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Russian Railroads

The railway complex is of special strategic importance for Russia. It is the link of a single economic system, ensures the stable operation of industrial enterprises, the timely delivery of vital cargo to the most remote corners of the country, and is the most accessible transport for millions of citizens.

At present, the length of the Russian railways is 87,000 km, of which 44,000 km are electrified. The main tasks of the railway transport are: to ensure the transportation process and reduce transport costs, as well as accelerate the delivery of goods from the producer to the consumer, provided that the security of the goods transported is ensured, and the travel time of passengers is improved while improving the comfort of the trip and the culture of service.

Locomotives and freight cars operated today on the road network are built according to the technical requirements of the 1960s. and are essentially rolling stock of the old generation, which is characterized by high maintenance and repair costs, as well as an insufficient level of reliability. With the development of modern technologies for the production of locomotives (locomotives and electric locomotives) of the new generation, it is envisaged to increase the power of traction engines, the service life, the run to write-off, and the use of microprocessor control systems with energy-optimal autosupport (UASAVP) and diagnostics, and for carriages of a new generation - , design speed, service life. For locomotives and wagons of the new generation, there is an increase in the overhaul mileage.

The basis for the development of the rolling stock of the new generation is the principle of modular layout with rational unification of units and systems that reduces the cost of this equipment and its development. Locomotives and freight cars of the new generation are created on the basis of unified basic projects.

Basic electric locomotives of the new generation were to become experienced electric locomotives with asynchronous traction motors EP10 and EP200 , created by the domestic industry. Production of a six-axle electric locomotive EP10 of a dual power supply was carried out jointly with the firm " Adtranz " (Switzerland). The solutions tested on this locomotive for two current systems (3 kV of constant and 25 kV of alternating current) became the basis for electric locomotives of alternating and direct current, currently produced: EP1m, 2ES4k "Donchak", 2ES5k "Ermak", 2ES6 "Sinara" , 2ES10 "Granite".

Passenger two-system electric locomotive EP20, produced jointly with the French company Alstom, became the ancestor of the generation of locomotives, in which the modular principle of assembling units and equipment is used. The cabin of the electric locomotive EP20 and part of its mechanical and electrical equipment were used to create the freight electric locomotive 2ES5. Currently, the Kolomna plant produces a passenger electric locomotive of direct current EP2k, which should replace worn out and morally obsolete locomotives ChS2t, ChS6, operated on the October Railway.

Work is underway to create and develop the release of structures for freight cars of a new generation. Constructional materials for the bodies of carriages of the new generation are being developed in accordance with the type of transported cargo and the specialization of wagons. The directions of increase of cold resistance and crack resistance of steel casting for trucks of freight cars are investigated.

The Red Arrow luxury overnight train first chugged along the historic railway line between the two capitals of Russia in 1931, and has since been the pride of the Russian Railroad. This Moscow - St. Petersburg train has interiors that feel as if they come from a movie set and an exterior in such bright red that its really difficult to mistake, no matter if lit from the platform lights of the Moskovskaya Station in St. Petersburg, or the Leningradskaya Station in Moscow.

The history that emanates from the very walls of the carriages on the Red Arrow makes this a very popular train. As a result of its increasing popularity among trains from Moscow to St. Petersburg, the Red Arrow has spawned other luxury-oriented night trains, including the Express and the Megapolis. Even with all its retro charm, this one-of-a-kind luxury Russian train is as up-to-date and modern as any sleeper carriage found in just about any country. Passengers with Red Arrow train tickets enjoy high-comfort amenities while gliding through the night between Russias historical capital cities on an overnight train from Moscow and St. Petersburg.

In May 2001, railway transportation in Russia underwent a significant transformation, when Russia, by order of President Vladimir Putin's government, sought to encourage the creation of private passenger railway service companies. The Grand Express was the first private St. Petersburg - Moscow train to emerge as a result of this innovative move. Today it is a leader among overnight train experiences in Russia. With all the amenities of a hotel, the Grand Express train offers one-of-a-kind trips between Russias two most renowned cities. The concept is uniquely spectacular.

An important direction in the development of Russia's railways is the organization of high-speed traffic (with speeds of up to 250 km / h). To this end, Russian Railways has concluded an agreement with the German company Siemens to supply high-speed trains Velaro Rus ("Sapsan") and Desiro Rus ("Swallow"). A modification of the EP20 electric locomotive with a maximum speed of 200 km / h was developed. Talgo wagons are boughtproduction of Spain for operation in high-speed trains " Strizh ". Formation of fast trains from two-story wagons of the Tver wagon-building plant is being carried out.

An additional 686km of railroad will soon link Russias Arctic regions. The railway will provide logistics for the Northern Sea Route to boost commerce between Europe and Asia and Russian energy projects in the Arctic. The project, named the Northern Latitudinal Railway, is planned to be completed by 2023, authorities say. It requires the building of 350km of track and modernizing the existing infrastructure. The volume of traffic on the route is estimated at 23.9 million tons a year. The Northern Latitudinal Railway will connect Russias Ural and West Siberian regions with the Northern Sea Route and prepare the ground for additional big out-shipments through Arctic waters. The projects cost is estimated at around 200 billion rubles ($3.6 billion). The railway is crucial for another Russian mega-project in the Arctic. The Northern Sea Route, which stretches the entire length of Russias Arctic and Far East regions, is expected to become a major trade route for goods shipped between Europe and Asia.




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Page last modified: 02-08-2018 13:45:33 ZULU