Eastern Military District
In addition to sharing a border with South Korea, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has a 17-km land border and a 22-km maritime border with Russia. Russia was reported 20 April 2017 to be reinforcing the border with North Korea by relocating troops and equipment. The move came as Donald Trump’s naval armada prepares to head to the Korean Peninsula. “Railway trains loaded with military equipment moving towards Primorsky region via Khabarovsk have been noticed by locals," reported primemedia.ru in the Russian far East – linking the development to the North Korean crisis.
“The movement of military equipment by different means of transport to southern areas is being observed across Primorsky region over the past week," said military veteran Stanislva Sinitsyn. “Many relate this to the situation in the Korean peninsula... The video shows artillery systems that either support troops in assault or meet the aggressor." He said: “The movement of military equipment means that authorities of our country are keeping up with the situation – and take appropriate measures."
Troop movements inside the country are not referred to public issues, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on 21 April 2017. The Russian presidential spokesman thus commented on media reports on the reinforcement of Russia’s military presence on the border with North Korea. "The issues of troops’ deployment and re-deployment are not referred to the category of public issues," the Kremlin spokesman said. As Peskov said, "any country responds to changes in the international situation in building its own security."
The Eastern Military District is one of the four operational strategic commands of the Russian Armed Forces. The district was formed in 2010. It absorbed the territories of the former Far East Military District and part of the former Siberian Military District with headquarters at Khabarovsk. East Military District, formed on December 1, 2010 in accordance with the presidential decree of 20 September 2010 "On military-administrative division of the Russian Federation" at the Far Eastern Military District (FED) and the troops of the Siberian Military District (Sib). Its membership also includes the Pacific Fleet and the third command of the Air Force and Air Defense.
Currently, the army and the Eastern Military District (TSB) are deployed in the administrative boundaries of the two federal regions (Far Eastern and Siberian part) and 12 territories of the Russian Federation. District headquarters is located in Khabarovsk. The commander of the TSB are subject to all deployed on the territory of the district military formations of species and genera of the RF Armed Forces, with the exception of the Strategic Missile Forces and the Forces Aerospace Defense. In his operational control of military units are also the Interior Ministry, the FSB Border Troops, Ministry of Emergency Situations and other ministries and departments, performing tasks within the county. The main task of the army and the BBO - to ensure the military security of the Far Eastern borders of Russia.
Russia’s defense minister on 13 July 2013 said that up to 160,000 servicemen are involved in the large-scale exercises in the Eastern Military District, double the number initially reported. “The total number of servicemen involved in the snap drills was up to 81,000 last night, the figure this morning was up to 160,000 servicemen," Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said. The exercises also involve about 1,000 tanks and armored vehicles, 130 aircraft and 70 warships from the Pacific Fleet, Shoigu confirmed. These latter figures remain unchanged. Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the snap drills. It is the third surprise combat readiness check since January and followed a major shake-up at the top of a military establishment tarnished by persistent evidence of rampant corruption. Russian servicemen in the Eastern Military District told Russian media they had anticipated they would face this kind of test as similar drills have already been carried out in the neighboring military districts.
Until the mid-XIX century, the Far East and Trans-Baikal region were part of the East Siberian governor-generalship. In 1884 he was created Amur Governor-General (with the center in Khabarovsk), within which until 1918 was located Amur Military District (IN).
February 16, 1918 in the city of Khabarovsk was established regional commissariat of the Red Army - the first central body control of the armed forces of the Far East. After the outbreak of open military intervention against the Russian Far East and Far North, in accordance with the Decree of the Council of People's Commissars (SNK) of 4 May 1918 within the boundaries of the Amur, Primorye and Kamchatka regions and on. Sakhalin was established by the East Siberian Military District (with control in Khabarovsk).
From September 1918 to March 1920 the armed struggle against the US-Japanese invaders fought mainly in the form of guerrilla warfare. In February 1920, by the decision of the Central Committee of the RCP (b) of the CPC of the RSFSR and was created a buffer state - Far Eastern Republic (FER) and organized its People's Revolutionary Army (NRA) on the model of the Red Army.
November 14, 1922, after the liberation of Khabarovsk and Vladivostok, the DDA has been dissolved and formed the Far Eastern region. In this regard, the NRA was renamed the 5th Red Banner Army (with headquarters in Chita) and then (in June 1924) was abolished. All troops and military facilities located in the Far East, on the orders of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic became part of the Siberian Military District.
In January 1926, instead of the Far Eastern region was formed by the Far Eastern Territory. In July and August 1929, Chinese troops attacked the CER, began armed provocations on the border, the attack on the Soviet border outposts. August 6, 1929 for the Defense of Primorye, Khabarovsk and Baikal order of the Revolutionary Military Council of the USSR the Special Far Eastern Army (Odwan). For the successful execution of combat missions, valor and courage in the soldiers and commanders in the defense of the Soviet Far Eastern borders, Odwan in January 1930, she was awarded the Order of the Red Banner and was renamed the Special Far Eastern Army (OKDVA).
In 1931, of the troops stationed in the Primorye Territory, was established Maritime Group. In the spring of 1932 was organized by a group of Trans-Baikal. In mid-May 1935 on the basis of the control of Trans-Baikal military force OKDVA was formed Trans-Baikal Military District (ZabVO). February 22, 1937 institutionalize the Far East Air Force.
In view of the increased threat of attack by Japan OKDVA July 1, 1938 was converted to the Far Eastern Front (DVF). In July and August of 1938 was a military conflict at Lake Khasan. Participated in combat operations and units of the 39th Infantry Corps. After the events at the lake. Hasan management DVF in August 1938 and was disbanded created directly responsible NKO 1st Separate Red Army (OKA) (headquartered in Ussuriysk) and 2nd Separate Red Army (with headquarters in Khabarovsk), and Army Group North . On the territory of the Mongolian People's Republic (MPR) was deployed special 57th Rifle Corps.
In May and August 1939, the troops of the Far East took part in the battle at the river Halkin-Gol. In June 1940, it was created DVF field control. At the end of June 1941 the Front's troops were put on high alert and started building in the border zone of deep, mnogoeshelonirovannoy defense. By October 1, 1941 on the main enemy lines available for the construction of a field of defense has been completed on all operational depth. In 1941-1942., In the period of greatest threat of attack by the Japanese, and the connection of the first tier of the front took their defense areas. At night, 50% were on duty personnel.
April 5, 1945 the Soviet government denounced the neutrality pact with Japan. July 28, 1945 ultimatum to the United States, Britain and China to surrender was rejected by the Japanese government. By this time in the Far East ended with the deployment of the three fronts: the 1st and 2nd Far East and Trans-Baikal. To participate in the operation of the forces involved Pacific Fleet, Red Banner Amur Flotilla, border troops and troops of air defense (AD).
August 8, 1945 issued a statement of the Soviet government to declare a state of war against Japan on August 9. On the night of August 9, the Soviet troops went on the offensive. At 17:00 on August 17 command of the Kwantung Army of Japan gave his troops the order to surrender. On the morning of August 19 was a mass surrender of Japanese soldiers taken prisoner.
In September and October 1945 in the Far East was established three military districts: on the basis of the Trans-Baikal Front - the Trans-Baikal-Amur Military District, based on the 1st DVF - Maritime Military District (PrimVO), on the basis of the 2nd DVF - Far Military District (FED). In May 1947, on the basis of the Trans-Baikal-Amur control VO was formed Management Command troops of the Far East with the subordination to him, Far East, PrimVO, ZabVO (converted from the Trans-Baikal-Amur IN), the Pacific Fleet and the Amur Flotilla.
April 23, 1953 FEB reorganized, forming a new district administration on the basis of management Chief of the Soviet forces in the Far East (with headquarters in Khabarovsk). June 17, 1967 the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR adopted a resolution on the transfer of FED on the continuity of the Order of the Red Banner Far Eastern Army of the former. August 10, 1967 in Khabarovsk, the order was attached to Combat Banner County.