Commander's Guide to Money as a Weapons System Handbook
Other U.S. Central Command Department of the Army Funding Sources
U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) has other sources, such as Operations and Maintenance, Army (OMA) and Military Personnel, Army (MPA), to fund various aspects of operations in its area of responsibility. These funding sources are not readily available, require actions at a much higher level than theater, and have much higher funding thresholds. This chapter addresses the four common Department of the Army (DA) funding sources.
Military Personnel, Army
For active duty Soldiers, MPA funds Army personnel and subsistence expenses: pay, allowances, individual clothing, subsistence, interest on deposits, gratuities, permanent change of station travel (including all expenses for organizational movements), and expenses for temporary duty travel between permanent duty stations.
- Supports bottled water and raw food acquisition in theater. (Note: The Multi-National-Iraq (MNC-I) resource manager [C8] only receives MPA in support of bottled water contract requirements.)
- Generally requires more planning lead-time than OMA.
- Covers subsistence expenses that exceed OMA limitations.
Operations and Maintenance, Army
OMA provides resources required to conduct and sustain combat operations and are the primary funding source used by U.S. Army Forces, Central Command (USARCENT) for day-to-day missions. OMA is the cornerstone appropriation for funding everything from contractual support, to repair parts, to vehicle leases in support of U.S. military forces. OMA, either directly or indirectly, influences or supports everything U.S. forces do on the battlefield.
- Typically, a one-year appropriation for a specific fiscal year (FY) and funds must be obligated in that FY (1 October-30 September).
- May not be used to purchase capital investment or centrally-managed items that cost over $250 thousand (K); includes purchase of equipment and installation costs that create a system.
- Supports minor construction with a cost less than $750K (possible to fund minor construction supporting life, health, and safety with a cost less than $1.5 million [M] with proper approval).
- Supports U.S. Army requirements; sister services and coalition partners have similar funding.
- Funded requirements become accountable U.S. government property unless the requirement is a service contract.
- Funds requirements costing $250K or more; all special interest items must be approved by the Joint Forces Acquisition Review Board unless required to be reviewed by a different board:
- Board validation does not equal funding; request funding separately.
- Major support commands provide a monthly spending plan submission to the resource manager (C8) by the 21st of each month.
Units may not use OMA funds to:
- Purchase personal property or systems of personal property equal to or in excess of $250K.
- Fund projects with funded construction costs (as defined in DA Pamphlet 420-11[Project Definition & Work Classification]) of $750K or more; certain exceptions exist that allow construction related to life, health, and safety where funded construction costs are less than $1.5M.
- Repair items when the repair to replacement ratio is less than 50 percent and the funded project cost is less than $5M.
- Fund subsistence of military personnel (for example, food, bottled water, and ice).
- Purchase "in lieu of" substitutions for modification table of organization and equipment.
- Purchase centrally-managed items.
- Purchase gifts or individual awards, except for specifically authorized awards programs (such as safety awards) coordinated through the appropriate departments.
- Purchase non-tactical vehicles, trucks, etc.
- Fund Iraqi security force (ISF) requirements (for example, dining facilities, lodging, training, and force protection), unless it is a qualified ISF Fund (ISFF) expenditure, and the OMA accounts are properly reimbursed by the ISFF.
(Note: This list is not exhaustive. The absence of a prohibition does not convey authorization. When in doubt, seek guidance from your supporting resource manager's office and/or the staff judge advocate.)
Additional funding guidance
See Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) resource manager (C8) standing operating procedures for detailed guidelines for the following:
- Temporary duty travel.
- Purchase request and commitment for local purchases.
- Bulk funds (field ordering officer and paying agent).
- Military Interdepartmental Purchase Request.
- Unit monthly spend plan.
- Government Purchase Card.
- Commander's Coin policy.
- Special interest items (furniture and appliances).
- Year-end closeout.
See Appendix A, Multi-National Corps-Iraq (MNC-I) CJ8 Money as a Weapons System Standing Operating Procedure (SOP).
Other Procurement, Army
Other Procurement, Army (OPA) funds the purchase of single pieces of equipment that cost in excess of $250K or multiple pieces that form a system. OPA funds major, end-item investments, such as centrally-managed items; large pieces of equipment, such as tactical and support vehicles; and systems that exceed established thresholds. A Department of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff (G3/5/7) approved operational needs statements (ONS) must accompany requests for OPA funding.
Due to the nature of this appropriation, OPA generally requires more planning lead-time than OMA. As necessary, coordinate through USARCENT with the Army Budget Office to fund OPA requirements. Sometimes, an equipment lease using OMA can augment in the short-term.
OPA requires an approved ONS from Department of the Army. If in doubt, consult a staff judge advocate familiar with appropriations law. Regardless of whether the item purchased is through a direct contract or through the LOGCAP (an OMA vehicle), the OPA threshold of $250K applies.
See Appendix G, MNC-I CJ8 Money as a Weapons System SOP.
Military construction (MILCON) funds major construction projects and infrastructure improvements supporting OEF and OIF.
The term "military construction" includes any construction, development, conversion, or extension of any kind carried out with respect to a military installation. The term "construction" refers to the construction, alteration, or repair of buildings, structures, or other real property and includes dredging, excavating, and painting but does not include work performed on vessels, aircraft, or other items of personal property.
Fiscal law requires OMA funding to repair MILCON. OMA funds projects costing less than $750K. Unspecified minor military construction funds projects costing between $750K and $2M. MILCON funds projects costing more than $2M.
The MILCON funding thresholds increase if a project corrects life, health, or safety issues. Cost estimates must consider all costs including troop labor and leftover materials from previous projects to determine the total project cost. Do not use capacity cost estimates (incremental costs) when determining project cost.
See Appendix G, MNC-I CJ8 Money as a Weapons System SOP.
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