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Tu-154 Careless

According to Ascend magazine, Tu-154 has suffered a fatal accident for every 431,200 flights, compared with Boeing 737s record of one fatal crash for each 2.68-million flights. In the 1980s the Tu-154 aircraft in different modifications became the greatest mass aircraft of Aeroflot. Tu-154 carried out flights along routes by those connecting practically all large cities of the USSR, aircraft in the summer periods became the basic "ferryman" of tourists and vacationers into the southern cities of the country. The Tu-154 accomplished flights into more than 80 cities of Europe, Asia and Africa. For the salient achievements on the development and the putting into commission of aircraft Tu-154 in 1980 to the large association of the creators of aircraft was awarded the Lenin Prize.

Taking into account the large fleet of operational Tu-154B and Tu-154M aircraft and their significant role in a matter of the guarantee of passenger transportation in Russia, the Tupolev OKB continues to work at the maintenance of the fleet of aircraft of the type Tu-154 in the normal state, and also are performed constant work on the improvement of the elements of the construction of the glider of aircraft, its engines and equipment for the purpose of the guarantee of correspondence to contemporary requirements to domestic and international requirements and, first of all, in the part of the requirements on the environmental impact on the environment (noise and harmful ejections).

The scale work of OKB Tupolev carried out the transfer of operational Tu-154M to repairless technology. All latest achievements, which led to the considerable savings of the means of airlines, to an increase in the flying time, to an increase in the airworthiness of aircraft were carried out in the close creative collaboration with the specialists of the number of the enterprises of Russia and, in the first place, by TsAGI (Central Institute of Aerohydrodynamics im. N Ye Zhukovskiy) and GosNII (State Scientific Research Institute) GA. Because of these works the aircraft today ensures, in spite of the opinion of some "specialists", the necessary level of flight safety. The best confirmation of this became creation, including in recent years, on the base Tu-154 the aircraft- salons, which successfully fly on the internal and foreign routes. The high, in the comparison with the contemporary liners, fuel consumption is not so important for them. In entire rest Tu-154, that transported already about 25 million passengers, is not too and much inferior to its younger followers and as before remains one of the basic toilers of the sky.

The history of the Tu-154 is still far from completion. The Aviacor plant preserved the technological equipment and reserves for the production of the Tu-154M. In 2005-2006 two new aircraft for the air lines of Cuba were prepared. In these machines was established a new flight complex, which ensured flights with engines with sound-absorbing constructions, which ensure fulfilling the requirements of chapter of 3 appendices 16 ICAO (i.e. admittance for the flights into Europe). The first aircraft - RA-85123, was transmitted to the airline in June 2006, the delivery of the second was expected on August 22. Prior to the end of the year Aviacor was building one Tu-154M according to the special-order of the Samara provincial administration, into 2007 it was planned to let out three more aircraft.

As of late 2008 there were several machines of this type in the state of completion at the series plant in Samara which finish building. They are additionally equipped and are transferred to concrete customers in accordance with to their requirements by the equipment, to equipment of aircraft and passenger compartments.

Aircraft Tu-154M has been in series produced since 1985, and since 2003 joint stock company Aviakor Aircraft Plant approached the production and sale of its new version, which calculates contemporary international requirements on the basis of the flight safety and accuracy of air navigation. This became the result of the production and commercial policy of plant and KB im. A.N. Tupolev, which ensured the technical improvements of model, an increase in the comfort of aircraft, that improved of service maintenance.

Specialists assert that into the next 15-20 years of the airline of Russia and peace they will experience the greatest need for the medium-haul airliners in 125-175 places with the flying range of 3-5 thousand kilometers. In the share of the aircraft of family Tu-154, for completely corresponding these requirements, are today necessary more than 50% all passenger transportation on Russia and CIS. The new version Tu-154M - their worthy successor on the domestic and foreign aviation markets. The family of aircraft Tu-154M is traditionally famous by the high strength and aerodynamic characteristics of glider and its systems. The flying period of service Tu-154M is 30 years. This is substantiated by aviation science, it is proven by laboratory and full-scale tests and it is confirmed by practice.

The many years of experience of series production and operation have confirmed the unquestionable advantages Tu-154M: longevity and high reliability under different climatic conditions in combination with the low price Tu-154M the version of 2003 it preserved all best qualities of the machines of this family, acquired the new properties, which made its completely competitive. Reinforcement of the air fleet of airlines by fundamentally new model airplane - matter being expensive. However, the new version Tu-154M, because of its family similarity to any modification of family Tu-154M, will make it possible to decrease not only initial expenditures, but also operational expenses. The similarity of construction and all main systems of family Tu-154M, and also the general principle of their operation makes it possible to limit the nomenclature of spare parts and types of maintenance facility, to decrease the expenditures for the instruction of crews and service personnel.

Russian aviation plant Aviakor ceased the production of Tupolev Tu-154Ms in mid-2006 after fulfilling the last orders for building three of the type. In June 2006, regional operator Kuban Airlines received a newly assembled tri-jet and took one more in July 2006. Aviakor general manager Sergei Liharev said the airframer has also completed assembly of the Tu-154M ordered by the government of Samara region. From now on, well only provide maintenance and overhaul services for these aircraft, hundreds of which are still in service, he says. Currently we have ten Tu-154s under repair. At the same time, Aviakor was gearing up for serial production of the Antonov An-140 twin turboprop with three aircraft due to be rolled out this year.

A 26-year-old Tupolev TU-154, the Polish presidential plane, crashed on 10 Apr 2010 as it approached an airport near Smolensk. The 60-year-old President Lech Kaczynski was killed. Along with the president, the 97 dead included the army chief of staff, the head of the National Security Office, the national bank president, the deputy foreign minister, the deputy parliament speaker, the civil rights commissioner and and scores of Polish legislators. The pilot of the plane carrying Polish President Lech Kaczynski attempted to land in thick fog against the advice of air traffic controllers. The plane was advised to turn around and head for Minsk, the capital of neighboring Belarus, as the Smolensk military aerodrome lacked the necessary navigational equipment to receive planes in heavy fog.

A Ministry of Defence Defense Ministry Tu-154 crash in Sochi took place December 25, 2016 early in the morning shortly after taking off from the airport of Adler. On board were 92 people - soldiers, members of the media, the head of the fund "Fair Aid" Elizaveta Glinka (Dr. Lisa), as well as artists Alexandrov Ensemble and its artistic director, People's Artist of Russia Valery Khalilov aircraft coming Happy New year Air Group FSI Russian airbase Hmeymim in Syria.

On 20 January 2017 Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu directed a to study the possibility of replacing used in military passenger aircraft Tu-154, Tu-134 and Il-62M in the new Russian analogues. The Ministry of Defense and enterprises of the United Aircraft Corporation were to agree on a "road map": determine which aircraft will be the first out of service, and to build a production schedule for the uniform loading of plants. To replace the Tu-134 the short-haul SSJ 100 can be used, and instead of the Il-62 and Tu-154 a long-range Tu-214 could be used. At the same time, according to sources, the minister instructed the Defense Ministry to upgrade the fleet, though without additional funds. The exact timing of execution of the order was not specified in the mandate.




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