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Russian Federation Air Force - Post Soviet

In December 1991, as a result of the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Soviet Air Force were divided between Russia and 11 independent republics (Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia refused to participate in the section of the Armed Forces of the USSR for political reasons).

As a result of collapse of the USSR, Russia received about 40% of equipment and 65% of the personnel of the Soviet Air Force. According to interstate agreements connection long-range aircraft were only in Ukraine and Russia. Stationed in the Baltic 326th Heavy Bomber Air Tarnopolskaya Order of Kutuzov's division was bred in Russia. stationed on the territory of Kazakhstan and Belarus Division ( 79th Heavy Bomber Air Division and the 22nd Guards Heavy Bomber Aviation Division ) on bilateral agreements were put into the territory of Russia . Ukraine , abandoning nuclear weapons, it retained the fleet of planes Long Aviation, which later was partially destroyed. Thus, Russia was the only one in the post-Soviet state with long-range strategic aviation.

The content of such a huge force in the economic crisis and changes in the international situation, it was impossible, which led to a significant reduction in the Russian Air Force. Since 1992 there began a series of massive downsizing of the aircraft while maintaining the same structure in the overall Air Force of the Soviet period. During this period, all aircraft of obsolete types were decommissioned. The forces of the Air Force, Air Defense and the Navy by the end of the period was represented almost exclusively by the fourth generation aircraft (Tu-22M3, Su-24M / MP, the Su-25, Su-27, MiG-29 and MiG-31) [65]. The total number of air force and air defense fell almost three times - from 281 to 102 aviation regiments.

In 1992 the delivery of new aircraft totaled 67 aircraft and 10 helicopters, in 1993 - 48 aircraft and 18 helicopters, in 1994 - 17 aircraft and 19 helicopters. In 1995 it bought only 17 helicopters. By 1995 it ceased series production aircraft for the Air Force and Air Defense. After 2000 started the modernization program helicopters Mi-8 and Mi-24P.

Although new aircraft models were practically non-existent at the International Aviation and Space Salon (MAKS) 2013 held in Zhukovsky near Moscow, it was possible to discern certain tendencies in the Russian aircraft construction and related industries. The development of the Russian Air Force and air-defence systems in the coming 10 years stood to add much to Russias military might. The main directions in this field would be an increase in the number of high-precision weaponry and the perfection of the command and control system of the Russian Air Force.

From now on preference would be given to the re-equipment of air-force units as a whole, not to one-time supplies. This has become possible to an increase in both volume and rates of production. The Russian air-force units already had at their disposal the Su-34 bombers, MiG-29SMT fighter jets, Ka-52, Mi-28 and Mi-8 MTSh helicopters, and other types of aircraft.

It was planned that Russias Air Force and Naval Aviation will receive more than 600 combat planes and more than 1,000 helicopters until 2020. The Su-35 and Su-30 fighter jets (various models), the Su-34 bombers, and the T-50 fighter jets of the fifth generation, produced by the Sukhoi Company (JSC), will make the backbone of the combat planed which will be bought. The mass production of the T-50 Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft was expected to start in 2015-2016 [by that time, the schedule was delayed].

Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Air Force, Lieutenant-General Victor Bondarev, told the concluding press conference at MAKS 2013 that if he used one word to describe the situation in the Russian Air Force, he would just say “renovation”. According to him, the Defence Ministry will buy dozens of new aircraft, from front-line fighters to refuelling aircraft, in the next few years. 40 refuelling aircraft will be used by the ground forces. Here’s more from Victor Bondarev:

"The refuelling aircraft, Victor Bondarev says, will be named Il-478. All the 40 planes will boast a new engine, PS-90A. We have suggested that the designers should provide for changing the aircraft equipment to turn it, for example, into a firefighting plane. We’d also like using it as a paratroop transport. In fact, it should carry out all missions of Russia’s military transport aviation. I think we will start buying the plane within the next three years," the General added.




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