Units of Employment (UE)
Units of Employment (UE), typically division- and corps-like elements, are highly tailorable, higher-level echelons that integrate and synchronize Army forces for full spectrum operations at the higher tactical and operational levels of war/conflict. Units of Employment focus on battles, major operations, and decisive land campaigns in support of joint operational and strategic objectives. Units of Employment participate in all phases of joint operations from initial entry to conflict termination in any form of conflict and operating environment, in all weather and terrain conditions.
UEs are capable of command and control of Army, joint, and multinational forces. They will be organized, designed, and equipped to fulfill command and control (C2) functions as the Army Forces (ARFOR) Component, Joint Force Land Component Command (JFLCC), or the Joint Task Force (JTF). UEs will also have the inherent capacity to interact effectively with multinational forces as well as with interagency, non-governmental organizations, and private organizations. In historical terms, UEs represent the field army, corps and divisions.
The general-purpose quality of this force will ensure its long-term relevance to adaptive, sophisticated threats and the frequently changing requirements of the emerging operational environment. At the operational and higher tactical level, units of employment provide future joint force commanders with an extraordinary combination of options to exploit opportunity and respond to uncertainty across the spectrum of conflict. Through the conduct of multiple decisive tactical actions, executed at high tempo, UE operations will lead quickly to the enemy's operational disintegration and the successful achievement of campaign objectives. Within this framework of decisive operations, the Army's ability to close with and destroy enemy forces will remain critically important.
UEs orchestrate continuous shaping operations with deception, information operations, extended-range precision fires and selected air- ground maneuver operations for tactical and operational-level effects. UE operations are carried out with the routine and deliberate employment of joint effects and resources.
In place of Army service component commands, numbered armies, and corps and division headquarters, the Army will organize units of employment (UEs). There will be two types of UE headquarters, UEx and UEy. The UEx will provide battle command at the tactical and lower levels. The UEy will direct theater support and land component operations. Essentially, the UEx will combine the functions of today's corps and divisions, while the UEy will pick up the responsibilities of Army service component commands and numbered armies and some roles of the corps.
To reduce layering of logistics organizations, the Army is developing theater sustainment commands (TSCs) at the operational level (UEy) that, with augmentation, can be capable of supporting joint forces. The TSC will combine some of the current corps support command (COSCOM) and theater support command functions, thereby effectively eliminating a layer of logistics headquarters. The TSC will be a modular organization tailored to meet mission, enemy, terrain, time, troops available, and civilian (METT-TC) considerations. The command will include modular units specifically tailored to provide theater opening; theater distribution; medical; petroleum, oils, and lubricants; aviation; civil engineering; and multifunctional supply, maintenance, and transportation support.
The TSC commander will serve as the senior Army logistics commander in the UEy. The TSC will provide command and control of assigned, attached, and operationally controlled units executing theater opening, theater distribution, supply, maintenance, medical, field services, contracting, procurement, transportation, personnel, finance, and multinational and interagency sustainment operations. The TSC will maximize throughput sustainment of Army forces and other supported elements and provide support to the operational-level units in the UEy's area of operations and overall sustainment support to Army forces. The TSC also will execute those lead-service, common-user logistics support requirements that the UEy commander assigns. The TSC will be capable of deploying two command posts into two separate joint operational areas for command and control of sustainment in a widely distributed environment.
In joint operations where the Army is the dominant service, the TSC could provide core elements of a single, joint logistics command and control capability. The TSC design will be capable of integrating joint augmentation into its headquarters and providing command and control of modular sustainment capabilities from the other services.
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