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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

China - The first act (1949-1959)

October 1, 1949, the People's Republic of China was established. In 1950, the Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Modern Physics (later renamed the Institute of Atomic Energy) was established, Qian Sanqiang as director, Wang Ganchang, Peng Huan Wu as deputy director. A large number of accomplished, idealistic and capable nuclear scientists came back to the Atomic Energy Agency from the United States, Britain, France, Germany and other countries. In just 10 years, the institute has grown to more than 4,000 people and conducted research in 20 disciplines and 60 sub-disciplines, making it the main force in China's atomic energy research.

The US authorities had repeatedly threatened and planned to throw an atomic bomb at China. In the past history, the US authorities have repeatedly threatened and intended to throw an atomic bomb at China. This is well documented. In October 1950, the Chinese People ís Volunteer Army entered the Korean War. The Volunteer Army launched a violent attack, defeating the enemy and fleeing for more than 400 kilometers. MacArthur urgently reported to US President Truman.

Truman, the president who had ordered the drop of two atomic bombs on Japan, had terrible and dangerous thoughts, and soon made his ideas public. He told reporters: "We must take all necessary measures, including all the weapons we have, to restore the North Korean war situation." This explosive news shocked the world and caused panic in Western European countries. British Prime Minister Attlee flew immediately Go to Washington, meet Truman, and state the interests. Truman's threat of throwing an atomic bomb at the Chinese backed down.

In December 1952, U.S. President Eisenhower went to visit South Korea, and many U.S. military officers suggested to him: "Should consider using small atomic bombs and nuclear artillery to block off mainland China and northeast China bases." In the spring of 1953, Eisenhower ordered that the United States secretly The atomic bomb was transported to Okinawa. According to the US archives decrypted 30 years later, the president did indeed order to use an atomic bomb on China. In May of the same year, U.S. Secretary of State Dulles made an explicit statement to Indian Prime Minister Nehru: "If North Korea cannot achieve a truce, the United States is not responsible for the consequences of the use of nuclear weapons."

According to the files now declassified by the United States, March 10, 1955, At the National Security Council, Secretary of State Dulles said, "We will have to use atomic weapons, and only they can effectively deal with airports in mainland China." On March 15, Dulles announced to the press that "we may use some small atomic weapons."

On January 15, 1955, an enlarged meeting of the CPC Central Committee's secretariat was held in a conference room in Zhongnanhai to study the issue of China's atomic energy development. Comrade Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai, Zhu De, Chen Yun, Deng Xiaoping, Peng Dehuai, Peng Zhen, Li Fuchun, Chen Yi, Nie Rongzhen and Bo Yibo joined together at the top level of the CPC and listened to Qian Sanqiang and Li Siguang, who introduced nuclear energy. One by one, the leaders of New China kept a glance at the uranium ore samples brought by Li Siguang, amazed at the seemingly ordinary and important stone.

A crucial step for the development of an atomic bomb in China was taken in the summer of 1957: a nuclear weapons bureau was set up under the Second Machinery Department, which was called "the ninth institute". As the director was the former Tibet Military Region deputy commander and chief of staff Lieutenant General Li. His three lieutenants are: Wu Lin, who originally studied chemistry; Zhu Guangya, graduated from the Southwest Associated University and received a doctorate from the University of Michigan; Guo Yinghui, he was Premier Zhou's research secretary, Organization and coordination of work. With the establishment of the Ninth Institute, a large number of young and middle-aged scientists had been transferred to the forefront of the development of the atomic bomb, among which Deng Jiaxian is called "the two bombs".

In August 1958, Deng Jiaxian was first transferred to nine director of theory department. The new incumbent, Deng Jia, first recruited 28 newly graduated college students at several prestigious universities and started his "battle." No one has ever seen what an atomic bomb looks like, let alone engaged in the theoretical design of atomic bombs. Deng Jiaxian first set up a "literary theory of atomic literacy classes," they got the relevant foreign language original classic books, while reading and while making translations.

In this way, Deng Jiaxian and his "28 places" soon entered the role. The first challenge they encountered in their tough battle was the verification of a key figure put forward by Soviet experts: at the heart of the atomic bomb the pressure will reach millions of atmospheres. They work seven days a week, three shifts a day, and use the most ancient computational tools such as a hand-cranked computer and abacus to carry out the most modern theoretical calculations. Each takes a month, and they calculate a total of 9 times!

In the end, Deng Jiaxian denied this data from the Soviet experts and verified by Zhou Guangzhao, who had just been recruited and returned, to prove that their calculations were rigorous and correct. Negating the wrong did not mean finding the right one. Deng Jiajun started non-stop and led a group of young people to continue searching for this mysterious figure. After painstakingly complicated calculations, they finally found this crucial figure, which related to the success or failure of China's first atomic bomb, late in the day with the help of 99 percent of blood and sweat per cent.

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Page last modified: 18-10-2021 15:46:53 ZULU