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Military


Russian Military Personnel - Conscription

conscripts [by recruiting campaign]
YearSpringAutumnTotal
2003175 050175 806350,856
2004166 050176 393342,443
2005157 700140 900298,600
2006124 550123 310247,860
2007133 500132 500266,000
2008133 200219 000352,200
2009305 560271 020576,580
2010270 600278 821549,421
2011218 720135 850354,570
2012155 570140 140295,710
2013153 200150 000303 200
2014154 000154 100308 100
2015150 145147,100297,245
2016155 000152 000307,000
2017142 000134 000276 000
2018128 000132 500260 500

On 28 September 2018 Vladimir Putin signed a decree calling in October-December 2018 for 132,500 Russian citizens for military service and dismissal of military conscripts from military service. The document was published at the official portal of legal information. "To carry out from October 1 to December 31, 2018 the conscription of citizens of the Russian Federation aged between 18 and 27 <...> in the number of 132,500 people," the decree said. The document also instructed "to implement <...> the discharge from military service of soldiers, sailors, sergeants and foremen, the term of conscription military service has expired." In March 2018, 128,000 people were drafted into the military service by presidential decree.

About 80% of young people drafted into the ranks of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in the autumn of 2018 are considered fit for military service for health reasons, which exceeds the 2017 fall draft in 2017, said on 12 December 2018 the head of the General Organization and Mobilization Directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces, Lieutenant-General Yevgeny Burdinsky. "The indicator of citizens' fitness for military service for health reasons is more than 79% and exceeds the indicator of fitness for the autumn draft of 2017 (78.6%)," said Burdinsky at a briefing on the preliminary results of the autumn draft campaign of 2018 before sending military personnel to scientific companies and personal reception of citizens at the assembly point of Moscow.

The number of draft dodgers for military service in Russia for two years has halved, at present their total number is estimated at 1.6 thousand. This was said on 07 October 2018 on the radio station " Echo of Moscow " by the Chief of the Main Organizational-Mobilization Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Lieutenant-General Yevgeny Burdinsky. "In two years, from 2016, the number of citizens who shy away has halved. Now it is 1.6 thousand people," Burdinsky said. He noted that a sharp reduction in the number of draft dodgers indicates a fundamental change in the attitude of young people towards military service.

The call for military service was completed in Russia, recruited, as planned, 128,000 people. This was announced 16 July 2018 by the head of the Main Organizational-Mobilization Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Lieutenant-General Yevgeny Burdinsky. "In the spring of 2018, 128,000 people were drafted and sent to the Russian Armed Forces, other troops, military formations and bodies for military service," he said, noting that the call-up tasks had been fully implemented.

Burdinsky added that the number of people who did not attend the military commissariats on the citizens' agendas "is insignificant and currently does not exceed 0.3% of the number called for recruitment activities." In the spring of 2017, 142 thousand new recruits were sent to military service, 134 thousand in autumn calls last year. A significant reduction in the number of recruits in this campaign was associated with an increase in the number of contract soldiers in the Armed Forces.

On 27 September 2017, President Vladimir Putin signed a decree calling on citizens of the Russian Federation to enlist in the military service in October-December 2017 and dismissal of conscripted military personnel. "To carry out from October 1 to December 31, 2017, the conscription for the citizens of the Russian Federation aged 18 to 27 years <...> in the number of 134,000 people," - said in a decree published on the official portal of legal information. In October-December 2016, the number of recruits amounted to 152 thousand Russian citizens.

About 142,000 people were called for the passage of military service in the Russian Armed Forces, military units and other troops during the spring conscription of 2017, which ended 15 July 2017, according to the Russian Defense Ministry. The number of deviators, as calculated by the military establishment, was 0.2% of the conscripts causes a draft boards. "As citizens, failed to appear in the military enlistment offices, their number is decreasing every year significantly", - stressed in the Ministry of Defense. In the spring conscription campaign for alternative civilian service to date, 395 people were sent. There were currently 970 people in alternative service.

According to the law of July 6, 2006 "On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation in connection with the reduction of the term of military service" for those designed after 1 January 2008, the service life is 12 months. In addition, citizens who had graduated from college, but did not have a military rank officer and intended for military service before January 1, 2008, are also to serve 12 months. Individuals also had graduated from military training centers at universities, can take service under the contract for three years. Over "military departments" with the assignment officer's rank shall be credited to the reserve.

The right to deferment from military service were the students of day departments of universities, state-accredited (without a break in their studies). Respite is provided by graduate citizens who study full-time. The right to deferment also have a person received a vocational school or college after 11 years of schooling.

Currently, conscription is carried out 2 times a year: from 1 April to 15 July and from 1 October to 31 December. Since 2008, during the time of the country's military reform, the overall strength of the army was reduced to 1 million people, while the share of conscripts has decreased, the number of contractors. In 2013, the service was made more than 81 thousand, contracts for the posts of sergeants and privates. By 2016 the total number of this category of personnel more than 230,000 men.

The largest number of recruits in recent years, was aimed at the spring of 2009 - 305,560 people.. In the fall of 2010 on military service received 278,800 people, in the spring of 2011 - 218,720, in the autumn - 135,850. In the course of the spring draft 2012 troops 155, 570 people were sent, in the autumn of 2012 - 140,140. In the spring of 2013 the Russian army recruited 153,200 people, in the autumn - 150,000. As a result of the spring conscription in the Russian Armed Forces in 2014 to 154,000 troops. On alternative civil service directed 325 people. The total number of draft dodgers in the spring of 2014, according to the War Department, was 4,334.

Russian draftees will not take part in combat operations, a top Russian defense official said 15 February 2013. There is no talk of draftees participation in combat operations or military conflicts, Russian General Staff Chief Col. Gen. Valery Gerasimov said while commenting on a recent presidential decree cutting the duration of combat training programs. These tasks will be fulfilled solely by contract servicemen, Gerasimov, who is also a deputy Russian defense minister, said.

In April 2007 Colonel General Vasily Smirnov, the head of the mobilization directorate of the General Staff, told reporters that there was a way out of the complicated situation and rejected the possibility that the 24-month conscription term will return in the future. Smirnov said that simultaneously with cutting the conscription term, the new legislation will reduce the number of official reasons that potential draftees could claim a deferment (from 25 to 21). "This way we will get about 100,000 men in the draft... and this quantity is sufficient for manning the Russian military," the general told RIA Novosti. This year, the General Staff planned to enlist 132,300 thousand men, he said.

Under a new law adopted to speed up the transition to a volunteer force, those conscripted in 2007 year will serve 18 months, down from 24 months until 2006. As of 2008, those conscripted will serve only 12 months. While enlisted men's wages, depending on the armed service, can be from about 8,000 rubles ($300) in the Ground Forces to 13,000 rubles ($500) in the Navy per month, the average wage in the country was about 11,000 rubles ($430) last September, up 24.3%, year-on-year.

The term of military service was reduced from two years to one year. At the same time there was the humanization of military service. If possible, draftees may send for duty near their residence (first of all it concerns the citizens, married with children, or parents of retirement age). Service members would be able to wear civilian clothes dismissal from the military unit to communicate with the house on a mobile phone. Today, soldiers are completely liberated from all kinds of chores - they are now performing civilian structures. Improved quality of military power. It is phased transition to catering to the elements of the "buffet". The arrangement of units installed showers and washing machines.

Since the early 2000s no young men from Chechnya, and only a few from other North Caucasus republics, had been drafted. That ban has been lifted: as of the fall 2014 draft, 500 Chechens would be inducted, with priority going to university graduates. The figure would rise to 1,000 in 2015. The planned total number of draftees from the North Caucasus Federal District in the fall of 2014 is 4,100, of whom 2,000 would come from Daghestan, 600 from Kabardino-Balkaria, and 500 from Ingushetia.

Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on spring conscription of citizens for military service on 25 March 2015. The document was published on the official website of legal information. "To carry out from 1 April to 15 July 2015 conscription of citizens of the Russian Federation aged 18 to 27 years old ... be called up for military service in the amount of 150 thousand 145 people", - stated in the decree. The same decree regulated transfer to the reserve of those whose term of military service has expired. During the autumn call in 2014 for military service were called to 154.1 thousand. people. In addition, another 458 people planned to send for alternative civilian service.

On 30 September 2015 President Vladimir Putin signed a decree "On the appeal in October - December 2015 citizens of the Russian Federation for military service and dismissal from military service of citizens passing military service." The document posted on the website of the President stated "To carry out from 1 October to 31 December 2015 the conscription of citizens of the Russian Federation aged 18 to 27 years, not in the reserve, and be in accordance with the law" On Military Duty and Military Service "for military service, in number of 147,100 people, "- the document said.

More than 155,000 people were called up for military service in the spring call, which started on 01 April 2016. The corresponding decree was signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin. According to the chief of the Main Organization and Mobilization Directorate (Mobilization) General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces, Colonel-General Vasily Tonkoshkurov, more than 550 people will be alternative civilian service. "This spring will be called up for military service about 20 thousand conscripts who have received training in military occupational specialties in educational institutions DOSAAF Russia and secondary special education for the first time in the armed forces will be sent to recruits, trained in the field Airborne.." - He added.

The Russian army completely fulfilled the task of the spring draft, in which for military service were called to 155 thousand, the press service of the Defense Ministry reported 15 July 2016. "During the spring conscription campaign for military service by conscription in the Russian Armed Forces, other troops and military formations were called and sent to 155 thousand Russian citizens Target set by presidential decree, carried out in full.", it said in a statement. At the same time the army went to more than 26 thousand citizens with higher education.

In the fall of 2015 the draft called for service more than 147 thousand Russians, and the spring of 2016 - 155 thousand. The number of contract servicemen in the Russian Armed Forces are constantly growing: only since the beginning of the year were recruited more than 50 thousand troops under the contract, and now they are in the army more than 350 thousand. As told by the chief of the Main Organization and Mobilization Directorate of the General Staff Vasily Tonkoshkurov, more than 20 thousand people from the autumn to be the call have already received training in military occupational specialties, which they passed in organizations DOSAAF and secondary vocational education.



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