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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

DATE=7/3/98
TYPE=NEWS ANALYSIS
NUMBER=5-40860
TITLE=CHINA / CLINTON
BYLINE=STEPHANIE HO
DATELINE=HONG KONG
CONTENT=
VOICED AT: 
INTRO:   PRESIDENT CLINTON'S JUST-COMPLETED TRIP TO CHINA WAS 
LONG ON SYMBOLISM AND SHORT ON SUBSTANCE.  IN THIS NEWS ANALYSIS,
V-O-A'S STEPHANIE HO REPORTS THE TRIP'S MAIN ACHIEVEMENT WAS TO 
ESTABLISH A FRANK -- AND MORE PUBLIC -- DIALOGUE BETWEEN CHINA 
AND THE UNITED STATES.
TEXT:   PRESIDENT CLINTON CALLS HIS CHINA POLICY "A POLICY OF 
ENGAGEMENT."  IN A NEWS CONFERENCE BEFORE LEAVING HONG KONG FOR 
HOME FRIDAY, MR. CLINTON DEFENDED HIS ADMINISTRATION'S ENGAGEMENT
STRATEGY, SAYING IT STILL HAS A STRONG HUMAN RIGHTS COMPONENT. 
MR. CLINTON -- WHO AS A POLITICAL CANDIDATE OFTEN CRITICIZED 
PRESIDENT GEORGE BUSH'S CHINA POLICY AS WEAK ON HUMAN RIGHTS -- 
SAYS HE HAS SINCE LEARNED A FEW LESSONS.
                        // CLINTON ACT //
  I THINK ANY PRESIDENT WOULD SAY THAT ONCE YOU'VE SERVED IN THIS
JOB, YOU UNDERSTAND A LITTLE BIT MORE THE NUANCES OF ALL THE 
POLICIES THAN YOU DO BEFORE YOU GET IT (THE JOB). 
                          // END ACT //
MR. CLINTON BECAME THE FIRST AMERICAN PRESIDENT TO VISIT CHINA 
SINCE BEIJING'S BLOODY 1989 CRACKDOWN ON THE DEMOCRACY MOVEMENT 
IN TIANANMEN SQUARE.  AND HIS FAILURE TO MEET WITH ANY CHINESE 
DISSIDENTS DURING HIS VISIT DREW CRITICISM FROM SOME HUMAN RIGHTS
ACTIVISTS. 
BUT PRESIDENT CLINTON SAYS HE WAS ENCOURAGED THAT HIS NEWS 
CONFERENCE WITH CHINESE PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN WAS BROADCAST LIVE 
ON CHINESE TELEVISION.  MR. CLINTON USED THAT FORUM TO OPENLY 
DISPUTE BEIJING'S EXPLANATION FOR TIANANMEN SQUARE 
                        // CLINTON ACT //
  I FELT THAT BY GOING DIRECTLY TO ENGAGE THE CHINESE, STARTING 
WITH THE PRESIDENT, AND ESPECIALLY TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THE 
OPPORTUNITY TO HAVE THIS FREE AND OPEN DEBATE BEFORE ALL THE 
CHINESE PEOPLE, I COULD DO MORE IN THE SHORT AND LONG RUN TO 
ADVANCE THE CAUSE OF HUMAN RIGHTS.
                          // END ACT //
ONE OF THE NUANCES OF U-S POLICY TOWARD CHINA IS BUSINESS.  
DURING PRESIDENT CLINTON'S TRIP, CHINESE NEWSPAPERS DECLARED THAT
U-S COMPANIES HAD SIGNED TWO-BILLION DOLLARS' WORTH OF DEALS WITH
CHINESE COMPANIES.  HOWEVER, MANY OF THE DEALS -- INCLUDING AN 
ORDER THAT CHINA PLACED WITH THE "BOEING" COMPANY FOR 17 AIRCRAFT
-- HAD BEEN AGREED TO LONG BEFORE THE AMERICAN PRESIDENT'S 
ARRIVAL IN CHINA.
IN THE MEANTIME, THE U-S TRADE DEFICIT WITH CHINA -- WHICH 
REACHED NEARLY 50-BILLION DOLLARS IN 1997 -- IS GROWING EVEN 
LARGER THIS YEAR.
THE STATUS OF TAIWAN -- AN ISLAND CHINA REGARDS AS A RENEGADE 
PROVINCE -- IS ANOTHER ISSUE THAT BOTH COUNTRIES FOCUSED ON 
DURING PRESIDENT CLINTON'S TRIP.
IN A SPEECH IN SHANGHAI, THE PRESIDENT PUBLICLY ARTICULATED A 
POLICY HE CALLED "THE THREE NO'S" -- ONE OF WHICH IS "NO" TO U-S 
SUPPORT FOR TAIWAN INDEPENDENCE.
PAST U-S ADMINISTRATIONS HAD SIMPLY "ACKNOWLEDGED" CHINA'S 
POSITION ON TAIWAN, LEAVING U-S POLICY SOMEWHAT AMBIGUOUS.  AND 
BEIJING WANTED AN UNEQUIVOCAL STATEMENT FROM PRESIDENT CLINTON ON
TAIWAN -- WHICH IT SEEMED TO RECEIVE. 
IN ANSWER TO QUESTIONS ABOUT HIS ADMINISTRATION'S TAIWAN POLICY, 
MR. CLINTON ARGUED THAT HIS STATEMENT DID NOT INDICATE A CHANGE 
IN U-S POLICY.
                        // CLINTON ACT //
 THE QUESTION OF INDEPENDENCE FOR TAIWAN, FOR EXAMPLE, HAS BEEN 
AMERICAN POLICY FOR A LONG TIME AND HAS BEEN A POLICY THAT HAS 
BEEN EMBRACED BY THE GOVERNMENT IN TAIWAN ITSELF.
                          // END ACT //
CRITICS SAY, THOUGH, THAT THE PRESIDENTIAL STATEMENT 
SIGNIFICANTLY WEAKENS TAIWAN'S BARGAINING POWER IN NEGOTIATIONS 
WITH CHINA AND UNDERMINES THE RIGHT OF THE DEMOCRATIC ISLAND'S 
21-MILLION PEOPLE TO DETERMINE THEIR OWN FUTURE. 
THE MOST SIGNIFICANT AGREEMENT THE UNITED STATES AND CHINA 
REACHED AS A RESULT OF PRESIDENT CLINTON'S VISIT WAS AN ACCORD 
NOT TO POINT, OR TARGET, NUCLEAR MISSILES AT EACH OTHER.  
ALTHOUGH THIS COULD PREVENT AN ACCIDENTAL STRIKE, THE AGREEMENT 
IS LARGELY SYMBOLIC BECAUSE EXPERTS SAY THE MISSILES CAN BE 
RE-TARGETED IN A MATTER OF MINUTES.
PRESIDENT CLINTON SAYS THE MAIN AIM OF HIS CHINA POLICY IS TO 
INFLUENCE THE CHINESE POPULATION THROUGH EXPANDED TIES AND 
INCREASED EXPOSURE.  HIS FRANK, OPEN DEBATE WITH JIANG ZEMIN ON 
CHINESE TELEVISION WAS A STEP TOWARD THAT GOAL -- IT GAVE THE 
CHINESE PEOPLE THE KIND OF EXPOSURE TO U-S VIEWS THEY HAD NEVER 
SEEN BEFORE. (SIGNED)
NEB/HO/DWJ/RRM/PLM
03-Jul-98 11:40 PM EDT (0340 UTC)
NNNN
Source: Voice of America
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