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Military


Maritime Transport Squadron [MTS] / Army Sea Battle Team /
Army Ship Corps / Army Boat Force

The PLA's forces are known as land tigers, sea dragons, aerial eagles, and are well known to the general public. But what is less known is that the PLA actually has two distinct categories: "Army Marine Corps" and "Air Force Marine Corps". The army has its own naval forces, which is a training base boat brigade in the southern war zone, is the only army troops in charge of the mission of island combat support. And the scale is much larger than the air force ship troops, the history is also more long, as early as the 1970s, the southeast coast of the various islands of the Army Sea Defense Corps has its own ships for rear support transport. With the continuous upgrading of the PLA's equipment, the Army Ship Corps has even equipped a 2,700-ton GY820 integrated support ship in recent years, making it the army's largest ship.

Kevin McCauley noted 15 February 2018 "A Joint Logistic Support Force (JLSF) was established in September 2016 to unify joint logistics forces at the strategic level and support the five new joint theater commands.... The five centers are staffed by personnel from the services (Army, Navy, Air Force and Rocket Force), and provide joint logistics support within their respective theaters... " Some formerly disparate units appear to have been consolidated under the Joint Logistics Support Center [JLSCs], most notably the former GLD transportation military representative offices (MROs) and possibly elements of former MD maritime transport units. Both the PLAA and the PLANMC continue to integrate closely with the PLANs amphibious forces and the PLAAs Maritime Transport Squadron [MTS].

Ports are the nodes of the worlds maritime transport system. Every voyage of a ship must begin and end at a port. Their size and distribution will therefore both reflect and contribute to the pattern of maritime transport. Since the maritime transport system is part of a much larger global transport system, including road, rail, river and canal transport and the interchanges between all the modes, the factors that determine the location and growth (and decline) of ports are manifold, and go well beyond an assessment of the marine environment.

After the launch of the Mission Action cross-regional maneuver in 2013, a large number of troops and equipment in the two military regions of the Guangzhou Military Region and the Nanjing Military Region were maneuvered in Shantou City in the eastern part of Guangdong. In order to ensure the emergency preparation of traffic warfare in an orderly and effective manner, Shantou City relies on the existing layout of enterprises and institutions, in accordance with the principles of centralized construction, centralized management, centralized use, and centralized guarantee. Four professional teams including the Road Transport Support Brigade, the Maritime Transport Squadron, the Highway Engineering Brigade and the Port Handling Brigade have been formed. The implementation of the staff is 1060, 300 large vehicles and 10 ships. 559 sets of mechanical equipment (sets). In order to avoid cross-cutting with the basic militia, they strictly implement the "one soldier, one job" system, set up the archives and records for all war preparation personnel and equipment, determine the contact information, and ensure that the combat readiness and emergency support team will come and come.

The most famous West Sea Fleet - a squadron of a border patrol boat in the Army Division of the Xinjiang Military Region stationed in Bangong Lake, is a huge army. One of the crew members of the boat, the supplies of the coastal defense fortress, the supply of oil, the border patrols on Bangong Lake, Xingkai Lake, Heilongjiang and Yalu River were all completed by them.

The Bangong Lake area in the western section of the Sino-Indian border is mostly in China's Tibet AR, and the rest is in the Indian-controlled Kashmir region. Interestingly, although they belong to the same lake, fresh water is in China, and salt water is in India. It is not bitter and cannot be fished. At 4,200 meters above sea level, Bangong Lake is like an intoxicating landscape. Surrounded by mountains, the lake is very clear, but there is a huge crisis behind the scenery, because of the presence of a large number of Indian soldiers and the rendering of Indian media. Here, the silk "Swords and Shadows" is revealed.

China has stationed in Bangong Lake is a water squadron of a division of the Xinjiang Ali Army Division. This special squadron is known as the "national gate fleet on the top of the mountain", and some media call it "Western Sea Fleet." The West Sea Fleet is equipped with 22 advanced 928B high-speed patrol boats. Each of these patrol boats can carry 5 to 7 soldiers. It is fast, flexible, durable and equipped with large caliber machine guns and high technology. Navigation and communication equipment.

The Army Boat Force was originally responsible for various logistical support, such as water transportation, laying of submarine cables, etc., but now it is gradually shifting from security to combat. As is well known, the naval large landing ship can't reach the beach directly. It can only be parked in the deep water area near the shore. The soldiers also need flooding to land, which is very dangerous in the battle. The landship of the Army Boats has a small tonnage and can even go directly to the beach, greatly reducing the risk of landing, and playing an important role in capturing the tidal flats and responding to the rear forces.

The Chinese Army has built the world's largest amphibious combat force, with multiple amphibious mechanized combatant divisions. Several group army mechanized units stationed along the coast also have the capability of amphibious operations. It can be seen that the "Army Sea Corps" is the foundation. They are dressed in army uniforms, but they are in the seas of China's three seas, from the rocky reefs of the rock formations to the gentle slopes of the silt. As long as they have the potential to break the beach, there will be landing soldiers who will go straight to the land.

However, compared with the huge combat troops, the Chinese army can use very few ships. From past news reports, it can be seen that many times the PLA needs to requisition civilian ships to deliver heavy equipment. Although this shows that China has made great achievements in the military use of civilian ships, it can greatly improve its strategic delivery capability during wartime, but it also shows that Chinas investment in large and medium-sized transport vessels of the Army is insufficient.

The Marine Corps can be said to be well-known and well-known. But in the battle sequence of the People's Liberation Army, there is also a little-known "Army Sea Battle Team." Although they are dressed in Army uniforms and are part of the Army's establishment, they are dealing with rivers and lakes all year round. This refers to the boat units in the Chinese Army. In fact, it is really necessary to calculate according to the seniority of the army.

The history of the Army's boat fleet is much earlier than that of the Chinese Marine Corps, even earlier than the Navy. It can be traced back to the iron shell gunship of the Honghu Red Guards. However, due to conditions and technology limitations, the equipment of the Army Boat Force has long been somewhat backward, and it is equipped with only small ships such as transport ships, small landing crafts, and assault boats. Known as "the first ship of the Army" - JG179, a 079 type small landing ship of the Navy transferred to the Army, later changed to engineering ship.

In 1978, a base of the National Defense Science and Technology Commission also set up a service ship brigade to serve the "Yuanwang" fleet. In the same year, a new "Basic Boat Brigade of the People's Liberation Army Automobile Management School" was built in Zhenjiang. In 1983, it was converted into an army boat technology. School (now Zhenjiang Boat Academy); at the same time with the re-establishment of the armed police force, some of the boat equipment was transferred to the armed police. In addition, the army units also have ship repair shops. Some repair shops have the capacity to build ships of 1,000 tons or more. For example, the latest 2,000-ton comprehensive support ship of the boat unit is built for the 7814 factory.

Compared with the Marine Corps Type 071 amphibious assault ship or 072 large tank landing ship, there is actually little done. However, with the rapid development of China's comprehensive strength in the past decade and the growing disputes between surrounding islands and islands and reefs, the scope of the "Military Naval Corps" has gradually surpassed the previous boating forces. The Hanhe Defense Review has reported that in order to meet the needs of landing operations in Taiwan and the South China Sea in the East China Sea, the Chinese Army is building a huge "Army Sea Battle Team", which is very likely to be involved in the battle for island reefs. The Russian media also reported that the Chinese Army is interested in purchasing warships to complete a series of special tasks. It can be seen that the formation of the new "Army Sea Battle Team" in China is not a whim, but is well thought out.

With the continuous updating and improvement of the Army equipment, the main battle weapon and the Marine Corps are becoming more and more different. The existing amphibious assault ships and landing ships may not fully meet the needs of the Army. First, take the tank armored vehicles as an example. In the early years, the Army or the Marine Corps was almost all of the 59-type tanks with the 63-type armored transport vehicles. Therefore, the transportation can achieve a high degree of uniformity, even after the Marine Corps. It has a dedicated 63-type amphibious tank and a 77-type amphibious armored vehicle, and there is no large frame that separates the 59-type tank and the 63-type armored transport vehicle.

Therefore, the Army did not have the need to build special RO-RO ships and landing ships. Now, the Armys main armor has gradually changed to the 96-type, 99-type tanks and the 04-type infantry fighting vehicles, while the Marine Corps has used a large number of 05-type amphibious combat vehicles. The performance and size of these equipments are quite different. Therefore, it is absolutely necessary for the Army to build dedicated RO-RO ships and landing ships to better serve these equipments. At the same time, with the expansion of Luhang, the types and models of Chinese helicopters are more diverse. Specialized helicopter gunships have already been in service, and more advanced transport helicopters such as Zhi-20 will also enter the army. We have reason to believe that the newly built Army-specific ships can better play the role of these helicopters, thus making the future "Army Sea Corps" more powerful.

If the Chinese army wants to achieve greater achievements in the future, in addition to continuously deepening reforms, it must dare to explore and be brave in innovation. Although the "Military Naval Team" seems to be relatively immature now, it is a major change in the Army's transition from the inland to the ocean.

The Chinese People's Liberation Army has a "Marine Corps" but rarely hears the "Army Sea Corps". According to public information, the Chinese People's Liberation Army Marine Corps is a unit of the Navy. It is a amphibious combat force that can be used to implement rapid landing and coastal or island defense or support missions. It is a local war and military. The fist of the conflict is also the "point knife" of the joint offensive action, which plays an important role in modern warfare.

The Chinese Marine Corps formed the 1st Marine Corps since 1953. Since the establishment of the 1st Marine Brigade in May 1980, it has now developed into an amphibious scout, marine infantry, armor, artillery, missile, airborne, and defense. The amphibious combat forces that can be quickly reacted by the various units of the military, communications, and engineering.

Although the "Marine Corps" has been in existence for decades, it has only three brigades, and even a comprehensive combat force is not much. In view of this situation, the Chinese Army has also formed an amphibious mechanized unit, which can be called the "Army Sea Battle Team." So, off to the "Marine Corps" this type of highly mobile rapid reaction force, were elite finishing equipment is an inevitable development.

In March 2017, the People's Liberation Army reported that in the face of the upcoming reforms, a group of party members of the 1st Group Army took the lead in inspecting the bills of combat effectiveness and never brought the debt of combat power to the new system. At present, only one division of the First Army of the People's Liberation Army Army still maintains divisional level. It is one of the two amphibious mechanized divisions of our army. It belongs to the eastern theater and belongs to the main combat division of Taiwan. The division faced restructuring in the current "military reform" tide.

In contrast to the path of China's military reform in recent years , the Army amphibious mechanized division may face the reform of the division reform brigade, but the pace of disarmament does not mean that China is reducing its defense strength. On the contrary, it can be seen that our army has begun to take the road of elites. The oversized army will inevitably have many loopholes. Especially in the report of the Peoples Liberation Army, it is said that the amphibious mechanist may be separated from the army after the reform. Where can the "Army Sea Corps" go? It is inevitable to supplement the "Marine Corps". This highly mobile and high-strike force will become stronger. At the same time, with the service of domestic large-scale transport aircraft and large transport ships, it also proves that our military's long-distance delivery capability is also growing rapidly. Then a flexible Chinese army, a highly integrated Chinese army among various arms, and an amazingly fighting China. troops would appear in front of the people.

The Army Boat Force, a special force with an important mission and a glorious history, has a longer history than the Navy. It originated from the Yantai Haiphong Office fleet established in 1947 in the Jiaodong Military Region, and the East China Military Region established in 1949. The navy is still two years earlier. Subsequently, during the operational preparations for the liberation of the coastal islands such as the Changshan Islands and Yijiangshan Island, a group of army coastal fleets such as the 22-armed sails brigade were successively established, and an army vessel was formed according to the logistic water security zone. The layout of the boat force.

At the beginning, the Army Boat Force carried the mission of building a strong water combat force and showed an important role. It participated in the Battle of Dujiang and the liberation of the Changshan Islands, Zhoushan Islands, Xiamen, Hainan Island and Yijiangshan Island. After a series of major battles, the tasks of transportation of personnel from the US-Afghan-Aid Korea War, the garrison of coastal islands, and maritime sampans and escorts were completed.

China has a vast territory and a complex geopolitical environment. The land border is more than 20,000 kilometers, the coastline is more than 18,000 kilometers, and there are 5,500 kilometers of boundary rivers and rivers and rivers. Therefore, north to Heilongjiang, south to Xisha Islands, winter to Zhoushan Islands, west to Bangong Lake and Yarlung Zangbo River, whether it is the Pearl River, the Yangtze River, the Yalu River, the Ergun River, there are army boat troops, they bear Major military tasks such as crossing the sea island battle, water strategic dispatch, border patrol duty, emergency stability, and offshore engineering operations play an indispensable role in fulfilling the Army's functional mission and safeguarding national strategic interests.

Unlike the large ships with a few thousand tons of naval forces, the Army's boating units are mainly light-duty boats with a displacement of less than 800 tons. Therefore, some people think that with the navy, the army boat force can be dispensable, and can even become one of the main targets of disarmament. But people who really know how to do it don't think so. As the saying goes: "The ruler is short and the length is long." Compared with the large naval landing ship, the landing boat of the Army Boat Group is small in tonnage. If the naval landing ship is like a 'reloaded cavalry', then the landing craft is 'Hussar'. The Navy's large surface ships can only be anchored and transferred in the deep water area. The troops carried by the long-distance water can only be landed, and the operational risk is greatly increased. The landing craft can not only directly hit the beach. After years of hard work, the army boat fleet can now unload the landing troops on the reef shore and the muddy beach. The proportion of landing land can be greatly increased, and it also increases the odds for the PLA.

If there are border areas such as Heilongjiang, Yalu River, Erguna River and Bangong Lake, the navy ships will not be used. They can only rely on patrol boats with shallow draft and fast speed to patrol the boundary river and the boundary lake.

At the same time, with the enhancement of the strength of China's military industry, the modernization and informatization of the Army's boats have also been greatly improved, and a modern command information system has been installed. According to reports, relying on the information system, the officers and men trained in the offshore and the command center of the Navy thousands of miles away realized information networking sharing, and various parameters and information were quickly received on the display screen. The joint commander can accurately control all the position information at any time on the ship's command post. The land ship command vehicle can remotely monitor and command the ship formation. The sea formation commander can communicate with the army, navy and air force in real time.

It can be seen that the role played by the PLA's "Military Naval Team" cannot be underestimated. With the rapid development of China's economy, its national defense construction is also advancing by leaps and bounds. The comprehensive combat strength of the People's Liberation Army is also inevitable through the "adjustment of the PLA" by the "fine soldiers".



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Page last modified: 31-10-2019 16:38:37 ZULU