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1991-2015 - Post Soviet Railroads

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, the volume of traffic on Russian railways declined sharply, the state and work of railways was affected by the difficulties of transition to new market relations. To overcome these difficulties, the reorganization of the management system and the reorganization of the transportation process in relation to the new economic conditions were initiated. The updating of the technical means of the railways required the implementation of a comprehensive program for the informatization of railway transport. The process of reforming the railway transport began in order to improve the quality and efficiency of its work and competitiveness in a market economy. In particular, the separation of functions of state regulation and management of economic activities of the railway - between the Ministry of Railways and JSCo "RZD" was carried out.

Russian Railways was formed as a result of the reform of the Ministry of Railways on the basis of RF Government Decree No. 585 of September 18, 2003. The establishment of the Company was the result of the first stage of the reform of the railway industry. October 1, 2003 - the beginning of the activities of JSC Russian Railways. The main objectives of JSCo "Russian Railways" are to satisfy the market demand for transportation, increase the efficiency of the activity and the quality of services, meet the needs of the state, legal entities and individuals in rail transport. Every year on October 1, JSC "Russian Railways" celebrates Company Day.

February 14, 2004 saw the opening of the first high-speed commuter line Moscow-Mytishchi. Suburban electric train SputnikEspecially for this route a new generation electric train "Sputnik" was created. The travel time from Moscow to Mytisch reduced from 35 to 18 minutes. Electric EM4 "Sputnik" is a radically new kind of rolling stock for suburban transportations. In its design, more than 200 newest developments and patented technologies of Russian research institutes have found their practical application. The train is designed in record time - in just 6 months. New technical solutions applied in the Sputnik train provide savings of operating costs of 1.55 million rubles. per year per one composition. The "Sputnik" wagons are designed according to the type of metro cars, which are optimally adapted to the transportation of a large number of passengers. The absence of tambours and a smaller number of seats allowed to increase the total capacity of the salon by 56 people. An additional third pair of doors will make it easier for passengers to enter and exit the car.

In 2008 the Government of the Russian Federation approved the "Strategy for the development of rail transport in Russia until 2030" The goal of the strategy is to create conditions for transport support for social and economic growth in Russia, to increase the mobility of the population and to optimize commodity circulation, to strengthen economic sovereignty, national security and the country's defense capacity, to reduce overall transport costs, to increase the competitiveness of the national economy, and to ensure Russia's leadership in the world.

The strategic development of rail transport in the Russian Federation until 2030 includes 2 stages:

1st stage - modernization of railway transport (2008-2015) . During this phase, the necessary capacity will be provided in the main transport routes, radical modernization of existing infrastructure facilities, provision of rolling stock transport with the exclusion of parks with expired service lives, new technical requirements for technology and technology will be developed, design and survey works and construction of new railway lines. During this period it is planned to build over 6.4 thousand km of new lines, including lines for high-speed passenger traffic.

Stage 2 - stage dynamic expansion of the railway network (2016 - 2030.) . At this stage, it is planned to expand the railway network and create infrastructure conditions for the development of new "points" of economic growth in the country, access to the world level of technological and technical development of rail transport and increase the global competitiveness of Russian rail transport. At this time, the most important strategic, socially significant and cargo-forming lines with a total length of more than 15 800 km should be built.

December 17, 2009 marked the beginning of the movement of high-speed trains in Russia. Train Peregrine FalconOn this day, the high-speed train "Sapsan" on the route Moscow - St. Petersburg went on the first flight. This event marked the beginning of a new era in the development of railways in Russia. "Sapsan" is a high-speed electric train of the Velaro RUS series manufactured by the Siemens Transportation Systems company, capable of developing a speed of 250 km / h. The train got its name after the fastest bird on the planet. The contract for the delivery of 8 trains of the Velaro RUS series was signed between JSCo RZD and the Department of Transportation Systems of Siemens AG in May 2006. The contract value is 276 million euros. In April 2007, a contract for the maintenance of trains for 30 years was signed in the amount of EUR 354.1 million.

October 30, 2012 marked the 175th anniversary of the opening of the railway movement in Russia. 175 years since the opening of the railway movement in RussiaOctober 30 (old style) in 1837 solemn opening of the first Russian railway of mass use took place. Petersburg and Tsarskoe Selo were connected by a single-track railway, along which trains began to run. In honor of this significant date on October 30, 2012 in St. Petersburg was presented the reconstruction of the launch of the railway movement in Russia.




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