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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


1998 China Special Weapons News

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

    December

  • Cox Committee Votes Unanimous 1,100-Page Report on PRC Targeting of U.S. Military Technology News From U.S. Representative Christopher Cox (Wednesday, December 30, 1998)-The Select Committee on U.S. National Security and Military/Commercial Concerns with the People's Republic of China unanimously voted to approve a five-volume, 1,100-page report on the transfer of sensitive U.S. technology to the PRC.
  • CHINA / MILITARY Voice of America 15 December 1998 -- CHINA SAYS THE MILITARY HAS SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETED THE TRANSFER OF ITS SPRAWLING COMMERCIAL EMPIRE TO LOCAL AND REGIONAL GOVERNMENTS.
  • Evidence of China Plan to Buy Entree to U.S. Technology The New York Times (Dec. 15, 1998) --
  • DoD News Briefing December 10, 1998 -- The report concluded that some of the information provided by Hughes could have allowed the Chinese to increase the reliability of their rocket launches. It also concluded that this was not likely, not likely to have altered the strategic balance between the U.S. and China.
  • LAWMAKERS OPPOSE ADMINISTRATION ATTEMPT TO WEAKEN SATELLITE EXPORT CONTROLS House National Security Committee December 10, 1998 -- Rep. Floyd D. Spence (R-SC), Chairman of the House National Security Commit-tee, today joined five other House and Senate committee chairmen in writing to President Clinton to express strong opposition to the Administration's apparent plans to relax the munitions export control process to facilitate continued export of commercial satellites to China.
  • Pentagon Inquiry Faults Missile Maker's China Aid The New York Times (Dec. 9, 1998) --
  • DoD Report Examines China's Military Goals By Jim Garamone American Forces Press Service 03 Dec 1998 -- The military will play an important role in the People's Republic of China reaching its goals of being a great world power and the pre-eminent one in Asia. This is the conclusion of a DoD report submitted to Congress by Defense Secretary William S. Cohen. The report covers the future military capabilities and strategy of the People's Republic of China.
  • CHINA / SPRATLYS Voice of America 01 December 1998 -- CHINA IS EXPRESSING DISPLEASURE AT THE PHILIPPINE NAVY'S DETENTION OF 20 CHINESE FISHERMEN NEAR MISCHIEF REEF, IN THE DISPUTED SPRATLY ISLANDS IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA.
  • Taiwan - an Inalienable Part of China December, 1998 -- There is only one China in the world, and Taiwan is part of China. The Government of the People's Republic of China is the sole legal government of China.

    November

  • PHILIPPINES / SPRATLYS Voice of America 30 November 1998 -- THE PHILIPPINE NAVY HAS ARRESTED 20 CHINESE FISHERMEN ON BOARD SIX FISHING VESSELS NEAR A SOUTH CHINA SEA REEF CLAIMED BY MANILA AND BEIJING.
  • China May Seek Satellite Laser, Pentagon Warns By PAUL RICHTER, Los Angeles Times Saturday, November 28, 1998 -- The Chinese government may be building a powerful anti-satellite laser that could deprive the U.S. military of a key advantage in any future conflict in Asia by disabling the American fleet of "spies in the sky," the Pentagon has warned. The Pentagon's report "is a pretty strong statement, even with all the modifiers," said John Pike of the Federation of American Scientists.
  • CHINA / SATELLITE Voice of America 17 November 1998 -- CHINESE AEROSPACE OFFICIALS DENY U-S CONGRESSIONAL CHARGES THAT CHINA OBTAINED SENSITIVE SATELLITE TECHNOLOGY FROM U-S FIRMS.
  • U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing NOVEMBER 12, 1998 -- There was a report in a Washington newspaper this morning about China developing a missile with the capability of delivering a nuclear warhead to the West Coast of this country. The test described in the press report would not involve the missile in question going anywhere. It would land within a few feet of the launcher.
  • Future Military Capabilities and Strategy of the People's Republic of China, Report to Congress pursuant to Section 1226 of the FY98 National Defense Authorization Act) (Washington, DC: Department of Defense, November 1998)
  • DoD News Briefing , November 3, 1998 -- Bill Gertz in the Washington Times cites a Pentagon report that concludes that China has weapons capable of, laser weapons capable of damaging or disabling sensors on U.S. satellites. So you're saying that your understanding of that report, which you're going to provide us a copy of, does not support the conclusion that was in that newspaper? A: That's correct.
  • CHINA/ARMY/BUSINESS Voice of America 03 November 1998 -- THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT HAS DECIDED TO SPEED UP ITS DISMANTLING OF THE HUGE BUSINESS EMPIRE RUN BY THE PEOPLE'S LIBERATION ARMY.

    October

  • U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing OCTOBER 29, 1998 -- Stanford University has gone public on the arrest of the Chinese scholar, Hua Di, who's a green card holder. They say the State Department has also been protesting to the Chinese authorities on this.
  • Chinese Said to Reap Gains in U.S. Export Policy Shift The New York Times (Oct. 19, 1998) --
  • CAN DEMOCRACY DEVELOP IN CHINA? Voice of America 03 October 1998 -- RECENT ATTEMPTS BY CHINESE DISSIDENTS TO REGISTER A NEW POLITICAL PARTY AND TO QUALIFY AS INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES IN LOCAL ELECTIONS HAVE MET WITH RESISTANCE.
  • BILL PASSED RETURNING SATELLITE EXPORT POWERS TO STATE DEPT. By Bruce Odessey USIA 01 October 1998 -- The U.S. Senate has voted final passage of a bill that would reverse President Clinton's 1996 decision transferring export licensing authority for commercial communications satellites from the State Department to the Commerce Department.

    September

  • CHINA/COLD WAR Voice of America 29 September 1998 -- CHINA HAS RESPONDED FOR THE FIRST TIME TO A NEWSPAPER REPORT THAT THE UNITED STATES CONSIDERED LAUNCHING A PRE-EMPTIVE STRIKE AGAINST IT IN 1964 TO HALT ITS DEVELOPMENT OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS.
  • Statement by Ambassador Qin Huasun, Permanent Representative of China to the UN at General Committee of the 53rd Session of the General Assembly September 11, 1998 -- At the instigation of the Taiwan authorities and in disregard of the UN Charter, the General Assembly resolution, principles of international law and the decision of the General Committee in the last five years, this year a handful of countries have once again raised the question of so-called "Taiwan's representation at the United Nations"
  • Where's Our Missing Circuit Board? House Republican Conference September 5, 1998 - The Chinese may have 'stolen'-according to the New York Times-secret American technology that helps orbiting satellites talk to Earth-in violation of a five year old agreement between the U.S. and China.
  • Democrats Call for Investigations and Increase Distance After Latest Clinton Scandal House Republican Conference September 5, 1998 -- After the last revelations concerning the Clinton administration's involvement in transferring sensitive missile technology to Communist China, even members of his own party seem exasperated.
  • THERE IS NOTHING ROUTINE ABOUT PRESIDENT CLINTON'S POLICY ON TRANSFERING TECHNOLOGY TO CHINA House Republican Conference September 5, 1998 - , President Clinton has put a higher priority on "flacking" U.S. exports than on national security, and in the process strengthened the Chinese Army's ability to target weapons on the U.S. and fostered missile proliferation around the world.

    August

  • China inquiry is under veil of secrecy By DENA BUNIS The Orange County Register Wednesday, August 19, 1998 -- John Pike, head of the space project for the Federation of American Scientists, a Washington-based arms control think tank, says the secrecy may add to the legitimacy of the panel. "I think it's going to be an awful lot easier to keep the political truce and make this a serious investigation if it completely avoids any odor of a show trial," Pike said.
  • The China-Technology Transfer Handbook House Republican Conference August 19, 1998 -- Beginning in April, the New York Times ran a series of articles that investigated the complex relationship between the U.S. aerospace industry, the Clinton White House, and the People's Republic of China. The reporting detailed how the Clinton administration re-prioritized technology transfer policies to the benefit of U.S. aerospace companies-and possibly the benefit of Communist China's nuclear missile and space program. Since then, many in Congress, the media, and the foreign policy community have leveled serious questions about the role the Clinton administration played in the transfer of sensitive technology to China and whether these transfers affected national security. The questions about national security and missile proliferation are so sensitive, so far ranging, and so important that at least six congressional committees have held hearings on the subject.

    July

  • A Review of China's Launch Services for US-Made Satellites By China Great Wall Industry Corporation July 1998
  • Senate hearing discusses Chinese satellite launches (Space Today -- 30 Jul 1998) - A top Hughes Electronics Corp. official said Wednesday the U.S. military should monitor its launches of American satellites from China but insisted no national security risk is involved in the commercial ventures. Steven Dorfman, vice chairman of Hughes said the 17 U.S. commercial satellites launched in China were guarded around the clock by security specialists before being sent into space. All but three of the launches were monitored by U.S. Defense Department personnel.
  • Congressman Benjamin Gilman's (R-NY) speech at the Indian American Friendship Council July 28, 1998 -- China has been trying to keep India off balance by pressuring India from all sides. It sells nuclear and ballistic missile technology to Pakistan, it has sold over a billion dollars of arms to Burma and it has positioned a huge military force in Tibet. In addition to China's mischief there are distressing reports on how U.S. assistance to communist China may have helped Beijing develop MIRV (multiple individual reentry vehicles technology. Speaker Gingrich has created a special Task Force to investigate these charges.
  • China's National Defense Information Office of the State Council Of the People's Republic of China July 1998
  • China Issues White Paper on National Defense BEIJING, July 27 (Xinhua) -- The 30,000-character white paper, titled "China's National Defense," was issued by the Information Office of the State Council of China today. "Even when China becomes strong and powerful in the future, it will by no means take to the road of foreign aggression and expansion," according to the paper.
  • Hegemonism Remains Main Source of Threats to World Peace BEIJING, July 27 (Xinhua) -- Hegemonism and power politics remains the main source of threats to world peace and stability, China says today in a white paper on its national defense.
  • China continued secret missile tech transfer to Pak, says CIA The Hindustan Times 24 July 1998 - Despite disclaimers by the Clinton administration, a CIA report said that China continued its clandestine transfers of missile technology to Pakistan last year. "During 1997, Chinese entities provided a variety of missile-related items and assistance to countries of proliferation concern," the spy agency said in its semi-annual report to Congress on activities during 1997.
  • CHINA MILITARY BUSINESS Voice of America 23 July 1998 -- CHINESE PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN HAS ORDERED THE MILITARY TO SHUT DOWN ALL ITS BUSINESS ENTERPRISES AS PART OF THE COUNTRY'S CURRENT ANTI-SMUGGLING CAMPAIGN.
  • Dramatic increase in Chinese ICBMs aimed at the US N. C. Menon The Hindustan Times 23 July 1998 - China produced six new CSS-4 ICBMs in the first four months of this year. The Wanynan underground ICBM production plant will deliver the final two CSS-4 MOD 2 missiles in the next few months. Much of the production equipment at Wanynan is expected to be transferred to the new ICBM plant near Chengdu, which will take as long as two years to build.
  • CONGRESSMEN OFFER WAY TO "END THE ANNUAL MFN CIRCUS" 22 July 1998 -- Senator Joe Lieberman (Democrat-Connecticut) and Representative Robert Matsui (Democrat-California) introduced a new framework for U.S.-China economic relations. The two introduced "End the Annual MFN Circus," a paper written by Lieberman legislative assistant Naotaka Matsukata for the Progressive Policy Institute (PPI), during a July 21 Democratic Leadership Council (DLC) news conference.
  • CONGRESS-CHINA TRADE Voice of America 22 July 1998 - ANOTHER EFFORT TO DENY TRADE BENEFITS TO CHINA HAS FAILED IN THE U-S CONGRESS. THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES REJECTED A CHALLENGE TO THE PRESIDENT'S TRADE POLICY (166 TO DENY THE PRESIDENT...264 TO ACCEPT).
  • TEXT: PRESIDENT WELCOMES HOUSE VOTE TO EXTEND CHINA MFN 22 July 1998 -- President Clinton welcomed the vote in the House of Representatives July 22 to extend normal trade relations with China.
  • Report: China Boosting Nuclear Arsenal (AP - 21 July 1998) China produced six new intercontinental ballistic missiles in the first four months of the year, increasing its arsenal by a third, The Washington Times reported. China will build two more missiles this year before shutting down and relocating its sole ICBM production plant.
  • China adds 6 ICBMs to Arsenal In Case You Missed It... Tuesday, July 21, 1998 From Today's Washington Times "China produced six new CSS-4 intercontinental ballistic missiles in the first four months of this year, a one-third increase in its ICBM arsenal largely targeting the United States, according to Pentagon intelligence officials."
  • Sino-U.S. Satellite Trade Plagued with Mistakes (Reuters 20 July 1998) The system of the United States for safeguarding technical secrets in exporting satellites to China is plagued by mistakes and breakdowns. "Specifically, the government failed to require Pentagon export-security monitors at seven of the 12 launches that occurred during President Clinton's watch -- including one as recently as May -- although officials said they believe that a monitor should be present for each event."
  • CHINA / U-S / SATELLITES Voice of America 16 July 1998 -- CHINA IS CONTESTING A LEADING U-S SENATOR'S ALLEGATIONS IT USED AMERICAN SATELLITE TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE ITS MILITARY POWER.
  • PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY THE WHITE HOUSE-- July 16, 1998 -- Q Mike, were you able to ascertain whether the White House is aware of new information that Lott mentioned about Chinese efforts to influence the '96 campaign?
  • 'Smart dispenser' helps China deploy warheads The Hindustan Times, July 15, 1998 -- A new upper stage rocket booster, developed for China under a US satellite contract, could help China deploy multiple warheads on strategic missiles, according to a "Washington Times" report that quotes a classified air force intelligence report.
  • PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary, JULY 15, 1998 -- Mike, regarding the allegation of Senator Lott yesterday, one of the things he mentioned was that three of the launches, Chinese launches, were not monitored by U.S. officials.
  • Lott Raises Stakes in China Probe By MARC LACEY, PAUL RICHTER, Los Angeles Times 15 July 1998 -- "The question is, on a scale of 1 to 10, is the loss of this information the greatest treason since the Rosenbergs gave up the secrets of the [atomic] bomb, or is it just enough to get Loral fined $50,000?" said John Pike of the Federation of American Scientists, a Washington think tank. Pike, who has been skeptical of the controversy, said that in his view the seriousness was "0.5 on a scale of 1 to 10."
  • OPEN HEARING TO INVESTIGATE U. S. TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS TO CHINA July 15, 1998 STATEMENT OF U. S. SEN. RICHARD C. SHELBY CHAIRMAN, SENATE INTELLIGENCE COMMITTEE
  • U.S. Technology Builds 'Bridge' for China Missile Republican National Committee - In Case You Missed It... Tuesday, July 14, 1998 From today's Washington Times "China's new rocket stage developed for a U.S. satellite contact created a 'technology bridge' that could help the Chinese deploy multiple warheads on strategic missiles, according to a classified Air Force intelligence report.
  • U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing TUESDAY, JULY 14, 1998 -- MR. RUBIN: I can't, obviously, comment on any alleged intelligence reports that allegedly found itself to an alleged newspaper in an alleged city in an alleged country called the United States. But let me specifically deal with the question, and tell you that the United States has not authorized the providing of China with technology useful in upgrading its ballistic missiles; nor, to my knowledge, is there evidence that the US actually provided China with technology for the delivery of multiple satellites.
  • PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY July 14, 1998 -- MR. MCCURRY: Mr. Lott said they had reached no final conclusions, but they had reached five major interim judgments, which struck me a little bit like Alice in Wonderland time -- you know, verdict first -- sentence first, verdict afterwards, facts sooner or later forgotten. Senator Lott today tried to connect a lot of dots that, frankly, don't connect. And our judgment here is that that was not a serious statement by a serious person; it was a political argument made by a politician for political benefit.
  • DoD News Briefing Tuesday, July 14, 1998 - "Much of the question has been whether these safeguards have been adequately enforced. We believe that in the main these safeguards have worked. The most publicized case involves allegations made by this administration that two companies may not have properly followed the rules..."
  • SEN. SHELBY COMMENTS ON U. S. TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS TO CHINA FOLLOWING CLOSED BUSINESS MEETING OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMITTEE July 14, 1998
  • SENATE CHINA SATELLITES Voice of America 14 July 1998 -- MAJORITY LEADER TRENT LOTT TOUCHED OFF A PARTISAN FLARE-UP WITH HIS COMMENTS ON SATELLITE EXPORTS AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS. THOUGH HE CALLED IT AN INTERIM REPORT ON A SENATE INVESTIGATION OF THE MATTER, HIS STATEMENT LEVELED SPECIFIC, SERIOUS CHARGES.
  • CLINTON / CHINA Voice of America 14 July 1998 -- THE WHITE HOUSE IS ACCUSING SENATE MAJORITY LEADER TRENT LOTT OF PLAYING POLITICS WITH HIS RENEWED CHARGE THAT THE ADMINISTRATION ALLOWED MISSILE SECRETS TO FALL INTO CHINESE HANDS, BY LETTING CHINA LAUNCH U-S SATELLITES.
  • CHINA MISSILE REACT Voice of America 14 July 1998 -- PENTAGON OFFICIALS DENY REPUBLICAN CHARGES THAT THEY ARE HIDING INFORMATION ABOUT TRANSFERS OF U-S MISSILE TECHNOLOGY TO CHINA.
  • CHINA / U-S Voice of America 14 July 1998 -- CHINA HAS DENOUNCED A U-S SENATE RESOLUTION, REAFFIRMING SUPPORT FOR TAIWAN, AS INTERFERENCE IN CHINA'S INTERNAL AFFAIRS.
  • Letter Addressed to Secretary General of the United Nations from Ambassador Qin Huasun, Permanent Representative of China to the UN on the so-called "Taiwan's representation at the United Nations" July 13, 1998
  • SEN. SHELBY COMMENTS ON U. S. TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS TO CHINA FOLLOWING CLOSED BRIEFING WITH DIRECTORS TENET AND FREEH July 8, 1998
  • CLINTON TO CHINA: 'A LEAP OVER THE GREAT WALL' IN SINO-U.S. TIES July 8, 1998 USIA Foreign Media Reaction Report In their final assessments of President Clinton's recently concluded trip to the People's Republic of China, the majority of editorialists overseas continued to praise the visit.
  • Remarks of William M. Daley, Secretary of Commerce At the BXA Update Conference Tuesday, July 7, 1998 ".. questions have been raised about certain licensing decisions on satellites. They involve whether export control laws were violated when American satellites were launched by Chinese rockets. This is being investigated by the Congress. If there was wrongdoing, it should be punished. But let's be clear about one thing: the Commerce Department's licensing process is as thorough and careful as any in government."
  • CHINA / CLINTON Voice of America 03 July 1998 -- PRESIDENT CLINTON'S JUST-COMPLETED TRIP TO CHINA WAS LONG ON SYMBOLISM AND SHORT ON SUBSTANCE.
  • [EXCERPTS] U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing 02 July 1998 -- CHINA Munitions license dispute for Hughes Company under review by USG; US position on Taiwan issues has not changed
  • CONGRESS, THE PRESIDENT AND CHINA Voice of America 02 July 1998 -- THE PRESIDENT COMES HOME TO A VIGOROUS CONGRESSIONAL DEBATE ON CHINA POLICY, WITH HOUSE AND SENATE VOTES LIKELY IN THE DAYS AHEAD.
  • CLINTON-CHINA / SUMMIT ASSESSMENT Voice of America 01 July 1998 -- ALTHOUGH THE TWO COUNTRIES AGREED TO RE-PROGRAM THEIR MISSILES SO THEY ARE NO LONGER AIMED AT EACH OTHER, MANY EXPERTS AGREE THIS HAS MOSTLY SYMBOLIC SIGNIFICANCE, BECAUSE THE MISSILES CAN BE RE-TARGETED WITHIN MINUTES.
  • CLINTON IN CHINA: SEEKING DIALOGUE WITH 'THE GIANT'; SILENCING CRITICS AT HOME USIA Foreign Media Reaction Report 01 July 1998 -- Editorialists from around the globe continued to weigh in with highly positive assessments of President Clinton's state visit to the People's Republic of China. Editorials from Japan expressed "concern" that an improved U.S.-China relationship might "supersede" U.S.-Japan ties, while Indian pundits castigated the president for "making excuses on China's behalf" for Beijing's reluctance to formally commit to the guidelines of the Missile Technology Control Regime.
  • PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY AND JIM STEINBERG, DEPUTY NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR July 1, 1998
  • Loral Exams The American Spectator BY KENNETH R. TIMMERMAN July 1998 -- It doesn't take a rocket scientist to figure out why the leader of a country without missile defenses has gone out of his way to help another country point missiles at it. Yet these revelations are only the beginning. With four additional Senate panels investigating the same charges, the coming months will be rife with new allegations of misdeeds, mismanagement, corruption, and worse -- committed in exchange for campaign dollars.

    June

  • CLINTON IN CHINA: 'GETTING THE BALANCE RIGHT' USIA Foreign Media Reaction Report June 29, 1998 -- President Clinton's "historic" state visit to China unleashed copious media reaction from around the world over the weekend, with the most recent editorials focusing on the "unprecedented" live television coverage of Saturday's joint press conference with Mr. Clinton and Chinese President Jiang Zemin.
  • [EXCERPTS] PRESS BRIEFING BY SANDY KRISTOFF, SENIOR DIRECTOR OF ASIAN AFFAIRS, NSC; JEFF BADER, DIRECTOR OF ASIAN AFFAIRS, NSC; STANLEY ROTH, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE FOR EAST ASIAN AFFAIRS AND SUSAN SHIRK, DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE FOR EAST ASIAN AND PACIFIC AFFAIRS June 29, 1998 -- China has really come to rethink what its interests are in these regional situations, such as South Asia and the Persian Gulf. China has come to have a real stake in the global nonproliferation regime.
  • PRESS BRIEFING BY SANDY KRISTOFF, SENIOR DIRECTOR OF ASIAN AFFAIRS, NSC; JEFF BADER, DIRECTOR OF ASIAN AFFAIRS, NSC; STANLEY ROTH, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE FOR EAST ASIAN AFFAIRS AND SUSAN SHIRK, DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE June 29, 1998
  • TRANSCRIPT: SECRETARY ALBRIGHT ON 6/28 CBS-TV "FACE THE NATION" "The Chinese are being very helpful and important in terms of dealing with the issue of the nuclear tests in India and Pakistan. They are very helpful when we talk about what to do on the Korean Peninsula."
  • FACT SHEET: ACHIEVEMENTS OF U.S.-CHINA SUMMIT June 27, 1998 -- The agreements reached between the United States and China as part of President Clinton's visit build on the achievements of the October 1997 summit between Presidents Clinton and Jiang Zemin, deepen cooperation between the two countries on a broad range of issues and contribute toward a more stable, secure, open and prosperous world.
  • FACT SHEET: ACHIEVEMENTS OF U.S.-CHINA SUMMIT June 27, 1998 -- The agreements reached between the United States and China as part of President Clinton's visit build on the achievements of the October 1997 summit between Presidents Clinton and Jiang Zemin, deepen cooperation between the two countries on a broad range of issues and contribute toward a more stable, secure, open and prosperous world.
  • TEXT: U.S.-CHINA JOINT STATEMENT SOUTH ASIA -- 27 June 1998 -- Presidents Clinton and Jiang reaffirmed their respective policies to prevent the export of equipment, materials or technology that could in any way assist programs in India or Pakistan for nuclear weapons or for ballistic missiles capable of delivering such weapons.
  • TEXT: U.S.-CHINA JOINT STATEMENT SOUTH ASIA -- 27 June 1998 -- Presidents Clinton and Jiang reaffirmed their respective policies to prevent the export of equipment, materials or technology that could in any way assist programs in India or Pakistan for nuclear weapons or for ballistic missiles capable of delivering such weapons.
  • PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY, NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR SANDY BERGER, AND NATIONAL ECONOMIC ADVISOR GENE SPERLING June 27, 1998
  • TEXT: U.S.-CHINA JOINT STATEMENT ON BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS -- President Clinton and President Jiang released a Joint Statement June 27, reaffirming their strong support for the complete global elimination of biological weapons.
  • PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY AND NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR SANDY BERGER June 26, 1998 "China is changing. There are still forces that are pulling the other direction, that are resisting. That change --we've seen that in the episodes over the last day of dissidents who have been detained, obviously, the Chinese apparatus, Chinese security apparatus doing what comes naturally for them. People are not debris to be swept up for a visitor..."
  • TRANSCRIPT: 6/26 XIAN PRESS BRIEFING BY MCCURRY, BERGER -- On the issue of detargeting, for example, the Chinese traditionally have linked that issue to our unwillingness to accept a doctrine of no first use of nuclear weapons. That is not something that we're prepared to do.
  • PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY AND NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR SANDY BERGER June 26, 1998
  • Commercial Space Cooperation Should Not Harm National Security Richard D. Fisher, Jr. Heritage Foundation Backgrounder No. 1198 June 26, 1998-- The possible leakage of sensitive missile technology to China during American commercial use of Chinese satellite launch services is a major concern. The U.S. should suspend satellite exports to China pending the outcome of congressional investigations.
  • [EXCERPTS] U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing 24 June 1998 -- CHINA Recovery of Encryption Devices and Missing Circuit Board From an American Satellite Mounted on a Chinese Missile Details on Intelsat Satellite and its Encrypted Information Issue of National Security and the Loss of the Circuit Board Questions on the Whereabouts of the Circuit Board State versus Commerce and the Issue of the Circuit Board
  • CLINTON TO CHINA: 'ENGAGING THE DRAGON' USIA Foreign Media Reaction Report June 24, 1998 -- With President Clinton set to depart today on a "historic" nine-day visit to the People's Republic of China, worldwide media attention focused on the importance of U.S. relations with the world's most populous nation.
  • THE PRESIDENT VISITING CHINA Voice of America 24 June 1998 -- MANY DAILIES NOTE THAT PRESIDENT CLINTON GOES TO BEIJING PLAGUED BY CONTROVERSIES AT HOME OVER ALLEGATIONS THAT HE ALLOWED CHINESE CAMPAIGN CONTRIBUTIONS TO INFLUENCE HIS POLICY ON SHARING MISSILE TECHNOLOGY.
  • DoD News Briefing Tuesday, June 23, 1998 - 1:30 p.m. -- Jan Lodal stressed in this testimony was that there was a period of uncertainty after the export rules were changed, and during that period three purely commercial communications satellites were launched without monitors. It turns out that that was, in fact, under the rules of the time, allowed.
  • CHINA / PROLIFERATION Voice of America 22 June 1998 -- PRESIDENT CLINTON VISITS AND PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN WILL TRY TO FIND COMMON GROUND ON HOW BEST TO CONTAIN THE INDIA-PAKISTAN NUCLEAR ARMS RACE. BEIJING IS DETERMINED NOT TO ABANDON ITS LONG-TIME ALLY, PAKISTAN.
  • U.S. Navigation Satellites Help China, Pentagon Says By Walter Pincus Washington Post , June 20, 1998; Page A02 -- Weighing the comparative usefulness to the Chinese of technology from the GPS and from U.S. satellite launches, John Pike, director of the space policy project at the Federation of American Scientists, said, "On a scale of one to ten, GPS is a six and U.S. satellite sales and launches are less than one."
  • CHINA / U-S TRADE Voice of America 20 June 1998 -- A PROPOSAL BY CHINA TO OFFER FOREIGN COMPANIES GREATER ACCESS TO ITS SERVICE SECTOR DOES NOT SATISFY U-S CONCERNS ABOUT BEIJING'S BID TO JOIN THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION.
  • STATE DEPT. BRIEFING ON CLINTON CHINA TRIP 19 June 1998 -- Among the objectives of President Bill Clinton's upcoming trip to China is to help Americans better understand China, says Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Stanley Roth.
  • U.S. Rethinking a Satellite Deal Over Links to Chinese Military BY JEFF GERTH New York Times, June 18, 1998 [Reprinted in Congressional Record House of Representatives - June 18, 1998] Faced with growing criticism of its satellite exports to China, the Clinton Administration is rethinking whether to allow one of the biggest sales to date, a $650 million deal President Clinton quietly approved two years ago.
  • DoD News Briefing Thursday, June 18, 1998 Q: Is the Pentagon raising questions about satellite deals with the Chinese, as in the New York Times reported today?
  • U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 1998 -- CHINA Reported Possible Transfer of Communications Satellite to China --Licensing Process/Upgrades/Procedures
  • CONGRESS-CHINA SATELLITES Voice of America 18 June 1998 -- THE U-S HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES HAS VOTED TO SET UP A SPECIAL COMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS TO CHINA.
  • U-S/CHINA - STRATEGIC DIALOGUE Voice of America 17 June 1998 -- PRESIDENT CLINTON'S UPCOMING TRIP TO CHINA IS PART OF AN EFFORT TO FORGE A RELATIONSHIP WITH BEIJING THAT INVOLVES COOPERATION ON ISSUES OF MUTUAL CONCERN.
  • CONGRESS / CHINA Voice of America 17 June 1998 -- PENNSYLVANIA REPUBLICAN CURT WELDON SAYS CUTTING OFF CHINA'S MOST-FAVORED-NATION TRADE STATUS WILL DO FAR MORE HARM THAN GOOD. HE SAYS THE UNITED STATES NEEDS TO STAY ENGAGED WITH BEIJING, SO IT CAN DEAL DIRECTLY WITH THE CHINESE ON PROBLEMS RANGING FROM HUMAN RIGHTS TO ARMS PROLIFERATION.
  • PRESS BRIEFING BY NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR SANDY BERGER, TREASURY SECRETARY BOB RUBIN AND DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMIC COUNCIL GENE SPERLING June 17, 1998 -- On nonproliferation, I think this is an area where there's been quite remarkable progress in the past four or five years. We've seen China join the Nonproliferation Treaty. We have seen it stop nuclear testing and sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. Had they not, think about the situation in South Asia right now if China were not adhering to a test ban.
  • PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary June 16, 1998 Q Mike, how important would it be for Chinese and the U.S. to agree to a non-detargeting of their nuclear missiles at each other in the course of the visit to China?
  • DoD News Briefing Tuesday, June 16, 1998 -- Q: According to reports, there is a possibility the United States and China might discuss the retargeting of their nuclear missiles.
  • The Strategic Implications of China's Nuclear Aid to Pakistan Richard D. Fisher and John T. Dori Heritage Foundation Executive Memorandum No. 532 June 16, 1998 -- China's role in helping Pakistan to acquire nuclear weapons has raised serious concerns about China's part in fostering instability in South Asia, a new South Asian arms race, possible nuclear war between India and Pakistan, the possibility of more "Islamic bombs" and more threats to, and less diplomatic leverage for, the United States.
  • U-S / CHINA RELATIONS Voice of America 16 June 1998 -- CHINA SCHOLARS IN THE UNITED STATES SAY SINO-U-S RELATIONS ARE STRONGER THAN THEY HAVE BEEN IN RECENT YEARS, DESPITE CONTROVERSIES OVER TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS AND CAMPAIGN CONTRIBUTIONS.
  • CHINA / U-S TRADE Voice of America 16 June 1998 -- CHINA IS DISPUTING REPORTS ON THE SIZE OF ITS TRADE SURPLUS WITH THE UNITED STATES, AND SAYS IT IS WORKING HARD TO REDUCE THE IMBALANCE.
  • U-S SATELLITES / CHINA Voice of America 13 June 1998 -- AS THE REPUBLICAN-LED CONGRESS INVESTIGATES WHETHER THE SALES OF U-S SATELLITES TO FIRMS WITH TIES TO CHINA MAY HAVE HARMED U-S NATIONAL SECURITY, CLINTON ADMINISTRATION OFFICIALS SAY SUCH SALES MAY END UP BENEFITTING U-S INTELLIGENCE.
  • REPUBLICAN RADIO / CHINA Voice of America 13 June 1998 -- SENATE INTELLIGENCE COMMITTEE CHAIRMAN RICHARD SHELBY SAYS THE PANEL'S INQUIRY INTO SATELLITE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS TO CHINA IS BEING HAMPERED BY A LACK OF COOPERATION.
  • Botched rocket launches in China prompted probes of satellite firm By John Mintz Philadelphia Inquirer 13 June 1998 - The failed launch on Feb. 14, 1996, was yet another setback in China's plans for its troubled Long March rocket. These problems set the stage for the current congressional and Justice Department investigations of Loral Space & Communications. As frustration grew, a post-crash report was sent to the Chinese. That brought more trouble.
  • CHINA / U-S Voice of America 12 June 1998 -- CHINA'S AMBASSADOR TO THE UNITED STATES, LI ZHAOXING, DENIED ALLEGATIONS THAT HIS COUNTRY HAS AIMED NUCLEAR MISSILES AT THE AMERICA AND SAYS CHINA PRESENTS NO THREAT TO ANYONE.
  • CHINA SATELLITE CONTROVERSY Voice of America 12 June 1998 -- AS PRESIDENT CLINTON PREPARES TO VISIT CHINA LATER THIS MONTH, THE REPUBLICAN-LED SENATE HAS BEGUN PUBLIC HEARINGS ON THE LATEST ALLEGATIONS - THAT NATIONAL SECURITY WAS COMPROMISED BY A SERIES OF U-S SATELLITE LAUNCHES ON CHINESE ROCKETS.
  • U.S. drops bid for China to sign a pact on missiles By Richard Parker Philadelphia Inquirer 11 June 1998-- The Clinton administration has quietly abandoned plans to get Beijing to sign on to a broad export-control effort during President Clinton's visit to China this month. The Clinton administration has tried over the last three months to push China's leadership to sign the missile-control agreement during the President's visit, only to be rebuffed by senior diplomats and military leaders.
  • CLINTON / CHINA SPEECH Voice of America 11 June 1998 -- PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS DEFENDED HIS DECISION TO TRAVEL TO CHINA LATER THIS MONTH -- SAYING ENGAGEMENT WITH BEIJING IS IN THE U-S INTEREST.
  • REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT ON U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS IN THE 21ST CENTURY June 11, 1998 -- "Some Americans believe we should try to isolate and contain China because of its undemocratic system and human rights violation, and in order to retard its capacity to become America's next great enemy. Some believe increased commercial dealings alone will inevitably lead to a more open, more democratic China. We have chosen a different course that I believe to be both principled and pragmatic: expanding our areas of cooperation with China while dealing forthrightly with our differences."
  • CLINTON DEFENDS ENGAGEMENT POLICY WITH CHINA 11 June 1998 By Wendy S. Ross USIA -- President Clinton says his policy of engagement with the People's Republic of China is "the right thing to do" for the United States and the world.
  • Open Hearing On U. S. Technology Transfers To China June 10, 1998 -- Statement of U. S. Sen. Richard C. Shelby (R-Ala.) Chairman, Senate Select Committee on Intelligence
  • PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY June 10, 1998 THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary -- The President will be tomorrow addressing his upcoming trip to China. And I expect the President will directly answer those critics that suggest that it would be better at this point in human history to isolate the billions of people who live in China and treat that nation as a rogue nation.
  • U.S., CHINA AND THE 'ARMS RACE' ON THE SUBCONTINENT: 'RAISING THE STAKES FOR SINO-U.S. SUMMIT' USIA Foreign Media Reaction Report June 9, 1998 -- In advance of President Clinton's planned trip to China later this month, analysts overseas drew together two disparate issues: U.S.-China relations, and the arms race that they perceived to have been launched on the Indian subcontinent following the series of underground nuclear tests carried out by India and by Pakistan last month. A majority of observers in all regions viewed the "strategic partnership" between Washington and Beijing as "key" to preserving stability in Asia, a region where, they contended, "calculations have become more difficult" in the wake of New Delhi and Islamabad's de facto expansion of the number of declared nuclear states from five to seven. Some argued that abandoning the U.S.' annual review of most-favored-nation status for China, along with allowing China to join the WTO, would be an effective means of assuring that integration.
  • Satellite Lobby Makes Case Reuters 6:16pm 8.Jun.98.PDT -- Don Fuqua, president of the Aerospace Industries Association of America, told reporters at a briefing that he hoped the Senate would not fall victim to the "stampede mentality" that led to the resolutions in the House.
  • RED SCARE? BY RONALD BROWNSTEIN, JULIAN E. BARNES, KEVIN WHITELAW, AND WILLIAM J. COOK U.S. News 08 June 1998 -- The sensational rhetoric over the China scandal obscures a basic question: Is China friend or foe? "If we treat them like a military adversary, they will become one," says John Pike of the Federation of American Scientists.
  • Broadening the Lens: Peter Leitner's Revelations on '60 Minutes,' Capitol Hill Indict Clinton Technology Insecurity Center for Security Policy DECISION BRIEF No. 98-D 101 6 June 1998 -- In an interview broadcast on CBS "60 Minutes," Dr. Peter Leitner, Senior Strategic Trade Analyst in the Pentagon's Defense Technology Security Administration (DTSA), promises to put into focus for the American people a critical fact: The Clinton Administration's conduct with respect to assisting the Chinese military's rocket program -- which is now the subject of myriad congressional investigations -- is not an isolated incident, but part of a pattern that threatens incalculable harm to the United States and its vital interests.
  • What technology went where and why By Brent Scowcroft and Arnold Kanter The Washington Times - 05 June 1998 -- The last few weeks have seen an avalanche of melodramatic charges about American "technology transfers" to China and claims that these actions have enhanced the capabilities of nuclear missiles aimed at the United States. In combination with confusing -- and confused -- media reporting and inept responses by the Clinton administration, these accusations threaten both to do needless damage to important U.S. national security interests and to impede the investigation of serious allegations of wrongdoing.
  • SEN. SHELBY COMMENTS ON SECOND DAY OF HEARINGS INTO TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS TO THE CHINESE June 5, 1998
  • Chinese ship carrying arms parts to Pak N-laboratory - [June 5,1998] - The Hindustan Times
  • TEXT: RESOLUTION ON CLINTON'S PROPOSED TIANANMEN VISIT 05 June 1998 -- The U.S. House of Representatives has approved H. Con. Res. 285, a resolution calling upon President Clinton to reconsider his decision to be formally received in Tiananmen Square during his upcoming visit to China.
  • CHINA / U-S Voice of America 04 June 1998 -- CHINA IS INCENSED WASHINGTON HAS DECIDED TO SELL ADVANCED MILITARY EQUIPMENT TO TAIWAN IN WHAT BEIJING SAYS IS A VIOLATION OF A SINO-AMERICAN AGREEMENT.
  • CONGRESS / CLINTON / CHINA 04 June 1998 Voice of America -- IN YET ANOTHER REBUKE OF THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION'S CHINA POLICY, THE U-S HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES HAS PASSED A RESOLUTION URGING THE PRESIDENT TO STAY AWAY FROM TIANANMEN SQUARE.
  • SEN. SHELBY COMMENTS ON FIRST DAY OF HEARINGS INTO TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS TO CHINA & ALLEGATIONS THAT CHINA TRIED TO INFLUENCE U. S. POLICY June 4, 1998
  • CLINTON / CHINA 04 June 1998 Voice of America -- THE WHITE HOUSE SAYS PRESIDENT CLINTON WILL BE OFFICIALLY WELCOMED TO CHINA IN CEREMONIES AT TIANANMEN SQUARE DESPITE CRITICISM FROM MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVISTS.
  • Transcript: Press Conference of Mr Tang Jiaxuan, Foreign Minister of China (June 4, 1998, Geneva) After the nuclear tests conducted by India, some people in India, including some key political figures, claimed that that China constituted an immediate and direct threat to India and that this was an important reason for the Indian nuclear tests. However, in our view, these allegations are aimed at covering up what India has done. They are untenable.
  • DoD News Briefing - 04 June 1998 -- The job of the Defense Technology Security Agency is to make sure that important defense technology is not improperly conveyed to other countries, so it provides advice on the licensing of technology transfers, and it also has a capability of working with other elements of the military to evaluate when transfers do take place and what might be the impact created by those transfers. That's what the DTSA did in this case.
  • PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY - 04 June 1998 -- THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary -- China's cooperation with the United States to address the issue of proliferation in South Asia will certainly be a subject of dialogue between the two Presidents. We have a very good, vigorous, and detailed dialogue with them on the commitments they have made to us with respect to their willingness to abide missile technology control regime guidelines, MTCR guidelines.
  • WHITE HOUSE FACT SHEET ON CHINA MFN RENEWAL USIA 03 June 1998 -- (China MFN renewal serves U.S. national interest)
  • THE PRESIDENT'S TRIP TO CHINA USIA 03 June 1998 -- President Clinton will travel to the People's Republic of China from June 25 to July 3, 1998. He will visit Xian, Beijing, Shanghai, Guilin and Hong Kong.
  • Politics, Payloads, and Payoffs Examination of US Technology Transfer to China ABC News Nightline June 3, 1998
    TED KOPPEL, ABC NEWS (VO) The accusation, that sensitive missile technology was given to a potential enemy.
    REP DANA ROHRBACHER, (R), CALIFORNIA Every man, woman and child in this country may have been put in jeopardy.
    REP CURT WELDON, (R), PENNSYLVANIA Was it treason? I don't know. I hope not.
    TED KOPPEL (VO) But the truth may be much more complicated.
    JOHN PIKE I have never seen so much made out of so little.

  • China reserves option of resuming N-tests - [June 3,1998] - The Hindustan Times
  • SENATE CHINA Voice of America 03 June 1998 -- THE U-S SENATE IS STARTING ITS INQUIRY INTO WHAT REPUBLICANS CALL A SUSPICIOUS ROUND OF EXPORTS AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS TO CHINA.
  • CONGRESS - CHINA M-F-N Voice of America 03 June 1998 -- THE U-S CONGRESS HAS 30 DAYS TO SUBMIT RESOLUTIONS PROTESTING PRESIDENT CLINTON'S DECISION TO CONTINUE CHINA'S MOST FAVORED NATION TRADE STATUS, WITH VOTES EXPECTED WELL BEFORE THE CONGRESSIONAL AUGUST RECESS.
  • CLINTON / CHINA TRADE Voice of America 03 June 1998 -- PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS ANNOUNCED HE WILL SEEK EXTENSION OF U-S MOST-FAVORED-NATION TRADE BENEFITS FOR CHINA. HEAVY RESISTANCE TO THE MOVE IS EXPECTED IN CONGRESS.
  • U-S / CHINA / M-F-N Voice of America 02 June 1998 -- PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS ASKED CONGRESS TO APPROVE THE RENEWAL OF FAVORABLE TRADE TREATMENT FOR CHINA.
  • TIANANMEN/ AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL Voice of America 02 June 1998 -- CHINESE OFFICIALS SAY THEY WILL NOT CHANGE THEIR OFFICIAL JUDGMENT ON THE JUNE 1989 TIANANMEN SQUARE UPRISING.
  • CONGRESS - CHINA TRADE Voice of America 02 June 1998 -- THE HOUSE AND SENATE ARE EXPECTED TO TAKE UP AND VOTE ON M-F-N IN THE NEXT SEVERAL WEEKS. A WIDE-RANGING PROBE OF THE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS HAS JUST BEGUN AND COULD TAKE A GOOD DEAL LONGER.
  • INVESTIGATION OF IMPACTS TO U. S. NATIONAL SECURITY FROM ADVANCED SATELLITE TECHNOLOGY EXPORTS TO CHINA & CHINESE EFFORTS TO INFLUENCE U. S. POLICY June 2, 1998 -- U. S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence TERMS OF REFERENCE
  • CHINA / NUCLEAR Voice of America 02 June 1998 -- CHINA IS URGING INDIA AND PAKISTAN TO AVOID A NUCLEAR ARMS RACE, BUT SAYS INDIA IS RESPONSIBLE FOR STARTING THE TIT-FOR-TAT NUCLEAR TESTS ON THE SUBCONTINENT.
  • CHINA / U-S / M-F-N Voice of America 02 June 1998 -- OFFICIALS IN BEIJING SAY THE ANNUAL REVIEW BY THE U-S CONGRESS OF CHINA'S MOST-FAVORED-NATION TRADE STATUS IS OUTMODED. THE CHINESE FEEL THEY SHOULD BE GIVEN SUCH STATUS PERMANENTLY.
  • Selling China the Rope . . . BY HENRY SOKOLSKI THE WEEKLY STANDARD, JUNE 1, 1998 [Reprinted in Congressional Record House of Representatives - June 18, 1998] The Clinton administration from 1993 on not only showed contempt for enforcing existing satellite controls but loosened them so as to make it all but impossible to know whether they were being violated.
  • Clinton's China Commerce BY MATTHEW REES THE WEEKLY STANDARD, JUNE 1, 1998 [Reprinted in Congressional Record House of Representatives - June 18, 1998] Whatever role donations may be played in strengthening Commerce's hand, allowing that department to license militarily sensitive goods for export was not garden-variety Washington turf battle. It was the equivalent of decontrolling such exports entirely.
  • The White House Dismissed Warnings on China Satellite Deal BY JEFF GERTH AND JOHN M. BRODER The New York Times, June 1, 1998 [Reprinted in Congressional Record House of Representatives - June 18, 1998] Justice Department prosecutors warned that allowing the deal could jeopardize possible prosecution of the company for an earlier unauthorized technology transfer to Beijing. The Pentagon reported that Loral had provided `potentially very significant help' to China's military rocket program. And senior White House aides cautioned that the deal was certain to spark opposition from critics of the Administration's nonproliferation and human rights policies toward China.

    May

  • THE FACTS ON THE LONG MARCH LAUNCH FAILURE REVIEW Hughes Electronics Corporation From the time it is shipped from the factory in Southern California until it is launched into space, the satellite is under American control and handled only by American hands, all under the supervision of monitors from the Department of Defense.
  • HUGHES FALSELY ACCUSED OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO PRC Hughes Electronics Corporation In recent weeks, certain newspaper articles and editorials have suggested that Hughes Electronics may have engaged in conduct that resulted in providing valuable technological assistance to the PRC in violation of American law. THESE STORIES ARE FALSE.
  • EXAMPLE OF U.S. REGULATIONS GOVERNING LAUNCHES IN CHINA Hughes Electronics Corporation There will be no unmonitored or unescorted access to the spacecraft by the Chinese, or any controlled equipment or controlled technical data related to the launch, unless otherwise authorized under a general license. Monitoring will be on a 24-hour basis by U.S. participants.
  • CHINA / ISRAEL / MILITARY Voice of America 28 May 1998 -- ONE ISRAELI HIGH-TECH EXPORT THAT THE CHINESE HAVE DEVELOPED A TASTE FOR IS MILITARY EQUIPMENT. ACCORDING TO WESTERN EXPERTS IN BEIJING, THE SECRET TRADE IS WORTH MORE THAN ONE HUNDRED MILLION DOLLARS A YEAR. THEY SAY CHINA IS THE LARGEST CUSTOMER IN ASIA FOR ISRAELI MILITARY-RELATED EXPORTS AND THAT ISRAEL IS SECOND ONLY TO RUSSIA IN THE VOLUME OF ITS MILITARY SALES TO CHINA.
  • MORE ON THE CHINESE ROCKET LAUNCH CONTROVERSY Voice of America 28 May 1998 -- ONE OF THE MOST CONTENTIOUS AND CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES ROILING RELATIONS BETWEEN THE CLINTON WHITE HOUSE AND CONGRESS THESE DAYS IS THE LAUNCHING OF COMMERCIAL U-S SATELLITES ON CHINESE ROCKETS.
  • Time Line of Clinton China Decisions BY TOM CURRY AND ROBERT WINDREM MSNBC, May 27, 1998 [Reprinted in Congressional Record House of Representatives - June 18, 1998] As the Clinton administration debated whether to allow U.S. satellites to be lofted into orbit aboard Chinese missiles, Bernard Schwartz, chairman of Loral Space & Communications, and Democratic fund-raiser Johnny Chung, allegedly using money from the Chinese army, gave more than $500,000 in soft money, ostensibly used for `party-building efforts,' to the Democrats. The time line does not prove any cause-and-effect relationship between donations and decisions. It does give investigators a basis for their criminal inquiry.
  • The Man Behind the China TroubleBY ROBERT WINDREM MSNBC MAY 27, 1998 [Reprinted in Congressional Record House of Representatives - June 18, 1998] For a working class, Depression-era kid from Brooklyn, N.Y., Bernard `Bernie' Schwartz has done quite well for himself.
  • U-S / CHINA / CONTROVERSIES Voice of America 27 May 1998 -- PRESIDENT CLINTON IS SCHEDULED TO GO TO CHINA IN LATE JUNE FOR A SUMMIT WITH CHINESE PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN. HOWEVER, ALLEGATIONS ABOUT IMPROPER DEALINGS BETWEEN THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION AND CHINA ARE THREATENING TO OVERSHADOW THE SUMMIT.
  • WEDNESDAY'S EDITORIALS Voice of America 27 May 1998 -- AMERICA'S NEWSPAPERS ARE CONTINUING TO EXPRESS CONCERN ABOUT THE TRANSFER OF SENSITIVE MILITARY INFORMATION ON ROCKET GUIDANCE TO CHINA, AND THE PART THAT CAMPAIGN CONTRIBUTIONS BY CHINESE OFFICIALS TO PRESIDENT CLINTON'S RE-ELECTION CAMPAIGN MAY HAVE PLAYED IN THE TRANSFER.
  • DoD News Briefing Tuesday, May 26, 1998 -- ... the shipment of the satellites when they go to China. Does the Department of Defense guard these satellites still, from the time they leave the U.S. until they're blasted off? A: My understanding is that there is a chain of custody for these satellites to go over there.
  • U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing , MAY 26, 1998 -- We've gone from a time prior to the engagement work that President Bush and President Clinton have done, when China was prepared to sell widely dangerous weapons to dangerous countries. We're now at a point where China has made national decisions that we believe they are implementing not to go forward with critical proliferation sales - sales we were concerned would endanger the American people.
  • U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing TUESDAY, MAY 26, 1998 - CHINA Purpose of President's travel; US national interest lies in China engagement Encouraging signs in PRC restriction of critical proliferation weapons sales Administration policy on satellite waivers; prohibition on sensitive tech transfers
  • REPUBLICANS / CHINA MISSILES Voice of America 25 May 1998 -- REPUBLICANS ARE SHARPENING THEIR ATTACKS ON PRESIDENT CLINTON IN CONNECTION WITH ALLEGED TRANSFERS OF U-S MISSILE TECHNOLOGY TO CHINA.
  • CHINA / U-S / SATELLITE Voice of America 23 May 1998 ONE MONTH BEFORE THE FIRST VISIT BY A U-S PRESIDENT SINCE THE CRUSHING OF THE 1989 PRO-DEMOCRACY MOVEMENT -- CHINESE OFFICIALS ARE IRRITATED ABOUT ALLEGATIONS A U-S SATELLITE COMPANY HELPED IT IMPROVE ITS MISSILE TECHNOLOGY.
  • EDITORIAL Quid pro quo? A China chronology The Washington Times 22 May 1998 -- President Clinton has insisted that quid pro quos were never a factor in his unprecedented fund-raising efforts, especially a quid pro quo that would damage national security. Herewith a chronology of events that strongly suggests otherwise.
  • Mr. Clinton, You're No Ronald Reagan Republican National Committee RNC Backgrounder- May 22, 1998 -- In permitting US satellites to be launched in China: Mr. Clinton, You're No Ronald Reagan. The Clinton Administration is trying to defend its irresponsible transfers of missile technology to China by claiming that Presidents Reagan and Bush permitted US satellites to be launched from China.
  • NICHOLSON CALLS ON CLINTON TO RELEASE ALL THE DOCUMENTS Republican National Committee - 22 May 1998 -- Republican National Committee Chairman Jim Nicholson today called on President Clinton to release all the documents relevant to his decision to transfer U.S. missile and satellite technology to Communist China.
  • Clinton Compromises National Security Republican National Committee - Thursday, May 21, 1998 - Corruption or Gross Incompetence? According to the CIA, for the first time ever, Communist China now has over a dozen nuclear missiles aimed straight at American cities. Bill Clinton supplied the satellite and guidance technology needed to make the warheads more accurate, reliable and lethal.
  • SENATE TO INVESTIGATE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS TO CHINA May 21, 1998 -- Intelligence Committee Chair Shelby To Lead Inquiry As Part Of Senate Committee Oversight
  • [EXCERPTS] DoD News Briefing Thursday, May 21, 1998 -- Q: When a U.S. company is allowed to send one of its satellites to China for launch, does the Pentagon play a role in escorting that satellite? A: We have observers at the launch site who watch the entire process.
  • [EXCERPTS] U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing - 21 May 1998 - CHINA Launches of US Satellites / Safeguards System / House Vote on US Transfers of High Technology / Waiver of Loral Deal with Campaign Donation
  • CHINA/U-S Voice of America - 21 May 1998 - CHINA IS URGING THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION TO BLOCK U-S CONGRESSIONAL MEASURES THAT WOULD PREVENT WASHINGTON FROM TRANSFERRING AEROSPACE AND OTHER ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO BEIJING.
  • CLINTON'S CHINA CONNECTION CONTROVERSY EXPANDS Voice of America - 21 May 1998 - THURSDAY, IN WHAT THE "NEW YORK TIMES" CALLED A -- BIPARTISAN STAMPEDE ON A POLITICALLY EXPLOSIVE ISSUE -- THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES VOTED OVERWHELMINGLY TO SUSPEND THE EXPORT OF AMERICAN-MADE SATELLITES AND MISSILE TECHNOLOGY TO CHINA.
  • CONGRESS / CLINTON / CHINA Voice of America - 21 May 1998 - THE CONTROVERSY OVER PRESIDENT CLINTON'S HANDLING OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS TO CHINA IS DOMINATING DEBATE IN THE U-S HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. REPUBLICANS ARE ON THE ATTACK AT NEWS CONFERENCES AND IN THE HOUSE CHAMBER. ALMOST EVERY DAY THIS WEEK, PENDING BUSINESS IN THE HOUSE HAS BEEN PUSHED ASIDE TO PROVIDE TIME FOR DISCUSSION OF THE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER CONTROVERSY.
  • House Votes Could Be Costly To U.S. Aerospace Concerns By BRIAN DUFFY and THOMAS E. RICKS THE WALL STREET JOURNALMay 21, 1998
  • CLINTON CONSIDERED LORAL'S SCHWARTZ FOR PENTAGON CHIEF THREE TIMES Republican National Committee RNC NEWS- 20 May 1998 - CEO of company under investigation for technology transfers to China
  • PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY May 20, 1998 -- Q Mike, would you care to respond to Newt Gingrich's call for a special committee now to investigate these latest allegations that Chinese money went from Johnny Chung to the Democratic Party and may have resulted in the lifting of satellite technology restrictions on China? MR. MCCURRY: You all are very confused about even what has been alleged.... You misunderstand what you think you're reading in someone else's newspaper.... all I'm suggesting to you is sort out the basic facts before you attempt to write about this.
  • SENATE-CHINA Voice of America - 20 May 1998 - THE SENATE INTELLIGENCE COMMITTEE AND A SPECIAL REPUBLICAN TASK FORCE WILL PROBE THE LATEST ALLEGATIONS - THAT U-S DEFENSE FIRMS SHARED HIGHLY SENSITIVE TECHNOLOGY WITH BEIJING.
  • CONGRESS / CHINA Voice of America - 20 May 1998 - THE U-S HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES HAS VOTED TO TIGHTEN THE BAN ON EXPORTS OF SATELLITE AND MISSILE RELATED TECHNOLOGY TO CHINA.
  • CLINTON / CHINA Voice of America - 20 May 1998 - CONGRESSIONAL REPUBLICANS ARE CALLING ON MR. CLINTON TO DELAY OR CANCEL HIS TRIP TO CHINA IN LATE JUNE UNTIL NEW QUESTIONS ABOUT SATELLITE SALES TO CHINA, AND ILLEGAL CHINESE DONATIONS TO THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY TWO YEARS AGO, ARE ANSWERED.
  • THE PROLIFERATION PRESIDENT Republican National Committee RNC Backgrounder May 19, 1998 How Bill Clinton Compromised U.S. National Security And Set Off a Nuclear Arms Race in Asia -- Nuclear Missiles Are Now Pointed At U.S. Cities
  • CHINA/ U-S FUNDRAISING 19 May 1998 Voice of America CHINA HAS DENIED IT WAS INVOLVED IN FUNNELING CONTRIBUTIONS TO AMERICA'S DEMOCRATIC PARTY DURING THE 1996 PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN.
  • Satellite Maker Gave Report to China Before Telling U.S. By Jeff Gerth The New York Times, May 19, 1998 [Reprinted in Congressional Record House of Representatives - June 18, 1998] A leading American satellite maker acknowledged for the first time Monday that a committee headed by one of its top executives provided a report in 1996 to the Chinese on a failed Chinese rocket, without first consulting federal officials, and contrary to the company's own internal policies.
  • CONGRESS-CHINA Voice of America - 19 May 1998 - REPUBLICAN LEADERS IN THE U-S HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ARE SETTING UP A SPECIAL COMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE TRANSFERS OF ADVANCED AMERICAN SPACE TECHNOLOGY TO CHINA.
  • [EXCERPTS] U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing - 19 May 1998 - CHINA Investigation whether unauthorized missile technology was transfer to PRC Second license with tightened restrictions issued to Loral Believe US licensing safeguards deter unauthorized transfers of technology.
  • NEW ALLEGATIONS ABOUT A CLINTON "CHINA CONNECTION" 18 May 1998 -- Voice of America THESE ALLEGATIONS ARE CONSIDERED BY MANY OBSERVERS TO BE FAR MORE THREATENING TO PRESIDENT CLINTON THAN THE SEXUAL ACCUSATIONS HE FACES REGARDING FORMER WHITE HOUSE INTERN MONICA LEWINSKY.
  • Space Systems/Loral China Issues Fact Sheet - May 18, 1998 "Allegations that Space Systems/Loral provided missile guidance technology to the Chinese are false. SS/L makes commercial communications satellites, not launch vehicles. The company did not advise the Chinese on how to fix any problems with the Long March rocket."
  • Chinese missile firm funded Clinton campaign - [May 18,1998] - The Hindustan Times
  • REPUBLICANS-CHINA 18 May 1998 -- Voice of America REPUBLICANS IN CONGRESS ARE CALLING FOR AN INQUIRY INTO NEW CHARGES THAT CHINA SECRETLY FUNNELED MONEY TO PRESIDENT CLINTON'S PARTY. SENATOR LOTT SUGGESTS THE MONEY MAY HAVE INFLUENCED A WHITE HOUSE DECISION TO ALLOW U-S SATELLITE TECHNOLOGY EXPORTS TO CHINA.
  • No, Mr. President, Not a Single Solitary Missile. Thirteen Missiles Republican National Committee Just The Facts -- May 18, 1998 A new CIA report says that 13 of China's 18 long-range strategic missiles have single nuclear warheads aimed at U.S. cities.
  • The China Connection Republican National Committee - 18 May 1998 - Bill Clinton granted special waivers for Loral CEO - and Democrat fat cat - Bernie Schwartz that let China buy a vast range of American military technology that made Chinese missiles more accurate and reliable.
  • How Chinese Won Rights to Launch Satellites for U.S. BY JEFF GERTH AND DAVID E. SANGER The New York Times, May 17, 1998 [Reprinted in Congressional Record House of Representatives - June 18, 1998] On Oct. 9, 1995, Secretary of State Warren Christopher ended a lengthy debate within the Clinton Administration by initialing a classified order that preserved the State Department's sharp limits on China's ability to launch American-made satellites aboard Chinese rockets. Both American industry and state-owned Chinese companies had been lobbying for years to get the satellites off what is known as the `munitions list,' the inventory of America's most sensitive military and intelligence-gathering technology.
  • Democrat Fund-Raiser Said to Detail China Tie BY JEFF GERTH The New York Times, May 15, 1998 [Reprinted in Congressional Record House of Representatives - June 18, 1998] - Democratic fund-raiser Johnny Chung told investigators that a large part of the nearly $100,000 he gave to Democratic causes in the summer of 1996--including $80,000 to the Democratic National Committee--came from China's People's Liberation Army through a Chinese lieutenant colonel and aerospace executive whose father was Gen. Liu Huaqing.
  • Chinese Delivery Republican National Committee In Case You Missed It.- Friday, May 15, 1998 -- "According to Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R., Calif.), Chairman of the House Space and Aeronautics Subcommittee, U.S. expertise has 'perfected' China's Long March rockets, which are identical in design to Chinese strategic nuclear missiles.
  • Democrat Fund-Raiser Said to Detail China Tie Republican National Committee In Case You Missed It. - Friday, May 15, 1998 From today's New York Times By Jeff Gerth "A Democratic fund-raiser has told Federal investigators he funneled tens of thousands of dollars for a Chinese military officer to the Democrats during President Clinton's 1996 re-election campaign..."
  • U-S CHINA / INDIA NUKE Voice of America - 14 May 1998 -- A CONGRESSIONAL HEARING ON CHINA TRADE POLICY HEARD NUMEROUS CHARGES THAT CHINA HAS NOT LIVED UP TO ITS COMMITMENTS TO NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION.
  • China tests new missile - [May 11,1998] - The Hindustan Times
  • U-S MILITARY / CHINA-TAIWAN - Voice of America 09 May 1998 - SEVERAL MEMBERS OF THE U-S CONGRESS INTRODUCED A RESOLUTION WHICH WOULD CALL ON CHINA TO PUBLICLY RENOUNCE THE USE OF FORCE AGAINST TAIWAN.
  • U-S / CHINA MISSILES May 7, 1998 Voice of America UNDERSECRETARY OF DEFENSE WALTER SLOCOMBE SAYS THE U-S GOVERNMENT HAS NO EVIDENCE AMERICAN TECHNOLOGY HAS BEEN INCORPORATED INTO CHINESE LONG RANGE MISSILES.
  • CONGRESS / CHINA SATELLITES 06 May 1998 - Voice of America -- REPUBLICANS IN THE U-S CONGRESS PLAN TO INVESTIGATE THE SALE OF AMERICAN COMMERCIAL SATELLITES TO CHINA. BOTH SECURITY AND POLITICAL CONCERNS ARE LIKELY TO DRIVE THEIR INQUIRY.
  • ALBRIGHT TO ASIA: 'CLEARING THE DECKS' FOR CLINTON'S VISIT TO CHINA 05 May 1998 - USIA Foreign Media Reaction Report -- Writers perceived a "sea change" in U.S.-China relations leading up to President Clinton's state visit to China in June.

    April

  • Japan-US Security Moves Must Keep off Taiwan Straits April 30, 1998 -- China firmly opposes any direct or indirect activities which attempt to include the Taiwan Straits in the scope of the Japan-US security cooperation relationship.
  • [EXCERPT] U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing , APRIL 30, 1998 "The US has not provided China with a draft space cooperation agreement. There never was and there still is not any US plan or proposal to offer China access to missile technology.
  • CHINA / ALBRIGHT VOA 29 April 1998 SECRETARY OF STATE MADELEINE ALBRIGHT SAYS THE UNITED STATES IS WILLING TO CONSIDER EASING SOME OF THE SANCTIONS IT IMPOSED ON CHINA.
  • CHINA / ALBRIGHT / HOTLINE Voice of America 29 April 1998 - SECRETARY OF STATE MADELEINE ALBRIGHT AND CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTER TANG JIAXUAN HAVE SIGNED AN AGREEMENT SETTING UP A SECURE HOTLINE BETWEEN BEIJING AND WASHINGTON.
  • DUAL USE TECHNOLOGY Voice of America 28 April 1998 - CHINA WAS THE FOCUS TUESDAY OF A CONGRESSIONAL HEARING IN WASHINGTON ON HOW CLOSELY TO GUARD TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION AGAINST THE LURE OF MULTI-BILLION DOLLAR SALES TO A DYNAMIC MARKET.
  • CHINA / LORAL 21 April 1998 Voice of America -- THE HEAD OF LORAL SPACE -- ONE OF THE COMPANIES NAMED IN A PENTAGON REPORT AS HAVING INAPPROPRIATELY PROVIDED MISSILE TECHNOLOGY TO CHINA -- DENIES THE COMPANY HAS DONE ANYTHING IMPROPER.
  • CHINA / U-S COMPANIES Voice of America 4/16/98 CHINA IS ADDING ITS VOICE TO DENIALS OF A MEDIA REPORT CLAIMING THE COUNTRY RECEIVED MISSILE TECHNOLOGY FROM TWO U-S COMPANIES.
  • [EXCERPTS] WHITE HOUSE PRESS BRIEFING April 13, 1998 The Briefing Room - : Why did the President approve the transfer of missile technology and improve the reliability of Chinese nuclear weapons, and how is that in the nation's best interest?
  • U.S. Business Role in Policy on China is Under Question BY JEFF GERTH The New York Times, Apr. 13, 1998 [Reprinted in Congressional Record House of Representatives - June 18, 1998] In the 1992 election, many of America's aerospace manufacturers backed Bill Clinton. But when President Clinton took office, he immediately disappointed some of them on a key issue, barring them from launching their most lucrative satellites on China's low-cost rockets. The aerospace companies' counterattack was vehement--and effective. After a lobbying campaign that included appeals to the President by C. Michael Armstrong, then the chief executive of Hughes Electronics, Mr. Clinton gradually came to take the industry's side.
  • TRANSCRIPT: ACDA'S HOLUM BRIEFING ON RECENT TRIP TO CHINA 09 April 1998 -- China's cooperation is "indispensable" if the United States is to reach its nonproliferation goals of reining in missiles and weapons of mass destruction, says John Holum.
  • HOLUM: CHINA "INDISPENSABLE" TO U.S. NONPROLIFERATION EFFORTS 09 April 1998 By Jane A. Morse USIA Diplomatic Correspondent -- China's cooperation is "indispensable" if the United States is to reach its nonproliferation goals of reining in missiles and weapons of mass destruction, says John Holum.
  • Companies Are Investigated For Aid to China on Rockets BY JEFF GERTH WITH RAYMOND BONNER The New York Times, Apr. 4, 1998 [Reprinted in Congressional Record House of Representatives - June 18, 1998] A Federal grand jury is investigating whether two American companies illegally gave China space expertise that significantly advanced Beijing's ballistic missile program, according to Administration officials. But the officials said the criminal inquiry was dealt a serious blow two months ago when President Clinton quietly approved the export to China of similar technology by one of the companies under investigation.

    March

  • [EXCERPT] TRANSCRIPT: STATE DEPARTMENT NOON BRIEFING, MARCH 27, 1998 The United States is not proposing any offers of access to missile technology to China.
  • CHINA/U-S/PROLIFERATION VOA 3/26/98 AMERICA'S TOP ARMS NEGOTIATOR SAYS CHINA HAS LIVED UP TO COMMITMENTS IT HAS MADE TO WASHINGTON ON NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION, BUT THAT BEIJING NEEDS TO STRENGTHEN ITS CONTROLS OVER MISSILE EXPORTS.

    February

  • CHINA'S NUCLEAR AND RELATED DUAL-USE EXPORT CONTROLS State Department fact sheet issued with the testimony of Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Nonproliferation Robert J. Einhorn before the House Committee on International Relations 04 February 1998.
  • PREREQUISITES FOR U.S.-PRC NUCLEAR COOPERATION PACT State Department fact sheet issued with the testimony of Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Nonproliferation Robert J. Einhorn before the House Committee on International Relations 04 February 1998.
  • PRC RECORD ON NUCLEAR ARMS CONTROL, NONPROLIFERATION State Department fact sheet issued with the testimony of Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Nonproliferation Robert J. Einhorn before the House Committee on International Relations 04 February 1998.

    January

  • Historic Agreement Marks Secretary's China Visit By Douglas J. Gillert American Forces Press Service 21 January 1998 -- On the second day of his visit to China, Defense Secretary William Cohen signed agreements designed to prevent accidents and confrontations between the U.S. and Chinese navies.
  • Remarks Prepared for Delivery by Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen Academy of Military Sciences Beijing, China Sunday, January 19, 1998 -- China is an Asian power, and rightfully so. The United States does not fear this, nor do we view China as an adversary. We all were taught that dealing with an adversary requires secrecy and surprise. But our experience has taught us that dealing with a partner requires openness and confidence. Today we signed a Military Maritime Consultative Agreement that will help avoid incidents at sea and create a venue for dialogue between Chinese and American operational naval officers.
  • TEXT: PRESIDENT CERTIFIES CHINA UNDER U.S.-CHINA NUCLEAR AGREEMENT US Information Agency 16 January 1998 (China to engage in peaceful nuclear cooperation with U.S.)
  • Implementation of the Agreement for Nuclear Cooperation Between the United States and the People's Republic of China TEXT OF A LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT TO THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, THE PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE, AND THE CHAIRMEN OF THE SENATE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS AND THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS - January 15, 1998
  • Implementation of the Agreement for Cooperation Between the United States and the People's Republic of China - Certification Pursuant to Section (b)(1) of Public Law 99-183 and to Section 902(a)(6)(B) of Public Law 101-246 Presidential Determination No. 98-10 January 12, 1998
  • TRANSCRIPT: ROBERT EINHORN INTERVIEW ON CHINA/NON-PROLIFERATION US Information Agency 07 January 1998 (USIA electronic journal "U.S. Foreign Policy Agenda")
  • BEIJING'S SURGE FOR THE STRAIT OF MALACCA by Yossef Bodansky - January 1998
  • Russian-Chinese Nuclear Cooperation... PIR Arms Control Letter January, 1998.



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