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Il-96-550 (project)

The Il-96-550 Project dates from the 1990s. At that time, airlines and aircraft manufacturers were discussing the future requirement for a new, larger aircraft capable of carrying between 500 and 1,000 passengers that, as a result, will weigh in excess of 1 million pounds. Deliveries of these types of aircraft were expected to begin in 5 to 10 years. As might be expected, new large aircraft will be significantly greater in length, width, and height. In fact, every dimension of the new large aircraft will be greater than those of current aircraft.

Development of new large aircraft was being explored by Boeing, McDonnell Douglas, and Airbus Industries. Each plan to develop its own family of super-jumbo jets. Many of the planned aircraft are larger derivatives of aircraft that are already flying. Other new aircraft, however, were based on completely new designs that are unlike anything currently in production. Announced specifications underwent continuous alteration with changes ranging from simple size adjustments to dramatic redesign of the entire aircraft. Some aircraft that were originally planned as a double-deck design have been scaled down to traditional single-deck configurations.

The Il-96-550 would have two decks to carry up to 550 passengers, intended to compete with the A380 airbus. On the basis of IL-96M [equipped with PW2237 engines of Pratt & Whittney, USA] it was planned to create IL-96-550, designed to carry 450-550 passengers at a range of 11,500 km. Its further development could be the Il-196, can carry 680-800 passengers on 13,000 km distance. Drafts of these machines were not realized, but they confirmed the timeliness of further development of world aviation. In particular, the development of super-large capacity aircraft group Airbus. It is considered that the project is abandoned, but it still showed up in Ilyshin artwork as recently as 2013.

In 2013, Academician twice Hero of Socialist Labor Genrik Novozhilov, was asked by Rossiyskaya Gazeta why Russia did not develop the 600 passenger airplane. Novozhylov worked in the bureau SV Ilyushin since 1949. He passed all stages of professional development - from design engineer to First Deputy General Designer (1964). In 1970 he was appointed chief designer. Under the leadership of SV Ilyushin participated in the creation of passenger aircraft IL-14, IL-18 and IL-62. Since 1984 he was a Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Under the leadership of Novozhilova were created the IL-76, IL-86, IL-96-300 and IL-114, IL-103. B 2013 he was the Chief Advisor to the General Director of JSC "Aviation Complex Ilyushin."

Genrik Novozhilov: "For example, the double-decked Il-96-550. I must say that the seating capacity of each of the next generation of IL's almost doubled. Thus, IL-14 took 40 passengers on board, the IL-18 - 75, IL-62 - 180, IL-86 - 350 ... But the next plane could carry 550-600 passengers already. Under the new machine designer Nikolay Kuznetsov designed engine NK-93, which, without exaggeration, twenty years ahead of the level of development of the world engine. In 2007, a flying laboratory began testing it. But due to a misunderstanding of the importance of this funding curtailed. Test discontinued. The engine was removed. Although, I note that it is well suited to the aircraft and Il-96-300."

RG: That is, the project was real?

Genrik Novozhilov: "Absolutely. We could be IL-90-200 for 200 passengers, the Il-96MK - 400, other. Unfortunately, lost the most precious - time. A technique, including the NK-93 engines are aging, and the Russian niche widebody aircraft mainline increasingly occupy the same "Boeing" and "Airbus". By the way, there is little consolation in the sphere of regional aircraft. In particular, remained unrealized IL-114, there is a problem with the AN-140, AN-148, Tu-334 and other "regionals"."




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