisis by Robert Perkinson, August 1994 Bulletin
of Concerned Asian Scholars
- The Korean Nuclear Crisis: "Seoul Will Become a Sea of Fire...", by Minn Chung - August 1994 Bulletin
of Concerned Asian Scholars
- NEXT OF KIM -- (BY STEPHEN J. SOLARZ) (Extension of Remarks - August 03, 1994) North Korea continues work on a 200 megawatt reactor, which will give it the capacity to produce enough fissile material for ten or more atom bombs per year when it is completed in 1996. It is also still constructing a `second line' in its reprocessing plant.
- NO NUKES FOR NORTH KOREA -- (BY VICTOR GILINSKY) (Extension of Remarks - August 02, 1994) The idea has gotten about that there is a neat technical fix to the threat posed by North Korea's homemade nuclear reactors. This involves replacing their reactors, which are fueled with natural uranium and geared to producing plutonium, with ones like ours, which are more `proliferation resistant.'
- TIME FOR A LITTLE PANIC BY CHARLES KRAUTHAMMER TIME Domestic July 25, 1994
- LORD SEES NORTH KOREAN NUCLEAR ISSUE AS PARAMOUNT By Paul Malamud USIA 20 July 1994 -- Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Winston Lord says the "Korean nuclear issue" is the chief international security concern in Asia in the view of the Clinton administration.
- Kim Jong Il: Now It's His Turn TIME Domestic July 18, 1994
- KIM JONG-IL IN NORTH KOREA CONGRESSIONAL REPORT, JULY 11 -- He's had almost no contact with foreign leaders. We have had some unsettling reports about him, but we're operating on very skimpy evidence here.
- GALLUCCI FULLY EXPECTS TALKS WITH NORTH KOREA TO RESUME (07/10/94 Transcript: interview on Brinkley program) -- Chief U.S. negotiator Robert Gallucci says "we fully expect" that there will be a resumption of the Geneva talks between the United States and North Korea.
- THIRD ROUND OF U.S.-NORTH KOREAN TALKS START JULY 8 STATE DEPARTMENT REPORT, 6 July 1994
- As the Plutonium Cools After a visit from Carter, Kim Il Sung promises to freeze his bomb program, and the U.S. agrees to talks TIME Domestic July 4, 1994
- U.S. PREPARED TO MOVE BACK TO UNSC ON NKOREA IF THEY DELAY (Excerpts: Secretary of State before SFRC June 30) -- Secretary of State Christopher told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee June 30 that should the North Koreans use the dialogue the United States is entering into with them, "we are prepared to move back to the (UN) Security Council to pursue sanctions and take whatever steps are appropriate to resolve this issue."
- In Need of Good Faith Carter and Kim try to restart negotiations on a nuclear settlement TIME Domestic June 27, 1994
- U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE DAILY PRESS BRIEFING JUNE 24, 1994 - John Holland, the Director of the Arms Control
and Disarmament Agency, was characterized in some news accounts as having suggested that the Administration is more interested in freezing the program than in going back and looking at the history of that program. The United States is unwilling to dismiss the past as water under the bridge, that we are going to have to resolve the discrepancies that have existed in the program in the past.
- U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE DAILY PRESS BRIEFING JUNE 23, 1994 - I think the DPRK hasindicated they have security issues they would like to see discussed in the context of a broad and thorough dialogue. We have security issues as well. Certainly, among them, first and
foremost, would be a resolution of the nuclear issue and a discussion about the history ofNorth Korea's nuclear program.
- McCAIN - THE CRISIS IN KOREA (Senate - June 23, 1994) While the talks drag on, the North Koreans will be granted sufficient time to reach the point when they can convert the fuel into weapons grade plutonium. During this time they will not be constrained by economic sanctions or the buildup of United States military forces on the Korean peninsula.
- Press Conference Of The President June 22, 1994 Today I want to
announce an important step forward in the situation in North Korea .
This afternoon we have received formal confirmation from Noth Korea
that it will freeze the major elements of its nuclear program while a
new round of talks between our nations proceeds.
- BACKGROUND BRIEFING BY SENIOR ADMINISTRATION OFFICIAL JUNE 22, 1994 -- The North Koreans have told us previously and again through President Carter that they are particularly interested in the light-water reactor which would then mean that they could abandon their much less proliferation resistant current nuclear technology, and that they are interested in assurances against the use of nuclear weapons against them.
- Statement by the Press Secretary JUNE 22, 1994 -- President Clinton and President Kim Young Sam of South Korea discussed recent developments in the North Korean situation, including
today's developments that open the way to a third round of U.S.-DPRK talks.
- US DEPARTMENT OF STATE DAILY PRESS BRIEFING JUNE 22, 1994 -- My understanding is that they promised the
inspectors that they and their equipment would remain in place. We're seeking confirmation from North Korea that that includes access to the facilities that the IAEA has decided or determined that they need in order to assure the continuity of safeguards.
- PRESSLER - NORTH KOREA AND CHINA (Senate - June 21, 1994) If the North Koreans can stare down the Clinton administration, it will be very difficult to persuade the rest of East Asia not to look after its own security interests.
- D'AMATO - PRESIDENT CLINTON'S KOREA POLICY (Senate - June 21, 1994) North Korea's latest offer to resolve the crisis over its nuclear program appears to include little that is new, but President Clinton's willingness to seize it as an opportunity to avoid a confrontation reflects an abrupt shift of policy.
- JIMMY CARTER'S TRIP TO NORTH KOREA
CONGRESSIONAL REPORT, JUNE 21 -- Senator John McCain (Republican of Arizona) and Senator Phil Gramm (Republican of Texas) just returned from a visit to South Korea. SEN. MCCAIN: If there's any sign of hope, of course, I would favor it. But I didn't see anything new in Kim Il Sung's offers to President Carter and I'm very concerned about the fact that time is not on our side.
- U.S. WILL CONTINUE TO PRESS FOR KOREAN SANCTIONS WHITE HOUSE REPORT, MONDAY, JUNE 20 The United States will continue to press its allies to agree to sanctions against North Korea while it attempts to verify whether Pyongyang's commitments given to former President Jimmy Carter -- particularly on freezing its nuclear program -- are genuine, Myers told a questioner.
- WHITE HOUSE PRESS BRIEFING 20 June 1994 -- Ambassador Albright met with the Russian representative to the U.N. today to discuss the sanctions resolution. I think that they reached additional
agreement in the direction that that resolution is moving. I think we need to verify that they are in fact willing to freeze their nuclear program while talks are ongoing.
- INTERVIEW OF THE PRESIDENT BY THE "TODAY SHOW" June 20, 1994 -- We have, surely, something to gain by talking with the North Koreans, by avoiding further steps toward a crisis. But we have to know there's been a change. So we'll be looking to verify that.
- US DEPARTMENT OF STATE DAILY PRESS BRIEFING JUNE 20, 1994 -- We would like to see a basisfor resuming a dialogue with North Korea, and that basis would be restored if North Korea
clarified certain things that had been said to indicate that they are freezing major elements of their nuclear program while these prospective talks take place, and that they are not refueling the reactor nor reprocessing any of the spent fuel that has been removed from the reactor; and that they are maintaining continuity of IAEA safeguards at the facility.
- PRESS BRIEFING BY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE ROBERT GALLUCCI 19 June 1994 -- We have never said that
this was a crisis. Our view of this is that we are working very hard
to avoid a crisis from materializing. And it may well be that
President Carter has brought back something upon which we can build
and defuse the situation.
- STATEMENT BY THE PRESS SECRETARY
June 18, 1994 - Preliminary reports from President Carter's visit to Pyongyang present the possibility that the North Koreans may be prepared to make commitments and take actions that would restore the basis for a third
round of U.S.-DPRK talks.
- US DEPARTMENT OF STATE DAILY PRESS BRIEFING JUNE 17, 1994 -- We said that ifthe North Koreans mean to convey that they are prepared to defer reprocessing, defer refueling the reactor and maintain the continuity of safeguards, then we would be prepared to go to athird round.
- "PRUDENT" ACTION URGED TO PREPARE U.S. FORCES IN SOUTH KOREA CONGRESSIONAL REPORT, FRIDAY, JUNE 17 -- The Senate June 16 approved, by a 93-3 vote, a resolution urging President Clinton to "immediately take all necessary and prudent actions to enhance the preparedness" of U.S. and South Korean troops "to deter and, if necessary, repel an attack from North Korea."
- U.S. CONTINUING TO DISCUSS NORTH KOREAN SANCTIONS UNITED NATIONS REPORT, FRIDAY, JUNE 17 -- U.S. Ambassador Madeleine Albright is continuing efforts to obtain a U.N. sanctions resolution against North Korea despite reports from Pyongyang of a possible break-through following meetings between former President Jimmy Carter and North Korean officials.
- U.S. SEEKS SUPPORT FOR ARMS EMBARGO ON NORTH KOREA By Jacquelyn S. Porth, USIA Security Affairs Writer - 16 June 1994
- REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT IN PRESS AVAILABILITY June 16, 1994 -- Today there are reports that the North Koreans, in discussions with President Carter, may have offered new steps to resolve the international community's concerns, saying that International Atomic Energy Agency inspectors and monitoring equipment would be left in place and that North Korea desires to replace its present nuclear program with a new light water reactor technology that is more resistent to nuclear proliferation.
- PRESS BRIEFING BY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE FOR POLITICAL AND MILITARY AFFAIRS ROBERT GALLUCCI June 16, 1994 -- The United States welcomes indications given to President Carter that North Korea desires to find a constructive solution to the very serious issues between North Korea and the international community. We note North Korea's assurances that IAEA inspectors and IAEA monitoring equipment would be kept in place. We also note North Korea's desire to replace its gas graphite fuel cycle with more
proliferation-resistant light water technology, and its willingness to return to full compliance with the Nonproliferation Treaty and IAEA safeguards, including special inspections, as part of an overall settlement of this issue.
- WHITE HOUSE PRESS BRIEFING 13 June 1994 -- The President spoke a while ago to President Yeltsin. They agreed on a general approach to sanctions to the U.N. Security Council action to moving forward on that front, and I think that's part of the ongoing consultation on developing a sanctions proposal.
- DOWN THE RISKY PATH Clinton and Kim Il Sung go head-to-head on nuclear weapons TIME Domestic June 13, 1994 Volume 143, No. 24
- NORTH KOREA WHAT IF... ...war breaks out in Korea? TIME Domestic June 13, 1994 Volume 143, No. 24
- PELL - CONTAINING NORTH KOREA'S NUCLEAR THREATS (Senate - June 10, 1994) North Korea's refusal to comply with its obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty has provoked a grave international crisis. The critical nature of the dilemma, however, should not be aggravated by loose talk and false bravado.
- STATEMENT FROM FORMER U.S.PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER ANNOUNCING HIS PLANS TO VISIT KOREA 10 June 1994 -- My wife Rosalynn and I will be visiting North Korea and South Korea next week. We will be going as private citizens, representing the Carter Center.
- GALLUCCI: U.S. WILL NOT WALK AWAY FROM NKOREA NUCLEAR PROBLEM Robert F. Holden
USIA Staff Writer - 09 June 1994
- ROK OFFICIAL DISCUSSES SANCTIONS WITH SECURITY COUNCIL UNITED NATIONS REPORT, MONDAY, JUNE 6 --South Korean Foreign Minister Han Sung-chu met individually June 6 with members of the U.N. Security Council to discuss plans for dealing with North Korea's refusal to comply with international nuclear safeguards agreements.
- NORTH KOREA STILL DISCHARGING FUEL FROM REACTOR STATE DEPARTMENT REPORT, 1 June 1994
- The Korean Nuclear Crisis: Old and New Korean Wars, by Bruce Cumings June 1994 Bulletin
of Concerned Asian Scholars
- The Korean Nuclear Crisis: The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in Retrospect:
The Case of North Korea, by Catherine B. Wrenn - June 1994 Bulletin
of Concerned Asian Scholars
- The Korean Nuclear Crisis: Statement of Peace and Reunification of the Korean Peninsula by the Reunification Committee of the National Council of Churches in
Korea, adopted 14 June 1994 - June 1994 Bulletin
of Concerned Asian Scholars
- The Korean Nuclear Crisis: Nuclear-Free Korean Peninsula: Visit of the MV Greenpeace Spotlights South Korean Nukes by Tom Clements, Greenpeace International Plutonium Campaign, June 1994 Bulletin
of Concerned Asian Scholars
- CLINTON, SOUTH KOREAN LEADER BACK U.N. APPEAL TO NORTH KOREA WHITE HOUSE REPORT, TUESDAY, MAY 31 -- President Clinton and South Korean President Kim Young-sam have affirmed their support for a UN Security Council statement they believe sends a firm message to North Korea to return to a path of dialogue regarding its suspected nuclear weapons program.
- McCAIN - UNITED STATES POLICY AND THE CRISIS IN KOREA (Senate - May 24, 1994) North Korea's nuclear program may be the defining crisis of the post-cold-war world. It represents a clear and present danger to our closest Asian allies and to the security of the United States itself. The American commander in South Korea, General Luck, was reported to have estimated that war on the Korean peninsula would last no longer than 90 days. First, increase the readiness and alert posture of U.S. and South Korean forces; second, deploy to South Korea additional troops from the United States; third, deploy additional fighter aircraft squadrons and Apache helicopters to South Korea; fourth, deploy a carrier battle group to the area; fifth, preposition bombers and tankers in the region; Air or cruise missile strikes on North Korea's nuclear facilities would not completely destroy their nuclear program, but they could damage it severely.
- North Korea's Nuclear Crossroads VOA Editorial 10 May 1994 -- The US urges North Korea to forgo its nuclear ambitions and cooperate in insuring a secure, nuclear-free Korean peninsula. Doing so would enable North Korea to end its self-imposed isolation.
- DEFENSELESSNESS LIMITS OUR ABILITY TO ACT AGAINST NORTH KOREA -- (BY RICHARD PERLE) (Extension of Remarks - May 04, 1994) North Korea stands firm in its resolve to develop nuclear weapons despite the Clinton administration's diplomacy and exhortation. The administration's current strategy of looking to the U.N. Security Council promises to be equally ineffective. Meanwhile, it has limited our ability to act by not funding the most effective defense against North Korea's nuclear threat--missile defense technology.
- U.S. Security Policy in Korea
Secretary of Defense William Perry Address to the Asia Society, Washington, DC, May 3, 1994 -- I would like to talk to you about my recent trip to Korea, and, in particular, to try to answer the critical question that was often posed to me on this trip and since this trip--that is, how is it possible to achieve a nuclear-free Korean Peninsula without creating an unacceptable risk of war?
- IAEA, NORTH KOREAN OFFICIALS DISCUSS ACCESS TO REACTOR DEFENSE DEPARTMENT REPORT, 28 April 1994
- SIMON - CREATING A NUCLEAR STRAW MAN (Senate - April 20, 1994) I have been puzzled by the fact that South Korea and Japan seem to be less concerned about the North Korean nuclear threat than the United States. Obviously, they are concerned, but there is not the same frenzy about it.
- Policy Note on North Korea 04/12/94 -- The following Policy Note is intended for use by U.S. Government personnel at embassies abroad as a source of accurate, current information about significant U.S. foreign policy issues. It is not intended for publication. It seeks to update readers on recent and current USG policy on North Korea.
- Well, Maybe a Nuke or Two TIME Domestic April 11, 1994
- U.S. POLICY ON NORTH KOREA HAS BEEN CONSISTENT DEFENSE DEPARTMENT REPORT, 5 April 1994
- NORTH KOREA PYONGYANG"S DANGEROUS GAME TIME Domestic April 4, 1994 Volume 143, No. 14
- U.N. SECURITY COUNCIL URGES NORTH KOREA TO ALLOW INSPECTIONS 31 March 1994 (Text: presidential statement)-- The U.N. Security Council March 31 appealed to North Korea to permit the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to complete inspection activities at a nuclear facility near Pyongyang.
- CHRISTOPHER SAYS U.S. WORKING CLOSELY WITH CHINA ON NKOREA RES (Transcript: Remarks prior to meeting with ForMin Han - 03/30/94) -- Secretary of State Christopher says the United States has been working closely with China on the text of a resolution on the North Korean nuclear inspections issue.
- CHRISTOPHER: HAN SAYS CHINA SHARES U.S. CONCERNS OVER NKOREA (Excerpts: Secretary of State on March 30, 1994) Washington -- Secretary of State Christopher says the United States has been working closely "with the Chinese on the text of the (UN) resolution" on North Korea "and I was encouraged to hear from (South Korean) Foreign Minister Han that his conversations in Beijing over the last few days indicated that the Chinese share the concerns the United States has about developments in North Korea."
- NORTH KOREAN SITUATION IS NOT AN EMERGENCY DEFENSE DEPARTMENT REPORT - 29 March 1994
- Trouble in the East In exclusive interviews, leaders in
South Korea and China talk about fears of North Korea's
nuclear aspirations and problems with the U.S. TIME Domestic March 28, 1994
- PERRY ON NORTH KOREA: "NO CRISIS AT THIS POINT" By Jim Shevis USIA Staff Writer - 25 March 1994 -- Defense Secretary William J. Perry says "there is no military crisis at this point" between the United States, its South Korean ally, and North Korea. At the same time, Perry told reporters March 25, the United States is taking "prudent" defensive measures in case the on-again, off-again dispute with North Korea were to escalate.
- CLINTON SEEKS END TO NUCLEAR IMPASSE WITH PYONGYANG By Alexander M. Sullivan
USIA White House Correspondent - 24 March 1994
- THINGS FALL APART--AGAIN! Peter Hayes - March 24, 1994 - The Northeast Asia Peace and Security Network
- McINNIS - SITUATION ON THE KOREAN PENINSULA (House of Representatives - March 22, 1994) If a conflict were to be initiated by North Korea, we believe that we would have about a 24-hour notice. We will within days of any kind of military conflict beginning take thousands and thousands of American casualties. We need to be prepared for what could be the biggest challenge to us since the commencement of World War II. There have been military estimates that say we could lose the peninsula in as short a period as 2 weeks.
- McCAIN - NORTH KOREA (Senate - March 16, 1994) At what point will this administration accept that appeasement of North Korea is a losing proposition? What is at the core of this reckless policy? I believe it is an utter failure of nerve; a failure to confront a difficult problem today in the hope that it will simply go away in time.
- NEW NORTH KOREAN MISSILE IS A WEAPON OF THE FUTURE DEFENSE DEPARTMENT REPORT, 10 March 1994 "DeLaski said the Defense Department is "aware" that North Korea is
developing a follow-on to the Soviet-designed Scud missile. The Taepo Dong series is a longer-range version of the Nodong missile, which is still "in an early stage of development,"she said, adding "it is really too early to speculate when and if it could ever be operational.""
- ANTHONY LAKE ON NORTH KOREA -- HON. LEE H. HAMILTON (Extension of Remarks - March 08, 1994) North Korea may have produced enough plutonium for one or two nuclear devices. If North Korea continues to ignore its non-proliferation obligations, we are prepared to turn to options other than negotiations, including economic sanctions. As the President has said, `our goal is not endless discussions, but certifiable compliance.'
- Resumption of U.S.-North Korea Negotiations on Nuclear and Other Issues Statement by Department Spokesman Michael McCurry, released by the Office of the Spokesman, Washington, DC, March 3, 1994, including the text of the U.S.-North Korea agreed conclusions -- The United States Government has been informed that a team of inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has arrived in Pyongyang to begin work at North Korea's Yongbyon nuclear research facility.
- U.S., NORTH KOREA TO MEET AGAIN; MILITARY EXERCISE SUSPENDED (Text: State Department statement) (03 March 1994) Washington -- The United States and North Korea will meet in Geneva March 21 for a third round of negotiations aimed at resolving nuclear and other issues, the State Department says.
- U.S. WELCOMES RESUMPTION OF SOUTH KOREA-NORTH KOREA DIALOGUE (Text: McCurry February 26 statement) -- The United States welcomes "the resumption of South-North dialogue" by Korean special envoys scheduled to begin March 1 in Panmunjom, State Department spokesman Michael McCurry says.
- BENNETT -- THE NORTH KOREAN NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM (Senate - February 24, 1994) The problem was ably set out by Washington Post columnist Lally Weymouth in her column of February 17. As she notes, extracted plutonium is `a lot more valuable than cocaine.' For a desperate regime like North Korea, with a history of selling every major weapons system it has ever produced, the temptation to sell to the highest bidder could be too much.
- NUNN, LUGAR URGE STRONGER POLICY ON NORTH KOREA
CONGRESSIONAL REPORT, 24 February 1994
- INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY DOES NOT SEEK TO ISOLATE NKOREA (Transcript: Christopher remarks of 02/17/94) -- Secretary of State Christopher says the international community "does not seek to isolate North Korea but to help it join the mainstream of the East Asian region."
- U.S. WELCOMES NORTH KOREA'S ACCEPTANCE OF IAEA INSPECTIONS By Edmund F. Scherr USIA Diplomatic Correspondent - 15 February 1994 -- -- The United States welcomes North Korea's acceptance of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguard inspections at seven declared nuclear sites and hopes they will begin "as soon as possible," the State Department said February 15.
- NORTH KOREA'S NUCLEAR CHALLENGE -- (BY LYNN DAVIS) (Extension of Remarks - February 02, 1994) North Korea, one of the few remaining hardline Stalinist countries in the world, appears intent on developing a nuclear weapons arsenal. Should it succeed, stability on the Korean peninsula will be threatened. Our friends in Japan and South Korea will face heightened pressures to acquire nuclear weapons of their own.
- PATRIOT MISSILES FOR UNITED STATES FORCES IN SOUTH KOREA: WHICH VERSION? (Senate - February 01, 1994) The number of Patriot batteries involved [in the planned South Korean deployment], as well as where they would come from, has yet to be determined. Only two Patriot battalions out of 11 in the US Army currently have the quick reaction program (QRP) improvements installed.
- MCCAIN (AND OTHERS) AMENDMENT NO. 1331 (Senate - February 01, 1994) North Korea must halt its nuclear weapons program and fully comply with the terms of the NPT and the January 30, 1992, full-scope safeguards agreement agreed to by North Korea and the IAEA.
- PATRIOT MISSILES FOR UNITED STATES FORCES IN SOUTH KOREA: WHEN? (Senate - January 31, 1994) The deployment of Patriot missiles has been discussed by Seoul and Washington for a long time as part of a plan to beef up defense against possible North Korean attack. The plan will go ahead, though the size and the time of deployment have yet to be fixed between the two governments.
- PATRIOT MISSILES FOR U.S. FORCES IN SOUTH KOREA: ANOTHER DISASTER BY INDECISION? (Senate - January 27, 1994) Gen. Gary E. Luck, Commander of the United Nations Command and U.S. Forces, Korea, has reportedly requested `about three dozen' Patriot missile launchers, each of which contains four missiles.' He wants to deploy the Patriots as a partial defense around South Korean ports and airfields that would be used by arriving United States reinforcements in a crisis.'
- LUGAR SAYS RUSSIA, NORTH KOREA FACE SEVERE ECONOMIC WOES By Wendy S. Ross
USIA Congressional Affairs Writer - 13 January 1994
- NORTH KOREA A GAME OF NUCLEAR ROULETTE Does Kim Il Sung have the bomb? TIME Domestic January 10, 1994
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