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Russo-Ukraine War - 05 July 2022 - Day 132

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A number of claims and counterclaims are being made on the Ukraine-Russia conflict on the ground and online. While GlobalSecurity.org takes utmost care to accurately report this news story, we cannot independently verify the authenticity of all statements, photos and videos.

On 24 February 2022, Ukraine was suddenly and deliberately attacked by land, naval and air forces of Russia, igniting the largest European war since the Great Patriotic War. Russian President Vladimir Putin announced a "special military operation" (SVO - spetsialnaya voennaya operatsiya) in Ukraine in response to the appeal of the leaders of the "Donbass republics" for help. That attack is a blatant violation of the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine. Putin stressed that Moscow's goal is the demilitarization and denazification of the country. The military buildup in preceeding months makes it obvious that the unprovoked and dastardly Russian attack was deliberately planned long in advance. During the intervening time, the Russian government had deliberately sought to deceive the world by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.

"To initiate a war of aggression... is not only an international crime; it is the supreme international crime differing only from other war crimes in that it contains within itself the accumulated evil of the whole." [Judgment of the International Military Tribunal]

The distance from Luhansk to Lysychansk is almost 117 km. This can be driven by car in 1 hour and 56 minutes. It took the Russian army 131 days to cover this distance. The invaders planned to advance deep into Ukraine, approximately 130 km to the west and 150 km to the south. Their achievements so far are in the range of 20-30 km. The Ukrainian defense forces withdrew in an organized manner to previously defined positions: Siversk, Soledar, Bakhmut. After all, from a military point of view, it simply did not make sense to hold Lysychansk. The main forces of the occupiers are tied up, they have suffered huge losses.

Much-needed time was gained for further supplies of Western weapons and improvement of the second line of defense. Conditions have been created for offensive actions in other areas of the front. Ukraine probably sees its counteroffensive in Kherson as having more strategic importance than the fight for Donbass The Ukrainian military-political command refrained from the Stalinist principle of "not a step back." Kyiv's logic was simple: if there will be an army - the territories will be returned. But if there will be no army - there will be no territories.

The 30 NATO allies signed off on the accession protocols for Sweden and Finland, sending the membership bids of the two nations to the alliance capitals for legislative approvals, which were expected to take betewen 6 and 12 months. Both countries formally confirmed their willingness and ability to meet the political, legal and military obligations and commitments of NATO membership. Canada became the first country to ratify the Accession Protocols of Finland and Sweden to join NATO. The move further increased Russia's strategic isolation in the wake of its invasion of neighboring Ukraine in February.

The General Staff of the Armed Forces announced the ban on the departure of conscripts, conscripts and reservists from their place of residence without the permission of the head of the relevant TCC [Territorial Conscription Center]. Such a restriction applies within the framework of the law "On Military Duty and Military Service" from 1992, however, the General Staff adopted the procedure for granting the corresponding permission. A permit does not need to be obtained for moving within the region, as well as for moving between Kyiv and the Kyiv region. At the same time, such documents will be needed to move between the rest of the regions.

Due to the return of a large number of men to their homes, there was a need to update the registration data of conscripts in order to understand the possibilities of the mobilization resource. The adviser on legal issues Yevgenia Ryabeka said that the first statement of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine was misinterpreted. In a comment to "RBK-Ukraine", she stated that " it is only about streamlining the records of people who change their place of residence and place of registration ." That is, a person who changes his place of residence must apply to the TCC, remove himself from the register and register in the new place.

The military command of Ukraine did not issue instructions on preventing the movement of conscripted citizens in the coming days, said the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Valery Zaluzhny. "Dear citizens - conscripts and conscripts! I remind you, the war is going on. Your state needs you! All those who are still not registered or have not renewed their military registration must do so. Those of you who plan to travel outside your districts and regions must obtain a permit from the TCC (territorial procurement center - ed.) . The military command did not give any instructions to prevent the movement of persons in the coming days".

President Volodymyr Zelenskyy demanded an explanation from the General Staff of the Armed Forces, which announced the decision that conscripts in Ukraine must obtain permission from the territorial recruitment and social support center to travel outside the regions where they live. "Today, many disputes arose in society regarding the decision of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine to obtain certain permits for conscripts, conscripts and reservists. I see that there are different assessments of such a decision, there is misunderstanding and indignation. I instructed the Minister of Defense, the Chief of the General Staff and the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces to report to me tomorrow all the details regarding the decision to approve the Procedure for Obtaining Permits. I am asking the General Staff not to make similar decisions without me in the future," Zelenskyi said.

The UK Ministry of Defence reported that Russia’s relatively rapid capture of Lysychansk extends its control across virtually all of the territory of Luhansk Oblast, allowing it to claim substantive progress against the policy objective it presented as the immediate purpose of the war, namely ‘liberating’ the Donbas. Unlike in previous phases of the war, Russia has probably achieved reasonably effective co-ordination between at least two Groupings of Forces, the Central Grouping likely commanded by General-Colonel Alexandr Lapin and the Southern Grouping probably under the recently appointed General Sergei Surovikin. Ukrainian forces have likely largely withdrawn in good order, in line with existing plans. The Ukrainian held areas of Sieverodonetsk-Lyschansk consisted of a bulge or salient which Russian could attack from three sides. There is a realistic possibility that Ukrainian forces will now be able to fall back to a more readily defendable, straightened front line. The battle for the Donbas has been characterised by slow rates of advance and Russia’s massed employment of artillery, levelling towns and cities in the process. The fighting in Donetsk Oblast will almost certainly continue in this manner.

President Volodymyr Zelenskyy stated "On the night of July 5, an air alert was announced over almost the entire territory of our country. Before that, there has been no air alert in the capital and in some regions for some time, and some people even felt particularly anxious because of such unusual silence. They were overthinking, dreading, looking for some kind of explanation - as if the occupiers were preparing for something... Actually, you shouldn't overthink. You should not look for logic in the actions of terrorists. The Russian army does not take any breaks. It has one task - to take people's lives, to intimidate people - so that even a few days without an air alarm already feel like part of the terror.... And we have not reduced and will not reduce our diplomatic activity for a single day to obtain modern anti-missile systems for Ukraine in sufficient quantity."

The General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine reported that the one hundred and thirty-second day of the heroic resistance of the Ukrainian nation to the Russian military invasion continues. The aggressor continues to launch missile attacks on military and civilian objects on the territory of Ukraine. In the Volyn and Poliske directions, no signs of the formation of offensive groups of the Russians were detected, at the same time, the threat of missile and air strikes from the territory of the Republic of Belarus continued. According to available information, the control and alert system is being checked in the armed forces of this country.

In the Siversky direction, the Russians continued to provide increased protection of the section of the Ukrainian-Russian border. In addition, the Russians fired at Ukrainian positions near the settlement of Mkha and carried out an airstrike near Esmani. In the Kharkiv direction, the Russian is defending on previously captured lines. Used tanks, mortars, barrel and rocket artillery for shelling the areas of the settlements of Udy, Dementiivka, Nove, Ruski Tyshki, Tsyrkuny, Kutuzivka, Bazalivka, Pryshyb, Shevelivka and Protopopivka. He led an assault near Sosnivka, had no success, withdrew.

Russians conducted an airstrike in the Kharkiv area. In the Slavic direction, the Russians were trying to improve the tactical position of his units. Artillery shelling was recorded near Dibrovny, Dolynaya and Adamivka. Ukrainian soldiers successfully repelled Russian assaults in the Krasnopil region.

In the Donetsk region, the main efforts of the Russian are concentrated on taking control of the Bakhmut - Lysychansk road and attempts to seize the settlement of Bilogorivka. In the Kramatorsk direction, the Russian fired at civilian infrastructure in the Kryva Luka and Serebryanka districts. Delivered a missile and air strike near Siversk. Fighting continued in the area of Bilogorivka. In the direction of Bakhmut, the Russian shelled Ukrainian troops with mortars, barrel and rocket artillery in the areas of Kodema, Pokrovske, Zaytseve, Zalizne and Novoselivka settlements. With the support of artillery and operational-tactical aviation, the occupiers carried out assaults in the areas of Spirne and Vershina settlements, the fighting continued. Artillery shelling continues along the contact line in Avdiyivskyi, Kurakhivskyi, Novopavlivskyi and Zaporizhia.

The Russian carried out airstrikes on the positions of the Defense Forces in the Avdiivka area. In the South Buz region, the Russian carried out systematic shelling of civilian and military infrastructure from barrel and rocket artillery in the areas of the settlements of Osokorivka, Dobryanka, Potemkine, Ivanovka, Berezneguvate, Partizanske, Chervona Dolyna, Kiselyvka, and Myrne. There remains a further threat of missile strikes on the region's critical infrastructure. Ukrainian units continue to successfully carry out missile and artillery fire missions in the designated directions.

The Air Force of the Ukrainian Armed Forces specified that they destroyed 9 cruise missiles of Russian troops and 2 ammunition depots during the day. The command of the Air Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine reported on the losses suffered by the Russian army as a result of the actions of the Ukrainian aviation. "On July 5, Ukraine was hit by missile strikes from the waters of the Black Sea by Kalibr sea-based cruise missiles. At 4 o'clock in the morning, six of the seven missiles were destroyed by anti-aircraft missile units of the "East" air command in the Dnipropetrovsk region. Around 8:00 p.m., the "West" air command of the Air Force enters the battle. Anti-aircraft missile units of the PvK and aviation shot down three cruise missiles of the enemy . They are destroyed by the calculations of an anti-aircraft missile unit and a portable anti-aircraft missile complex, another cruise missile is eliminated by the pilot of a Ukrainian fighter jet," the message said. In addition, it is reported that on July 5, bombers and attack aircraft of the Air Force of the Armed Forces destroyed two field ammunition depots, two platoon strongholds of Russian troops, "up to twenty units of equipment and enemy manpower."

Moscow’s capture of the Luhansk region is “the last victory for Russia on Ukrainian territory,” an adviser to the head of Ukraine’s president’s office said. “These were medium-sized cities. And this took from 4th April until 4th July — that’s 90 days. So many losses…,” Oleksiy Arestovych said in an online post.

Arestovych said besides the battle for Donetsk, Ukraine was hoping to launch counteroffensives in the south of the country. “Taking the cities in the east meant that 60 percent of Russian forces are now concentrated in the east and it is difficult for them to be redirected to the south,” he said. “And there are no more forces that can be brought in from Russia. They paid a big price for Severodonetsk and Lysychansk.”

The governor of the Donetsk regional administration told reporters that citizens must evacuate the region to save lives, and enable the Ukrainian army to better defend towns. “Once there are less people, we will be able to concentrate more on our enemy and perform our main tasks,” said Pavlo Kyrylenko, while speaking at a news conference in Kramatorsk. The governor said that 350,000 citizens remain in the Donetsk region; adding that the population of areas controlled by the Ukrainian government was 1.6 million in peacetime.

Ukraine does not have the appropriate capabilities to strike at the Crimean bridge, People's Deputy of Ukraine, Secretary of the Committee on National Security, Defense and Intelligence Roman Kostenko said in an interview with Radio Liberty. "We don't have the opportunity to fly to the Crimean bridge. And a drone that carries 10-20 kilograms should not fly. This is a serious infrastructure facility that requires hundreds of kilograms of explosives.

According to him, in order to strike such an object, missiles are needed, which Ukraine currently does not have. According to Kostenko, long-range missile systems could deter the aggressor. "Unfortunately, there are no such possibilities. For so many years, we have not been able to build such deterrent weapons that would make it possible to prevent a war, when the enemy would know that we will not only be able to defend our territories, we will be able to hit his infrastructure facilities, beat columns on his territory." Roman Kostenko added.

Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu commented 05 July 2022 on reports of conscripts participating in a special military operation in Ukraine. He said this at a meeting in the military department. According to the head of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, conscripts are not sent to the zone of the special operation. Earlier, the press secretary of the President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Peskov said that conscripts are not involved in any way in a special operation in Ukraine and are not sent there. He stressed that the previously discovered case of conscripts in Ukraine is under control in the Prosecutor General's Office on behalf of Vladimir Putin. Prior to this, Shoigu said that the Russians, sent to military service this spring, would not be sent to hot spots. He noted that the training of this year's spring conscription servicemen will begin with professional training in training centers lasting from three to five months.

Putin likely directed his troops to take an “operational pause” after they captured Severodonetsk and Lysychansk, the Institute for the Study of War (ISW) said. After congratulating his troops on taking the Luhansk region, Putin said the forces participating in the recent gains should “absolutely rest and recover their military preparedness”.

“Putin‘s public comment was likely meant to signal his concern for the welfare of his troops in the face of periodic complaints in Russia about the treatment of Russian soldiers. His comment was also likely accurate – Russian troops that fought through Severodonetsk and Lysychansk very likely do need a significant period in which to rest and refit before resuming large-scale offensive operations,” the ISW said. “It is not clear, however, that the Russian military will accept the risks of a long enough operational pause to allow these likely exhausted forces to regain their strength,” it added.

The official representative of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Lieutenant General Igor Konashenkov , during a briefing, spoke about the progress of the special military operation of the Russian Armed Forces in Ukraine. According to him, up to 150 Ukrainian soldiers and 12 units of military equipment of the 93rd Mechanized Brigade of the Armed Forces of Ukraine were destroyed by high-precision weapons in Kharkov. Two command posts, four warehouses with ammunition and weapons, as well as manpower and military equipment of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in 18 districts were hit, including the temporary deployment of foreign mercenaries near the settlement of Limany, Mykolaiv region.

Also, four Ukrainian artillery platoons of Uragan and Grad multiple launch rocket systems and one artillery platoon of Giacint-B howitzers, three command posts of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, two ammunition depots, one radar station of the S-300 complex, as well as a live strength and military equipment of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in 63 districts. Near Kherson, Russian pilots shot down a Su-25 aircraft of the Ukrainian Air Force. The air defense forces of the Russian army shot down three Ukrainian unmanned aerial vehicles.

Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu held a conference call with the leadership of the Russian Armed Forces. During the event, he recalled that the Lugansk People's Republic (LPR) had been completely liberated - in the last 2 weeks alone, 670 square kilometers were taken under control. kilometers of its territory. Against this background, the minister added, the collective West, trying to drag out the Ukrainian conflict, continues to supply Kyiv with weapons, some of which is spreading across the Middle East or ends up on the black market.

Meanwhile, thanks to the successful offensive of the RF Armed Forces and units of the LDNR, the number of foreign mercenaries and employees of private military companies operating in the country has decreased, Shoigu noted. Over the past 10 days, 170 mercenaries have been destroyed, 99 have refused to participate in hostilities and left the territory of Ukraine. The head of the Defense Ministry said that a set of measures is now being taken to ensure the safety of navigation in the Black and Azov Seas: the department has created two gum corridors for the movement of civilian ships. The mine danger in the water area of the Mariupol port has been completely eliminated.

In addition, the forces of the engineering troops are taking measures to clear the territories of the republics of Donbass from mines and explosive objects. More than 3,700 hectares of territory have been checked. 46,379 explosive objects were found and neutralized. Comprehensive support is provided to the population of the liberated territories. Military builders take an active part in restoring the infrastructure of the republics.

The main priorities in the course of the special operation remain the preservation of the life and health of subordinate personnel, the exclusion of a threat to the safety of the civilian population. The operation will continue until the tasks set by President Vladimir Putin are fully completed.

The people's militia of the DPR in the evening report reported that since the beginning of the day, Ukrainian armed formations had fired more than 300 shells from the Grad MLRS, 155, 152 and 122-mm cannon artillery, as well as 120-mm mortars across the territory of the republic. The fire was fired at the districts of 11 settlements. As a result of the shelling, 9 civilians were injured, and 3 civilians were killed, including a child. 3 residential buildings and 12 civil infrastructure facilities were damaged.

The first case of the Azov militants (against the members of the formation, criminal cases were initiated in the Russian Federation) - members of the sabotage and assault group "SS Bears", who carried out terrorist and sabotage operations in the occupied territories - was sent to court. The Prosecutor General's Office of the DPR reported that they face the death penalty.

Russian politicians have given the first stamp of approval to two bills enabling the government to oblige businesses to supply goods to the military and request their employees to work overtime. Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov told parliament the moves were driven by the need to support the military at a time when Russia’s economy was under “colossal sanctions pressure” from the West, more than four months into what it calls its special military operation in Ukraine. “The load on the defence industry has increased significantly. In order to guarantee the supply of weapons and ammunition, it is necessary to optimise the work of the military-industrial complex and enterprises that are part of cooperation chains,” he said.

An official from Russia’s powerful FSB security services has taken over the government of the Moscow-occupied Kherson region in southern Ukraine, Kremlin-installed authorities said. Sergei Yeliseyev, until now the deputy head of government in the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad, “became head of the government in the Kherson region”, Vladimir Saldo, who heads the Russian occupational administration, said. “Ukraine is forever in the past for the Kherson region. Russia is here forever,” the Moscow-installed authorities said on instant messaging service Telegram. The speaker of Russia’s lower house of parliament has asked a senior legislator to look into scrapping a treaty that establishes the country’s maritime border with NATO member Norway. Responding to comments in parliament accusing Norway of blocking food deliveries destined for Russian-populated settlements on the Svalbard archipelago, State Duma speaker Vyacheslav Volodin asked the head of the chamber’s international affairs committee to look into “denouncing” the treaty. The treaty, which was signed in 2010, aimed to put an end to disputes between Russia and Norway in the Barents Sea, the part of the Arctic Ocean adjoining the northern coasts of Norway and Russia.

The amount of Russian gas to Europe via the Nord Stream 1 pipeline and deliveries through Ukraine have decreased while eastbound gas flows via the Yamal pipeline to Poland from Germany have stopped, operator data showed. Russian gas producer Gazprom said last month capacity through the pipeline would be cut to only 40 percent of capacity due to the delayed return of equipment being serviced by Germany’s Siemens Energy in Canada. The Nord Stream 1 pipeline will undergo regular annual maintenance from July 11 to July 21, when flows usually fall to zero, raising concern over how promptly they will resume afterwards.

The US Army currently has 395 HIMARS launchers on hand and is increasing the Army Acquisition Objective to 521 to support the Army Structure Memorandums for 2022-2026, and 2023-2027.

In response to Russia’s illegal invasion of Ukraine, the UK Government is providing £2.3 billion of military aid to Ukraine. Included in this is a commitment to spearhead an innovative program which aims to train up to 10,000 new Ukrainian recruits in the UK. The first rotation of Ukrainian soldiers has recently arrived in the UK. Training will take place on military training areas across the North East, South West and South East regions. The training will be conducted by elements from 11 Security Force Assistance Brigade. These Ukrainian soldiers will undertake courses based on the UK’s basic soldier training. This includes weapons training, battlefield first aid, fieldcraft, patrol tactics and training on the Law of Armed Conflict. Each course will last several weeks.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said in a telephone conversation with President Volodymyr Zelensky that Ukraine will receive 10 British self-propelled artillery units in the coming days and weeks. "President Zelenskyi outlined the current situation in Ukraine and Russia's latest advances, and the Prime Minister briefed on the UK's new military equipment, including 10 self-propelled artillery installations and barrage munitions (kamikaze drones), which will arrive in the coming days and weeks." - says the message of the British government.

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and his party are increasingly isolated in their cautious approach to arms deliveries to Ukraine. Even their coalition partners are increasingly calling for larger supplies of equipment for the Ukrainian army. The Greens, co-ruling with the SPD, have long demanded to improve Ukraine's military capabilities by providing it with German armored personnel carriers as soon as possible. Now the third party in the government coalition - the liberal FDP - has joined the Greens' appeal.

FDP liberals recently appealed to Scholz to provide Ukraine with Fuchs armored personnel carriers. "The Bundeswehr currently has about 800 such vehicles. They would be extremely helpful for the Ukrainian army (...) also because they can swim and enable a counter-offensive by crossing rivers," explains FDP defense policy expert Marcus Faber. As he emphasizes, hundreds of such transporters will soon be withdrawn from service in the Bundeswehr, thanks to which "200 such vehicles could be quickly delivered to Ukraine". "The FDP and the Greens are in favor of this solution," says Faber.

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