Eastern Military District
The Eastern Military District (VVO) was formed during the structural changes in the Armed Forces in 2008-2010 on the basis of the Red Banner Far Eastern Military District and part of the Red Banner Siberian Military District, which included the Zabaikalsky Military District, formerly the Order of Lenin. The new district also includes the Red Banner Pacific Fleet and the 3rd Red Banner Air Force and Air Defense Command.
The VVO troops comprise four combined arms armies, one air force and air defense association, one army corps, ships and coastal troops of the Pacific Fleet, ocean fleet, underwater forces and naval aviation fleet. The commander has as subordinates all formations of the Armed Forces and combat arms deployed on the territory of the district, with the exception of the Airborne Forces. In addition, in its operational subordination there are the formations of the Federal Service of National Guard troops, the Border Guard Service of the Federal Security Service, as well as parts of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia and other ministries and departments performing tasks on the territory of the district.
In addition to sharing a border with South Korea, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has a 17-km land border and a 22-km maritime border with Russia. Russia was reported 20 April 2017 to be reinforcing the border with North Korea by relocating troops and equipment. The move came as Donald Trump’s naval armada prepares to head to the Korean Peninsula. “Railway trains loaded with military equipment moving towards Primorsky region via Khabarovsk have been noticed by locals,” reported primemedia.ru in the Russian far East – linking the development to the North Korean crisis.
“The movement of military equipment by different means of transport to southern areas is being observed across Primorsky region over the past week,” said military veteran Stanislva Sinitsyn. “Many relate this to the situation in the Korean peninsula... The video shows artillery systems that either support troops in assault or meet the aggressor.” He said: “The movement of military equipment means that authorities of our country are keeping up with the situation – and take appropriate measures.”
Troop movements inside the country are not referred to public issues, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on 21 April 2017. The Russian presidential spokesman thus commented on media reports on the reinforcement of Russia’s military presence on the border with North Korea. "The issues of troops’ deployment and re-deployment are not referred to the category of public issues," the Kremlin spokesman said. As Peskov said, "any country responds to changes in the international situation in building its own security."
The Eastern Military District is one of the four operational strategic commands of the Russian Armed Forces. The district was formed in 2010. It absorbed the territories of the former Far East Military District and part of the former Siberian Military District with headquarters at Khabarovsk. East Military District, formed on December 1, 2010 in accordance with the presidential decree of 20 September 2010 "On military-administrative division of the Russian Federation" at the Far Eastern Military District (FED) and the troops of the Siberian Military District (Sib). Its membership also includes the Pacific Fleet and the third command of the Air Force and Air Defense.
Currently, the army and the Eastern Military District (TSB) are deployed in the administrative boundaries of the two federal regions (Far Eastern and Siberian part) and 12 territories of the Russian Federation. District headquarters is located in Khabarovsk. The commander of the TSB are subject to all deployed on the territory of the district military formations of species and genera of the RF Armed Forces, with the exception of the Strategic Missile Forces and the Forces Aerospace Defense. In his operational control of military units are also the Interior Ministry, the FSB Border Troops, Ministry of Emergency Situations and other ministries and departments, performing tasks within the county. The main task of the army and the BBO - to ensure the military security of the Far Eastern borders of Russia.
Russia’s defense minister on 13 July 2013 said that up to 160,000 servicemen are involved in the large-scale exercises in the Eastern Military District, double the number initially reported. “The total number of servicemen involved in the snap drills was up to 81,000 last night, the figure this morning was up to 160,000 servicemen,” Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said. The exercises also involve about 1,000 tanks and armored vehicles, 130 aircraft and 70 warships from the Pacific Fleet, Shoigu confirmed. These latter figures remain unchanged. Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the snap drills. It is the third surprise combat readiness check since January and followed a major shake-up at the top of a military establishment tarnished by persistent evidence of rampant corruption. Russian servicemen in the Eastern Military District told Russian media they had anticipated they would face this kind of test as similar drills have already been carried out in the neighboring military districts.
On the island of Sakhalin and the islands of the Kuril ridge concentrated combined-arms formations with a large number of heavy military equipment, separated over large distances. Sakhalin with its more than 900-kilometer length and small width (at the narrowest point of about 40 km) seems to be a warship put on a long-term anchorage, equipped to the limit with weapons.
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