FM 34-80: Brigade And Battalion Intelligence and Electronic Warfare Operations
REQUEST AND REPORT FORMATS
Standard formats are used to report intelligence or information, task assets, or to receive information, intelligence, and orders or instructions. These formats can be echelon-specific, like the patrol report usually prepared at battalion level; or it may be general in nature, like the spot report used at all echelons.
This appendix provides a brief description of the most common intelligence-related formats prepared or used at the brigade and battalion level. Several of the reports within this appendix have been written in the new JINTACCS format. For more information refer to the JINTACCS Users Manual.
MIJIFEEDER--Meaconing, Intrusion, Jamming, and Interference Feeder
Purpose or Use of Message: The MIJIFEEDER is used to report MIJI incidents to the appropriate C-E officer. The example shown illustrates a representation MIJIFEEDER report.
INTREP- Intelligence Report
Purpose or Use of Message: The INTREP is the primary method of reporting HUMINT information. It is used for the joint exchange of information provided through tactical collection efforts. This report provides timely information regarding events that could have an immediate or significant effect on current planning and operations. It is also used to pass critical information to national level agencies.
Purpose or Use of Message: The INTSUM is used to provide a brief summary of information of intelligence interest covering a specific period of time. It provides a summary of the enemy situation in forward and rear areas, enemy operations and capabilities, and weather and terrain characteristics.
ELECTRONICS INTELLIGENCE REQUIREMENT TASKING MESSAGE
The electronic intelligence requirement tasking message (ERTM) is used for operational control of ELINT collection resources by operational commanders or requests for ELINT collection sources outside the commander's control.
Use the tactical report (TACREP) to quickly report vital intelligence information such as fleeting target, threat or danger to friendly units, distress situation, radio DF and other EW information, newly discovered enemy intentions, battle damage assessment data, and combat information that cannot be exchanged with tactical data systems between tactical units.
This message includes enemy activity; ship, aircraft, or ground vehicle type; related unit; location; speed and direction of movement for maritime, air, and ground enemy units with amplifying information; and EW information such as emitter frequency, bandwidth, call sign, and type of EW.
RII--Request for Intelligence Information
Purpose or Use of Message: The RII is utilized to request intelligence information from other units. It is also used to request the status of an anticipated response of a previous request.
RRII--Response to Request for Intelligence Information
Purpose or Use of Message: The RRII is utilized to reply to a Request for Intelligence Information. If information is contained in a previous message, the RRII should reference that message.
TACELINT- Tactical ELINT Report
Purpose or Use of Message: The TACELINT is utilized to report time-critical operational ELINT and parametric information. It may be used for indications and warning, data base maintenance, order of battle, and strike planning. ELINT collectors use this message as a reporting vehicle.
ELECTRONIC WARFARE MISSION SUMMARY
The electronic warfare mission summary (EWMSNSUM) is used to summarize significant EW missions and the status of offensive EW assets. It is not to be used for reporting results of ESM operations (see the following illustrations for format and example).
ELECTRONIC WARFARE REQUESTING/TASKING MESSAGE
The electronic warfare requesting/tasking message (EWRTM) is for tasking units under your control to perform EW missions or to request EW support from units not under your control. This message includes descriptions of ECM and ESM targets you need support against (see the following illustrations for format and example).
Purpose or Use of Message: The Order Message contains the standard five-paragraph combat order. Use it to send directives and instructions to subordinate commands. Send information copies to higher and adjacent headquarters as required. The message includes the type of order; task organization; and comments about situation, mission, execution, administration, log, and command signal.
Use the commander's situation report (SITREP) for changes in the situation since the last report. Areas covered are current operational plans, current status, unit readiness, situations that may affect operations, operational problems recommended course of action, and items are included in other reports.
This message is divided into areas of effective time period, map reference, enemy situation changes, friendly situation changes, administration and logistical situation, general comments and recommendations, and the commander's personal evaluation of the situation.
THE INTELLIGENCE ESTIMATE
The intelligence estimate is a logical and orderly examination of the intelligence factors affecting mission accomplishment. It provides the commander with a basis for planning operations and for disseminating intelligence to his staff and to other headquarters. It consists of five paragraphs which outline an analysis of the AO, enemy strength, and enemy capabilities that can influence the mission.
It is generally written at division and higher headquarters and briefed down to battalion, although, in a contingency operation, it may be written at the brigade level. It may be presented to the commander formally or informally and may be written or oral, detailed or summarized. However, when possible, a written estimate is preferred.
The intelligence staff officer prepares the intelligence estimate of the enemy situation. An estimate is prepared at the commander's direction or on the intelligence staff officer's initiative.
The intelligence estimate includes--
- Area of operations.
- Enemy situation.
- Enemy capabilities.
An annotated example of an intelligence estimate format follows.
THE INTELLIGENCE ANNEX
The purpose of the intelligence annex is to disseminate information about forces essential to the conduct of the operation. It also gives any other necessary intelligence orders or guidance for the operation in question. In addition, the intelligence annex serves as a medium for instructing subordinate commanders to acquire information necessary for the conduct of the operation. Such information often can only be obtained immediately before, or during, the operation itself. The intelligence annex is not a substitute for an intelligence collection plan.
The intelligence annex is a formal intelligence tasking document that may accompany an operation plan or order. It should be as brief as possible, consistent with clarity. Its first paragraph gives a summary of the enemy situation necessary to understand the plan or order, and may refer to annotated maps, enemy situation overlays, or current intelligence reports. Subsequent paragraphs contain specific collection requirements and instructions. SOP information should not be repeated in the intelligence annex. An example of an intelligence annex is shown below.
A collection plan helps the collection manager coordinate and integrate the effort of collection resources. It provides a visible aid for balancing collection requirements. It is a dynamic working tool that changes with requirements and resources. It is a slate where obsolete entries are easily removed and new entries easily recorded. A formal collection plan is used at the division and higher echelons. An informal collection plan may be used by the brigade S2 to help focus the development of the brigade's R&S plan. Battalion collection operations are directed through use of the R&S plan. A collection plan is not normally developed at the battalion level due to the limited collection assets available.
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