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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


2001 Russia Special Weapons News



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

    December

  • BUSH / RUSSIA ARMS VOA 27 Dec 2001-- The Bush administration is revamping some of the U-S government programs that help Russia reduce weapons of mass destruction and prevent them from falling into the wrong hands
  • Fact Sheet: Nonproliferation, Threat Reduction Assistance to Russia Washington File 27 Dec 2001-- The President has made clear repeatedly that his Administration is committed to strong, effective cooperation with Russia and the other states of the Former Soviet Union to reduce weapons of mass destruction and prevent their proliferation. To ensure that the promise of those programs is fully realized, the Administration has undertaken, in consultation with the Congress, a detailed review of U.S. nonproliferation and threat reduction assistance to the Russian Federation.
  • RUSSIA --10 YEARS LATER VOA 19 Dec 2001-- Ten years ago -- December 25th 1991 marked one of the pivotal moments of the 20th Century. It was the day the Soviet Union formally ceased to exist ending more than 70 years of communist rule and decades of Cold War tensions. The disintegration led to the creation of several newly independent nations and new alliances. Yet at the core remains Russia the once mighty center of the Soviet superpower, now in the throes of change and in search of a new post-Cold War identity
  • YEARENDER: BUSH - PUTIN VOA 16 Dec 2001-- As 2001 drew to a close, President Bush announced America's intention to abandon the Cold War era Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. The withdrawal came as no surprise. The news was in the nature of the response from Russian President Vladimir Putin: words of regret, but not outrage
  • RUSSIA / SUBMARINE VOA 05 Dec 2001-- Russian President Vladimir Putin is back in Moscow after attending the launching (Tuesday) of the country's newest nuclear submarine

    November

  • Fact Sheet: U.S. Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Aid to Russia VOA 13 Nov 2001-- The United States "is committed to strong, effective cooperation with Russia and the other states emerging from the former Soviet Union to reduce weapons of mass destruction and prevent the proliferation of these weapons or the material and expertise to develop them," according to a fact sheet released November 13 by the White House in conjunction with the visit to Washington of Russian President Vladimir Putin.

    October

    September

  • RUSSIA/KURSK VOA 08 Sept 2001-- The salvage of the Russian nuclear submarine Kursk from the bottom of the sea has run into further delays. For the third time, divers were forced to repair an underwater saw needed to cut off the bow of the sub
  • Transcript: Defense Official Feith on Russia, Missile Defense Washington File 06 Sept 2001-- A group of senior U.S. defense advisers expects to hear next week in Moscow what Russian defense experts think about information given them during their visit to Washington in August, according to the Defense Department's new under secretary for policy.
  • U-S / RUSSIA / ARMS VOA 05 Sept 2001-- The Bush administration says Russian firms are continuing to provide Iran with technology for weapons of mass destruction despite persistent U-S complaints

    August

  • RUSSIA/ROCKET VOA 25 Aug 2001-- Russia has fired a proton rocket carrying a military satellite from its Baikonour cosmodrome in Kazhakstan
  • RUSSIA / KURSK SALVAGE VOA 25 Aug 2001-- The effort to salvage Russia's Kursk nuclear submarine has resumed after bad weather forced divers to suspend work for the third time
  • RUSSIA / U-S ARMS VOA 22 Aug 2001-- A U-S official has given Russia an unofficial deadline to agree to changes in the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty
  • RUSSIA/ U-S / ARMS VOA 21 Aug 2001-- A top U-S arms envoy is in Moscow for talks with Russian officials about Washington's plans for a national missile defense
  • RUSSIA COUP ANNIVERSARY VOA 19 Aug 2001-- Russia is marking the 10th anniversary of the coup against Communist leader Mikhail Gorbachev, which led to the collapse of the Soviet Union
  • RUSSIA/AIR FORCE VOA 19 Aug 2001-- Russia's air defenses are in disarray, dangerous to pilots and lagging far behind the West, according to the Commander of the Russian Air Force
  • RUSSIA / COUP ATTEMPT, PART 3 OF 4 VOA 17 Aug 2001-- On August 18, 1991, eight high-ranking Soviet officials placed Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev under house arrest and took control of the government of the U-S-S-R. Less than 72 hours later, their coup had collapsed, but it would change the course of history in a way that no one -- certainly not the plotters themselves -- could have foreseen. Our Moscow Bureau has been talking with some of those directly involved in those tumultuous days ten years ago
  • RUSSIA / COUP ATTEMPT, PART 4 OF 4 VOA 17 Aug 2001-- On August 18, 1991, eight high-ranking Soviet officials placed Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev under house arrest and took control of the government of the USSR. Less than 72-hours later, their coup had collapsed, but it would change the course of history in a way that no one - certainly not the plotters themselves - could have foreseen. Our Moscow Bureau has been talking with some of the people involved in those tumultuous days 10-years ago.
  • RUSSIA / COUP ATTEMPT, PART 2 OF 4 VOA 16 Aug 2001-- On August 18, 1991, eight high-ranking Soviet officials placed Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev under house arrest and took control of the government of the U-S-S-R. Less than 72 hours later, their coup had collapsed, but it would change the course of history in a way that no one -- certainly not the plotters themselves -- could have foreseen. Our Moscow Bureau has been talking with some of those directly involved in those tumultuous days ten years ago
  • RUSSIA / COUP ATTEMPT, PART 1 OF 4 VOA 15 Aug 2001-- On August 18, 1991, eight high-ranking Soviet officials placed Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev under house arrest and took control of the government of the USSR. Less than 72-hours later, their coup had collapsed, but it would change the course of history in a way that no one - certainly not the plotters themselves - could have foreseen. Our Moscow Bureau has been talking with some of the people involved in those tumultuous days 10-years ago
  • POST-SOVIET DIVIDE VOA 14 Aug 2001-- A decade after the collapse of the Soviet Union, a comprehensive new study finds a growing divide among the 27 nations that once made up the Soviet Empire
  • RUSSIA / RUMSFELD VOA 13 Aug 2001-- Russian President Vladimir Putin has repeated his country's opposition to American plans to scrap the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (A-B-M) Treaty and build a missile defense system
  • RUSSIA / KURSK VOA 12 Aug 2001-- Church services have been held across Russia to mark the first anniversary of the sinking of the Kursk nuclear submarine
  • RUSSIA / KURSK VOA 11 Aug 2001-- One year ago Sunday, the Russian nuclear submarine Kursk exploded and sank in the Barents Sea in the Russian Arctic. Despite the passage of time, many questions remain unanswered about just what happened on the submarine
  • ISSUE FOCUS: PUTIN HOSTS KIM JONG-IL, SIGNALING U.S. THAT 'RUSSIA IS BACK IN THE GAME' Washington File 09 Aug 2001-- Independent media in Europe and East Asia agreed that Pyongyang dictator Kim Jong-Il and Russian President Vladimir Putin staged their Moscow talks with the Bush administration, not their own publics, in mind. Papers in Russia, Germany and Hong Kong saw Putin as using the meetings to leverage a better ABM deal from the U.S. and to jockey for a Russian role on the Korean Peninsula. Only the fawning North Korean media and a pro-PRC paper in Macau took the leaders' joint statement at face value. West European writers panned the "Moscow Declaration," ridiculing, for example, its description of Pyongyang's missile program as "peaceful." In Seoul, commentators expressed hope that the Russian excursion had provided the insular North Korean leader with a reality-check, but a conservative voice worried that the "Dear Leader" might be fashioning a "Northern Triangle" (N.Korea-China-Russia) to confront the S.Korea-U.S.-Japan alliance. Most writers savored the irony of a democratically-elected Russian president hosting a 21st century Stalinist. It was a visit that, according to one Russian, "bewildered" Russian public opinion.

    July

  • U-S/RUSSIA/MISSILE VOA 30 Jul 2001-- Pentagon officials are declining comment on reports that Russia has tested a new missile apparently designed to defeat U-S missile defenses
  • RUSSIA/NAVY VOA 29 Jul 2001-- Russian President Vladimir Putin attended a special parade to commemorate the annual Navy Day holiday to honor sailors and officers
  • RUSSIA / U-S / A-B-M VOA 27 Jul 2001-- Russia's foreign ministry says it heard no arguments from U-S National Security Adviser Condoleeza Rice that would persuade it to agree to changes in the A-B-M treaty against defensive missiles. Ms. Rice left Moscow Thursday after discussions with Russian officials about U-S plans to build a national missile defense system.
  • KURSK SALVAGE VOA 27 Jul 2001-- Russian officials and members of a Dutch engineering consortium say they plan to raise the sunken Russian submarine Kursk from the bottom of the Barents Sea by mid-September -- but only if the weather allows them to do so
  • RUSSIA / RICE VOA 26 Jul 2001-- U-S National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice says the United States will continue testing a planned national missile defense system and will not wait for Russian agreement. Her comments came following talks in Moscow with Russian President Vladimir Putin
  • RUSSIA / U-S VOA 25 Jul 2001-- U-S National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice has arrived in Moscow. She is scheduled to meet Thursday with top Russian leaders about U-S missile defense plans. Earlier today (Wednesday), Ms. Rice advised Ukraine to hold fair elections and continue political reforms or risk losing economic support from the West
  • BUSH-PUTIN VOA 24 Jul 2001-- After the conclusion of the Genoa Economic Summit, President George W. Bush and Russia's Vladimir Putin made some progress on the issue of nuclear weapons reduction.
  • RUSSIA / U-S / ARMS VOA 23 Jul 2001-- Russian President Vladimir Putin says an agreement he reached with President George Bush linking missile defense with nuclear arms reduction represents good progress but cannot be considered a breakthrough
  • BUSH / PUTIN VOA 22 Jul 2001-- The United States and Russia are taking a new approach to arms negotiations. President Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin say they want to link talks on offensive weapons with consideration of American plans to build a missile defense system. The two leaders met in Genoa, Italy before Mr. Bush went on to Rome for talks with Italian leaders and a visit with Pope John Paul the Second
  • RUSSIA/PUTIN VOA 18 Jul 2001-- Russian President Vladimir Putin says Russia has no plans to team up with China in a joint response if the United States unilaterally abandons the Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty. The announcement came today (Wednesday) during a wide-ranging Kremlin news conference
  • CHINA / RUSSIA / TREATY VOA 16 Jul 2001-- Chinese President Jiang Zemin and Russian President Vladimir Putin sign a friendship pact today (Monday) in Moscow aimed at setting the course of future relations between the two countries
  • U-S/CHINA/RUSSIA VOA 16 Jul 2001-- The Bush administration says it is not troubled by the signing in Moscow of a Russian-Chinese friendship treaty. It also says it still hopes to cooperate with Moscow on missile-defense
  • RUSSIA / MISSILE REAX VOA 15 Jul 2001-- Russian officials have criticized the United States for testing a key component of its nuclear missile shield, which Russia strongly opposes
  • BUSH / PUTIN VOA 13 Jul 2001-- The White House says President Bush wants to talk about new strategic relations with Russia when he meets next week with Russian President Vladimir Putin

    June

    May

  • State Department Noon Briefing, U.S. Department of State, Office of the Spokesman, 29 May 2001 -- Will Secretary Powell, when he meets Mr. Ivanov, mention the offer, you know, as expressed by The New York Times about missile defense, changing the ABM, buying the missile SS-300; is that correct?
  • US/Russia/Talks, Voice of America, 20 May 2001 -- Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov ending a visit to Washington says he is unconvinced by Bush administration arguments for deploying a missile-defense system.
  • US / Russia, Voice of America, 18 May 2001 -- President Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin have agreed to meet for the first time next month in Slovenia and explore ways to overcome differences over U-S plans to build a national missile defense system.
  • Moscow Plans Deployment of More Topol-M Missiles, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 95, Part I, 18 May 2001 -- General Vladimir Yakovlev, the commander of Russia's Strategic Rocket Forces, said on 17 May that Moscow plans to deploy a fourth set of Topol-M ICBMs by the end of 2001
  • Russia Launches U.S. Satellite, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 93, Part I, 16 May 2001 -- A Russian Proton rocket carried an American Panamsat communications satellite into orbit
  • U.S. Ideas On NMD Described As 'Laughable', RFE/RL NEWSLINE, Vol. 5, No. 92, Part I, 15 May 2001 -- Marshal Igor Sergeev told RIA-Novosti on 14 May that American ideas about missile defense are "laughable" but warned that Washington almost certainly will ignore Russia's views on the matter and go ahead
  • Moscow Hopes To Build More Reactors In Iran, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 91, Part I, 14 May 2001 -- addition to completing the construction of a nuclear power station in Bushehr, the Russian Atomic Energy Ministry hopes to build up to five more such plants
  • Nikolaev Leads Russian Opposition To Bush Missile Defense Initiative, RFE/RL Security Watch, Vol. 2, No. 19, 14 May 2001 -- General Andrei Nikolaev, the head of the Duma Defense Committee, has taken the lead in attacking the U.S. missile-defense initiative proposed by President George W. Bush
  • Military Loses Contact With Its Satellites, RFE/RL Security Watch, Vol. 2, No. 19, 14 May 2001 -- A fire in the Kaluga command center has interrupted the Russian Defense Ministry's Space Forces communications with its "Oko" early warning military satellites
  • U.S., Russia Consult On Missile Defense, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 91, Part I, 14 May 2001 -- First Deputy Defense Minister Anatolii Kvashnin met with visiting U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Paul Wolfowitz on 11 May to discuss American plans to introduce an antiballistic missile system
  • Moscow Loses Control of Military Satellites After Fire, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 90, Part I, 11 May 2001 -- A major fire at a ground relay station near Kaluga resulted in the loss of contact with four military satellites
  • Russia / U-S Missiles, Voice of America, 11 May 2001 -- Russia says it remains unconvinced by American arguments in favor of U-S plans for a missile defense system.
  • Russia / U-S Missile Defense, Voice of America, 10 May 2001 -- A U-S delegation is to discuss American plans for a missile defense shield with Russian officials Friday in Moscow.
  • Pentagon Spokesman's Briefing - Russian Early Warning System, U.S. Department of Defense, 10 May 2001 -- Q: Is there any concern here about the reliability of the Russian early warning system either actually or potentially, given the fire in the Space Command there and the loss of control of their military satellites?
  • Russia Now Without A Spy Satellite In Orbit, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 89, Part I, 10 May 2001 -- Russia does not now have a military photo-reconnaissance satellite in orbit
  • A Looming Proliferation Threat, RFE/RL Security Watch, Vol. 2, No. 18, 9 May 2001 -- Falling salaries among Russian scientists working on nuclear weapons and missiles represent a looming proliferation threat, according to a study by an American think-tank.
  • Putin Creates Chemical Weapons Disarmament Body, RFE/RL NEWSLINE, Vol. 5, No. 87, Part I, 7 May 2001 -- President Putin on 4 May issued a decree creating a state commission for chemical disarmament
  • Low Salaries May Lead Nuclear Scientists To Work Abroad, RFE/RL NEWSLINE, Vol. 5, No. 86, Part I, 4 May 2001 -- A study prepared by Valentin Tikhonov for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace that was released this week said that nuclear and missile scientists now earn so little from their regular jobs that they must take part time positions
  • State Department Noon Briefing - Topol Missiles, U.S. Department of State, Office of the Spokesman, 04 May 2001 -- Q: The Armenians - recently they give some bases nearby the Turkish border which the Russians they established some S-300 missile - this area. Isn't that a violation of the conventional arms agreement in Europe?
  • Russia / US Missiles, Voice of America, 02 May 2001 -- Russia's foreign minister says his government is ready to discuss U-S defense concerns, but he says Russia remains adamant that the Anti-Ballistic Missile, or A-B-M, treaty signed by the two countries in 1972 must stay intact.
  • Putin, Bush Agree To Discussions On NMD, Disarmament, RFE/RL NEWSLINE, Vol. 5, No. 84, Part I, 2 May 2001 -- U.S. President George W. Bush telephoned his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin on 1 May to assure him that Washington will not make any unilateral decisions on missile defenses

    April

  • Moscow Downgrades Nuclear Force Command, RFE/RL NEWSLINE, Vol. 5, No. 83, Part I, 30 April 2001 -- Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov appointed Nikolai Solovtsov to head the nuclear rocket forces on 27 April, but pointedly noted that he will hold the rank of commander rather than commander in chief of that service as his predecessors had
  • White House Daily Briefing - Missile Defense, The White House, Office of the Secretary, 30 April 2001 -- Q: What will be (the President's) message to Russia?
  • Russia Seen Having Edge In 'Star Wars' Competition, RFE/RL NEWSLINE, Vol. 5, No. 82, Part I, 27 April 2001 -- Writing in "Itogi," No. 16, journalist Oleg Odnokolenko said Moscow should trade its agreement to changes in the ABM treaty for the right to fit its Topol missiles with MIRVs
  • Russia: Is Free Press In Jeopardy? Foreign Media Reaction 26 Apr 2001-- The recent takeover of Russia's only non-governmental national television station, NTV, by state-dominated gas monopoly Gazprom and subsequent actions against other parts of mogul Vladimir Gusinsky's Media-Most empire (including the closure of daily Segodnya and replacement of weekly Itogi's staff) were seen by observers in Russia and elsewhere as a clear Kremlin victory in the nearly year-old battle between Mr. Gusinsky and the government. Russian commentators were sharply divided over whether the Kremlin campaign to silence Gusinsky's independent media outlets was a serious threat to a free press in Russia, or merely a business move directed at the debt-ridden Media-Most conglomerate. Still others in Russia portrayed the Media-Most/Kremlin dispute as an overblown "political show" involving infighting between high-level politicos and big business, finding fault with both parties. Outside Russia, most European opinionmakers struck alarmist tones, worrying that Russian President Putin's "blitz against the free press" posed a serious challenge to this most visible sign of Russia's nascent democracy
  • Russia Tests Nuclear Fuel Made From Military Plutonium, RFE/RL NEWSLINE, Vol. 5, No. 79, Part I, 24 April 2001 -- Vitalii Sadovnikov, the director of the Mayak nuclear research facility in the Urals, told ITAR-TASS on 23 April that his facility has successfully tested the first nuclear fuel rod made from plutonium taken from decommissioned nuclear warheads
  • Russia Needs More Assistance To Destroy Weapons, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 74, Part I, 17 April 2001 -- Atomic Energy Minister Valentin Ivanov said on 16 April that Western countries have provided Russia with only $600 million of the $2 billion needed to destroy weapons-grade plutonium
  • Kremlin Steps Up Its Campaign Against NMD, RFE/RL Security Watch, Vol. 2, No. 15, 16 March 2001 -- Speaking at a Putin-convened international conference against the militarization of space, Deputy Foreign Minister Georgii Mammedov said that Moscow seeks the adoption of an international agreement banning the deployment of military systems in space
  • Russians Believe U.S. NMD Plans Threaten Russian Security, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 72, Part I, 12 April 2001 -- A poll conducted by the ROMIR agency and reported by ITAR-TASS on 11 April found that 46.5 percent of Russians believe that NMD deployment by the United States would pose "a considerable threat" to Russian national security
  • Putin Warns Against Weapons In Outer Space, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 72, Part I, 12 April 2001 -- In a letter read by Deputy Prime Minister Ilya Klebanov to an international conference in Moscow on the peaceful use of outer space, President Putin said that "we have a duty to safeguard peace in outer space," because "the experience of international space activity shows the need for care in this field"

    March

  • Bush / Russia Arms, Voice of America, 29 March 2001 -- President Bush says his administration is reviewing U-S programs aimed at helping Russia to dismantle Soviet-era nuclear weapons and safeguard nuclear material and expertise.
  • Russian Missile Seen Supporting European Defense, RFE/RL NEWSLINE, Vol. 5, No. 60, Part I, 27 March 2001 -- The Antei 2500 could serve as the foundation for a European anti-missile defense system
  • NMD Seen Eliminating Russia's Superpower Status, RFE/RL NEWSLINE, Vol. 5, No. 58, Part I, 23 March 2001 -- Writing in "Literaturnaya gazeta," No. 12, commentator Mikhail Urusov said that one of the reasons Moscow is so concerned by U.S. plans to build a national missile defense is that it would make "Russia's sole remaining superpower attributes all but worthless."
  • Russian Analysts Now Calm About U.S. NMD Statements, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 55, Part I, 20 March 2001 -- An unsigned article in "Nezavisimoe Voennoe Obozrenie," No. 9, said Russian military and security analysts have concluded that Moscow should react calmly to American statements about NMD because the U.S. is not going to be in a position to build it in the near future.
  • Weapons Sale To Iran Seen Backfiring, RFE/RL Security Watch, Vol. 2, No. 11, 19 March 2001 -- Even as President Vladimir Putin was arranging to sell more weapons to visiting Iranian President Mohammed Khatami, Russian commentators were suggesting that these weapons sales may backfire by offending the United States and Israel and even creating direct risks to Russian national security.
  • Russia / Iran, Voice of America, 15 March 2001 -- This week, Iranian President Mohammed Khatemi is in Moscow to sign a pact of cooperation and an arms deal with the Russians.
  • Moscow Increases Spending On Destruction of Chemical Weapons, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 52, Part I, 15 March 2001 -- Deputy Foreign Minister Grigorii Berdennikov said on 14 March that Moscow will spend six times more in 2001 than it did in 2000 on the destruction of chemical weapons
  • Moscow Rejects U.S. Criticism of Iran Ties, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 51, Part I, 14 March 2001 -- Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov said on 13 March that "relations between Russia and Iran are not directed against third countries"
  • Ivashov Says Moscow Won't Exit ABM Accord Immediately Even If U.S. Does, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 50, Part I, 13 March 2001 -- Colonel-General Leonid Ivashov, who heads the Russian Defense Ministry's Department for International Military Cooperation, said Moscow has no plans to pull out of the ABM treaty immediately even if it sees evidence that the United States is doing so
  • Iran Russia, Voice of America, 13 March 2001 -- Russian arms manufacturers are preparing for weapons sales to Iran.
  • Iran / Russia, Voice of America, 12 March 2001 -- Russian President Vladimir Putin says his government will resume selling weapons to Iran and continue to assist Iran in developing nuclear energy.
  • Russia - Iran, Voice of America, 11 March 2001 -- Iranian President Mohammad Khatami is preparing to discuss regional and bi-lateral issues with officials in Moscow.
  • Russia To Begin Destruction of Chemical Weapons, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 46, Part I, 7 March 2001 -- Acknowledging that Russia has not destroyed the amount of chemical weapons required under its earlier agreement with the United States, Russian officials said on 6 March that they will begin doing so this year
  • Former FSB Head Says NMD Works To Russia's Advantage, RFE/RL Security Watch, Vol. 2, No. 9, 6 March 2001 -- Nikolai Kovalev, who used to head the FSB and now chairs the Duma Security Committee, said U.S. plans to build a national missile defense system (NMD) meet the strategic interests of Russia
  • Moscow Criticizes U.S. Again On NMD, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 44, Part I, 5 March 2001 -- On the 40th anniversary of the Soviet Union's successful anti-missile test on 4 March 1961, Russian officials criticized the U.S. for thinking that it could set up a national missile defense (NMD) system beyond the capacity of Russia to counter
  • Russia Ready To Sell India Nuclear Submarine, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 44, Part I, 5 March 2001 -- The deputy director of "Rosoboroneksport", Viktor Komarin told "Vremya Novostei" on 15 February that Russia is ready to sell the Indian navy a Russian-built nuclear submarine
  • A Dual Position On 'Dual' Technologies, RFE/RL Security Watch, Vol. 2, No. 8, 5 March 2001 -- President Vladimir Putin told a Russian Security Council session that Russia will impose tight controls over the export of dangerous technologies, implying that not all Russian agencies had done so effectively up to now
  • Kokoshin Calls For New Anti-Proliferation Mechanism, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 43, Part I, 2 March 2001 -- Andrei Kokoshin, the director of the Institute of Problems of International Security at the Academy of Sciences and a Duma member, told Interfax on 1 March that Russia must work with other countries to develop a political mechanism for preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction
  • Conflict Over 'Mir' Continues, RFE/RL NEWSLINE, Vol. 5, No. 42, Part I, 1 March 2001 -- Rosaviakosmos head Yurii Koptev said on 28 February that Russia has taken all necessary procedures for decommissioning and deorbiting the "Mir" spacecraft
  • U.S. NMD Unlikely To Be Effective Anytime Soon, General Says, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 42, Part I, 1 March 2001 -- Major General Vladimir Belous, the director of the Moscow Center for International and Strategic Studies, told ITAR- TASS on 28 February that for the next 10 to 15 years the American national missile defense (NMD) system will have "more of a political than a military significance" for Russia

    February

  • A Different View On NMD: It Could Help Russia, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 40, Part I, 27 February 2001 -- Former FSB Director Nikolai Kovalev, who now serves on the Duma Defense Committee, told Interfax on 26 February that he believes that the U.S. intention to create an NMD system could actually serve the interests of Russia's strategic security
  • Moscow Seen Admitting Proliferation Problems, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 39, Part I, 26 February 2001 -- An article in "Kommersant-Daily" on 23 February said that President Putin has acknowledged that some Russian agencies are not doing what they need to do to prevent proliferation
  • Bush/Russia, Voice of America, 23 February 2001 -- President Bush is welcoming Russia's proposal for a missile defense system, saying Moscow recognizes the new threats of the post-cold war era.
  • Putin Pushes Export Controls To Prevent Proliferation, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 38, Part I, 23 February 2001 -- President Putin told the Russian Security Council on 22 February that improving the country's export control system is "the most important issue of ensuring the country's security"
  • Moscow May Put Missiles In Cuba, Sell Advanced Weapons To China If No Accord On NMD, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 38, Part I, 23 February 2001 -- Yevgenii Maslin, a retired general who supervised the Defense Ministry's nuclear program in the 1990s, said in Moscow on 22 February that if there is no agreement between Moscow and Washington on National Missile Defense, the Russian government may send missiles to Cuba
  • U.S.-Russia Friction Noted; Moscow As Nexus of Missile Defense Debate, Foreign Media Reaction Reports, 22 February 2001 -- Foreign media commentary on Russia's counterproposal to U.S. plans for NMD
  • Russia To Begin Construction of Second Reactor In Iran, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 37, 22 February 2001 -- Deputy Atomic Energy Minister Yevgenii Reshetnikov said on 21 February that Russia will begin this year the construction of a second reactor at the Iranian nuclear power plant at Bushehr
  • Duma Votes To Halt Deorbiting of 'Mir', RFE/RL NEWSLINE, Vol. 5, No. 37, Part I, 22 February 2001 -- On a vote of 298 for, three against with one abstention, the Duma passed a resolution calling on President Putin to halt the government's decision to let the 'Mir' space station crash into the Pacific Ocean in March
  • Moscow Welcomes U.S. Response To Non-Strategic Missile Defense Plan, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 37, Part I, 22 February 2001 -- Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov said on 21 February after his meeting with his Irish counterpart Brian Cowan that Moscow welcomes the "constructive approach" of the U.S. toward Russian proposals to build a European non- strategic missile defense system
  • State Department Noon Briefing - Russia, U.S. Department of State, Office of the Spokesman, 22 February 2001 -- Q: Two questions on the upcoming meeting with Ivanov. Will Secretary Powell bring up the - I guess at this point it's unclear what the status of this agreement not to have any future contracts in arming Iran. Will this come up? It was at one point called the Gore-Chernomyrdin Agreement. I guess that's no longer applicable.
  • State Department Noon Briefing - Russian Missile Defense Proposal, U.S. Department of State, Office of the Spokesman, 21 February 2001 -- Q: What is the US view of the Russian missile defense plan that was presented? Do we think this is a serious proposal, or is it just something attempting to block our own -
  • Russia Missile Defense, Voice of America, 20 February 2001 -- Russia has proposed to NATO that a European missile-defense system be developed as an alternative to U-S plans for a national missile shield.
  • US / Russia / Missiles, Voice of America, 20 February 2001 -- The Pentagon says it wants to examine a new European missile defense proposal presented to NATO by Russia.
  • Russia Stages Multiple Missile Tests, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 34, Part I, 19 February 2001 -- Russian forces on 16 February fired test rockets from Russia's Plesetsk range, a submarine in the Barents Sea, and a Tu-95MS bomber
  • Moscow Seeks UN Accord On Non-Proliferation of Rockets, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 34, Part I, 19 February 2001 -- Russian officials said on 16 February that Moscow plans to raise at the UN the issue of creating a global system to prevent the proliferation of rockets and rocket technologies
  • Russia NATO, Voice of America, 19 February 2001 -- NATO Secretary-General George Robertson is to arrive in Moscow (Monday) for talks that are to include NATO's eastward expansion and a proposed U-S missile defense system.
  • Russia / Missiles, Voice of America, 16 February 2001 -- Russia has test-fired both land and sea based intercontinental ballistic missiles capable of carrying nuclear weapons.
  • Kursk Disaster Linked To Torpedo Explosions, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 33, Part I, 16 February 2001 -- The government commission investigating the August 2000 Kursk submarine disaster has found that torpedo explosions were responsible for the sinking
  • Moscow Criticizes Rumsfeld Statement...But Hopes For Dialogue On NMD, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 33, Part I, 16 February 2001 -- Major General Vladimir Belous, the head of Moscow's Center of International and Strategic Studies, told ITAR-TASS on 15 February that a statement by U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld that Moscow is violating the anti-proliferation regime recalls "Cold War" times
  • Defense Minister Condemns U.S. On NMD, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 32, Part I, 15 February 2001 -- Defense Minister Igor Sergeev said on 14 February that American plans to build a national missile defense and to "destroy" the 1972 ABM treaty will make the world "unsafe"
  • No Cooperation With Kyiv On Military Rockets, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 31, Part I, 14 February 2001 -- Security Council Secretary Ivanov said on Russian television on 12 February that Moscow has ruled out any cooperation between Russia and Ukraine in the production of rockets capable of delivering nuclear weapons
  • Moscow Seeks Help To Destroy Chemical Weapons, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 29, Part I, 12 February 2001 -- A spokesman for the Munitions Agency told AP on 9 February that the Russian government will begin to destroy its chemical weapons stocks "in the second half of this year" but need additional Western funding to go forward
  • Moscow Upset By CIA STUDY...Pleased By Bush Call For Defense Review, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 29, Part I, 12 February 2001 -- The Foreign Ministry on 9 February released a statement saying that a statement by CIA Director George Tenet is "surprising" in its effort "to present Russia as a culprit in the propagation of weapons of mass destruction" and to suggest that Moscow is always acting against American interests
  • Deputies, Analysts Criticize CIA Assessment of Russia, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 28, Part I, 9 February 2001 -- State Duma Deputy Chairman (Yabloko) Vladimir Lukin said that Tenet's statement is "of a political rather than an analytical nature" and that the two countries do not have the strongly opposed interests Tenet suggested.
  • Moscow Promises Not To Sell Weapons-Grade Plutonium Abroad...And Recommits To Destroying Chemical Weapons, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 28, Part I, 9 February 2001 -- First Deputy Atomic Energy Minister Valentin Ivanov said that Russia will not sell weapons-grade plutonium abroad but instead will seek international assistance to denature and store it
  • U.S.-Russia Cooperation On NMD Proposed, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 27, Part I, 8 February 2001 -- Major General Vladimir Belous, a professor at the Academy of Military Sciences, told ITAR-TASS on 7 February that the two countries could work together to create defenses against missiles launched by third countries
  • State Department Noon Briefing - NMD, U.S. Department of State, Office of the Spokesman, 07 February 2001 -- Q: British Foreign Secretary Robin Cook this morning was talking at some length about how Britain would like to see a full dialogue with Russia before the United States takes a final decision on this, and I understand that Secretary Powell assured him of that yesterday. Could you give us any details at all about how you intend to proceed with this dialogue, given the particular prominence it had with Strobe Talbott and the last administration?
  • Security Council Secretary Warns of New Arms Race, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 24, Part I, 5 February 2001 -- In a speech to a NATO security conference in Munich on 4 February, Sergei Ivanov said that "the destruction of the ABM treaty will result in the annihilation of the whole structure of strategic stability and create the prerequisites for a new arms race including in outer space
  • Russia/U-S defense, Voice of America, 04 February 2001 -- Russia has sharply denounced U-S plans to develop and deploy a national missile defense, saying such a system could lead to a new arms race in outer space.
  • Ivanov-Nuclear Shield, Voice of America, 01 February 2001 -- Russia's foreign minister, Igor Ivanov, has called for a dialogue with the new Bush Administration on its plans to build a national missile-defense shield.

    January

  • Russian Military Warns Against Scrapping ABM, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 21, Part I, 31 January 2001 -- Defense Minister Igor Sergeev said on 30 January that the American withdrawal from the ABM Treaty "will result in a new arms race, including the most dangerous - a race in rocket technologies"
  • Putin Says U.S. Delay On NMD A Moscow Victory, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 19, Part I, 29 January 2001 -- In a speech to the staff of the Foreign Ministry on 26 January carried in full on strana.ru, President Vladimir Putin said that "the fact that Washington has so far put off its decision on deploying a national missile defense (NMD) system confirms that if one acts with purposefulness and with thought...it is possible to achieve real positive results."
  • Russia To Increase Defense Spending If U.S. Deploys NMD, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 17, Part I, 25 January 2001 -- Russia will double its expenditures on defense if the United States goes ahead with a national missile defense system
  • Moscow Plans Response If U.S. Withdraws From ABM Limits...But Hopes For U.S.-Russia Nuclear Cooperation, RFE/RL NEWSLINE, Vol. 5, No. 16, Part I, 24 January 2001 -- Defense Minister Igor Sergeev said in an interview published in the 23 January "Parlamentskaya gazeta" that there is no basis to American arguments in favor of scrapping the ABM Treaty, but that if Washington leaves the treaty, Russia will respond
  • Karaganov Sees Shift In U.S. Approach To Russia, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 15, Part I, 23 January 2001 -- Sergei Karaganov, the head of the Foreign and Defense Policy Council, told "Segodnya" in an interview printed on 20 January that the new Bush administration will devote less attention to Russia
  • Russian Analysts Offer Mixed Assessments of Bush, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 14, Part I, 22 January 2001 -- Long-time Moscow U.S. watcher and former head of the USA and Canada Institute there Georgii Arbatov said that he does not expect any surprises from the Bush administration
  • Triumf Air Defense Missiles To Go On Duty Soon, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 13, Part I, 19 January 2001 -- Air Force Commander General Anatolii Kornukov told "Krasnaya zvezda" on 18 January quoted that the Russian military will install Triumf missile systems near Moscow during the first six months of 2001
  • Russia, France Agree On NMD, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 12, Part I, 18 January 2001 -- Security Council Secretary Ivanov said that he and visiting French Defense Minister Alain Richard agreed on the importance of maintaining the 1972 ABM treaty
  • Moscow Begins Work On Second Iranian Reactor, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 11, Part I, 17 January 2001 -- Atomic Power Minister Yevgenii Adamov told ITAR-TASS on 16 January that Russia has begun work on building a second reactor for Iran's nuclear power station at Bushehr.
  • West To Help Moscow Reprocess Plutonium, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 9, Part I, 15 January 2001 -- The Russian Nuclear Energy Ministry on 12 January announced that the U.S., Britain, France, and Japan are prepared to provide Moscow with $500 million to reprocess Russian weapons-grade plutonium
  • Are Russian Advisers Coming?, RFE/RL Iran Report, Vol. 4, No. 1, 8 January 2001 -- Although several of Iran's suppliers are having legal difficulties, Moscow appears prepared to fulfill Tehran's arms supply desires.
  • 'No Military Need' For Nuclear Weapons In Kaliningrad, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 7, Part I, 11 January 2001 -- Yevgeny Maslin, the former chief of the 12th nuclear department of the Russian Defense Ministry, told ITAR-TASS on 10 January that "Russia has no military need to keep tactical nuclear weapons in the Kaliningrad region."
  • Russia/Nuclear, Voice of America, 06 January 2001 -- Russian President Vladimir Putin has dismissed recent reports that Russia may have moved tactical nuclear weapons to Kaliningrad, Russia's Baltic enclave.
  • Moscow Denies Moving Nuclear Weapons Into Kaliningrad, RFE/RL Newsline, Vol. 5, No. 2, Part I, 4 January 2001 -- The Russian Defense Ministry and the Baltic Fleet on 3 January denied a report in the "Washington Times" on the same day which said that Moscow is transferring tactical nuclear weapons into the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad
  • Pentagon Spokesman's Regular Briefing - Russian Weapons in Kaliningrad, U.S. Department of Defense, 04 January 2001 -- Q: [During the Bush Administration] might [the Russians] have taken Navy tactical nuclear weapons off of their ships and put them into headquarters of the Baltic fleet, which is Kaliningrad? Or does this - might this be something that's been around for a few years?
  • Defense Minister Unhappy With Bush Team On NMD, RFE/RL Security Watch, Vol. 1, No. 24, 2 January 2001 -- Defense Minister Sergeev said on 26 December that he is concerned by the impression given by several of U.S. President-elect George W. Bush's foreign policy advisors that NMD deployment is "a purely technical problem,"
  • Putin Seeks Closer Ties With Iran, Iraq...As Defense Minister Pushes Weapons Sales In Tehran, RFE/RL Security Watch, Vol. 1, No. 24, 2 January 2001 -- President Vladimir Putin said that Russia,"as a member of the G-8" should cooperate with the international community on Iran and Iraq but that it must not ever forget its "own national interests."



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