Indian Air Force Stations
Western Air Command and South Western control air operations in proximity to Pakistan. Western Command is headquartered in New Delhi, the Command also has a forward headquarters located near the Army's Western Command at Chandigarh. Airfields at Adampur, Ambala, Chandigarh, Halwara, Hindan, Jaiselmer, Jamnagar, Jodhpur and Pathankot are located within 300 km of the Pakistan border. Other more distant Western Air Command main operating airbases include Avantipur, Leh, Palam, and Srinagar, with forward airbases at Amritsar, Bhatinda, Sirsa and Udhampur. Other South Western Air Command main operating bases are at Barmer, Bhuj, Nalia, and Poona with forward airbases at Ahmadabad, Nal, Suratgarh and Uttarlai.
In 2009, India selected eight sites as part of a project to modernize or upgrade Advanced Landing Grounds ALG in the northeast. They included Ziro, Passighat, Mechuka, Walong, Along, Tuting, Tawang and Vijaynagar. The ALGs of Tawang and Walong were already under the control of the Indian Army, while the others were inoperative. The new landing grounds will enhance the air maintenance capability of the Indian Air Force in the northeastern region.
In March 2016, India reactivated two upgraded Advanced Landing Grounds at Ziro and Along in Arunachal Pradesh. The ALG project at Tawang was expected to be ready by September 2016. The start of ALG upgrades at Vijaynagar, meanwhile, was expected to take much longer as there is no proper road connectivity for carrying materials, machinery and manpower.
For the development of defense infrastructure in the northeast, the Indian Air Force allocated $54 million from April 2016 to March 2017. India was also modernizing 10 airfields in the eastern part of India, which would augment the capabilities of the Indian Air Force in the event of a stand-off with other countries.
India announced 29 May 2017 a major overhauling of highways that can be used as airstrips for the Indian Air Force (IAF). Nitin Gadkari, India's Minister of Road and Transport, said 17 highways along border areas will be developed to double up as airstrips which will have immense strategic value. The IAF asked the country's national highway authority to build highways in definitive locations in such a way that it can land its combat jets for "operational contingencies" and disaster relief operations. These highways will be located in some 10 states, including Jammu and Kashmir, West Bengal and Assam which is close to the border with China.