Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC) Military Traffic Management Command (MTMC)
Located adjacent to the US Transportation Command (TRANSCOM) headquarters building, Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC) is a unique US Army command that delivers world-class, origin-to-destination distribution solutions. Although headquartered in the Midwest United States, 5 brigades, dozens of battalions and detachments and thousands of personnel across the globe support the surface movement of Department of Defense equipment and supplies 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Whenever and wherever Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines and Coast Guardsmen are deployed, SDDC is involved in planning and executing the surface delivery of their equipment and supplies. SDDC is the Department of Defense's manager for all aspects of surface movement, from planning, booking and shipping, to tracking cargo, conducting port operations anywhere in the world, and managing personal property moves for military personnel, federal employees, and their families.
Like its TRANSCOM counterparts at the US Air Force's Air Mobility Command and the US Navy's Military Sealift Command, SDDC's primary focus is on supporting the Warfighter. The command consisted of about 3,110 active-duty and Reserve military and civilian surface transportation experts as of 2012, making it possible for Warfighters to have what they need, when they need it. SDDC accomplishes this mission by partnering with the best of US commercial shipping, port, trucking, barge and rail services delivering cargo to every corner of the globe supporting DOD contingencies, exercises, and humanitarian aid missions. Under the Defense Personal Property Program, SDDC also supported US service members and their families by overseeing the shipment of their household goods and privately owned vehicles.
Additionally, within SDDC were engineers who could determine the best way to move equipment, what the infrastructure along the route would support and, if needed, how to put that infrastructure in place. The command's Transportation Engineering Agency provided defense transportation engineering services for the entire Defense Department. The flexibility and capability of SDDC was also continually expanding. The ability of SDDC's Strategic Business Office to leverage commercial capabilities allowed the command to respond quickly with options not normally within the military tool box.
The Military Traffic Management Command was redesignated again on 1 January 2004, becoming the Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC). This was made to reflect its role in deploying the forces. The name change defined the command's critical role in deploying the force and its emphasis on end-to-end distribution operations supporting warfighters. The change followed closely on the heels of TRANSCOM being designated as the Defense Department's Joint Distribution Process Owner. That was no coincidence. SDDC was expected to become a key enabler of a new and improved joint distribution system envisioned by TRANSCOM.
In its 2005 BRAC Recommendations, the Department of Defense recommended to: realign Fort Eustis, Virginia, by relocating the SDDC to Scott Air Force Base, Illinois, and consolidating it with the Air Force Air Mobility Command Headquarters and Transportation Command (TRANSCOM) Headquarters also located there. Other subordinate facilities would also be realigned by relocating the SDDC to Scott Air Force Base, with the objective being to collocate their functions with the relocated SDDC Headquarters. These included: Hoffman 2, a leased installation in Alexandria, Virgnia; and the SDDC Transportation Engineering Agency facility in Newport News, Virginia. Collocation of TRANSCOM and Service components would (1) collocate activities with common functions and facilitate large-scale transformation proposed by the TRANSCOM Commander, and (2) reduce personnel to realize long-term savings. The realignment would also terminate leased space operations in the National Capital Region (143,540 GSF in Alexandria, Virginia) and near Norfolk, Virginia (40,013 GSF in Newport News, Virginia).
SDDC, fulfilling its role during humanitarian crises, was among the first responders on the ground after the devastating earthquake in Haiti in 2010. Members of SDDC's Rapid Port Opening Elements (597th Transportation Brigade) were sent as an advance team within 48 hours. Additional RPOE Soldiers and support elements followed that initial group of first responders.
During FY11, SDDC and its commercial partners transported more than 18.7 million measurement tons of cargo in support of US forces and their missions worldwide, the equivalent of about 317,000 tractor-trailers full of cargo. Also, during 2011, SDDC expanded into multi-modal operations by moving about 3,500 pieces of mission-essential cargo by commercial sealift with follow-on commercial airlift into Afghanistan. All together, the command procured more than $5 billion annually in commercial transportation and personal property services as of 2012.