Xiangyanghong 09 Type 645 Marine Comprehensive Survey Ship
The Jiaolong is a manned deep-ocean submersible made in China. Like many other submersibles, the Jiaolong operates with a mother ship. For its sea trials, the Jiaolong operated with the Xiangyanghong 09, an oceanographic research ship subordinate to the North Sea Branch of State Oceanic Administration [SOA]. Built in Shanghai’s Hudong shipyard in 1978, the Xiangyanghong 09 was recently modified to serve as the mother ship for the submersible’s sea tests. Xiangyanghong No. 09 changed to 350. It was changed to China Haijian 28 and is now changed back to Xiangyanghong No. 09.
“Xiangyanghong 09 Ship” is the first 4,500-ton ocean-going scientific research vessel designed and built by China. In 1971, China resumed its legal seat in the United Nations. While enjoying the rights conferred by the United Nations, it also meant to assume corresponding international obligations. For the implementation of the United Nations WMO Global Atmosphere Experiment and other international and domestic offshore survey tasks, China proposed design and construction of the fourth Five-Year Plan 4000-ton comprehensive marine research vessel, namely 645-type comprehensive marine survey ship, commissioned by the State Oceanic Administration 708 Suo Design, built by Hudong Shipyard. The first ship name Xiang Yang Hong 09, in 1977 started, 1978 launched, and in 1978 serving North Sea Branch of the State Oceanic Administration month. The follow-up ships were slightly improved. The ship was named Xiangyanghong 14, Xiangyanghong 16, and delivered in June-August 1981. There is also an electronic technology reconnaissance ship 852 (Xiangyanghong No. 21 ).
On November 28, 2007, the “Xiangyanghong 09 Ship”, which was modified by China Shipping Industry, became the first deep-dive test mother ship in China. 2012 June 3 morning, equipped with China's " dragon " manned submersibles "Xiang Yang Hong 09" test the mother ship from Jiangsu Jiangyin Sunan pier sail, went to the Mariana Trench Regional Implementation "dragon" of 7000 meters sea Test task.
Xiangyanghong 09 is a marine comprehensive survey vessel. It is a small batch trial project of the fourth national five-year plan . It was commissioned by the State Oceanic Administration and designed by 708, and the first product built by Hudong Shipyard . It was started in October 1977, completed in October 1978, and served in December 1978. The name of the ship's first ship is "Xiangyanghong 09" (ie "V350", "Southern 350").
The ship is equipped with the first domestic 10,000-meter depth sounder and the most advanced and complete meteorological equipment, communication equipment, navigation equipment and marine scientific investigation equipment in the country. It can engage in marine hydrology, physics, marine meteorology and marine chemistry in various sea areas. Scientific research on marine geology, geomorphology, biology, etc., providing marine scientific information for the construction of national defense construction economy. Later, two identical ships were built for the State Oceanic Administration: Xiangyanghong 14 and Xiangyanghong16; and the Type 813 electronic technology reconnaissance ship (Xiangyanghong No. 21) was built as the mother model.
Equipped with "dragon" of "Xiang Yang Hong 09" boat July 1, 2011 from Jiangsu Jiangyin Sunan sail International Terminal 5000 meters-scale sea trials to perform tasks on July 16 to reach the northeast Pacific sea trial area. The "Dragon" completed four dive tests on July 21, 26, 28, and 30, Beijing time.
On the morning of June 3, 2012, the "Xiangyanghong 09" test mother ship carrying the "Zhenlong" manned submersible was launched from Jiangsu Jiangyin Sunan Wharf, went to the Mariana Trench area to carry out the "Zhenlong" 7000-meter sea trial mission. 96 volunteers from 18 domestic units went to the sea trial site to challenge another new record of China's manned deep diving history.
The development and sea trial of the "Dragon" manned submersible is a major project of the national high-tech research and development plan . It is organized and implemented by the State Oceanic Administration. This sea test is based on the previous sea trials and accepts the test involving the maximum water depth of 7000 meters.
At 2 o'clock on the afternoon of June 5, 2013, with the whistle, the mother ship "Xiangyanghong 09" slowly sailed out from Qingdao Tuandao Wharf and sailed to Jiangyin, Jiangsu. On the 10th, it went to a specific sea area. From 2013, the "Zhenlong" manned submersible entered the experimental application stage. Nearly 20 scientists from mainland China and Hong Kong followed the scientific investigation of the "Dragon" for the first time, and dived personally under the leadership of the submariner.
"No. 9 dragon" deputy designer Cui Weicheng, the future "dragon" will be used primarily marine resource development and utilization : First, look for marine resources, manned submersibles is an important means to find resources; additional future exploitation of marine resources, Underwater installation facilities, manned submersibles can help.
There are any accidents at sea, and when the rescue is salvage, the manned submersible is still a good working equipment. China is the fifth country in the world to master large-scale manned deep diving technology after the United States, France, Russia and Japan. Japan currently has a manned deep dive record of 6,500 meters. This time, if the 5,000-meter sea trial was successful, the ??? is the largest dive depth in the world in the scientific manned submersible. In the future, the Nine Dragons will be mainly used for the development and utilization of marine resources.
On the evening of June 3, 2012, the "Xiangyanghong 09" ship was affected by the typhoon "Mawa" and was anchored to avoid the wind. Departure from Jiangyin Sunan Pier on the morning of June 3. After sailing about 155 nautical miles, before 24:00 on the same day, the shelter at the Luhua Mountain anchorage outside the Yangtze River estuary will take the opportunity to continue sailing, which did not affect the 7,000-meter sea trial of the Xiaolong.
The "Xiangyanghong 09" ship plan anchored to the Mariana Trench Test Sea Area at 6 am on June 6 and arrived in the scheduled sea area on the morning of June 11. On the occasion of the official launch of China's manned deep-dive 7000-meter sea trial on June 3, 2012, China Post Group announced the establishment of the “Dragon” Deep Sea Post Office at the launching ceremony. The post office is located in the manned deep submersible space of the "Zhenlong" located 7000 meters below the seabed. At present, it mainly provides international and domestic mail delivery and philatelic services. The postal code is 266066.
According to the relevant person in charge of China Post Group, China Post specially hired one of the designers of the “Dragon” manned submersible, and the “Zhulong” submarine, Ye Cong, served as the first honorary director of the “Dragon” Deep Sea Post Office. The ground post office of the Deep Sea Post Office is located at the Jinjialing Post Branch of Laoshan District , Qingdao City . It will be opened at the same time on the 3rd and users can go to the business.
"Xiangyanghong 09" is carrying the "Jilong" and continues to sail from the east to the west in the Pacific Northwest, and goes to the port of Pohnpei to supply. At the beginning of September, “Zhenlong” went to the deep-deep scientific examination of the cobalt-rich crust exploration contract area in the Northwest Pacific.
Compared with the foreign manned deep-dive mother ship, the "Xiangyanghong" that was completed in 1978 and has been in service for a long time can provide relatively poor sea conditions. Even after the transformation into the "Zhenlong" sea test mother ship in 2008, there are only two laboratories, one dry and one wet, and many instruments and equipment need researchers to bring their own. Scientific research team member Lu Bo said: "Almost all experimental instruments and fastening tools are prepared by colleagues from the Second Institute of Oceanography of the State Oceanic Administration."
On December 18, 2014, the "Xiangyanghong 09" mother ship carrying the "Jilong" manned submersible drove off the port of Mauritius, Port Louis, and went to the Southwestern Indian Ocean polymetallic sulphide mining area to carry out scientific research operations. The "Xiangyanghong 09" ship sailed from Qingdao's home port on November 20, 2014, and went to Jiangyin City, Jiangsu Province to carry the "Jilong" and went to the Southwest Indian Ocean to carry out the experimental application voyage of the "Zhenlong" manned submersible from 2014 to 2015 (China) Ocean 35 voyage) Second and third voyage missions.
Starting from 10 June 2018, starting from Jiangyin, Jiangsu, the Dragon Pilot Pilot Committee (China Ocean 31st voyage) organized the party's mass line education practice mobilization meeting, collective guidance study, and party committee work. The masses and the grassroots have promoted the safe, smooth and smooth completion of the dragon. From September 7 to 6, the deputy secretary of the Party Committee of the North Sea Branch of the State Oceanic Administration, the temporary party committee secretary Teng Zuwen, and Yang Hong 09 shipping committee member Chen Chongming attended the meeting.
Teng Zuwen said that the maritime department can be said to be one of the most difficult departments on the ship, but the hardware problem had not been well resolved. The new mothership is difficult to build in a year or two. The team must maintain peace of mind, carry forward a deep spirit and overcome difficulties. Wei Baoran, a refrigeration technician at the Department of Ocean Engineering, said: China's ships are seriously aging, with high failure rates and frequent maintenance. In addition, many machine parts are not produced.
Hu Xiaohan, a technician at China Shipbuilding Heavy Industry Co., Ltd., said: The food on board is very good, but the living environment is worse, the density of accommodation staff is very high, and sometimes the mail system on the ship is not smooth, and the update speed of the intranet is also very fast.
Tang Limei, an associate researcher at the Second Institute of Oceanography of the State Oceanic Administration, said: What impressed me the most was that the deepest impression of the pilot's voyage was the deep sea diving spirit of the team. Everyone is excellent and any problem can be solved in time. The decision of the Field Command is also very democratic. After discussion, this decision is more scientific. It is hoped that this form will continue in the future scientific review.
|Type||Deep diving experimental mother ship|
|full load displacement||4435 tons,|
|Host power||6600 kW|
|self-sustaining power||60 days,|
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