The sun high up in the sky is very red
The sun's heart is Mao Zedong
He leads us to liberation
The people free themselves and become leaders
The sun high up in the sky is very red
The sun's heart is Mao Zedong
He leads us forward
The revolutionary country is all red
Xiang Yang Hong (AGOR/AGI)
The Xiang Yang Hong [= facing the sun in red = Sunward Red = Facing the Red Sun] group of [otherwise unrelated] ships are used for oceanographic research.
A marine survey vessel is a vessel capable of performing marine environmental element detection, marine surveys, and measurements of specific ocean parameters. Any ship that can perform marine space environmental measurement tasks can be called a marine survey ship. The early survey ships only completed a single ocean water depth measurement, which was mainly used to ensure the safety of the waterway. With the progress of society and the development of science and technology, ocean measurement has expanded from single water depth measurement to seabed topography, seabed topography, marine meteorology, ocean hydrology, etc. It also involves geophysical characteristics, space remote sensing and polar parameter measurement. The modern marine survey ship has a strong comprehensive operation capability, and the tasks of different disciplines and different professional fields cross each other. On the platform for accomplishing the main mission and task, it also has a fairly wide range of common ocean parameter measurement capabilities.
In 1965, China started to design and construct the first unlimited navigation area marine comprehensive survey ship “Shijian”. In the 1960s, China built the first marine survey practice ship “Dongfanghong”. In the 1970s, various types of survey ship which were newly built and refit by the State Bureau of Marineic Administration sum to 51, including 800 tons of 7, “Shuguang 1” to “Shuguang 7”, and 1,100 tons of 7, “Xiangyanghong 1” to “Xiangyanghong 8” comprehensive survey ship. It built a comprehensive marine survey ship "XiangYangHong 9" in 1977. In addition, China has also built and modified two 10,000 tons marine review ship. “Xiangyanghong 5”, which refitted using marine cargo ship, once refitted twice in 1972 and 1979. In order to meet satisfying south marine inspection's need, it built an oversize comprehensive marine survey ship “Xiangyanghong 10”.
From the end of 70s to the early 1980s, China has additionally constructed two comprehensive marine survey ships “Xiangyanghong 14” and “Xiangyanghong 16”, accessorial constructed 5 offshore survey ships: “Haidiao 105” to “Haidiao 107” and “Haidiao 465”, “Haidiao 406”. In order to undertake “the national marine pollution monitoring network” coastal regular monitor duty, it also transformed a part of offshore survey ships “Shuguang 1”, “Xiangyanghong 2” and so on, which contained the increased pollution monitor function and, madeking it to be Chinese marine monitoring ship.
From the shoreside observation to the sea survey, the survey vessel is the most important carrier. It is a platform for carrying marine scientists to visit the site, using special instruments and equipment to directly observe the ocean, collect samples and study the ocean.
During the service, most of the “Xiangyanghong” series of survey ships used multiple names and ship numbers. These old generation "Xiangyanghong" ships were successively approved by Zhou Enlai and Ye Jianying. Among them, the old generation "Xiangyanghong 16" research ship was built in 1981, with a displacement of 4,400 tons, a maximum speed of 19 knots, and an endurance of 10,000 nautical miles. It sank in the East China Sea on the morning of May 2, 1993, from being hit to sinking. 32 minutes. The 107 crew members and technicians who were rescued all boarded the Silver Horn, and the three people who lived in the directly affected area were still missing afterwards.
At present, the old generation of "Xiangyanghong" series of research vessels have been scrapped or dismantled, or renamed for other purposes. The original "Xiangyanghong" series only "Xiangyanghong 9" is still in service, as China's manned deep submersible "Xilong" Mother ship use.
After entering the 21st century, a new generation of "Xiangyanghong" series has appeared. The "Yangyanghong 06", "Xiangyanghong 08", "Xiangyanghong 09", "Xiangyanghong 10" and "Xiangyanghong 14" have been delivered. "Xiangyanghong 28". “Xiangyanghong 6” was originally a small container ship. After reconstruction, it will become a modern integrated marine research ship, providing a powerful tool for China to implement the deep ocean strategy.
The "Xiangyanghong 10" scientific research ship is a 4,500-ton marine scientific research vessel jointly built by the Second Ocean Research Institute of the State Oceanic Administration and Zhejiang Taihe Shipping Co., Ltd. “Xiangyanghong 18” was also built by Wuchang Shipbuilding Industry Group Co., Ltd., which was launched on May 6 this year and is a 1,500-ton marine integrated survey ship. The "Xiangyanghong 28" survey vessel is an advanced comprehensive marine survey vessel belonging to the East China Sea Branch of the State Oceanic Administration. The vessel was delivered in Shanghai November 2014.
From modification to professional construction, from the offshore to the polar ocean, from hundreds of tons to thousands of tons, for more than 60 years, China has "born" "Oriental Red", "Xiangyanghong", "Yuanwang", "Ocean", "Science" and "Experiment" "A series of marine survey vessels. Especially in the 1970s, under the guidance of the goal of “clearing the Chinese sea, marching into the three oceans, and boarding Antarctica”, the marine survey fleet led by the “Xiangyanghong” series has greatly improved the international aviation industry in China. status.
As the first 4,500-ton ocean-going survey ship in China, because of the continuous mission, the "Xiangyanghong 09" ship is known as the "lucky" of the same generation: it was the first new China to embark on the world stage of marine science investigation. Marine survey vessel; participated in the first Sino-Japanese Kuroshio survey; in 2006, as an old ship with nearly 30 years of age, it was selected as the mother ship of the "Zhenlong" manned submersible.
Many industry experts analyzed that the current special surveys of marine surveys are strong, lacking systematic, long-term and continuous, which leads to a large difference in workload between different ships and even the same ship in different years.
There are more than 250 marine scientific research vessels in various uses in the United States, but there are currently only 40 marine vessels in China. In the future, China’s demand for marine scientific research vessels will be very large, and it can become a new source of orders for Chinese shipyards that are currently hungry for shipbuilding orders.
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