Deployment Support Command (DSC)
The Deployment Support Command serves as the first leg in power projection from the Continental United States. Headquartered at Fort Eustis, Va., the mission of the organization is to deploy and sustain America's fighting forces during peace and crisis by ensuring Defense Transportation System surface cargo arrives rapidly and safely wherever needed. The Transportation Terminal Groups are among the 11 terminal units of the Military Traffic Management Command's Deployment Support Command. In addition to the 11 ports where the Command maintains a permanent presence, it has at its disposal several strategic expansion ports. The Command consists of roughly 1,100 positions of which approximately 475 are physically located at Fort Eustis. The remaining personnel are assigned at subordinate units throughout the Command's geographic area of responsibility in support of regionally-oriented missions.
As the Army transitions to a CONUS- based, power- projection force to meet regional responsibilities, containerization will be the key to strategic mobility. The Army must close one light division by air and two by sea in 30 days. To meet this mandate, the Army Strategic Mobility Program (ASMP) was developed. The ASMP encompasses the purchase of containers (20 ft) and Equipment Deployment Storage Systems (EDSS) for deployable forces. The 20 ft International Standards Organization (ISO) container and EDSS procurement commenced with FY93 funding.
Deployment Support Brigades (DSB) are USAR units assigned to the MTMC, and organized to provide documentation, loadout assistance, and linkage between the installation and the SPOE. They are employed in small Deployment Support Teams (DST) of six personnel each. The DSBs are employed at installations and focus their energies on the deploying units. DSBs assist in the planning and execution of equipment staging and outloading for surface movements. Each DSB consists of a command group and unit movement teams (UMT) of four to six individuals per team. The UMT is assigned to an installation under the operational control (OPCON) of the Installation Transportation Officer (ITO) to assist and support the ITO in the discharge of his/ her responsibility in the movement of units. UMTs have been predesignated and assigned to specific installations. The DSB will assist in the planning and execution of the staging and outloading of deploying unit equipment destined for the port of embarkation; provide liaison and coordination to installation/ major command for the movement of units to designated ports of embarkation; coordinate rail and truck loading plans; monitor preparation of documents in accordance with Military Standard Transportation and Movement Procedures (MILSTAMP); and monitor movement to the SPOE.
The Military Traffic Management Command's Deployment Support Command was activated at Fort Eustis on 2 October 1998. The Command was formed by consolidating the mission, functions and geographic area of responsibility of MTMC's former Eastern and Western Area Commands into a single headquarters - the MTMC Deployment Support Command. The command's geographic area of responsibility includes the Continental United States, Alaska, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.
The Deployment Support Command began a phased transition of functions from Oakland Army Base, Calif., and Military Ocean Terminal Bayonne, N.J., to Fort Eustis in September 1997. The Ocean Cargo Division was the first to set up operations in Building 827, a refurbished clinic. An advance party arrived in April 1998, moving into renovated barracks space in Building 663. By the time the Command was activated on 2 October, almost 200 people had arrived at Fort Eustis. Renovation of a second temporary facility, Building 664, was completed in January 1999. These three temporary facilities housed the headquarters staff until Building 661, the permanent headquarters facility, was completed in the summer of 2000. Transition of all functions from Oakland and Bayonne was completed by 30 June 1999.
Relocating MTMC's Deployment Support Command to Fort Eustis enhances the readiness of the 7th Group. The 7th Group routinely coordinates with MTMC DSC for training exercises, operations, or Major Theaters of War (MTW) planning. Training dollars and time were saved through this collocation. MTMC is a major customer of training offered at Fort Eustis. Collocation of MTMC DSC with the U.S. Army Transportation School fostered a close training partnership similar to the partnership existing between the School and the 7th Group. This collocation enabled the School and MTMC DSC to jointly work systems, simulation, and doctrine development, thereby enhancing the School's expertise in the School's officer training scenarios (at no cost) and significantly enhancing training realism. The professional development opportunities at the School were beneficial to Transportation Corps MTMC battalion commander designees.
Delivering equipment and supplies to America's warfighters in peace and crisis is at the top of MTMC's list of critical missions and one that will be the primary focus of its new Deployment Support Command. Working hand-in-hand with transportation industry partners, labor unions, host nations and the Reserve components, the Deployment Support Command synchronizes Defense Transportation System surface cargo movement, and provides traffic management and strategic port management for a variety of DoD customers. The Command is also prepared to deploy military and emergency essential civilians to hot spots outside the continental United States.
In addition to managing the movement of DoD cargo, the Command is responsible for U.S. and Latin American port operations at common-user and strategic expansion ports, operates the Defense Railway Interchange Fleet, and is responsible for training and mobilization of one Navy and 20 Army Reserve transportation units. The Command also develops and maintains plans for operational readiness under mobilization, contingency and emergency conditions; commands assigned units strategically located on the East, West and Gulf Coasts of the continental United States as well as Puerto Rico and Alaska; and operates four Regional Storage Management Offices.
The Military Traffic Management Command, Deployment Support Command traces its organizational lineage to the Army's former Office of the Chief of Transportation, established in 1942 to support the rapidly growing need to move troops and equipment during World War II. The Command carries out the Military transport duties once held by the former New York and San Francisco Ports of Embarkation, which were responsible for moving military cargo throughout World War II and the Korean War. Established at Fort Eustis, Va., on Oct 2 1998, the Command was formed by consolidating the mission, functions and geographic area of responsibility of MTMC's former Eastern and Western Area Commands. From their headquarters at the Military Ocean Terminal Bayonne, N.J., and Oakland Army Base, Calif., these organizations fulfilled the military transportation needs of America's military as they evolved from the Ports of Embarkation.
The largest test of their logistical capability came during the Persian Gulf War when MTMC units managed the movement of 85 percent of all military cargo shipped to Saudi Arabia. Equipment equaling 6.5M measurement tons made this the largest movement of equipment and troops since the World War II invasion of Normandy. In addition to deploying and sustaining America's military, MTMC units have actively participated in numerous humanitarian assistance efforts, from aiding hurricane victims to supporting operations in Somalia and Bosnia. Whenever and wherever the need arose, MTMC units ensured supplies and equipment arrived on time.
To accomplish the generic mission statement, the Reserve units are aligned as follows: UNIT PORT/INSTALLATION (Homestation) 1173ND TTBn Savannah, GA, Long Beach, CA, Port Hueneme, CA (Brockton, MA) 1174TH TTBn Hampton Roads, VA (Ft Totten, NY) 1176TH TTBde Howland Hook, NY (Baltimore, MD) 1181ST TTBn Jacksonville, FL, San Diego, CA (Meridian, MS) 1182ND TTBn Charleston, SC (Charleston, SC) 1184TH TTBn Beaumont, TX (Mobile, AL) 1185TH TTBde Wilmington, NC (Lancaster, PA) 1186TH TTBde Jacksonville, FL (Jacksonville, FL) 1188TH TTBn Sunny Point and Morehead City, NC (Decatur, GA) 1189TH TTBde Savannah, GA (Charleston, SC) 1192ND TTBde Corpus Christi, TX (New Orleans, LA) 1395TH TTBde Tacoma and Port Hadlock, WA (Seattle, WA) 1397TH TTBn Oakland and Concord, CA (Oakland, CA) 1205TH TROB Sunny Point, NC (Middletown, CT) 1179TH DSB DOD installations or power projection platforms in CONUS. Initial support to Ft. Stewart/Benning Ft. Bragg, Ft. Drum, Ft. Eustis and Ft. Dix (Ft Hamilton, NY) 1190TH DSB DOD installations or power projection platforms in CONUS (Baton Rouge, LA) 1394TH DSB DOD installations or power projection platforms in CONUS (Camp Pendleton, CA) 1302ND PSD Jacksonville, FL (Orangeburg, NY) 4249TH PSC Sunny Point, NC (Pocahontas, IA) 6632ND PSC Oakland and Concord, CA (Irvine, CA)
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