Russo-Ukraine War - 04 August 2022 - Day 162
On 24 February 2022, Ukraine was suddenly and deliberately attacked by land, naval and air forces of Russia, igniting the largest European war since the Great Patriotic War. Russian President Vladimir Putin announced a "special military operation" (SVO - spetsialnaya voennaya operatsiya) in Ukraine in response to the appeal of the leaders of the "Donbass republics" for help. That attack is a blatant violation of the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine. Putin stressed that Moscow's goal is the demilitarization and denazification of the country. The military buildup in preceeding months makes it obvious that the unprovoked and dastardly Russian attack was deliberately planned long in advance. During the intervening time, the Russian government had deliberately sought to deceive the world by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.
"To initiate a war of aggression... is not only an international crime; it is the supreme international crime differing only from other war crimes in that it contains within itself the accumulated evil of the whole." [Judgment of the International Military Tribunal]
Amnesty International released a report documenting "a pattern of Ukrainian forces putting civilians at risk and violating the laws of war when they operate in populated areas". The human rights organization said it found evidence of Ukrainian forces launching strikes from within populated residential areas and basing themselves in civilian buildings in 19 towns and villages in three regions of the country. It said its researchers collected the data between April and July. Amnesty also said it found Ukrainian forces using hospitals as military bases in five places, which the human rights group called "a clear violation of international humanitarian law," which requires the parties to a conflict "to avoid locating, to the maximum extent feasible, military objectives within or near densely populated areas." But the report also stressed that the "Ukrainian military's practice of locating military objectives within populated areas does not in any way justify indiscriminate Russian attacks." It also said that in locations where Amnesty International concluded that Russia had committed war crimes "the organization did not find evidence of Ukrainian forces located in the civilian areas unlawfully targeted by the Russian military." The report was denounced by Ukraine as "creating a false equivalence -- between the offender and the victim, between the country that destroys hundreds and thousands of civilians, cities, territories, and a country that is desperately defending itself".
Canada's Minister of National Defence announced that Canada had authorized the deployment of Canadian Armed Forces personnel to train new recruits from the Armed Forces of Ukraine, under Operation UNIFIER, Canada's military training and capacity building mission in Ukraine. The CAF is to deploy up to 225 personnel to the United Kingdom, the majority of whom will work as trainers, supported by a command and control element, for an initial deployment of approximately four months. The first of up to three training cohorts, consisting of approximately 90 soldiers, will be largely drawn from 3rd Battalion Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry based out of Edmonton, Alberta, and is scheduled to depart on 12 August and will begin leading courses in the weeks' following. The first Canadian-led courses were scheduled to take place at a military base located in South East England, with a flexible curriculum focused on individual skills required for frontline combat, including weapons handling, battlefield first aid, fieldcraft, patrol tactics and the Law of Armed Conflict.
NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg warned in a speech that "NATO has two tasks. Support Ukraine. And prevent the conflict from spreading into a full-scale war between NATO and Russia. (...) If Russia wins this war, he will have confirmation that violence works. Then other neighbouring countries may be next. (...) The second task of NATO is to prevent the war from spreading. We do that both by not being a party to the war - we are not entering Ukraine with troops. We also do it by showing clearly that an attack on a NATO country will trigger a response from the whole of NATO. That is why we are increasing our military presence in the east of the alliance."
The UK Ministry of Defence reported that Ukraine's missile and artillery units continue to target Russian military strongholds, personnel clusters, logistical support bases and ammunition depots. This will highly likely impact Russian military logistical resupply and put pressure on Russian military combat support elements.
On 03 August 2022, the first vessel with Ukrainian grain arrived at the Bosphorus Strait having transited the Black Sea from Odesa. It is almost certain the success of this transit will result in more frequent transits in both directions. Clearing the backlog caused by the blockade that has been in place since February 2022 will remain a logistical challenge.
Russian forces have almost certainly positioned pyramidal radar reflectors in the water near the recently damaged Antonivskiy Bridge and by the recently damaged nearby rail bridge, both of which cross over the Dnipro River in Kherson, southern Ukraine. The radar reflectors are likely being used to hide the bridge from synthetic aperture radar imagery and possible missile targeting equipment. This highlights the threat Russia feels from the increased range and precision of Western-supplied systems.
The General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine reported that Russia was concentrating its main efforts in the East of Ukraine in order to establish full control over the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts within their administrative borders, by continuing hostilities to hold the temporarily captured districts of Kherson and part of Kharkiv, Zaporizhzhia, and Mykolaiv oblasts. There remains a further threat of air and missile strikes on military and critical infrastructure facilities throughout Ukraine.
The situation has not undergone any significant changes in the Volyn, Polissya, and Siversky directions. No signs of the creation of offensive groups of the armed forces of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus were found.
Russian forces used barrel and rocket artillery to shell civilian and military infrastructure in the areas of Medvedivka, Mykolaivka, Chernihiv oblast and Krasnopilla, Myropilla, Mykhailivka, Velyka Rybytsia, Sumy oblast, and conducted aerial reconnaissance.
In the Kharkiv direction, Russian forces carried out fire damage from barrel and jet artillery in the areas of the settlements of Kharkiv, Lebyazhe, Borshcheva, Dementiyivka, Korobochkyne, Velyki Prohody, Ruski Tyshky, Stary Saltiv, Pryshyb, Tsirkuny, Mospanove, Bezruki, Karasivka. Attempts were made to break through Ukrainian defenses of near Husarivka.
In the Slovyansk direction, Russian forces used tanks, barrel and jet artillery to shell the areas of the settlements of Bohorodychnye, Mazanivka, Husarivka, Adamivka, Kurulka, Khrestyshche, Sulyhivka, Dovhenke, and Velyka Komyshuvaha.
They also attempted to conduct attacks in the Dolyna and Bohorodychne areas, but these ended in failure and retreat.
In the Donetsk direction, Russian forces tried to dislodge Ukrainian Defense Forces units from occupied positions using tanks, barrel and rocket artillery, while also conducting UAV aerial reconnaissance of logistics support routes and critical infrastructure facilities.
In the Kramatorsk direction, shelling was recorded near Siversk, Mykolaivka, Starodubivka, Spirne, Kryva Luka, Verkhnokamyanske, Hryhorivka, Serebryanka, Raihorodok, and Kalenyky.
In the direction of Bakhmut, Russian forces shelled military and civilian infrastructure near Pokrovske, Rozdolivka, Vershina, Yakovlivka, Bakhmut, Kodema and Soledar. Aviation was used for strikes near the last four settlements.
Russian occupiers tried to improve the tactical position in the areas of Bakhmut, Soledar, Yakovlivka and Vershyna by assaulting them, but were unsuccessful and withdrew. Fighting continues near Travneve and Kodema.
In the Avdiivka direction, Russian forces fired from tanks and various types of artillery in the areas of Pisky, Prechystivka, Shevchenko, Volodymyrivka, Novobakhmutivka, Nevelske, Netaylove and Krasnohorivka settlements.
Russian forces made another attempt of offensive actions in the area of the settlement of Pisky, without success.
In the Novopavlivsk and Zaporizhzhia directions, Russian forces did not conduct active offensive actions, but carried out shelling from tanks, barrel and rocket artillery along the entire line of contact. They also carried out airstrikes near Novopola. They unsuccessfully tried to break through the defenses near Maryinka, suffered losses and withdrew.
In the South Buh direction, Russia is concentrating its efforts on preventing the advancement of units of the Defense Forces of Ukraine deep into the temporarily occupied territory.
There remains a high intensity of shelling from the weapons of tanks and artillery at the positions of Ukrainian troops along the contact line. Aerial reconnaissance by UAVs does not stop.
Russian forces carried out airstrikes in the areas of Mykolaiv, Luch, Lymany, Nova Zorya, Novomykolaivka, Kobzartsi, Lyubomirivka, Kiselivka, Andriivka, Lozove, Bilohirka, Osokorivka, Potemkine, Zeleny Hai, Bila Krynytsia, Balka Khutirska and Ivanivka.
Ukrainian soldiers stopped the enemy's offensive in the areas of Bilohirka and Lozove and drove the invaders back.
According to the Russian Ministry of Defense, over the past day, artillery and military aviation of the Russian Armed Forces hit two command posts of the 95th brigade of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (APU) and an unnamed nationalist formation in Konstantinovka and Ternovat, respectively. Two artillery depots in Novoivanovka were liquidated, as well as a fuel storage at the Zaporozhye-2 station. Covered 194 areas of accumulation of enemy troops.
Units of the Ukrainian 54th, 56th and 58th brigades left their positions in Soledar, Bakhmut and Avdiivka due to heavy losses.
During the counter-battery fight in the Donetsk People's Republic (DPR), three platoons of Grad multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS), four platoons of Gvozdika guns, three platoons of D-30 howitzers at positions near Lastochkino, Petrovsky and Avdiivka were suppressed.
Air defense systems intercepted four enemy drones and five MLRS missiles over the liberated territories.
Today, the Armed Forces of Ukraine shelled Klimovo in the Bryansk region, as a result of which three people were injured. Residential building damaged.
During the day , seven soldiers of the People's Militia of the DPR were killed in battles, and 13 more were wounded. The Armed Forces of Ukraine shelled 12 settlements with more than 300 shells, as a result of which nine civilians were killed and another 12 were injured. 38 residential buildings and 11 civil infrastructure facilities were damaged.
Today, fighting continued west of Donetsk, where allied forces stormed urban areas. There are reports of their tactical successes awaiting confirmation.
Meanwhile, Russian investigators are working in the capital of the DPR itself , fixing the circumstances and results of the shelling of the Donbass Palace hotel by Ukrainian militants. According to updated information, five people died.
Russia plans to develop a project for the restoration of settlements in the Severodonetsk agglomeration following the example of Mariupol in the DPR. This was stated by Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Marat Khusnullin .
At first, priority will be given to preparing the infrastructure for winter, and in general, Khusnullin described the preliminary scope of work as realistic for implementation.
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