Russian Aviation Bombs - Aviatsionnaya Bomba
|AGITAB-500-300||500 kg Leaflet|
|AO-50/100||100 kg Frag|
|AOKH-10||10 kg Chemical|
|AVBPM||"Father of All Bombs" [vacuum bomb]|
|BETAB-500U||478 kg Target Penetration runway denial|
|BETAB-500SHP||478 kg Target Penetration runway denial|
|BRAB-200 DS||200 kg AP|
|BRAB-220||220 kg AP|
|BRAB-500||500 kg AP|
|BRAB-1000||1000 kg AP|
|FAB-250 M46||250 kg GP|
|FAB-250 M54||250 kg GP|
|FAB-250 M62||250 kg HE|
|FAB-500 M54||500 kg GP|
|FAB-500-M62||500 kg GP high-explosive|
|FAB-500 SHN||500 kg GP|
|FAB-500 SHL||500 kg HE|
|FAB-500TS||500 kg GP thick-walled high-explosive|
|FAB-500 Welded||500 kg GP|
|FAB-5000 M-54||high-explosive bomb|
|FAB-9000 M-54||high-explosive bomb|
|FOTAB-100-80||100 kg Photoflash|
|FOTAB-250T||250 kg Photoflash|
|KAB-250L||250 kg corrected bomb|
|KAB-250S-E||250 kg corrected bomb|
|KAB-500||500 kg corrected bombs|
|KAB-500Kr||corrected air bombs|
|KAB-500L||semi-active laser guidance|
|KAB-500S||Adjustable air bomb|
|KAB-500S-E||Glonass Adjustable air bomb|
|KAB-1500Kr||1500 kg HE corrected air bombs|
|KAB-1500L||controlled semi-active laser guidance|
|KAB-1500L-F||1500 kg HE smart bomb|
|KAB-1500TK||controlled bomb TV-command guidance|
|KHAB-25||25 kg Chemical|
|KHAB-100||100 kg Chemical|
|KHAB-200||200 kg Chemical, Nonpersistent|
|KHAB-200||200 kg Chemical, Persistent|
|KHAB-500||500 kg Chemical|
|KHAB-1000||1000 kg Chemical|
|KMGU||container of small loads|
|ODAB-500PM||500 kg "Space-bomb" [fuel air explosive]|
|OFAB-100NV||100 kg Frag|
|OFAB-100-120||100 kg Frag high-explosive|
|OFAB 100-120||100 kg HE Frag Retarded|
|OFAB 100-120 TB||100 kg Thermobaric Bomb|
|OFAB-250-270||250 kg Frag|
|OFAB-250-270||250 kg HE Frag|
|OFAB-250SH||250 kg HE Frag|
|OFAB-250SHL||250 kg HE Frag (Retarded)|
|OFAB-250 SHN||250 kg HE Frag|
|OFAB-500 M62PF||500 kg Pre-fragmented High Explosive|
|OFAB-500U||500 kg HE Frag (Retarded) universal bomb|
|OFZAB-500||high-explosive incendiary bomb aircraft|
|RBK-500U||cluster bombs, Glonass guided|
|SPBE 500-D||single cluster bomb sub-munition|
|SAB-250-200||250 kg Illumination|
|UB-2000F||2000 kg Chaika radio-controlled|
|UB-5000F||5000 kg Condor TV or radio-controlled|
|ZAB-50T SHCH||50 kg Incendiary|
|ZAB-50TB||50 kg Incendiary Type B|
|ZAB-100T SHCH||65 kg Incendiary|
|ZAB-500T SHCH||300 kg Incendiary|
|ZB-500GD||500 kg Incendiary|
|ZB-500SH||500 kg Incendiary|
|10X||V-1 buzzbomb analog aircraft missile|
|v14X||1946 KB Chelomei aircraft missiles|
|SURF 16X||1948-53 "Priboy" [Surf] aircraft missiles|
Russia does have precision guided missiles, but these are vastly more expensive that precision gravity bombs dropped from aircraft. And even such missiles are in short supply. In early 2022, the P-800 Onyx supersonic missiles fired by the Bastions, designed primarily to destroy cruisers and aircraft carriers, were used against the centers of radio and electronic intelligence of the Ukrainian army in the settlements of Veliky Dalnik and Velikodolinskoye in the Odessa region. And on March 26, they also turned the fuel base of the Ukrainian military in the Nikolaev region into smoke and ashes.
A Senior US Defense Official in a background briefing onn 09 May 2022 stated "we've seen they have blown through a lot of their PGMs. In fact, they continue to hit Mariupol with a lot of dumb bombs. And so, they're having inventory issues with precision-guided munitions and they're having trouble replacing PGMs, and we do believe that the sanctions and the export controls, particularly when it comes to components, electronic components has had an effect on the Russian defense industrial base and their ability to restock PGMs".
It must be said that in the new millennium free-falling bombs are no longer created. They were replaced by corrected or planning to bomb capable induced at the target with the help of various physical principles. "Smart bombs" they are called. This type of bombs are not new. They were first used in 1943 by the Germans, with the highest precision bombed from a distance of 8 km British ships. A year later, "smart bombs" were used against the Japanese, American Air Force. With the advent of nuclear weapons, which for a long time it was considered a necessary and sufficient condition for a military victory, this type of ammunition was buried. Designers returned to it only in the middle 1960s.
The first guided aerial bombs (KAB) were imperfect. First of all, because they were directed at a target using a radio signal. And very soon the defending side began to fight with them using radioglushilok. At the moment, there are several ways KAB guidance on target: radar, laser, infrared, television, radio command, the satellite (GPS and GLONASS). The circular interquartile ranges from a few tens of meters to 2.3 meters.
A significant advantage over freefall bombs is not only a sharp increase in bombing accuracy. Overcoming distance in planning mode, up to 60 km, they allow the bombers do not go near the enemy's air defense zone. As for the principle by which the bomb to travel long distances, it is quite simple. With no engine, it maneuvered by rudders. It must be said that the rapid development of information technology is constantly improving the quality of "smart bombs."
The KAB (Korrektiruyeskaya Aviatsionnaya Bomba - Managed (correctable) aerial bomb) refers to the high-precision weapons. It has a guidance system (television, laser, infrared or thermal imaging) and structurally different from conventional aircraft carrying bombs presence and control of aerodynamic surfaces. KAB combines powerful warhead (explosive fragmentation, high-explosive fragmentation, penetration, cassette) normal aviation bombs with precision guided air missiles "air - ground" (probable circular deviation of 3-10 m). Proper planning with KAB allows aircrafts carriers to use them without entering the air defense zone of the object.
Weights of 250 -1500 kg, the maximum flight range of up to 70 km. CC can be equipped with propulsion system to achieve the greatest possible range planning. Altitude range for combat use of bombs weighing 1500 kg is in the range from 1 to 18 km at a speed of the aircraft carrier 550-1700 km / h. Designed primarily for the destruction of small-sized and high-objects (KP strategic, tactical nuclear missiles, runways, bridges, etc.). Consumption of KAB to defeat these goals can be ten times less than conventional bombs.
After the mid-1950s the USSR halted all work on Soviet guided bombs ("Condor," "The Seagull-2" and the BWM 5), and returned to them only in the 1970s. In 1971 the Soviet Union began development work on creating corrected bombs KAB-500 and KAB-1500 with laser homing head 27H. Development CC-500 conducted in SSPE "Region". In 1975, the KAB-500L entered service with frontline aviation.
The Russian Air Force is armed with two "smart bombs": CC-500 and CC-1500. Each of them has some modifications, depending on the warhead. It can be high-explosive, fragmentation-high explosive, armor-piercing, anti-submarine is unique ... concrete-bomb capable of exploding at a depth of 150 meters at sea state 6 points. Their range of slightly more modest than the American CAB, - up to 12 km. Accuracy is in the range from 3 to 7 meters. They use three guidance systems - laser, and satellite television.
Precision-guided weapons (PGM) can tremendously improve accuracy and reduce collateral damage. The Russian Air Force employed very few PGMs in the First Chechen War, perhaps saving them for use in a conventional theater. During the Second Chechen War, Russian aircrews employed many more high-precision aerial weapons. On the surface, this suggests that Russia perceived that the threat of conventional war had receded or that sufficient quantities of PGMs were available for use in Chechnya, while maintaining a strategic reserve. In reality, the increased use of precision-guided weapons reflects the shift in emphasis from unplanned close air support, characteristic of the First Chechen War, to strategic attack and theater-wide interdiction and a greater concern for collateral damage.
In 2015, VKS used in Syria:
A normal Su-24 Fencer attack sequence begins with the crew flying towards a known target, using the on-board navigation systems. The weapon systems officer then refines the target location using radar or infrared (IR) sensors. These sensors cannot detect targets hidden behind shadows caused by intervening terrain or obstacles. Small point targets, or aim points in complex urban environments are particularly difficult to detect.
If the target is not identifiable on the sensor, the pilot can release the bomb on coordinates. The computer constantly updates the release point, based on the weapon’s ballistic characteristics and the aircraft’s flight data. However, without global positioning systems (GPS) updates to the aircraft navigation systems, this technique may result in significant miss distances.
This may explain the reports of Russian “carpet bombing.” Gusty winds and high altitude releases, typical in mountainous terrain, further degrade the accuracy of system deliveries. After the pilot gives consent by depressing the “pickle button,” the aircraft’s bombing computer releases the weapon.
Proficient Fencer aircrews using computed deliveries should normally place bombs within 200 feet of the target in any weather. To improve the odds of destroying the target, the crew may release multiple weapons, singularly or in pairs, sequentially to form a “string” of bombs. Ideally, this pattern will intersect the target and one or more weapons will achieve the desired results. The remaining weapons, impacting off-target, may cause serious collateral damage.
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