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Russian Military Personnel

All Russian men between the ages of 18 and 27 are obliged by law to perform one year of military service. In 2015, the total number of conscripts in the Russian army was 297,100 people - is one of the lowest in the past ten years. The most popular in the twenty-first century was an appeal to the Russian army in 2009 - 576,580 people. Then, 305,560 people were called in the spring.

As of January 2017, the number of people working for the Russian military totaled 1,897,694, including 1,013,000 active servicemen and women. The number of Russias military personnel will rise by 19,000, increasing the total to more than 1.9 million by July 1, according to a decree signed 30 March 2017 by Russian President Vladimir Putin. Of the additional 19,000 employees, 13,698 will be active military servicemen and 5,357 will be civilian workers.

Russia has tried to professionalize its force by investing in contracted soldiers (volunteers). The majority of Russias military consists of conscripts drafted for 1 year service periods. By the time these conscripts receive training and are sent to a unit, they may only have 6-8 months left before being demobilized. This severely limits the quality of the average Russian soldier and unit as a whole. Professional soldiers inherently have more experience and training than the 1 year conscripts that circulate out of the formations every 6 months.

During the Soviet period, the Soviet Army relied heavily on its Officer Corps, since officers were educated and were the continuity in the force. Soldiers consisted of conscripts who would rotate out every 2 or 3 years. The rank of sergeant did not have much authority or meaning until the restructure of Russian Ground forces post Georgian War. Currently, Russia is attempting to boost its NCO corps. In the absence of able junior leadership, most duties are left to junior officer. Some of the basic duties normally overseen by NCOs in western armies must be inspected by the officer of the unit.

Military Personnel Levels

According to the War Department, by the end of 2016 the armed forces personnel manning was 93% - 930,000 people. Of these, 384,000 were soldiers and sergeants on contract, 270,000 were conscripts, and 225,000 were officers. There was a shortage of at least 50,000 men. This figure accounts for soldiers and sergeants on contract, the number of which in 2017 should be 425,000.

New Look reforms aimed at a force structure of one million personnel, but as of the end of 2016, there were only 930,000 uniformed billets. Galeotti contended that the military reached its staffing goal of 425,000 professional service members ahead of its 2017 deadline, with 427,000 in 2016. This is from total force he estimates to be 760,000, of which the Ground Forces comprise 230,000. He assessed that the Ground Forces have 130,000 professionals. Sutyagin provides a less-optimistic assessment, estimating that the Ground Forces are 19 percent below their 243,500 personnel end-strength. Herspring, with the bleakest estimate, assesses the total force to be 23 percent below end-strength.

According to official data, the strength of the Russian Armed Forces was estimated in 2012 at 774,500 personnel, including 220,000 officers and about 200,000 contracted soldiers. The military needed to recruit about 300,000 men during each annual draft to keep the number of personnel at the required level of 1 million.

The Defense Ministry planned in July 2015 to cut nearly 17,000 military and about 30,000 civilian personnel due to the construction of new ammunition stockpiles. Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu reported that the agency planned in 2015 to build more than 450 ammunition storage facilities and thus complete the arrangement of 13 modern arsenals. According to him, the establishment of new stockpiles will be fully completed later in the year. "Declined by almost 17 thousand soldiers who are now in storage and nearly 30,000 civilian personnel", - he said. The new arsenals move all missile and artillery weapons, said the representative of the Ministry of Defense. "That is, we remove from the open areas," - he explained.

Russian President Vladimir Putin established the full strength of the Armed Forces at 1.88 million units, including 1 million personnel, a presidential decree published 08 July 2016 stated. The order entered into force from the date of its signing. "Set the strength of the Russian Armed Forces in the amount of 1,885,371 units, including 1,000,000 military personnel," the decree read.

"If earlier the majority of complaints concerned delay or exemption from conscription, but now most of the conscripts concerned issues of military service for specific types and combat arms of the Armed Forces," according to Chief of the Main Organization and Mobilization Directorate (Mobilization) General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces, Colonel-General Vasily Tonkoshkurov, speaking 31 March 2016. First of all, young people want to serve in the Airborne Forces, Special Forces and Marine Corps, as well as in scientific and industrial battalions, said Tonkoshkurov. "In addition, many recruits from among the recognized unfit for service for health care the question of how to pass military service", - said Head of Mobilization. Taking into account the wishes and to adapt to military service before being drafted in the autumn of 2015 began an experiment on combined arms and airborne training recruits on the basis of three military units Airborne and four regional organizations DOSAAF Russia, recalled Tonkoshkurov.




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