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Over the decades, the Tu-164 designation has been applied to several unrelated aircraft, none of which ever flew.

In the early 1970's, when considering and assessing the ways and prospects for future development of domestic passenger planes over the next 10-15 years, as well as the possible tupolevskogo of the passenger aircraft, the design Bureau was adopted rather slender modifikacionna the concept of further development of the major classes of tupolevskih passenger cars. According to the "family passenger aircraft the Tupoleve Design Bureau concluded that in the near foreseeable future would consist of four main variants of machines: small, medium, large and distant. By modification of the basic options and the use of interspecific assemblies and systems should have received four aircraft increased capacity of Airbus: small, medium, large and long range.

Initiation of work on the aircraft for small airports, which received the designation TU-164 can be traced to the mid-60 's. The project was based on modernization of Tu-134 2 x d-30. The main changes concerned the introduction of a new fuselage increased up to a diameter of 3.3 m, designed for placement of 83 passengers in a normal version and 93 in reloading. The plane was intended for use on tight Airways 1000-3000 km. When designing a machine intended to equip its newest flight-on-vigacionnym equipment that would reduce the flight crew to two. In 1967, the Tu-2 x 164 d-30 DESIGN BUREAU produced a new design. Accordingly, the plane should have the following basic data:

  • aircraft length-32.5 m;
  • wingspan-29.3 m;
  • aircraft height- -8.7 m;
  • the wing area is 115/127 m;
  • maximum take-off weight-42000-47000 lbs;
  • empty weight of the aircraft is 25500 kg;
  • payload -10000 kg;
  • the maximum cruising speed of 980 km/h;
  • cruising speed is 800-880 km/h;
  • ceiling-10000-11000 m;
  • range with maximum payload-1930-3200 km;
  • runway length required-1830-2120 m;
  • crew-2 pers.

In the early 1970's, within the framework of the elaboration of the "Family" that "passenger aircraft", the design was considered "small Airbus" Tu-164 (TU-134 m) with three engines d-30r (d-30 2 SER), intended for the carriage of passengers on the 152-125 distance of 1700 km. The project involved the use of sections of the plane Tu-154 with a diameter of 3.8 m, engines and wing modified Tu-134A with the increased area, front influx and improved mechanization.

Tu-3 x 164 d-30 3 CEP. had the following basic geometrical data:

  • aircraft length-43.5 m;
  • wingspan: 33.5 m;
  • height-10.55 m;
  • the wing area is 145 m '.

The TU-164 project later moved to a variant with reduced passenger capacity was basically a version up to 120-130 people and in a shorter version, up to 80 persons. Range for the first variant produced 1700 km, for the second variant-500-700 km. Given the high continuity with the TU-134A, expected by mid-1974, finish designing and testing machines and in 1975 year start mass production of TU-164 in the two-engine Variant.

Work on the project to-164 were going at the same time as the draft of another "small Airbus" Tu-184, the DESIGN BUREAU also prepared several options during the development of the project.

Study an improved version of the Tu-154, equipped with more efficient turbofan D-Z0KU began in 1981-1982. Originally the plane was designated Tu-164. The first flight of the prototype was completed in 1982 and production began in 1984 at a factory in Samara. By the end of 1996 around 315 aircraft of this modification had been built. Before the advent of the Tu-204, the Tupolev Tu-154 was one of the most efficient Russian passenger aircraft. It was one of the few domestic passenger aircraft for export. In 1996 and 1997 it wss planned to start production modification of the Tu-154-2 with the use of digital avionics and improved fuel economy by 20%. In the 1980s in the bureau were working to use on passenger aircraft cryogenic fuels. Modifications were worked Tu-154 and Tu-156m. Were flight test pilot of the Tu-155 turbofan engine with NK-88 running at cryogenic fuels, liquid natural gas and methane. The aircraft was equipped with a conventional avionics electromechanical means of indication, developed domestic KB. The structure of the complex includes automated aerobatic aircraft control system Absu-154 radio navigation system "Omega" and collision avoidance system aircraft in flight TCAS.

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