Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)
1997 Iran Special Weapons News
- IRAN / MISSILES VOA 31 December 1997 -
REPORTED BALLISTIC MISSILE ENGINE TESTS IN IRAN ARE A REASON FOR CONCERN BUT NOT ALARM.
- U-S / IRAN VOA 29 December 1997 - THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION REAFFIRMED ITS INTEREST IN A DIALOGUE WITH IRAN BUT SAYS ANY SUCH DISCUSSIONS SHOULD BE BETWEEN THE TWO GOVERNMENTS.
- IRAN NUKE PROGRAM VOA 23 December 1997 -
A PUBLISHED REPORT SAYS IRAN IS ONLY TWO YEARS AWAY FROM DEVELOPING A USABLE NUCLEAR WEAPON -- CLOSER THAN PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT IN THE WEST.
- IRAN-U.S. THAW '97 VOA 23 December 1997 -
HOPES FOR A THAW IN U-S-IRAN RELATIONS CAME TO PROMINENCE IN 1997 FOLLOWING THE VICTORY OF A MODERATE CLERIC IN IRAN'S PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN MAY.
- IRAN UNDER KHATAMI '97 VOA 22 December 1997 - PRESIDENT KHATAMI'S CAMPAIGN PLEDGES ARE FAR REACHING BY IRANIAN STANDARDS.
- IRAN/U-S VOA 14 December 1997 - PRESIDENT MUHAMMAD KHATAMI OF IRAN SAYS HE WANTS TO HAVE WHAT HE CALLS -- THOUGHTFUL -- DIALOGUE WITH THE UNITED STATES.
- ISLAMIC CONFERENCE IN TEHRAN: 'IRAN COMES IN FROM THE COLD' US Information Agency - Foreign Media Reaction Report 12 December 1997
- [EXCERPT] U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing -- DECEMBER 15, 1997 -- IRAN/AFGHANISTAN Denial of secret US-Iran bilateral meetings Iran President Khatami remarks on potential dialogue w/American people US policy on potential for bilateral dialogue with Iran; areas of US concern, including support for international terrorism and lack of support for Middle East peace process
- E-U / IRAN VOA 05 December 1997 - THE EUROPEAN UNION OPPOSES A U-S LAW THAT PENALIZES COMPANIES THAT INVEST IN IRAN.
- IRAN MAY BE CLOSE TO NUCLEAR BOMB ISRAEL LINE THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1997
- TEXT: UNITED STATES ACQUIRES AIRCRAFT FROM MOLDOVA USIA 04 November 1997
- TRANSCRIPT: U.S. BUYS MOLDOVAN NUCLEAR CAPABLE MIG-29 FIGHTERS USIA 04 November 1997
- U-S / CHINA / IRAN VOA 01 November 1997 -
THE LEVEL OF NUCLEAR COOPERATION BETWEEN CHINA AND IRAN HAS NOT BEEN VERY EXTENSIVE.
- U-S-CHINA-IRAN MISSILES VOA 31 October 1997 - PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS OBTAINED CLEAR ASSURANCES ABOUT THE CUTOFF OF CHINESE NUCLEAR ASSISTANCE TO IRAN.
- TEXT: TREASURY OFFICIAL RICHARD NEWCOMB ON IRAN-LIBYA SANCTIONS USIA 31 October 1997
- TEXT: DEPUTY ASST. SEC. RAMSAY ON IRAN-LIBYA SANCTIONS ACT USIA 31 October 1997
- IRAN GAS VOA 30 October 1997 - SENATOR ALPHONSE D'AMATO MAY SEEK A TIGHTENING OF U-S SANCTIONS AGAINST IRAN.
- RUSSIA/IRAN VOA 28 October 1997 -
RUSSIA HAS AGAIN DISMISSED CHARGES IT IS HELPING IRAN ACQUIRE BALLISTIC MISSILES.
- U.S.-IRAN: ENERGY SOURCES AND NUCLEAR The foreign press focused on a series of controversies brewing around Iran and U.S. attempts to isolate the Tehran regime: reports that China may be halting cruise missile sales to Iran and U.S. displeasure with the French company Total and Russia's Gazprom and their $2 billion deal to pump natural gas off Iran's coast. 22 October 1997
- CHINA PLEDGES TO STOP NUCLEAR COOPERATION WITH IRAN ISRAEL LINE WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1997
- FM SPOKESMAN: Iran-China Nuclear Cooperation for Peaceful Purpose (IRNA - 22 October 1997) - Iran's Foreign Ministry spokesman stressed the peaceful nature of Iran-China nuclear cooperation and said that it is monitored by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Commenting
on the reports of halt of missile sale to the Islamic Republic by the Chinese, Mohammadi stated, "Iran is not planning to purchase missiles from China."
- U-S / IRAN / CUBA / SANCTIONS VOA 16 October 1997 - AMERICAN SANCTIONS CONTINUE TO CAUSE PROBLEMS FOR U-S FRIENDS AND ALLIES.
- RUSSIA / IRAN MISSILES VOA 02 October 1997 - RUSSIA HAS DENIED ISRAELI INTELLIGENCE REPORTS THAT THE KREMLIN IS HELPING IRAN DESIGN BALLISTIC NUCLEAR MISSILES.
- TOTAL'S CONTRACT WITH IRAN: A CHALLENGE TO 'PAX AMERICANA'? US Information Agency - Foreign Media Reaction Report 03 October 1997
- THE FRENCH NATURAL GAS DEAL WITH IRAN VOA 02 October 1997 - U-S OPINION ROUNDUP
- IRAN 18 MONTHS AWAY FROM DEVELOPMENT OF LONG RANGE MISSILES ISRAEL LINE WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1997
- Denial and Jeopardy - Deterring Iranian Use of NBC Weapons
by Paula A. Desutter [National Defense University Press (September 1997)] "In this assessment, the author portrays Iran as aggressively pursuing NBC weapons, ballistic missiles, and other means of delivery and as particularly difficult to deter from using NBC weapons. She develops a strategic profile of that country, identifying probable Iranian incentives for using NBC weapons, the likely targets of such use, and the challenges faced by the United States in deterring Iranian use. Finally, she proposes a strategy designed both to strengthen deterrence of Iranian use of NBC weapons and means of delivery and to diminish the consequences of NBC use should deterrence fail. Many have assumed that US conventional or nuclear superiority can axiomatically deter a regional state from using NBC capabilities in a contingency, except perhaps as a weapon of last resort. This book challenges the reader to reconsider that assumption and suggests that thinking about deterrence should focus on regional threats to our security that might involve NBC use."
- TEXT: PRESIDENT EXTENDS EMERGENCY WITH RESPECT TO IRAN USIA 30 September 1997
- U.S. INVESTIGATING IRAN DEALS (State Department will determine whether to apply sanctions)
Judy Aita USIA United Nations Correspondent 1997-09-30
- U-S/FRANCE/IRAN VOA 30 September 1997 - THE HUGE GAS DEAL CONCLUDED BETWEEN IRAN AND THE FRENCH OIL COMPANY TOTAL COULD TRIGGER U-S TRADE SANCTIONS.
- ALBRIGHT IRAN VOA 30 September 1997 - THE UNITED STATES HAS NOT DECIDED WHETHER THE FRENCH OIL FIRM TOTAL'S BUSINESS INVESTMENT IN IRAN VIOLATES AMERICAN SANCTIONS.
- Russia, China aid Iran's missile program
By Bill Gertz THE WASHINGTON TIMES 10 September 1997
- CHINA PLEDGES NOT TO SELL NUCLEAR REACTOR TO IRAN
ISRAEL LINE MONDAY, AUGUST 25, 1997
- CLINTON LETTER TO CONGRESS, IRAN NATIONAL EMERGENCY President Clinton on August 19 issued a new Executive Order confirming the embargo imposed on Iran in 1995.
- IRANIAN MISSILES WILL THREATEN ISRAEL WITHIN TWO YEARS
ISRAEL LINE MONDAY, JULY 28, 1997
- Secret' Report Details Iranian Nuclear Plans by Maurizio Molinari La Stampa 28 Jun 97 p 10
- [EXCERPT] US Defense Department News Briefing - 19 June 1997 -- In view of the continued buildup and deployment of the Chinese cruise missiles by the Iranians, does the Defense Department or did the Secretary in his trip see any positive signs regarding Iran in the change of government to Mr. Khatami?
- Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen News Briefing - 18 June 1997 -- Over the last few years Iran has concentrated on developing a more robust anti-ship missile capability. It has deployed
anti-ship cruise missiles on the shore. This year it has sharply increased training launches of sea launched cruise missiles
- IRAN-CHINA MISSILE COOPERATION, by Bill Gertz, The Washington Times, June 18, 1997.
- COHEN SAYS IRAN TESTING MISSILE, by Robert Burns, Associated Press, June 17, 1997.
- COHEN: IRAN HAS TESTED AIR-LAUNCHED CRUISE MISSILE, COMTEX Newswire, June 17, 1997.
- U.S. SAYS NOT HEADED TOWARDS CLASH WITH IRAN, by Charles Aldinger, Reuters World Report, June 17, 1997.
- [EXCERPT] US Defense Department News Briefing - 17 June 1997 -- About Secretary Cohen's statement this morning in Bahrain about the latest Iranian military capability, an air-launched version of the anti-ship cruise missile.
- [EXCERPT] US State Department Daily Briefing - 17 June 1997 -- IRAN Tests of Chinese-supplied anti-ship Cruise missiles; Danger to US troops in Gulf; US commitment to security of Persian Gulf; Iran support for terrorism
- Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen News Briefing - 16 June 1997 -- Q: How are you going to address what is reported to be some feeling moderate states in the Gulf, that the United States should now try to develop closer relations with Iran, especially in light of the new moderate leader there?
- U.S. URGED TO MAINTAIN PRESSURE ON IRAN The United States should not change its policies toward Iran simply because a relative moderate like Mohammed Khatemi has been elected president of Iran, nor is it likely that his election will lead to a cessation of Iranian terrorism, a panel of specialists said at a congressional human rights meeting June 10th.
- ANALYZING THE NEW LEADERSHIP ELECTED IN IRAN The election of Seyyed Mohammad Khatemi as the next president of the Islamic Republic of Iran caught the world off guard. - Joanne L. Nix USIA Staff Writer: 19970528
- TEXT: CLINTON REPORT TO CONGRESS ON IRAN NATIONAL EMERGENCY 15 May 1997 (Situation presents unusual challenge to U.S. foreign policy)
- NORTH KOREAN, IRANIAN, AND WORLDWIDE MISSILE THREATS House National Security - Military R&D May 7, 1997
- HEARING ON EXPORTS OF MILITARY TECHNOLOGY TO IRAN (Panel focuses on China, Russia, European allies) By Rick Marshall USIA Staff Writer - 06 May 1997 Washington -- Three specialists on trade in military and dual-use technology to Iran spoke before the Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee on Near East and South Asian affairs May 6 and shared their views on Chinese, Russian and European sales in support of Iran's weapons of mass destruction programs.
- EDITORIAL: E-U ACTS ON IRAN - MAY 3, 1997 - The governments of the fifteen European Union countries recently suspended their "critical dialogue" with Iran. Through this approach they had hoped to moderate Iran's behavior.
- HARD.COPY Iran 'two years' from Nodong, Iran buys Chinese chemicals, April 30, 1997.
- HOW TO DEAL WITH IRAN HOW TO DEAL WITH IRAN WAS THE SUBJECT OF DISCUSSION AT A MEETING OF FOREIGN POLICY ANALYSTS AT THE "NIXON CENTER FOR PEACE AND FREEDOM" IN WASHINGTON THIS WEEK (MONDAY). PARTICIPANTS DIFFERED SHARPLY ON THE DANGERS POSED BY IRAN AND THE WAY TO RESPOND TO THEM. Voice of America 4/28/97
- WEAPONS TRANSFERS TO IRAN Bill Gertz of The Washington Times warns of Russian missile transfers to Iran. April 23, 1997.
- LET'S APPLY THE GORE-McCAIN ACT TO RUSSIA AND CHINA -- (BY BILL GERTZ) (Extension of Remarks - April 23, 1997) - The Pentagon officials said two S-300 systems with 96 missiles that were manufactured near Moscow this year are being offered to Iran for $180 million--$20 million less than the price charged by Russia's state arms exporter, Rosvooruzheniye. The systems are either advanced SA-10s or the newer SA-12.
- Voice of America 4/17/97 U-S / IRAN A SENATE HEARING THURSDAY CALLED TO CONSIDER WHETHER WASHINGTON AND ITS ALLIES ARE DOING ENOUGH TO ISOLATE IRAN.
- [EXCERPTS] DoD News Briefing Mr. Kenneth H. Bacon, ASD (PA)
Thursday, April 17, 1997 - 2:30 p.m. Q: Can the DoD confirm a test about two weeks ago by the Iranians of a medium range ballistic missile with an unconventional capability and warhead? This was reported by the Israeli Defense Minister early this week. Have you any knowledge of that? A: I do not and I cannot confirm it.
- DEPARTMENT OF STATE DAILY PRESS BRIEFING KOREA (NORTH), MISSILE TECHNOLOGY CONTROL REGIME (MTCR), RUSSIA/IRAN, IRAN, Briefer: Nicholas Burns, Wednesday, April 16, 1997
- Russia gives Iran bargain on terror-ready missiles Bill Gertz THE WASHINGTON TIMES - 16 April 1997 page 1
- IRAN, RUSSIA AND THE UNITED STATES RUSSIAN LEADERS HAVE VOWED TO IMPROVE TIES WITH IRAN... SOME OBSERVERS BELIEVE RUSSIA HAS REASON TO WELCOME THE INCREASING ISOLATION OF IRAN. THE POLICY ACTUALLY SERVES RUSSIAN INTERESTS. MOST SPECIFICALLY, IT SERVES THE RUSSIAN INTEREST IN MAINTAINING CONTROL OVER CENTRAL ASIA AND AZERBAIJAN, ACCORDING TO FREDERICK STARR, WHO HEADS THE CENTRAL ASIA INSTITUTE OF JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY. Voice of America 4/16/97
- DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BRIEFING KOREA (NORTH), IRAN, CHINA/EINHORN, Tuesday, April 15, 1997 Briefer: Nicholas Burns
- DEPARTMENT OF STATE DAILY PRESS BRIEFING CHINA/IRAN: Help to Iran for Nuclear & Biological Weapons Stockpile BRIEFER: NICHOLAS BURNS FRIDAY, APRIL 11, 1997
- Rogue or Rational State?: A Nuclear Armed Iran and US Counterproliferation Strategy Richard M. Perry; Matthew R. Schwonek (Faculty Advisor) Air Command and Staff College March 1997 -- Are the mad mullahs in charge driving Iran toward a course of global terrorism with an "Islamic Bomb"? Or, is the nuclear course within Iran a well thought out process, carefully calculated to maximize strategic leverage in order to gain and maintain regional hegemony?
- Russia Denies Exports to Iran CDISS News and Views - March 1997
- TEXT: CLINTON MARCH 14 LETTER TO CONGRESS, IRAN EMERGENCY
14 March 1997 (Iran presents threat to peace and security of all nations)
- YELTSIN SAYS RUSSIA WILL NOT SELL MISSILES TO IRAN, Moscow Interfax, March 12.
- [EXCERPT] NETANYAHU ON RUSSIAN AND IRANIAN RELATIONS, Excerpt from "Hero of the Day" with Yevgeniy Kiselev, Moscow NTV, March 12.
- [EXCERPT] YELTSIN DENIES TRANSFER OF MISSILE TECHNOLOGY TO IRAN, Excerpt from "Diplomatic Panorama," Moscow Interfax, March 12.
- NETANYAHU WARNS RUSSIA NOT TO TRANSFER MISSILE TECHNOLOGY TO IRAN, Moscow Interfax, March 11.
- RUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTER DENIES TRANSFER OF MISSILE TECHNOLOGY TO IRAN, Moscow Interfax, March 11.
- [EXCERPT] ISRAELI AMBASSADOR IN MOSCOW EXPRESSES CONCERN OVER ALLEGED RUSSIAN ARMS TRANSFER TO IRAN, Moscow Interfax, March 7.
- NOTICE: CONTINUATION OF IRAN EMERGENCYCLINTON, Washington -- "Because the actions and policies of the Government of Iran continue to threaten the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United States ... I am continuing the national emergency with respect to Iran," President Clinton said March 5.
- U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE DAILY PRESS BRIEFING NORTH KOREA Briefing on Four-Party Talks Food Aid IRAQ Violations of UN Resolutions IRAN/SYRIA Reported Remarks by Mr. Ekeus re: Development of Weapons Programs, Briefer: Nicholas Burns, February 28, 1997
- Russia's Preferred Customer Review & Outlook
The Wall Street Journal - February 26, 1997
- RUSSIAN ARMS EXPORTER DENIES MISSILE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO IRAN, Moscow Interfax, February 13.
- NEWSCAST-U.S. WARNS RUSSIA ABOUT ALLEGED MISSILE DEAL WITH IRAN, Segodnya newscast, February 13.
- T.V. REPORT ON ALLEGED RUSSIAN AND IRANIAN MISSILE DEAL, Jerusalem Channel 2 Television Network, February 10.
- Iran, 'Public Enemy Number One' The international media focused on the
ongoing US effort to isolate Iran and Tehran's perceived ability to promote terrorism
and thwart Middle East peace. (Foreign Media Reaction Daily Digest - 05 February 1997)
- CONFLICT IN SUDAN: TEHRAN EXPORTING REVOLUTION; WEST VS.
ISLAM? (Foreign Media Reaction Daily Digest - 03 February 1997)
- Iran Developing 3,500 km-Range Missile CDISS News and Views - January 1997
- RUSSIA: YELTSIN RETURNS; MOSCOW WOOS CHINA AND IRAN Foreign Media Reaction Daily Digest, U.S. Information Agency Office of Public Liaison, January 7
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