Object 781, 782, 787
Work on the BMPT or Object 199 "Ramka" ["Frame"] started in the second half of the 1990s, but the first attempts to create such a machine were made back in the early 1980s. At the time, the experience of existing military conflicts has shown that the traditional use of tanks and infantry fighting vehicles is becoming increasingly problematic due to a variety of anti-saturation of defense complexes, including various missile systems.
The main executor of works on creation BMPT was appointed CB Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant Minselhozmasha (GSKB-2), headed by VL Vershinskaya, co-executor of developer weapon system was chosen for BMPT known Tula Instrument Design Bureau (KBP), which was led by Chief Designer A.G.Shipunov. GSKB-2 set out to build a new class of combat vehicles in 1985, when there were scientific research to determine the shape of the combat vehicle. The main armament BMPT initially was performed in 2 versions. In the press, they were often referred to today as "Object 781" and "Object 782."
The chelyabinsk prototypes were the object 781, object 782, and the object 787. These prototypes used the T-72 chassis, but these prototypes were not the BMP-T. These were built by the Chelyabinsk tractor factory, and were not directly related to the Object 199 BMP-T built by Uralvagonzavod.
The military remembered the tragic consequences of the storming of Grozny on the night of January 1, 1995, when in close quarters on the outskirts of the city to the railway station almost point-blank shot was the 131st Maikop brigade burned about 50 tanks and military vehicles. Assault on the city was literally awash in the blood of Russian soldiers and officers. Thrown into battle without proper reconnaissance, unaccompanied by helicopters or infantry formidable fighting machine in tight city streets were easy prey Chechen RPGs.
In 1996, the war machine, designated the "Object 787" was ready. The experimental sample looked quite unusual. At the T-72 was disassembled gun, and on each side of the turret were installed 2nd 30-mm automatic cannon 2A72, coupled with a 7.62-mm machine guns. The data set as a forked tongue viper could fatally sting any opponent, so the vehicle company named "Viper".
Tests were conducted on two armored vehicles Chebarkul training ground in the Chelyabinsk Region. During the tests focused on the weapons and firepower of the new "mountain of tanks." Both vehicles have shown their potential to destroy a variety of purposes by means of a weapons and showed their real potential in certain situations. During testing fine-tuned machines. Thus, the prototype of "Object 731" to improve the accuracy of shooting guards got the frame structure.
Tests two BMPT continued until 1990. By this time, the USSR Ministry of Defense leadership has had time to get acquainted with new techniques and to express their opinion. More interesting and promising was named "Object 781" with two separate combat units, equipped with 30-mm automatic cannon. In accordance with the decision of the military staff GSKB-2 Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant started preparing documents for pilot production.
However, due to the new political trends at that time, many defense companies were having serious problems. In particular, in 1990, Chelyabinsk designers were ordered to cease all work on the projects for military purposes and to transfer the documentation on them to "Uralvagonzavod». Nizhny Tagil plant was uploaded their projects, as well as beginning to feel economic troubles. As a result of the project "Object 781" was postponed, so to speak, till the best times.
The military did not have the opportunity to continue to finance the project, with the result that all the promising "mountain tanks" stopped. Two prototype "Object 781" and "Object 782" machines were sent to Kubinka, where they are still stored on one of the grounds of the museum of armored vehicles. Subjects combat vehicles, capable of supporting actions of various departments, including tanks, for some time has been forgotten. Work on the creation of a new BMPT resumed only in the mid-nineties. Their result was the famous vehicle "Object 199".
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|