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BMPT Terminator
Tank Support Combat Vehicle

The Russian tank-support fighting vehicle (BMPT), dubbed "Terminators" by their manufacturer, Uralvagonzavod, received a flood of media attention in late May 2022 after being sighted in Ukraine. Terminators were the result of the enduring Soviet quest for vehicles designed to fight in tight urban spaces. That need became urgent after the first Chechen war in which significant numbers of Russian armored vehicles were destroyed in urban operations by Chechen fighters.

The UK Ministry of Defence reported 22 May 2022 that Russia’s only operational company of BMP-T Terminator tank support vehicles has likely been deployed to the Severodonetsk axis of the Donbas offensive. Their presence suggests that the Central Grouping of Forces (CGF) is involved in this attack, which is the only formation fielding this vehicle. CGF previously suffered heavy losses while failing to break through to eastern Kyiv in the first phase of the invasion. Russia developed Terminator after identifying the need to provide dedicated protection to main battle tanks it used during the Afghan and Chechen wars. The Severodonetsk area remains one of Russia’s immediate tactical priorities. However, with a maximum of ten Terminators deployed they are unlikely to have a significant impact on the campaign.

The BMPT tank support combat vehicle is a development that has no equal in the world. Its powerful weapons set and heavy armour protection correspond well with the Russian nickname "Terminator". But in 2010, Chief of Armaments of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation Vladimir Popovkin said that the BMPT, along with the 2S25 and BMD-4, would not be accepted into service due to the armored vehicles being developed on chassis' from the Soviet era. The BMPT "Terminator" was officially adopted by the Russian army, but the supply of weapons to the troops of the sample was not made.

The tank support vehicles (BMPT) "Terminator" will appear in the Central Military District (TsVO) in 2018. This was reported on 17 May 2018 by the district commander, Lieutenant-General Alexander Lapin. "This is a good combat vehicle, I tested it in combat conditions, it will be in the troops of the district this year," he said.

One of the most interesting Russian developments of recent years is the combat support vehicle BMPT tank ( "Object 199" and "Terminator"). This armored vehicle is capable of acting in the same battle formations with tanks, finding and destroying various targets. The specific structure of weapons BMPT allows her to choose the most effective weapon in this situation, the firepower is best suited to hit the chosen target. In addition, the BMPT able to attack several targets simultaneously.

BMPT was developed in the late nineties, but was not adopted by the Russian Army. It should be noted, the project "Object 199" was not the first domestic development of its class. So, having a combined arms and capable of hitting different targets, in the 1980s the design office Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant developed two variants of prospective combat vehicle.

It should be noted, the first proposal to establish a new armored vehicles on the basis of the tank, carrying small-caliber guns, machine guns, etc. appeared in the late 1950s, when it became clear that modern anti-aircraft self-propelled gun can effectively engage ground targets some. However, until that time, these ideas do not go beyond simple discussions. The impetus for the beginning of work on the topic has become a promising first experience of fighting in Afghanistan. Troops needed a new armored vehicle with a high level of protection, armed with cannons, machine guns and rockets capable of hitting manpower and equipment in various conditions. For example, there was a need for large angles of elevation of weapons needed for firing at targets on the slopes.

Some sources mention that the new system had the designation associated with its intended use, - "Mountain Tank." The term "tank support combat vehicle" came much later.

The BMPT is built on the basis of the mass-produced T-72 battle tank. Modernization of the T-72-type battle tanks into the BMPT combat vehicle can change tactics of combat actions and significantly increase fighting efficiency of tank units. The new combat vehicle features enhanced armor protection and is equipped with powerful armament capable of destroying anti-tank capable ground and air targets and infantry, while operating in a common battle formation. Its main armament consists of two 30-mm 2A42 automatic cannons, a coaxially-mounted 7.62-mm PKTM machine gun with an electromechanical drive, and four launchers with laser-guided Attack-T anti-tank missiles.

The BMPT tank support combat vehicle combines powerful weapons with heavy armour protection which facilitate armour support operations, in particular by defeating tank-dangerous targets of an antitank missile system crews type, as well as autonomous operations to reinforce infantry units, protect troop columns and installations, and defeat terrorist groups.

The BMPT's hull is the same as that of the T-72 battle tank. It is provided with explosive reactive armor (ERA) on the frontal armor plate, ERA-applied screens to protect side plates, as well as grilled shields to protect the hull rear. The welded turret is provided with a filler and built-in ERA. The distinguishing feature of the BMPT combat vehicle is its low-profile turret mounted on a tank chassis. The turret is equipped with up-to-date weapons for defeating antiarmor-capable targets and enabling tanks to advance, leaving close antiarmor-capable targets for the BMPT to take care of. The BMPT crew consists of five men.

The BMPT armament can effectively defeat both lightly armored ground and aerial targets and heavily armored tank-type ground targets. Its main armament consists of the 30mm 2A42 automatic gun and coaxially-mounted AG-30 or AGS-17A grenade launcher stabilized in two planes, and the Kornet ATGM system provided with a semiautomatic jamproof laser-guided system. The BMPT is additionally armed with two AG-30 grenade launchers or two 7.62mm PKTM machine guns with an electromechanical drive and a day/night sight combined with the Agat-MR optronic sight. The additional weapons were arranged on fenders.

The vehicle's fire control system includes a multichannel sight and a panoramic low-level light television (LLTV) sight, providing detection and identification of small-size targets at long ranges by day and night in adverse weather conditions. Three operators in the BMPT provide quick detection and engagement of three different targets in the all-round sector.

The turret-mounted 7.62mm machine gun provided with an electromechanical drive and the PNK sight serves as an auxiliary weapon. The BMPT has a built-in dozer equipment for digging in. The vehicle can be equipped with the KMT-8 treadway mine plow and the EMT electromagnetic device. A diesel-electric set rated at 5 kW is installed in an armored compartment on the right fender.

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Page last modified: 24-05-2022 16:02:32 ZULU